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    which phrases best summarize the us population in the twenty-first century? older, less culturally diverse, a bigger income gap between classes older, more culturally diverse, traditional family makeup and structure older, more culturally diverse, a bigger income gap between classes older, less culturally diverse, changing family makeup and structure

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    10 demographic trends that are shaping the U.S. and the world

    We gathered key facts for this year’s Population Association of America (PAA) meeting.

    MARCH 31, 2016

    10 demographic trends shaping the U.S. and the world in 2016

    BY D’VERA COHN AND ANDREA CAUMONT

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    At its core, demography is the act of counting people. But it’s also important to study the forces that are driving population change, and measure how these changes have an impact on people’s lives. For example, how does immigration affect U.S. population growth? Do Americans feel that children are better off with a parent at home, in an era when most women work? How is the rise of the young-adult Millennial generation contributing to the rise of Americans with no stated religion? For this year’s Population Association of America (PAA) annual meeting, here is a roundup of some of Pew Research Center’s recent demography-related findings that tell us how America and the world are changing.

    1

    Americans are more racially and ethnically diverse than in the past, and the U.S. is projected to be even more diverse in the coming decades. By 2055, the U.S. will not have a single racial or ethnic majority. Much of this change has been (and will be) driven by immigration. Nearly 59 million immigrants have arrived in the U.S. in the past 50 years, mostly from Latin America and Asia. Today, a near-record 14% of the country’s population is foreign born compared with just 5% in 1965. Over the next five decades, the majority of U.S. population growth is projected to be linked to new Asian and Hispanic immigration. American attitudes about immigration and diversity are supportive of these changes for the most part. More Americans say immigrants strengthen the country than say they burden it, and most say the U.S.’s increasing ethnic diversity makes it a better place to live.

    2

    Asia has replaced Latin America (including Mexico) as the biggest source of new immigrants to the U.S. In a reversal of one of the largest mass migrations in modern history, net migration flows from Mexico to the U.S. turned negative between 2009 and 2014, as more Mexicans went home than arrived in the U.S. And after rising steadily since 1990, the unauthorized immigrant population has leveled off in recent years, falling to 11.3 million in 2014 from a high of 12.2 million in 2007. Meanwhile, Asians are now the only major racial or ethnic group whose numbers are rising mainly because of immigration. And while African immigrants make up a small share of the U.S. immigrant population, their numbers are also growing steadily – roughly doubling every decade since 1970.

    3

    America’s demographic changes are shifting the electorate – and American politics. The 2016 electorate will be the most diverse in U.S. history due to strong growth among Hispanic eligible voters, particularly U.S.-born youth. There are also wide gaps opening up between the generations on many social and political issues. Young adult Millennials are much more likely than their elders to hold liberal views on many political and social issues, though they are also less likely to identify with either political party: 50% call themselves political independents.

    4

    Millennials, young adults born from 1981 to 1996, are the new generation to watch. By 2019 they will surpass Baby Boomers (born 1946-1964) as the largest U.S. adult generation, and they differ significantly from their elders in many ways. They are the most racially diverse adult generation in American history: 43% of Millennials are nonwhite, the highest share of any generation. And while they are on track to be the most educated generation to date, this achievement has come at a cost: Many Millennials are struggling with student debt. In addition to the weak labor market of recent years, student debt is perhaps one reason why many are still living at home. Despite these troubles, Millennials are the most upbeat about their financial future: More than eight-in-ten say they either currently have enough money to lead the lives they want or expect to in the future.Note: Item No. 4 in this post was updated on March 23, 2018, to reflect the Center’s revised definition of the Millennial generation and the updated year in which Millennials will be the largest generation.

    5

    Women’s role in the labor force and leadership positions has grown dramatically. The labor force participation rate for American women has risen steadily since the 1960s. In fact, mothers were the sole or primary breadwinner in a record 40% of all households with children in 2011. The gender pay gap has narrowed over this period of time, especially for young women just entering the labor force, but it still persists. As more women have entered the workforce, the share of women in top leadership jobs has risen, but they still make up a small share of the nation’s political and business leaders relative to men. Why the continued disparity? While Americans say women are every bit as capable of being good leaders as men, four-in-ten believe they are held to higher standards than men and that the U.S. is just not ready to put more women in top leadership positions.

