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    which u.s. coast guard-approved equipment is required for all vessels?

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    Reguired Boating Safety Equipment

    The U.S. Coast Guard has compiled a list of required boating safety equipment, which they have determined to be the minimum boating safety equipment and operating standards as deemed necessary under federal laws.

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    Coast Guard Safety Equipment for Boats

    West Marine is committed to outfitting your life on the water. With over 250 store locations, 100,000 products in stock, and knowledgeable Associates, trust West Marine for your boating, sailing, fishing, or paddling needs. Shop with confidence - get free shipping to home or stores + price match guarantee!

    U.S. Coast Guard Required Equipment for Recreational Vessels

    By Tom Burden, Last updated 5/4/2021

    New boats normally include the gear you need to meet minimum U.S. Coast Guard requirements. This includes safety gear, a sanitation device, required waste, oil and garbage placards and other items. While you’re newly commissioned boat might be legally ready for service, we suggest that there may be some additional items to consider before you cast off.

    U.S. Coast Guard regulations are designed to keep you safe on the water. The safety gear that you are required to carry depends on the size of your vessel and we'll outline exactly what you need to meet the coast guard requirements. Find the range that your boat belongs to below to determine what safety gear you need to carry. Keep in mind that these are minimum requirements and we'll discuss extra safety measures later on that you can take to keep yourself and your crew safe on the water.

    New For 2021

    As of April 1, 2021, operators of boats less than 26 long are (in most cases) required to make use of an emergency engine cutoff switch (ECOS) device. For an explanation of this law, see Get Connected—It's the Law!

    Canoes and Kayaks Less than 16'   

    Personal Flotation Devices: One Type I, II, III or V per person. PFDs must be Coast Guard approved, wearable by the inteded user and readily accessible. (See "The Newtons are coming" below.)Visual Distress Signals: Night signals required when operating at night; date of manufacture must be within 42 months of the current date.Sound Producing Devices: Horn or whistle recommended to signal intentions or signal position.

    Vessels Less than 16'

    Personal Flotation Devices: One Type I, II, III or V per person. PFDs must be Coast Guard approved, wearable by the inteded user and readily accessible. (See "The Newtons are coming" below.)Fire Extinguishers: One B-I, any type. Fire extinguishers required on boats with enclosed engine compartments (not outboards), enclosed living spaces or permanent fuel tanks.Visual Distress Signals: Night signals required when operating at night; date of manufacture must be within 42 months of the current date.Sound Producing Devices: Horn or whistle recommended to signal intentions or signal position.Marine Sanitation Devices:Vessels with installed toilet facilities must have an operable, Coast Guard-certified Type I, II or III Device (MSD). Subject to local laws.Pollution Regulation Placards: No placards required.Backfire Flame Arrestor: One Coast Guard-approved device on each carburetor of all gasoline-powered engines built after August 1980, except outboard motors.Ventilation: Coast Guard-standard system required on gasoline-powered vessels with enclosed engine compartments built after August 1980.

    Vessels 16' to Less than 26'(8m)

    Personal Flotation Devices: One Type I, II, III or V per person plus one Type IV throwable. PFDs must be Coast Guard approved, wearable by the intended user and readily accessible. (See "The Newtons are coming" below.)Fire Extinguishers: One B-I, any type. Fire extinguishers required on boats with enclosed engine compartments (not outboards), enclosed living spaces or permanent fuel tanks.Visual Distress Signals: Minimum of three-day use and three-night use or three day/night combination pyrotechnic devices. Non-pyrotechnic substitutes: one orange distress flag (day-use) and one electric SOS signal light (night-use). Pyrotechnic signals must be have a manufacture date within 42 months of the current date.Sound Producing Devices: Horn or whistle recommended to signal intentions or signal position.Marine Sanitation Devices: Vessels with installed toilet facilities must have an operable, Coast Guard-certified Type I, II or III Marine Sanitation Device (MSD). Subject to local laws.Pollution Regulation Placards: No placards required.Backfire Flame Arrestor: One Coast Guard-approved device on each carburetor of all gasoline-powered engines built after August 1980, except outboard motors.Ventilation: Coast Guard-standard system required on gasoline-powered vessels with enclosed engine compartments built after August 1980.

