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    which of the following structures can help differentiate between a plant cell and an animal cell?

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    Plant & Animal Cell Differences Genetics Notes

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    Plant vs animal cells review (article)

    Plant vs animal cells

    Plant vs animal cells review

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    How do plant and animal cells differ?

    Both plant and animal cells are eukaryotic, so they contain membrane-bound organelles like the nucleus and mitochondria.

    However, plant cells and animal cells do not look exactly the same or have all of the same organelles, since they each have different needs. For example, plant cells contain chloroplasts since they need to perform photosynthesis, but animal cells do not.

    Diagram of a typical animal cell:

    Diagram of an animal cell with components lettered.

    Image modified from OpenStax Biology.

    Diagram of a typical plant cell:

    Diagram of a plant cell with components labeled.

    Image modified from OpenStax Biology.

    Both animal and plant cells have mitochondria, but only plant cells have chloroplasts. Plants don’t get their sugar from eating food, so they need to make sugar from sunlight. This process (photosynthesis) takes place in the chloroplast. Once the sugar is made, it is then broken down by the mitochondria to make energy for the cell. Because animals get sugar from the food they eat, they do not need chloroplasts: just mitochondria.Both plant and animal cells have vacuoles. A plant cell contains a large, singular vacuole that is used for storage and maintaining the shape of the cell. In contrast, animal cells have many, smaller vacuoles.Plant cells have a cell wall, as well as a cell membrane. In plants, the cell wall surrounds the cell membrane. This gives the plant cell its unique rectangular shape. Animal cells simply have a cell membrane, but no cell wall.

    Plant vs animal cells

    Overview of animal and plant cells

    Plant vs animal cells review

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    Practice: Plant vs animal cells

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    Log in Salaar Tariq 3 years ago

    Posted 3 years ago. Direct link to Salaar Tariq's post “which part of cell contro...”

    which part of cell control the activities of the cell

    • Zelong Huang a year ago

    Posted a year ago. Direct link to Zelong Huang's post “I think it is nucleus. Th...”

    I think it is nucleus. The part is DNA, I think

    Learner 3 years ago

    Posted 3 years ago. Direct link to Learner's post “What is a relationship be...”

    What is a relationship between plant cell and animal cell?

    • Poppy Brown 2 years ago

    Posted 2 years ago. Direct link to Poppy Brown's post “They are both examples of...”

    They are both examples of eukaryotic cells. In addition, eukaryotic cells also have protists and fungi.

    chandu 4 years ago

    Posted 4 years ago. Direct link to chandu's post “isn't the membrane surrou...”

    isn't the membrane surrounds the cell wall. why not.

    • Barsoum, Isaac 3 years ago

    Posted 3 years ago. Direct link to Barsoum, Isaac's post “`nope cell wall protects ...”

    nope cell wall protects membrane that's how it is

    Carly Milwaky 4 years ago

    Posted 4 years ago. Direct link to Carly Milwaky's post “what r more ways they are...”

    what r more ways they are similar

    • David Gou 2 years ago

    Posted 2 years ago. Direct link to David Gou's post “Both cells have cytoplasm...”

    Both cells have cytoplasm, endoplasmic reticulum, cytoskeletons, and golgi bodies.

    Panda1597 3 years ago

    Posted 3 years ago. Direct link to Panda1597's post “what size are the plant a...”

    what size are the plant and animal cells? cell? Do non living things have cell?

    • Asher James 3 years ago

    Posted 3 years ago. Direct link to Asher James's post “Size of an animal cell ra...”

    Size of an animal cell ranges from 10 to 30 micrometres while for plant cell it ranges from 10 to 100 micrometers. 1 micrometer is 1/1000 of a millimetre. And non-living things do not have a cell. They are not living and thus don't need any of our body systems. They just need a structure, no body systems, thus no cells. So non living things don't need cells. Hope that this answers your question.

    Zebg a year ago

    Posted a year ago. Direct link to Zebg's post “There was not a lot of in...”

    There was not a lot of information on the cell wall why do plants need it and animals don't?

    • Tybalt a year ago

    Posted a year ago. Direct link to Tybalt's post “Think about it: animals a...”

    Think about it: animals are on the move. They need a heart that can pump blood. They need muscles that can flex and relax to move. They need a digestive system that can stretch to hold food. Plants, meanwhile, need to stay upright to photosynthesize. They need to support themselves and their organs; otherwise, they cannot grow.

    Plants need the walls to support themselves. Animals, on the other hand, have skeletons, but they act as a frame for the other, flexible, fleshy organs that are required for movement.

    Does this help?

