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get which state flag is the only one to have a different design on each side? from EN Bilgi.
Flag of Oregon
Flag of Oregon
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Use Civil and state flag
Adopted April 15, 1925; 96 years ago
Design Seal of Oregon in gold on a navy blue field. Above the seal the text "State of Oregon" is displayed in a wavy flow.
Designed by Oregon Legislature; first sewn by Marjorie Kennedy and Blanche Cox.
The flag of the state of Oregon is a two-sided flag in navy blue and gold with an optional gold fringe. On the front is the escutcheon from the state seal and on the reverse is a gold figure of a beaver, the state animal. Oregon is the only U.S. State to feature different designs on either side of its flag (the flag of Massachusetts was changed in 1971 to be single-sided).
1 History 1.1 Proposed change 2 Description 3 See also 4 References 5 External links
The current flag of Oregon became official on February 26, 1925. What is believed to be the first flag of Oregon produced was made that year by Meier & Frank, sewn by Marjorie Kennedy and Blanche Cox, employees of the department store. That flag was donated to Eastern Oregon University in 1954 by the grandson of former governor Walter M. Pierce. In 2010, the flag was restored.
For the Oregon Sesquicentennial in 2009, created a statewide contest to redesign the state flag. The newspaper collected and published the entries with the public voting on the winning design. The winning design was created by Randall Gray, a map maker for Clackamas County. In his design, Gray emphasized the beaver found on the current flag's reverse. The star represents Oregon's place in the Union while the green represents the natural wilderness and forests of Oregon. After the contest had started with votes being cast, there were requests for the Oregonian to add an 11th option, "NONE OF THE ABOVE", meaning, keep the current state flag as it is. In the final tally of votes, "NONE" received the most votes.
In 2013, a bill was introduced to the Oregon Senate that would have made several changes to the flag design; however, the bill never made it out of committee. This bill was sponsored by state Senator Laurie Monnes Anderson, on behalf of Gresham resident Matt Norquist, who lobbied for the flags' change.
The bill describes the proposed design as follows:
The flag shall feature a vertical bicolor split with a navy blue field at the hoist and a gold field at the fly. In the canton the flag shall bear a representation of the beaver, in gold, facing the hoist. On the fly the flag shall bear a vertical stripe in navy blue, and a white star shall be centered at the vertical halfway point of the stripe. The obverse and reverse of the flag shall be mirror images of each other.
The flags of the United States and Oregon in Portland, Oregon
The flag field is navy blue with all lettering and symbols in gold, representing the state colors of Oregon. On the obverse, the legend is written above an escutcheon, which also appears in the Oregon state seal. The shield is surrounded by 33 stars, representing Oregon's admission to the Union as the 33rd state. Below the shield is written , the year in which Oregon became a state.
The reverse of the flag (the hoist is to the right)
Oregon's flag is the last remaining state flag in the U.S. in which the obverse and reverse sides have different designs. Paraguay is the only country that still has a two-sided flag. Two-sided flags were previously more common, but have been reduced due to increased costs of manufacturing a flag with two different designs. On the reverse of the flag is a depiction, also in gold, of a beaver, the state animal of Oregon.
For dress or parade use, the flag may feature a gold fringe. For standard use, no fringe is required. The ratio of the flag's width to its length is 3:5.
Oregon portal Seal of Oregon
List of Oregon state symbols
Flags whose reverse differs from the obverse
Flag of Portland, Oregon
References^ http://www.statesymbolsusa.org/Oregon/stateFLAG.html Statesymbolsusa.org
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"Geography". . Retrieved 2008-05-05.
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"Oregon's first flag will be moved to a public display at Eastern Oregon University". . The Associated Press. September 6, 2010. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
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"Redesign the Oregon flag". . December 11, 2008. Retrieved June 16, 2010.^ "Oregon Senate Bill 473". Retrieved February 8, 2013.^ "www.neworegonflag.org". Retrieved November 25, 2013.
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"Oregon Almanac:Flag, State". Oregon Blue Book. Retrieved 2008-05-05.^ Shearer, B.F; Shearer, B.S (2002). (Third ed.). Greenwood Press. p. 67. ISBN 0-313-31534-5.^ Oregon, flag of. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on May 6, 2008.^ "Oregon Flag". Flags of the World. Retrieved 2008-05-05.
