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    Duties of the Secretary of State

    Under the Constitution, the President of the United States determines U.S. foreign policy. The Secretary of State, appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate, is the President’s chief foreign affairs adviser. The Secretary carries out the President’s foreign policies through the State Department and the Foreign Service of the United […]

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    Duties of the Secretary of State

    Duties of the Secretary of State

    Under the Constitution, the President of the United States determines U.S. foreign policy. The Secretary of State, appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate, is the President’s chief foreign affairs adviser. The Secretary carries out the President’s foreign policies through the State Department and the Foreign Service of the United States.

    Created in 1789 by the Congress as the successor to the Department of Foreign Affairs, the Department of State is the senior executive Department of the U.S. Government. The Secretary of State’s duties relating to foreign affairs have not changed significantly since then, but they have become far more complex as international commitments multiplied. These duties – the activities and responsibilities of the State Department – include the following:

    Serves as the President’s principal adviser on U.S. foreign policy;

    Conducts negotiations relating to U.S. foreign affairs;

    Grants and issues passports to American citizens and exequaturs to foreign consuls in the United States;

    Advises the President on the appointment of U.S. ambassadors, ministers, consuls, and other diplomatic representatives;

    Advises the President regarding the acceptance, recall, and dismissal of the representatives of foreign governments;

    Personally participates in or directs U.S. representatives to international conferences, organizations, and agencies;

    Negotiates, interprets, and terminates treaties and agreements;

    Ensures the protection of the U.S. Government to American citizens, property, and interests in foreign countries;

    Supervises the administration of U.S. immigration laws abroad;

    Provides information to American citizens regarding the political, economic, social, cultural, and humanitarian conditions in foreign countries;

    Informs the Congress and American citizens on the conduct of U.S. foreign relations;

    Promotes beneficial economic intercourse between the United States and other countries;

    Administers the Department of State;

    Supervises the Foreign Service of the United States.

    In addition, the Secretary of State retains domestic responsibilities that Congress entrusted to the State Department in 1789. These include the custody of the Great Seal of the United States, the preparation of certain presidential proclamations, the publication of treaties and international acts as well as the official record of the foreign relations of the United States, and the custody of certain original treaties and international agreements. The Secretary also serves as the channel of communication between the Federal Government and the States on the extradition of fugitives to or from foreign countries.

    Source : www.state.gov

    Department Organization

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    UNDER SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS

    BUREAU OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS

    BUREAU OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS: PUBLICATIONS

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    ABOUT THE STATE DEPARTMENT

    Department Organization

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    The following publication provides an overview of the organization of the Department of State. Additional resources include an organization chart and a list of bureaus and offices.

    The Executive Branch and the Congress have constitutional responsibilities for U.S. foreign policy. Within the Executive Branch, the Department of State is the lead U.S. foreign affairs agency, and the Secretary of State is the President's principal foreign policy adviser. The Department advances U.S. objectives and interests in shaping a freer, more secure, and more prosperous world through its primary role in developing and implementing the President's foreign policy. The Department also supports the foreign affairs activities of other U.S. Government entities including the Department of Commerce and the U.S. Agency for International Development. It also provides an array of important services to U.S. citizens and to foreigners seeking to visit or immigrate to the U.S.

    All foreign affairs activities – U.S. representation abroad, foreign assistance programs, countering international crime, foreign military training programs, the services the Department provides, and more – are paid for by the foreign affairs budget. This budget is key to maintaining U.S. leadership, which promotes and protects the interests of our citizens by:

    Promoting peace and stability in regions of vital interest;

    Creating jobs at home by opening markets abroad;

    Helping developing nations establish stable economic environments that provide investment and export opportunities;

    Bringing nations together to address global problems such as cross-border pollution, the spread of communicable diseases, terrorism, nuclear smuggling, and humanitarian crises.

    As the lead foreign affairs agency, the Department of State has the primary role in:

    Leading interagency coordination in developing and implementing foreign policy;

    Managing the foreign affairs budget and other foreign affairs resources;

    Leading and coordinating U.S. representation abroad, conveying U.S. foreign policy to foreign governments and international organizations through U.S. Embassies and consulates in foreign countries and diplomatic missions to international organizations;

    Conducting negotiations and concluding agreements and treaties on issues ranging from trade to nuclear weapons;

    Coordinating and supporting international activities of other U.S. agencies and officials.

    The services the Department provides include:

    Protecting and assisting U.S. citizens living or traveling abroad;

    Assisting U.S. businesses in the international marketplace;

    Coordinating and providing support for international activities of other U.S. agencies (local, state, or Federal Government), official visits overseas and at home, and other diplomatic efforts.

    Keeping the public informed about U.S. foreign policy and relations with other countries and providing feedback from the public to administration officials.

    The Department of State conducts all of these activities with a small workforce comprised of Civil Service and Foreign Service employees. Overseas, Foreign Service officers represent America; analyze and report on political, economic, and social trends in the host country; and respond to the needs of American citizens abroad. The U.S. maintains diplomatic relations with about 180 countries and also maintains relations with many international organizations, adding up to a total of more than 250 posts around the world. In the United States, Civil Service employees work alongside Foreign Service officers serving a stateside tour, compiling and analyzing reports from overseas, providing logistical support to posts, consulting with and keeping the Congress informed about foreign policy initiatives and policies, communicating with the American public, formulating and overseeing the budget, issuing passports and travel warnings, and more.

