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# which region of the united states experienced the greatest decrease in population by percentage from 2000 to 2004?

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### James

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## Lesson Plans on Human Population and Demographic Studies

Lesson plans for questions about demography and population. Teacher’s guides with discussion questions and web resources included.

## Lesson Plans on Human Population and Demographic Studies

### Find out the answers to these questions and more.

The sections listed below explore eight elements of population dynamics. Charts and graphs supplement each topic with one full-sized chart (in PDF) suitable for class distribution. Along with each topic are a frequently asked question and glossary terms. Teacher’s guides with discussion questions and web resources are also included in each section. For further investigation see also the most recent World Population Data Sheet.

Grade level: middle to high school

Time required: one week

Subjects: social studies, geography, and world history

## Change

### THREE PATTERNS OF POPULATION CHANGE

Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects, The 2006 Revision.

### Teachers Guide: Discussion Questions

What percentage of the population of the Democratic Republic of Congo, the United States, and Germany are 0–4 years old?

Which of the three countries has the greatest proportion of people ages 65 and older?

How can the age-sex structure of a population help determine the needs of that population?

What does it mean to have a “young” or “old” population?

How can migration affect the shape of a pyramid?

What is “zero population growth”? Which pyramid represents this concept?

Data

The dependency ratio is a measure used to indicate the ratio of people in the “dependent” ages (under 15 and ages 65 and older) per 100 people in the “economically productive” ages (15–64 years of age). The formula for the dependency ratio is:

The age dependency ratio for the United States is shown below at 49.

This means that there were 49 people in the dependent ages for every 100 persons in the working ages.

Calculate the dependency ratios for Kenya, Germany, Brazil, and Japan. Compare the components of each of them.

Discussion

Discuss the implications of high or low dependency ratios for economic resources and development.

### Question and Answer: Why Does It Take So Long to Slow or Stop Population Growth?

Growth through natural increase occurs when the birth rate exceeds the death rate. For example, the U.S. birth rate in 2005 was 14 births per 1,000 people and the death rate was 8, yielding a net increase of six persons for every 1,000 persons in the United States, or approximately 1.7 million additional persons for that year. This rate of natural increase occurred in spite of a very small average family size measured by the total fertility rate—an estimate of the number of births to women during their lifetimes.

The rate of natural increase of a population depends on birth and death rates, which are strongly influenced by the population age structure. Births occur primarily to people in the younger-adult age groups. If there are comparatively more young adults than older adults where mortality is highest, then even at replacement fertility levels (when each woman has about an average of two children) there will be more births than deaths.

Hence, a relatively large number of couples each having one or two children can still produce a large excess of births. This phenomenon is known as population momentum.

In the United States, birth rates are higher than death rates at present, partly due to the relatively young age structure of the U.S. population. Immigrants, who are younger on average than the U.S.-born population, play a significant role in keeping the United States younger than most other developed countries. For example, among U.S. Hispanics, 40 percent of whom are foreign-born, there are approximately 10 births for every death.

The momentum of population growth in less developed countries will only be slowed when the large number of young adults resulting from previous high fertility have passed out of the childbearing years and a succeeding smaller generation reproduces at replacement level fertility. This momentum is very pronounced in China, where women have about two children, but the number of women having children is now much larger than in the previous generation. Thus, even though it has reached replacement level fertility, China’s population continues to grow.

### Terms

The composition of a population as determined by the number or proportion of males and females in each age category. The age-sex structure of a population is the cumulative result of past trends in fertility, mortality, and migration. Information on age-sex composition is essential for the description and analysis of many other types of demographic data.

A dramatic increase in fertility rates and in the absolute number of births. In the United States this occurred during the period following World War II (1946 to 1964).

The number of live births per 1,000 population in a given year. Not to be confused with the growth rate.

Source : www.prb.org

## Movement: Migration ( Geography ) Flashcards

Start studying Movement: Migration ( Geography ). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

## Movement: Migration ( Geography )

3.3 9 Reviews

Which of the following is not a form of forced migration?

Click card to see definition 👆

B.

the movement of business owners to Europe to establish new business opportunities

Click again to see term 👆

Which of the following statements best characterizes the United States' overall population shift from 2000 to 2004?

Click card to see definition 👆

C.

The South and the West gained population, while the Northeast and the Midwest lost population.

Click again to see term 👆

1/10 Created by dajacooksey12

### Terms in this set (10)

Which of the following is not a form of forced migration?

B.

the movement of business owners to Europe to establish new business opportunities

Which of the following statements best characterizes the United States' overall population shift from 2000 to 2004?

C.

The South and the West gained population, while the Northeast and the Midwest lost population.

Which of the following is not an example of a push factor that could encourage migration away from a place?

NOT B.

(the high unemployment rate in Michigan due to the struggling auto industry)

The US economic ups and downs in the 2000s led to the relocation of hundreds of thousands of people to the

South and West.

All of the following are examples of forced migration due to government-imposed expulsion, except __________.

D.

Irish moving to America during the Potato Famine

Which region of the United States experienced the greatest increase in population by percentage from 2000 to 2004?

D. the West

Each year, field workers travel from the southwestern United States to eastern Washington to harvest apples. This movement is an example of __________.