    Source : www.pewresearch.org

    Immigration and Demographic Change Flashcards

    Start studying Immigration and Demographic Change. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

    Immigration and Demographic Change

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    Between 1960 and 2010, the United States population older than 65

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    more than doubled

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    During the late 20th century, immigration

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    increased

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    1/27 Created by JadeHakola7004

    Terms in this set (27)

    Between 1960 and 2010, the United States population older than 65

    more than doubled

    During the late 20th century, immigration

    increased

    Between 2000 and 2050, the percentage of the population that will be non-white or Hispanic is projected to grow by

    20%

    After World War II, many people

    left cities for suburbs

    Where is the Sun Belt located?

    the Southwest the Southeast

    Which of these best describes baby boomers?

    largest generation in American history

    How will an aging population likely affect health care in the future?

    increased demand for services

    higher costs for Medicare

    more need for long-term care

    This quote demonstrates all of the following things about the Social Security Program, except:

    There is agreement about how Social Security should be fixed.

    Use the graph to answer this question:

    Since 1980, which groups have represented the largest share of immigration to the United States?

    Asia and Latin America

    Why have some Americans been opposed to immigration throughout history?

    concerns about illegal immigration

    fear of immigrants taking jobs from Americans

    desire to keep traditional American culture

    How many Americans currently live in suburbs?

    more than half

    People migrated to Sun Belt states in the 1970s for

    warmer weather

    new job opportunities

    growing economies

    Poverty has simple causes that are easy to define.

    F

    Minority groups are more likely to face unequal opportunities.

    T

    Poverty is decreasing over time

    F

    In the late 1900s and early 2000s, how has the income gap changed?

    increased

    Which of these might be part of a "nontraditional" family?

    single parents stepparents grandparents gay parents

    Based on the map, which region of the United States has the highest Latino population?

    the Southwest

    Approximately how many American marriages end in divorce?

    one in two marriages

    By 2050, it is likely that the white population of the United States will

    lose its majority status.

    Which statement best summarizes family life in the United States today?

    Family structures are changing, but families remain important to American life.

    Immigration changes the US population by making it

    more diverse.

    Which statement best describes illegal immigration to the United States today?

    People cannot agree on how to treat illegal immigrants.

    Americans who migrated to the Sun Belt were moving to a region with

    warm weather and economic growth.

    Which phrases best summarize the US population in the twenty-first century?

    older, more culturally diverse, a bigger income gap between classes

    Because of the baby boom, senior citizens make up

    a larger share of the population than ever before.

    The baby boom generation is significant because it was

    the largest generation born in US history.

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    Verified questions

    SOCIOLOGY

    List the major characteristics of bureaucracy, according to Max Weber.

    Verified answer SOCIOLOGY

    Select two early sociologists discussed and construct a dialogue between them about the current social Issue of homelessness.

    Verified answer SOCIOLOGY

    In this chapter you read about formal groups. As people join these groups freely, volunteer groups might provide a strong measure of personal identity and cultural trends. Study the statistics in this table. Then write two hypotheses that could be tested by research, including survey research. For example you might hypothesize that social service volunteering dips when people are in their mid-30s and 40s because people are building careen and rearing children. $$ \begin{matrix} \text{Organization Type} & \text{16-24 years} & \text{25-34 years} & \text{35-44 years} & \text{45-54 years} & \text{55-64 years} & \text{65 and above}\\ \text{Civic & Political} & \text{5.5} & \text{5.5} & \text{5.3} & \text{8.1} & \text{9.3} & \text{8.7}\\ \text{Educational & Youth} & \text{32.4} & \text{34.1} & \text{39.8} & \text{26.0} & \text{13.2} & \text{6.4}\\ \text{Environment & Animal care} & \text{1.5} & \text{24.} & \text{1.4} & \text{1.5} & \text{2.0} & \text{1.4}\\ \text{Hospital & Health} & \text{8.6} & \text{6.4} & \text{55} & \text{6.9} & \text{8.9} & \text{10.9}\\ \text{Public Safety} & \text{1.7} & \text{2.2} & \text{1.4} & \text{1.4} & \text{1.5} & \text{1.1}\\ \text{Religious } & \text{28.5} & \text{30.4} & \text{30.5} & \text{35.3} & \text{39.6} & \text{45.2}\\ \text{Social Service} & \text{13.0} & \text{11.1} & \text{9.0} & \text{12.3} & \text{15.0} & \text{16.9}\\ \text{Sport / Hoby} & \text{3.4} & \text{2.8} & \text{3.4} & \text{4.2} & \text{4.3} & \text{3.6}\\ \text{Other} & \text{4.9} & \text{5.2} & \text{3.8} & \text{4.2} & \text{6.1} & \text{5.9}\\ \end{matrix} $$

