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    who is most likely to be injured or killed in a work zone related crash?

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    Work Zone Crashes, Injuries, & Fatalities

    In 2021, 60% of highway contractors reported work zone crashes. In 2020, work zone crashes & fatalities increased despite lower traffic volumes. In 2020, work zone fatalities reached a 16-year high. In 2020, over 102,000 work zone crashes were estimated to have occured resulting in over 45,000 injuries and 857 fatalities. In 2018, there were 122 cases of pedestrians killed as a result of a work zone crash

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    Work Zone Crashes, Injuries, & Fatalities

    Work zone fatalities reached a 16-year high in 2020. 27 Between 2013 and 2020, work zone fatalities increased 45%. In 2020, over 102,000 work zone crashes were estimated to have occured resulting in over 45,000 injuries and 857 fatalities. 8, 9 Economic costs of these crashes have been estimated at over $17.5 billion annually. 28, 29In 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, work zone crashes & fatalities climbed despite lower traffic volumes. 20, 21, 22, 23, 32, 33 The Governor's Highway Safety Association (GHSA) projected that the U.S. pedestrian fatality rate jumped an unprecedented 21% from 2019. 34 A prior study found that 38% of "Pedestrian" fatalities in work zones were workers (i.e. road construction/maintenance workers, utility workers, and planning/surveying workers). The serious hazards faced by people working on foot on or along our roadways, who are among the most "Vulnerable Road Users", highlights the need for positive protection measures.

    For the first half of 2021, USDOT estimates another 18.4% surge in traffic fatalities over 2020 and the largest number of traffic fatalities since 2006. 35 In 2021, TxDOT reported that work zone fatalities in fact surged 33%. 36

    More motorists and road workers are being killed or injured in preventable work zone crashes. In a 2021 survey, most highway contractors (60%) reported crashes into their work zones. In an earlier survey, 89% of highway contractors think positive protection would help improve safety and prevent these horrific crashes. 26, 4The rising number of accidents, injuries, and fatalities highlight the need for positive protection. The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act of 2021 (IIJA) amends the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) to add protection for "Vulnerable Road Users", which includes road construction workers and people working on foot on or along our roadways. In 2021, USDOT set the value of a single life (VSL) at $11.8 million dollars. 13, 37 California research found a cost benefit for highly mobile barrier of $1.9 million per year, per barrier. 14

    "We have the technology and 'know how' to build our roadway system to anticipate user error. It can be designed, constructed, equipped, and operated to forgive the errant user and protect the innocent victim."

    2021 Contractor Reported Work Zone Crashes, Project Delays, Injuries, & Fatalities

    The Associated General Contractors of America's (AGC) 2021 nationwide study on highway work zone safety reveals that 60% of highway contractors reported work zone crashes over the last year. As a result of these work zone crashes, 35% of firms reported project delays, 4% reported worker fatalities, 19% reported worker injuries, 13% reported public fatalities, and 34% reported public injuries. 78% of highway contractors also reported that the risk of highway work zone crashes is greater now compared to a decade ago. 26

    In 2021, 60% of Highway Contractors Reported Crashes

    into their Construction Work Zones

    AGC Study - Outcomes of Work Zone Crashes 26

    (Mouseover data points for details.)

    AGC Study - Percentage of Highway Contractors

    Reporting Work Zone Crashes Over Time 26, 25, 4, 5, 6, 7, 19, 18, 17

    The 2019 AGC study revealed that an increasing percentage of contractors believe positive protection would improve safety on their projects.

    89% of contractors report that increased use of positive protection barriers would help reduce injuries and fatalities on their projects.

    4

    Estimated National Work Zone Crashes & Injuries 8

    The number of crashes in work zones and injuries resulting from those crashes has been increasing.

    In 2020, an estimated 102,000 crashes and 45,000 injuries were estimated to have occurred in work zones.

