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    which two countries began nuclear testing, posing a challenge for president obama? afghanistan and iraq cuba and mexico iran and north korea egypt and tunisia


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    The Obama Presidency by LegitSwag69 Flashcards

    Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards terms like to combat terrorist groups., al-Qaeda members., health care. and more.

    The Obama Presidency by LegitSwag69

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    to combat terrorist groups.

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    The US began fighting in Afghanistan in 2001

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    al-Qaeda members.

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    In 2011, the United States used drone aircraft to target

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    1/16 Created by LegitSwag69

    Terms in this set (16)

    to combat terrorist groups.

    The US began fighting in Afghanistan in 2001

    al-Qaeda members.

    In 2011, the United States used drone aircraft to target

    health care.

    In 2010, Congress passed a major plan to reform

    an acceptable use of the power to tax.

    In 2012, the Supreme Court ruled that requiring people to buy health insurance is

    Iran and North Korea

    Which two countries began nuclear testing, posing a challenge for President Obama?

    Voter turnout was high because Americans knew important decisions had to be made.

    Which statement best describes the election of 2008?

    save failing banks and the automotive industry.

    The Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) worked to

    John McCain.

    In 2008, the Republican presidential candidate was

    an African American.

    The outcome of the presidential election in 2008 was historic because the United States elected

    two overseas wars and economic downturn

    Which were the most important issues during the presidential election of 2008?

    the federal deficit grew.

    A negative effect of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act was that

    It strained US-Pakistan relations.

    How did the killing of Osama bin Laden affect US foreign relations?

    Egypt and Tunisia.

    In 2010, demonstrators used peaceful uprisings to overthrow the governments of

    train people to work in green industries.

    A goal of the Obama administration in the US was to

    the Democratic Party nominated an African American.

    The presidential election of 2008 was historic because

    halt rising unemployment.

    The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act failed to

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    Verified questions


    Explain the significance of: abolition, Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, Underground Railroad, Harriet Tubman, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Seneca Falls Convention, suffrage.

    Verified answer US HISTORY

    a. How did federal government policy toward Native Americans change as white settlers moved to the West? b. How did the destruction of the buffalo affect Plains peoples? c. Why was Wounded Knee a turning point in relations between Native Americans and the government?

    Verified answer US HISTORY

    What domestic and foreign strategies was Reagan committed to pursuing? What economic ideal did he sacrifice to go after those goals?

    Verified answer US HISTORY

    Look at the maps of Europe before and after World War I in Lesson 4. Describe the changes in national boundaries after the Versailles peace settlement. How might the redrawn map of Europe lead to new conflict among European powers?

    Verified answer

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    reaction to the Black Codes and refusal for universal black male suffrage; white supporters opposed - aided by fire department and NOLA police; federal troops were called to stop the violence

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    Source : quizlet.com

    Democracy in Crisis

    Political rights and civil liberties around the world deteriorated to their lowest point in more than a decade in 2017, extending a period characterized by emboldened autocrats, beleaguered democracies, and the United States’ withdrawal from its leadership role in the global struggle for human freedom.

    Freedom in the World 2018

    Democracy in Crisis

    Political rights and civil liberties around the world deteriorated to their lowest point in more than a decade in 2017, extending a period characterized by emboldened autocrats, beleaguered democracies, and the United States’ withdrawal from its leadership role in the global struggle for human freedom.


    Michael J. Abramowitz


    Key Findings

    Democracy faced its most serious crisis in decades in 2017 as its basic tenets—including guarantees of free and fair elections, the rights of minorities, freedom of the press, and the rule of law—came under attack around the world.

    Seventy-one countries suffered net declines in political rights and civil liberties, with only 35 registering gains. This marked the 12th consecutive year of decline in global freedom.

    The United States retreated from its traditional role as both a champion and an exemplar of democracy amid an accelerating decline in American political rights and civil liberties.

    Over the period since the 12-year global slide began in 2006, 113 countries have seen a net decline, and only 62 have experienced a net improvement.

    Democracy is in crisis. The values it embodies—particularly the right to choose leaders in free and fair elections, freedom of the press, and the rule of law—are under assault and in retreat globally.

    A quarter-century ago, at the end of the Cold War, it appeared that totalitarianism had at last been vanquished and liberal democracy had won the great ideological battle of the 20th century.

    Today, it is democracy that finds itself battered and weakened. For the 12th consecutive year, according to Freedom in the World, countries that suffered democratic setbacks outnumbered those that registered gains. States that a decade ago seemed like promising success stories—Turkey and Hungary, for example—are sliding into authoritarian rule. The military in Myanmar, which began a limited democratic opening in 2010, executed a shocking campaign of ethnic cleansing in 2017 and rebuffed international criticism of its actions. Meanwhile, the world’s most powerful democracies are mired in seemingly intractable problems at home, including social and economic disparities, partisan fragmentation, terrorist attacks, and an influx of refugees that has strained alliances and increased fears of the “other.”

    The challenges within democratic states have fueled the rise of populist leaders who appeal to anti-immigrant sentiment and give short shrift to fundamental civil and political liberties. Right-wing populists gained votes and parliamentary seats in France, the Netherlands, Germany, and Austria during 2017. While they were kept out of government in all but Austria, their success at the polls helped to weaken established parties on both the right and left. Centrist newcomer Emmanuel Macron handily won the French presidency, but in Germany and the Netherlands, mainstream parties struggled to create stable governing coalitions.