    Source : www.khanacademy.org

    Plant Cell vs Animal Cell

    What's the difference between Animal Cell and Plant Cell? Plant and animal cells have several differences and similarities. For example, animal cells do not have a cell wall or chloroplasts but plant cells do. Animal cells are mostly round and irregular in shape while plant cells have fixed, rectangular shapes. P...

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    Plant Cell vs. Animal Cell

    Diffen › Science › Biology › Cellular Biology

    Plant and animal cells have several differences and similarities. For example, animal cells do not have a cell wall or chloroplasts but plant cells do. Animal cells are mostly round and irregular in shape while plant cells have fixed, rectangular shapes.

    Plant and animal cells are both eukaryotic cells, so they have several features in common, such as the presence of a cell membrane, and cell organelles, like the nucleus, mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum.

    Comparison chart

    Animal Cell versus Plant Cell comparison chart

    Animal Cell Plant Cell

    Cell wall Absent Present (formed of cellulose)

    Shape Round (irregular shape) Rectangular (fixed shape)

    Vacuole One or more small vacuoles (much smaller than plant cells). One, large central vacuole taking up to 90% of cell volume.

    Centrioles Present in all animal cells Only present in lower plant forms (e.g. chlamydomonas)

    Chloroplast Absent Plant cells have chloroplasts to make their own food.

    Cytoplasm Present Present

    Ribosomes Present Present

    Mitochondria Present Present

    Plastids Absent Present

    Endoplasmic Reticulum (Smooth and Rough) Present Present

    Peroxisomes Present Present

    Golgi Apparatus Present Present

    Plasma Membrane Only cell membrane Cell wall and a cell membrane

    Microtubules/ Microfilaments Present Present

    Flagella Present in some cells ( e.g. mammalian sperm cells) Present in some cells (e.g. sperm of bryophytes and pteridophytes, cycads and Ginkgo)

    Lysosomes Lysosomes occur in cytoplasm. Lysosomes usually not evident.

    Nucleus Present Present

    Cilia Present Most plant cells do not contain cilia.

    Cell Wall

    A difference between plant cells and animal cells is that most animal cells are round whereas most plant cells are rectangular.Plant cells have a rigid cell wall that surrounds the cell membrane. Animal cells do not have a cell wall. When looking under a microscope, the cell wall is an easy way to distinguish plant cells.

    Chloroplasts

    Plants are autotrophs; they produce energy from sunlight through the process of photosynthesis, for which they use cell organelles called chloroplasts. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts. In animal cells, energy is produced from food (glucose) via the process of cellular respiration. Cellular respiration occurs in mitochondria on animal cells, which are structurally somewhat analogous to chloroplasts, and also perform the function of producing energy. However, plant cells also contain mitochondria.

    Centriole

    All animal cells have centrioles whereas only some lower plant forms have centrioles in their cells (e.g. the male gametes of charophytes, bryophytes, seedless vascular plants, cycads, and ginkgo).

    Vacuoles

    Animal cells have one or more small vacuoles whereas plant cells have one large central vacuole that can take upto 90% of cell volume. In plant cells, the function of vacuoles is to store water and maintain turgidity of the cell. Vacuoles in animal cells store water, ions and waste.

    Lysosomes

    A lysosome is a membrane-bound spherical vesicle which contains hydrolytic enzymes that can break down many kinds of biomolecules. It is involved in cell processes,like secretion, plasma membrane repair, cell signaling, and energy metabolism. Animal cells have clearly defined lysosomes. The presence of lysosomes in plant cells in under debate. A few studies have reported presence of animal lysosomes in plant vacuoles therefore suggesting plant vacuoles fulfilling the role of the animal lysosomal system.

    Pictures of plant and animal cells

    Structure of a Plant Cell

    Structure of a Typical Plant Cell

    Animal Cell Structure

    Structure of a Typical Animal Cell

    Video Comparing Plant and Animal Cells

    This video summarizes the differences between animal and plant cells:

    For a more in-depth look at the differences between plant and animal cell organelles, see this video.

    Types of plant cells

    This is a picture of the various types of plant cells, including xylem, phloem, sclerenchyma and collenchyma.

    References

    Wikipedia: Eukaryote#Animal cell

    Wikipedia: Plant cell

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    Comments: Animal Cell vs Plant Cell

    Anonymous comments (7)

    June 19, 2012, 3:55pm

    Thank You very much!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    — 115.✗.✗.83

    June 24, 2010, 2:43am

    thank you so much buddy!!!! this will be very helpful in my assignment... thanks a lot God Bless

    — 121.✗.✗.148

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