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    which of the following refers to the investigative process by which geologists identify and match sedimentary strata and other rocks of the same ages in different areas?

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    Which of the following refers to the investigative process by which geologists identify and match

    Answer:CorrelationExplanation:Correlation simply means matching rocks or strata's of the same age. This rock units or sedimentary strata's may be matched from s…

    12/30/2019 Geography High School

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    Which of the following refers to the investigative process by which geologists identify and match sedimentary strata and other rocks of the same ages in different areas?

    Super-matching Correlation Strata indexing Cross-access dating

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    Answer:CorrelationExplanation:Correlation simply means matching rocks or strata's of the same age. This rock units or sedimentary strata's may be matched from same region or even different continents.

    In correlation the major task is to establish time equivalency of various rocks or sedimentary strata's.

    In correlation of rock unit or sedimentary strata, Geologist looks at the physical continuity. For example a sedimentary strata from a region having a particular sequence of rock or sedimentary strata . That same pattern of sequence may be found in another region . With the similarity in the sequence stratigraphy ( sediment layering), Geologist can infer the similarity in age of both strata's.

    Fossil contents present in different strata; if similar fossil contents found in different regions, geologist can determine the age similarities.

    The first picture indicates strata correlation using fossil similarities while the second picture uses the physical continuity like lithology  to correlates strata's

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    Chapter 11 Earth Science Flashcards

    Earth Science, 12e (Tarbuck/Lutgens) Chapter 11 Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free.

    Chapter 11 Earth Science

    3.4 10 Reviews 1)

    An unconformity is a buried ________.

    A)

    fault or fracture with older rocks above and younger rocks below

    B)

    surface of erosion separating younger strata above from older strata below

    C)

    fault or fracture with younger strata above and older strata below

    D)

    surface of erosion with older strata above and younger strata below

    Click card to see definition 👆

    : B

    Click again to see term 👆

    : 1 2)

    Which of the following best characterizes an angular unconformity?

    A)

    Tilted strata lie below the unconformity; bedding in younger strata above is parallel to the unconformity.

    B)

    Horizontal lava flows lie below the unconformity and horizontal, sedimentary strata lie above.

    C)

    The discordant boundary between older strata and an intrusive body of granite.

    D)

    Tilted strata lie below the unconformity with loose, unconsolidated soil above.

    Click card to see definition 👆

    : A

    Click again to see term 👆

    1/70 Created by FatimaZahry

    Earth Science, 12e (Tarbuck/Lutgens) Chapter 11

    Terms in this set (70)

    1)

    An unconformity is a buried ________.

    A)

    fault or fracture with older rocks above and younger rocks below

    B)

    surface of erosion separating younger strata above from older strata below

    C)

    fault or fracture with younger strata above and older strata below

    D)

    surface of erosion with older strata above and younger strata below

    : B : 1 2)

    Which of the following best characterizes an angular unconformity?

    A)

    Tilted strata lie below the unconformity; bedding in younger strata above is parallel to the unconformity.

    B)

    Horizontal lava flows lie below the unconformity and horizontal, sedimentary strata lie above.

    C)

    The discordant boundary between older strata and an intrusive body of granite.

    D)

    Tilted strata lie below the unconformity with loose, unconsolidated soil above.

    : A : 1 3)

    In the late 1700s James Hutton published his important work titled ________.

    A) Catastrophism B)

    Principles of Geology

    C)

    Modern Earth Science

    D) Theory of the Earth : D : 1 4)

    Which of the following is not a very long-lived, radioactive isotope?

    A) U-238 B) K-40 C) Rb-87 D) C-14 : D : 1 5)

    Catastrophism ________.

    A)

    was a philosophy that was first expounded by the early Greeks

    B)

    was based upon the belief that Earth was millions of years old

    C)

    helped man understand the true nature of the forces that shaped the Grand Canyon

    D)

    is a modern term used to describe earthquakes and volcanic activity

    : A : 1 6)

    The subdivision of the geologic time scale that represents the longest time span is called a(n) ________.

    A) epoch B) era C) period D) eon : D : 1 7)

    The ratio of parent to daughter isotopes in a radioactive decay process is 0.40. How many half-lives have elapsed since the material was 100% parent atoms?

    A) less than l B) more than 3 C) between l and 2 D) between 2 and 3 : C : 2 8)

    Consider the names of the eras in the geologic time scale. What is meant by "zoic"?

    A) life; living things B)

    rocks; lithified strata

    C)

    time; recording of events

    D)

    places; geographic references

    : A : 1 9)

    Who is credited with formulating the doctrine of uniformitarianism?

    A) Aristotle B) Lyell C) Hutton D) Playfair : C : 1 10)

    Which of the following geologic observations would not bear directly on working out the sequence of geologic events in an area?

    A)

    inclusions of sandstone in a granite pluton

    B)

    a well-exposed dike of basalt in sandstone

    C)

    the feldspar and quartz contents of a granite

    D)

    an unconformity between a granite and sandstone

    : C : 2 11)

    What fundamental concept states that in a horizontal sequence of conformable sedimentary strata, each higher bed is younger than the bed below it?

    A)

    law of original correlation

    B)

    theory of correlative deposition

    C)

    law of superposition

    D)

    theory of superstition

    : C : 1 12)

    Which of the following refers to the investigative process by which geologists identify and match sedimentary strata and other rocks of the same ages in different areas?

    A) super matching B) correlation C) strata indexing D) cross-access dating B : 1 13)

    The ________ is the idea or concept that ancient life forms succeeded each other in a definite, evolutionary pattern and that the contained assemblage of fossils can determine geologic ages of strata?

    A)

    principle of cross correlation

    B)

    law of fossil regression

    C)

    law of correlative indexing

    Source : quizlet.com

    What refers to the investigative process by which geologists identify and match sedimentary strata and other rocks of the same ages in different areas?

    The investigative process by which geologists identify and match sedimentary strata and other rocks of the same ages in different areas is referred to as correlation.

    Subjects > Science > Earth Science

    What refers to the investigative process by which geologists identify and match sedimentary strata and other rocks of the same ages in different areas?

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    The investigative process by which geologists identify and match sedimentary strata and other rocks of the same ages in different areas is referred to as correlation.

    Wiki User ∙ 6y ago This answer is: Study guides Earthquakes 20 cards

    How often do meteorites hit Earth

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