    Estimated Work Zone Crashes and Resulting Injuries* * Estimated Work Zone Crashes & Injuries Data are obtained from NHTSA statistical models (NASS/GES & CRSS). The NHTSA statistical models underestimate work zone crash fatalities by as much as 64% in 2019 (see Table 1 below). In general, the NHTSA FARS & CRSS crash report datasets underreport work zone crashes as well as resulting injuries and fatalities (see note †).Table 1. NHTSA CRSS Statistical Model Percent Error:

    2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020

    Recorded Fatalities

    (FARS) 701 781 806 754 842 857

    Estimated Fatalities

    (CRSS Statistical Model) 349 525 597 636 298 478

    Percent Error

    (of CRSS Statistical Model) -50% -32% -26% -15% -64% -44%

    National Work Zone Crash Fatalities 9

    Work zone crash fatalities have been on the rise nationally.

    45% increase in fatalities since 2013.

    Fatalities Resulting from Work Zone Crashes† In general, the NHTSA FARS & GES/CRSS crash report datasets underreport work zone crashes as well as resulting injuries and fatalities.

    The statistic for fatalities resulting from work zone crashes is obtained from NHTSA FARS dataset which attempts to aggregate various state police crash report datasets. However, crashes occurring inside work zones are not always properly classified by police as work zone related.

    Source : www.workzonebarriers.com

    Real 2022 DMV Questions

    Who is most likely to be killed in a work zone crash?

    Who is most likely to be killed in a work zone crash?

    Drivers and passengers are more likely to be killed in a work zone collision than anyone else. Drive carefully any time you are in a roadwork area.

    This questions appears in the following tests:

    Oregon Practice Test 7

    Oregon Practice Test 28

    Source : www.dmv-written-test.com

    Work Zones

    Work zone crashes claimed the lives of 857 people and injured 44,240 people in 2020. Since 2010, work zone deaths have increased 46%.

    Work Zones

    In 2020, 857 people were killed and 44,240 people were injured in work zone crashes. Work zone crashes are defined as taking place within the boundaries of a work zone or on an approach to or exit from a work zone due to activities, behaviors, or controls related to traffic moving through the boundaries of a work zone.

    Of the 857 fatalities:

    479 were in construction zones

    314 were in work zones of unknown type

    56 were in maintenance zones

    8 were in a utility zone

    Work zone deaths reached a high in 2002, at 1,186. The fewest work zone deaths occurred in 2010, with 586. Since 2010, work zone deaths have increased 46%.

    ChartData Table

    Work zone deaths, 2000 - 2020

    Line chart with 21 data points.

    The chart has 1 X axis displaying values. Data ranges from 2000 to 2020.

    The chart has 1 Y axis displaying Deaths. Data ranges from 586 to 1186.

    Deaths 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 0 250 500 750 1,000 1,250

    © 2022 National Safety Council. All rights reserved.

    Work zone deaths, 2000 - 2020

    End of interactive chart.

    Fatality data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) shows an average of 56 worker-pedestrians are killed per year after being struck by vehicles in work zones.

    This estimate using BLS Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) data is not fully comparable with the other National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) data presented on this page. NHTSA data is limited to crashes on public roadways, while BLS worker fatality estimates include all work zone incidents, regardless of location.

    ChartData Table

    Worker pedestrian deaths in work zones, 2011 - 2020

    Combination chart with 2 data series.

    The chart has 1 X axis displaying categories.

    The chart has 1 Y axis displaying Deaths. Data ranges from 44 to 65.

    Deaths Deaths Average 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 0 20 40 60 80

    © 2022 National Safety Council. All rights reserved.

    Worker pedestrian deaths in work zones, 2011 - 2020

    End of interactive chart.

    The majority of deaths in work zones are drivers of motor vehicles in transport. Vehicles involved in fatal crashes include both those engaged in construction activities as well as those traveling through a construction zone. Work zone deaths by type, from highest to lowest are:

    Drivers of motor vehicles – 530 deaths (62%)

    Pedestrians – 156 deaths (18%)

    Passengers of motor vehicles – 150 deaths (18%)

    Bicyclists – 14 deaths (2%)

    Other and unknown – 7 deaths (1%)

    Work zone death trends vary substantially by state. Use the interactive map to explore state trends by person type from 2009 through 2020.

    ChartData Table

    How to Use Injury Facts® Charts and TablesSource: Overall work zone injury and fatality estimates are based on National Safety Council (NSC) analysis of NHTSA FARS and Crash Report Sampling System (CRSS) data sets. Worker fatality estimates are based on NSC analysis of BLS CFOI data using the pedestrian struck by vehicle in work zone event code.

    Source : injuryfacts.nsc.org

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