    Source : quizlet.com

    America’s Diversity and Growth: Signposts for the 21st Century

    Informing a Smarter World

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    America's Diversity and Growth: Signposts for the 21st Century

    DATE

    June 1, 2000

    AUTHOR

    PRB

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    Population Bulletin, vol. 55, no. 2: America’s Diversity and Growth–Signposts for the 21st Century

    FOCUS AREAS

    U.S. Census/American Community Survey World and U.S. Population Trends

    (June 2000) At the beginning of the 21st century, demographic trends seem to many Americans to signal new, potentially disquieting changes in the U.S. population. Americans at the beginning of the 20th century also worried about unfamiliar developments in the population. Population trends inevitably reflect fundamental changes in the economy and in the world. Such changes influence peoples’ choices as they form families, seek economic and physical well-being, and move to places where they see opportunities. But viewed from the perspective of a century, population trends seem marked as much by stability as by change.

    At the beginning of the 20th century, many Americans were concerned about slowing population growth, particularly because it meant that immigration was shifting the country’s ethnic balance. Then, as now, the United States was a nation of robust population growth fueled in part by immigration—but growth rates were lower than Americans has been used to, fertility was declining, and immigrants were coming from different countries than they had in the past. The story at the end of the century is similar. Population growth rates have slowed, although at least 2 million people are added each year. Once again large numbers of immigrants are coming from different places. And immigration plays a large part in population growth because U.S. fertility is low.

    Geographic mobility within the United States has been another constant source of change over the last 100 years. Today’s Americans continue to move to better their circumstances. At the beginning of the 20th century, industrialization was propelling the growth of big cities, particularly in the Midwest and Northeast. By mid-century, there was a large-scale population shift to what become known as the Sun Belt, while people all over the country moved from city centers to suburbs. By the end of the century, advances in communications and transportation technology allowed many Americans to realize a dream of small-town life engendered by images of safe and supportive communities from a century ago.

    The U.S. population is significantly more diverse racially and ethnically now than it was in 1900. Contemporary immigrants from Latin America and Asia are joining the African Americans and American Indians who have always been a part of the U.S. population. These immigration trends are likely to continue as the less developed countries that send most immigrants experience an unprecedented surge in the number of young people in their population, thanks to improved child survival and high birth rates. Young adults in these countries, as elsewhere, have the greatest propensity to move, particularly when jobs are scarce at home. And many will seek jobs in the United States.

    Racial and ethnic definitions are relatively fluid and depend in part on how people perceive themselves, and how they are perceived by the society in which they live. More unions between Americans and different racial and ethnic groups are resulting in more children of mixed racial heritage, for example, and it is impossible to predict how these children will choose to indentify themselves once they are grown. If race and ethnic definitions remain the same, and so do immigration, fertility, and moral patterns, minority groups will continue to grow faster than the nonminority population. According to current projections, non-Hispanic whites will make up barley one-half of the population by 2050 and will lose their majority status by 2060.

    For individual Americans, the most important population trend of the 20th century may well have been the stunning increase in their life expectance. Combined with relatively low fertility rates over most of the century, the result is a new age profile for the population. In the 21st century, the nation’s institutions and expectations will have to adapt to a population in which there are roughly equal numbers of people in all age groups, rather than the old pattern in which there were many more young people than older people.

    Longer life expectancy has had a significant effect on Americans’ family lives, because it extends the number of years people live after their children are grown. Now Americans spend less than half their adult life rearing children, compared with most of adult life for couples at the beginning of the 20th century. This change has important implications for women especially, as they are now free to “have it all,” sequentially, if no concurrently. It also allows for new, companionable relationships between adult children and still-active parents, before caregiving is called for at the other end of the life span.

    In some ways, family patters at the end of the century are like those that prevailed at its beginning. Young people then were more likely to wait for marriage until they were fully launched into adult life, and significant numbers gave evidence of never marrying at all.

    Source : www.prb.org

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