B. periodic movement

Which of the following transactions was not part of the triangular trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas?

D.

Slaves from the Americas were sold in Africa in exchange for finished goods.

Which of the following statements about the British colony in Australia is true?

B.

It was established first as a penal colony and comprised mostly of convicts in the early years.

Which region of the United States experienced the greatest decrease in population by percentage from 2000 to 2004?

A, The Northeast

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### Verified questions

US HISTORY

The excerpt describes which of the following trends in the United States at the beginning of the nineteenth century? a. Efforts to bolster the reemerging market economy b. Conflicts among Americans over slavery c. The emergence of a distinctly American style of art d. The growth of utopian movements

In a paragraph, contrast the morale of the U.S. troops with that of the Vietcong. Use evidence from the text to support your response.

Why was Plessy v. Ferguson an important Supreme Court decision?

What argument does George Mason, a Virginia slave owner, make in favor of prohibiting the Atlantic slave trade?

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QUESTION

The chapter introduction tells the story of politicians Powhatan Ellis and Franklin Plummer to make the point that:

What did Daniel Boone do in the Kentucky territory?

Federal arsenal in Virginia seized by abolitionist John Brown in 1859. Though Brown was later captured and executed, his raid alarmed Southerners who believed that Northerners shared in Brown's extremism. (408)

What invention helped explode slavery by easing the process for production of goods in the south?

Source : quizlet.com

## U.S. population growth has nearly flatlined, new census data shows

America’s population size is standing still, according to new data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Population growth over the 12-month period from July 1, 2020 through July 1, 2021 stood at unprecedented low of just 0.12%.

REPORT

## U.S. population growth has nearly flatlined, new census data shows

William H. Frey Thursday, December 23, 2021

Email

Click to email a link to a friend

Editor's Note:

This post was updated on April 18, 2022 to correct the data point related to international migration in 2020-21 (244,622).

America’s population size is standing still, according to

new data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Population growth over the 12-month period from July 1, 2020 through July 1, 2021 stood at unprecedented low of just 0.12%. This is the lowest annual growth since the Bureau began collecting such statistics in 1900, and reflects how all components of population change—deaths, births, and immigration levels—were impacted during a period when the COVID-19 pandemic became most prevalent.[i]

## William H. Frey

### Senior Fellow - Brookings Metro

The new estimates show that during this period, population growth declined from the previous year in 31 of 50 states as well as Washington, D.C., with 18 states sustaining absolute population losses. In some states, especially California and New York, population losses were exacerbated by inflated out-migration during the pandemic, just as other states such as Florida and Texas benefitted from greater population in-flows.

While COVID-19 clearly played a role in this near-zero population growth, that growth had begun to plummet even before the pandemic. The 2020 census showed that from 2010 to 2020, the U.S. registered the second-lowest decade growth in its history—a consequence, in large part, of the aging of its population, which led to more deaths and fewer births. Nonetheless, the new data shows that pandemic-related demographic forces have left an indelible mark on the nation.

## HISTORIC DIPS AND SPIKES IN POPULATION GROWTH FOLLOW PANDEMICS AND ECONOMIC TRENDS

The unprecedented near cessation of U.S. population growth is depicted in Figure 1, which charts annual growth rates in the 121-year period from 1900 to 2021. Over this time, the nation experienced wide variations in growth, resulting from wars, economic booms and busts, as well as changing fertility and immigration patterns.

… … 1900-1901 1901-1902 1902-1903 1903-1904 1904-1905 1905-1906 1906-1907 1907-1908 1908-1909 1909-1910 1910-1911 1911-1912 1912-1913 1913-1914 1914-1915 1915-1916 1916-1917 1917-1918 1918-1919 1919-1920 1920-1921 1921-1922 1922-1923 1923-1924 1924-1925 1925-1926 1926-1927 1927-1928 1928-1929 1929-1930 1930-1931 1931-1932 1932-1933 1933-1934 1934-1935 1935-1936 1936-1937 1937-1938 1938-1939 1939-1940 1940-1941 1941-1942 1942-1943 1943-1944 1944-1945 1945-1946 1946-1947 1947-1948 1948-1949 1949-1950 1950-1951 1951-1952 1952-1953 1953-1954 1954-1955 1955-1956 1956-1957 1957-1958 1958-1959 1959-1960 1960-1961 1961-1962 1962-1963 1963-1964 1964-1965 1965-1966 1966-1967 1967-1968 1968-1969 1969-1970 1970-1971 1971-1972 1972-1973 1973-1974 1974-1975 1975-1976 1976-1977 1977-1978 1978-1979 1979-1980 1980-1981 1981-1982 1982-1983 1983-1984 1984-1985 1985-1986 1986-1987 1987-1988 1988-1989 1989-1990 1990-1991 1991-1992 1992-1993 1993-1994 1994-1995 1995-1996 1996-1997 1997-1998 1998-1999 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021 0.0% 0.2% 0.4% 0.6% 0.8% 1.0% 1.2% 1.4% 1.6% 1.8% 2.0% 2.2% 0.12%

Source: William H. Frey analysis of US Census Bureau historicalestimates, including 2010-2021 annual estimates, released 12/21/2021

Figure 1. US annual population growth,years 1900–01 to 2020–21