    Vessels 26' to Less than 40'(12m)

    Personal Flotation Devices:One Type I, II, III or V per person plus one Type IV throwable. PFDs must be Coast Guard approved, wearable by the intended user and readily accessible. (See "The Newtons are coming" below.)Fire Extinguishers: One B-II or two B-IVisual Distress Signals: Minimum of three-day use and three-night use or three day/night combination pyrotechnic devices. Non-pyrotechnic substitutes: one orange distress flag (day-use) and one electric SOS signal light (night-use). Pyrotechnic signals must be have a manufacture date within 42 months of the current date.Sound Producing Devices: Horn or whistle required to signal intentions or signal position.Marine Sanitation Devices: Vessels with installed toilet facilities must have an operable, Coast Guard-certified Type I, II or III Marine Sanitation Device (MSD). Subject to local laws.

    Source : www.westmarine.com

    Federal Equipment Requirements: BoatUS Foundation

    Here you'll find the U.S. Coast Guard's minimum equipment requirements for boats of various lengths.

    USCG Minimum Equipment Requirements

    Note: The U.S. Coast Guard's free pamphlet, "Federal Requirements for Recreational Boats," gives more complete details on how many and what types of equipment you must have aboard your boat. Call the Coast Guard, 800-368-5647 or visit their website at www.uscgboating.org to obtain a copy. Many state requirements go beyond Coast Guard requirements. Call your state boating office for information on local safety requirements.

    Under 16ft 16ft - Under 26ft 26ft - Under 40ft 40ft - Under 65ft

    Boats Less Than 16ft

    Personal Floatation Devices (Life Jackets)

    Recreational boats must carry Coast Guard approved Personal Flotation Devices, in good and serviceable condition, and of appropriate size for the intended user. Wearable PFDs must be readily accessible, not stowed in bags, locked or closed compartments or have other gear stowed on top of them. Throwable devices must be immediately available for use. There must be one Type I, II, III, or V PFD for each person on board or being towed on water skis, etc., PLUS one Type IV throwable device. Throwable, Type IV PFDs may no longer be substituted for wearable types on boats less than 16 feet. State laws on mandatory PFD wear may vary.

    Fire Extinguishers

    At least one B-1 type Coast Guard-approved hand portable fire extinguisher. Not required on outboard motorboats less than 26 feet long and not carrying passengers for hire if the construction of such motorboats will not permit the entrapment of explosive or flammable gases or vapors, and if fuel tanks are not permanently installed.

    Visual Distress Signals

    Must carry approved visual distress signals for nighttime use.

    Sound Producing Device

    Every vessel less than 39.4 feet (12 meters) long must carry an efficient sound-producing device such as a whistle or horn.

    Ventilation (Boats built BEFORE 8/80)

    At least two ventilator ducts fitted with cowls or their equivalent for the purpose of properly and efficiently ventilating the bilges of every closed engine and fuel tank compartment of boats constructed or decked over after April 25, 1940, using gasoline as fuel or other fuels having a flashpoint of 110° F or less.

    Ventilation (Boats built AFTER 8/80)

    At least two ventilator ducts for the purpose of efficiently ventilating every closed compartment that contains a gasoline engine and fuel every closed compartment containing a gasoline tank, except those having permanently installed tanks vented outside the boat and containing no unprotected electrical devices. Also, engine compartments containing a gasoline engine with a cranking motor must contain power-operated exhaust blowers controllable from the instrument panel.

    Backfire Flame Arrestor

    One approved device on each carburetor of all gasoline engines installed after April 25, 1940, except outboard motors. Device must be marked to show compliance with SAE J-1928 or UL 1111 Standards.

    Source : www.boatus.org

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