    Perhaps worst of all, and most worrisome for the future, young people, who have little memory of the long struggles against fascism and communism, may be losing faith and interest in the democratic project. The very idea of democracy and its promotion has been tarnished among many, contributing to a dangerous apathy.

    The retreat of democracies is troubling enough. Yet at the same time, the world’s leading autocracies, China and Russia, have seized the opportunity not only to step up internal repression but also to export their malign influence to other countries, which are increasingly copying their behavior and adopting their disdain for democracy. A confident Chinese president Xi Jinping recently proclaimed that China is “blazing a new trail” for developing countries to follow. It is a path that includes politicized courts, intolerance for dissent, and predetermined elections.

    The spread of antidemocratic practices around the world is not merely a setback for fundamental freedoms. It poses economic and security risks. When more countries are free, all countries—including the United States—are safer and more prosperous. When more countries are autocratic and repressive, treaties and alliances crumble, nations and entire regions become unstable, and violent extremists have greater room to operate.

    Democratic governments allow people to help set the rules to which all must adhere, and have a say in the direction of their lives and work. This fosters a broader respect for peace, fair play, and compromise. Autocrats impose arbitrary rules on their citizens while ignoring all constraints themselves, spurring a vicious circle of abuse and radicalization.

    Source : freedomhouse.org

    [Senate Hearing 112-159]

    [From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]

    S. Hrg. 112-159




    HEARING before the




    FIRST SESSION __________ MARCH 10, 2011 __________

    Printed for the use of the Committee on Armed Services

    Available via the World Wide Web: http://www.fdsys.gov/

    __________ _____


    71-354 PDF WASHINGTON : 2011


    For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing

    Office Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: toll free (866) 512-1800; DC

    area (202) 512-1800 Fax: (202) 512-2104 Mail: Stop IDCC, Washington, DC



    CARL LEVIN, Michigan, Chairman

    JOSEPH I. LIEBERMAN, Connecticut JOHN McCAIN, Arizona

    JACK REED, Rhode Island JAMES M. INHOFE, Oklahoma



    JIM WEBB, Virginia ROGER F. WICKER, Mississippi

    CLAIRE McCASKILL, Missouri SCOTT P. BROWN, Massachusetts

    MARK UDALL, Colorado ROB PORTMAN, Ohio

    KAY R. HAGAN, North Carolina KELLY AYOTTE, New Hampshire


    JOE MANCHIN III, West Virginia LINDSEY GRAHAM, South Carolina

    JEANNE SHAHEEN, New Hampshire JOHN CORNYN, Texas



    Richard D. DeBobes, Staff Director

    David M. Morriss, Minority Staff Director

    (ii) C O N T E N T S __________


    The Current and Future Worldwide Threats to the National Security of

    the United States march 10, 2011 Page

    Clapper, Hon. James R., Jr., Director of National Intelligence... 6

    Burgess, LTG Ronald L., Jr., USA, Director, Defense Intelligence

    Agency......................................................... 31



    THE UNITED STATES ----------

    THURSDAY, MARCH 10, 2011

    U.S. Senate,

    Committee on Armed Services,

    Washington, DC.

    The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:33 a.m. in room

    SD-G50, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Senator Carl Levin

    (chairman) presiding.

    Committee members present: Senators Levin, Lieberman,

    Hagan, Manchin, Shaheen, Gillibrand, Blumenthal, McCain, Brown,

    Ayotte, and Cornyn.

    Committee staff members present: Richard D. DeBobes, staff

    director; and Leah C. Brewer, nominations and hearings clerk.

    Majority staff members present: Madelyn R. Creedon,

    counsel; Richard W. Fieldhouse, professional staff member;

    Jessica L. Kingston, research assistant; Thomas K. McConnell,

    professional staff member; William G.P. Monahan, counsel;

    Russell L. Shaffer, Counsel; and William K. Sutey, professional

    staff member.

    Minority staff members present: David M. Morriss, minority

    staff director; Adam J. Barker, professional staff member;

    Christian D. Brose, professional staff member; John W. Heath,

    Jr., minority investigative counsel; Daniel A. Lerner,

    professional staff member; and Michael J. Sistak, research


    Staff assistants present: Jennifer R. Knowles, Kathleen A.

    Kulenkampff, and Hannah I. Lloyd.

    Committee members' assistants present: Vance Serchuk,

    assistant to Senator Lieberman; Gordon Peterson, assistant to

    Senator Webb; Roger Pena, assistant to Senator Hagan; Joanne

    McLaughlin, assistant to Senator Manchin; Chad Kreikemeier,

    assistant to Senator Shaheen; Elana Broitman, assistant to

    Senator Gillibrand; Jeremy Bratt, assistant to Senator

    Blumenthal; Lenwood Landrum, assistant to Senator Sessions;

    Charles Prosch, assistant to Senator Brown; Brad Bowman,

    assistant to Senator Ayotte; Dave Hanke, assistant to Senator

    Cornyn; and Joshua Hodges, assistant to Senator Vitter.


    Chairman Levin. Good morning, everybody.

    First, I'd like to welcome our witnesses for today's

    hearing on current and longer term threats and challenges

    around the world. We're delighted to have James Clapper here

    for the first time as the Director of National Intelligence

    (DNI), along with the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA)

    Director, General Ron Burgess.

    This committee has a special responsibility to the men and

    women of our Armed Forces to be vigilant on worldwide threats

    and on our intelligence programs. The safety of our troops,

    decisions on whether or not to use military force, and the

    planning for military operations all depend on understanding

    those threats through our intelligence programs and activities.

    In Afghanistan we're beginning to see signs that the

    Source : www.govinfo.gov

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