    Bureaus and Offices of the Department of State in the U.S.

    The Office of the Secretary of State

    The immediate Office of the Secretary (S) is comprised of the Secretary's Chief of Staff, Deputy Chief of Staff, the Secretary's secretary, the Executive Assistant, two special assistants, the Secretary's scheduler, staff assistant, and two personal assistants. This staff handles all of the day-to-day matters of the Secretary, including meetings at the Department, functions in Washington and throughout the country, and travel around the world.

    The Deputy Secretary serves as the principal deputy, adviser, and alter ego to the Secretary of State; serves as Acting Secretary of State in the Secretary's absence; and assists the Secretary in the formulation and conduct of U.S. foreign policy and in giving general supervision and direction to all elements of the Department.

    The Deputy Secretary for Management and Resources serves as the Department’s Chief Operating Officer, alter ego to the Secretary, and principal adviser to the Secretary on overall supervision, direction of resource allocation, and management activities of the Department. The Deputy Secretary is charged with promoting innovation, developing a management reform agenda, and ensuring our people and posts are safe and secure. In addition, the Deputy Secretary is responsible for the budget, development assistance, and promoting coordinated strategic planning. Under her purview is also the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR) office.

    Source : 2009-2017.state.gov

    Chapter 23 Worksheets Flashcards

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    Chapter 23 Worksheets

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    True

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    (T/F) U.S. foreign policy impacts domestic economic interests as well as foreign interests.

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    False; during the Cold War

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    (T/F) U.S. foreign policy followed a course of containment during the Civil War.

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    1/40 Created by beasleyy12

    Terms in this set (40)

    True

    (T/F) U.S. foreign policy impacts domestic economic interests as well as foreign interests.

    False; during the Cold War

    (T/F) U.S. foreign policy followed a course of containment during the Civil War.

    True

    (T/F) Economic decisions made by the European Union may affect U.S. domestic policy decisions.

    True

    (T/F) The United States went to war in Iraq in 2003 to overthrow Saddam Hussein in hopes of stabilizing the Middle East.

    False

    (T/F) The United States moved from isolationism to internationalism before World War I.

    establishing colonies in Guam and Puerto Rico

    Which act of American internationalism came first?

    national security

    Which is the most important goal of United States foreign policy?

    isolationism.

    The public mood before the United States became involved in WWI was an attitude of

    The nation avoids impending dangers.

    Which is an argument that supports the strategy of preemption?

    preemption

    Which foreign policy approach best describes the war on terror?

    False

    (T/F) Most foreign policy is carried out by the U.S. military.

    True

    (T/F) Discussions between diplomats often lead to formal agreements between the United States and other nations.

    True

    (T/F) One way to signal displeasure with a country's actions is to restrict trade with them.

    False

    (T/F) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) provides diplomatic support in foreign affairs, but does not provide military support.

    True

    (T/F) The main responsibility of foreign policy is national defense.

    The U.S. must respond and react to the issues of all members of the alliance.

    What is a disadvantage of the United States joining a mutual defense alliance?

    to express disapproval of the nation's actions

    Why might a nation place sanctions against another nation?

    diplomats.

    Diplomacy between the United States and other nations begins with

    multilateral agreement.

    The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is an example of a

    There is military protection from the international community.

    What is an advantage of joining a mutual defense alliance?

    True

    (T/F) All foreign policy is carried out by the president in coordination with foreign diplomats.

    True

    (T/F) The Department of State and the Department of Defense are mainly concerned with foreign affairs.

    True

    (T/F) Congress may refuse to provide funds for aid to other nations.

    True

    (T/F) Public opinion, such as protests during the Vietnam War, helps shape public policy.

    False

    (T/F) The president must recognize every nation's diplomatic efforts, even if the president does not agree with them.

    secretary of state

    Which of the following officials is most concerned with the diplomatic activities of the U.S. government?

    National Security Agency

    Which of the following government departments leads the intelligence community?

    by a 2/3 vote of the Senate

    How is the treaty with a foreign government ratified by the United States government?

    using military action against the nation.

    The United States expressed disapproval of Syria's actions in 2013 by

    national security advisor

    Which of the following officials is most responsible for coordinating and communication information and advice related to national security among different executive agencies?

    False; Department of Defense

    (T/F) The Department of State is responsible for implementing foreign policy.

    False; Consulates

    (T/F) Embassy staff promote business with U.S. companies and serve U.S. citizens travelling abroad.

    False; The Department of State

    (T/F) Consulate staff keep U.S. officials informed of politics and foreign policies in other countries.

    False; Department of Defense

    (T/F) The Department of State determines how branches of the armed forces are organized and governed.

    True

    (T/F) The National Security Agency is part of the Department of Defense.

    managing foreign relations.

    The newest responsibility of the Foreign Service is

    supervising the actions of the armed forces.

    The Department of Defense is responsible for

    Foreign Service.

    The department most responsible for protecting the interests of Americans abroad is the

    embassy.

    When traveling abroad, Americans who need help can go to the nearest American

    State Department.

    A visa is issued by the

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