Chapter 186 — State Emblems; State Boundary 2005 Oregon Revised Statutes
State of Oregon: Blue Book
The official website of the Oregon Secretary of State
flag of Oregon
U.S. state flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) with the phrase “State of Oregon,” the date 1859, and an emblem in golden yellow on the obverse side; on the reverse is a representation of a beaver in golden yellow.A number of U.S. state flags, based on the military colours of local militias, originally had different designs on the obverse and reverse, but the expense and complexity of their manufacture gradually led to their replacement by simpler banners. Oregon is now the only state with such a flag, just as Paraguay is the only country to have a national
flag of Oregon
flag of Oregon
United States state flag
By Whitney Smith • Edit History
U.S. state flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) with the phrase “State of Oregon,” the date 1859, and an emblem in golden yellow on the obverse side; on the reverse is a representation of a beaver in golden yellow.
A number of U.S. state flags, based on the military colours of local militias, originally had different designs on the obverse and reverse, but the expense and complexity of their manufacture gradually led to their replacement by simpler banners. Oregon is now the only state with such a flag, just as Paraguay is the only country to have a national flag with a different design on each side.
The Oregon state flag became official on February 26, 1925. In addition to the name of the state and the date of its admission to the Union (1859), the flag features elements from the state seal on the obverse side. The Pacific Ocean with ships, mountains, and symbols of agriculture, as well as a pioneer covered wagon and the phrase “The Union,” are represented. The 33 stars around the outside of the shield correspond to Oregon’s order of admission to the Union. The beaver emblem on the reverse side recalls the importance of the animal to early trappers and hunters in the Pacific Northwest.
Whitney Smith flag
By The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica • Edit History
flag shapes See all media
Key People: Betsy Ross
Related Topics: ensign banner pennon guidon pennant
See all related content →flag, a piece of cloth, bunting, or similar material displaying the insignia of a sovereign state, a community, an organization, an armed force, an office, or an individual. A flag is usually, but not always, oblong and is attached by one edge to a staff or halyard.
The part nearest the staff is called the hoist, and the outer part is called the fly. A flag’s length (also called the fly) usually exceeds its width (hoist). The main portion of the flag, constituting all or most of its area, is called the field or ground. In addition, flags often have a design element in the upper corner of the hoist, called the canton, which is distinct from the field. Flags of various forms and purpose are known as colours, standards, banners, ensigns, pendants (or pennants), pennons, guidons, and burgees.
The parts of a flag.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
Flags originally were used mainly in warfare, and to some extent they have remained insignia of leadership, serving for the identification of friend or foe and as rallying points. They are now also extensively employed for signaling, for decoration, and for display. Because the usefulness of a flag for purposes of identification depends on its blowing out freely in the wind, the material that is preferred is usually light and bears a device or pattern identical on both sides. Wording therefore tends to be excluded, and the simpler patterns are favoured. Any colours or devices may be used, but European usage normally follows the practice of heraldry in discouraging the juxtaposition of “metal” and “metal” (i.e., of yellow and white) or of colour and colour without “metal” interposed. The flag of the Vatican city-state constitutes an exception to that rule.
flag of Vatican City
Flag of Vatican City, an exception to the European heraldic rule about not combining two “metal” colours (i.e., yellow and white) in a flag design.
Flags recognizable as such were almost certainly the invention of the ancient peoples of the Indian subcontinent or what is now China. It is said that the founder of the Zhou dynasty in China (1046–256 BCE) had a white flag carried before him, and it is known that in 660 CE a minor prince was punished for failing to lower his standard before his superior. Chinese flags had devices such as a red bird, a white tiger, or a blue dragon. They were carried on chariots and planted upon the walls of captured cities. The royal flag, however, had all the attributes of kingship, being identified with the ruler himself and treated with a similar respect. It was thus a crime even to touch the flag-bearer. The fall of the flag meant defeat, and the king would rarely expose his flag and his person together, the flag being normally entrusted to a general.
Flags had equal importance in ancient India, being carried on chariots and elephants. The flag was the first object of attack in battle, and its fall would mean confusion if not defeat. Indian flags were often triangular in shape and scarlet or green in colour, with a figure embroidered in gold and a gold fringe. If those and the Chinese flags had a common origin in the standards of ancient Egypt and Assyria (standards, in that sense, meaning solid objects, such as metal animals, attached atop poles), then they might have developed from the streamers often attached to the pole. That possibility gains some likelihood from the fact that some Indian flagstaffs were surmounted by a figure similar to that displayed on the flag itself. Mughal royal insignia included, however, other things besides the flag, more especially yaks’ tails and the state umbrella. Flags seem also to have been used, in India as in China, for signaling, and there is an instance of a white flag being used as a signal for a truce as early as 1542 CE. Indian and Chinese usage spread to Myanmar (Burma), Siam (now Thailand), and other parts of southeastern Asia. Flags with a background of white, yellow, or black silk are mentioned, with devices (an elephant, a bull, or a water hen, for example) embroidered on them in gold. A Siamese treatise on war gives the impression that the flags were unfurled as the march began.