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    which of the following must follow navigation rules for a powerboat

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    Test Your Boating Knowledge

    Test your boating knowledge on the most commonly missed questions from our free BoatUS Foundation Online Boating Safety Course.

    Test Your Boating Knowledge

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    Test your boating knowledge on the most commonly missed questions from our free online boating safety course.

    Take the BoatUS Foundation Free Online Boating Safety Course

    Whether you've been boating for 20 days or 20 years, many boaters around the country are now required to take some form of boating education in their state. In fact, nearly 100,000 boaters registered for the BoatUS Foundation Free Online Boating Safety Course last year alone, in part, no doubt, to meet state requirements. The course is a fun way to ramp up your boating knowledge, and test what you already know. So how does your knowledge stack up to the rest? Are you a boating pro or a rookie?

    Our staff analyzed hundreds of thousands of answers submitted by your fellow boaters, and we've noticed that a few questions have emerged as the most missed, such as those on the understanding of navigation rules, equipment-carriage requirements, and state-specific regulations. See how your knowledge compares. Select the best answers to these often-missed questions. Find the correct answers at the end of this article.

    Often-Missed Questions

    1. Which of the following is required on federally controlled waters for boats less than 39.4 feet (12 meters)?

    a) A VHF radio.b) Whistle.c) Paddle or oar.d) First-aid kit.

    2. According to the Navigation Rules, which of the following is true?

    a) A boat under power is always a stand-on boat.b) A personal watercraft is always a give-way boat.c) An overtaking boat always gives way to the boat being overtaken.d) A boat under sail is always a stand-on boat.

    3. Which of the following must follow Navigation Rules for a powerboat?

    a) Any sailboat equipped with an engine.b) All sailboats under sail alone.c) A sailboat with sails up but no engine.d) A sailboat with its engine engaged.

    4. What kind of information should a float plan always contain?

    a) A date and time to contact the authorities.b) A national weather service storm advisory signal listing.c) Coast Guard emergency radio frequencies.d) A pre-departure checklist.

    5. Which of the following will increase the effects of alcohol and drugs when boating?

    a) Food.b) Vibration.c) Spray.d) Temperature.

    6. What is the USCG-approved meaning of "serviceable condition" for life jackets?

    a) The ability to turn a person face up.b) Proper size and fit.c) Straps and zippers work.d) Must be within easy reach.

    And The Winner is...

    Here are the answers to the questions above. See how you did.

    1. Which of the following is required on federally controlled waters for boats less than 39.4 feet (12 meters)?

    It's always smart to carry a VHF, a first-aid kit, and even a secondary means of propulsion, such as an oar. But the regulations require that you carry a sound-making device, which will help you get attention from nearby boats if you need help.

    The correct answer is: b) Whistle.

    2. According to the Navigation Rules, which of the following is true?

    When overtaking another boat, the rules are clear: The overtaking boat must give way to the boat it's passing, and that means it needs to keep its wake down, and mustn't force the slower boat into any uncompromising navigation position. Lots of folks get confused about right of way between sail and power vessels — even a sailboat under sail alone must give way to a powerboat when the sailboat is passing.

    The correct answer is: c) An overtaking boat always gives way to the boat being overtaken.

    3. Which of the following must follow Navigation Rules for a powerboat?

    When a sailboat turns on its motor, and is using it to make way, it then essentially becomes a powerboat under the Navigation Rules. It can sometimes be challenging to tell when a boat with sails up is motor-sailing, so if you see a sailboat with sails up, treat them as if they're under sail alone and restricted in their ability to maneuver. But, if you're the sailboat with your sails up and you're operating under power as well, ACT as if you're a powerboat taking early and substantial action to make your maneuvers clear to other boaters.

    The correct answer is: d) A sailboat with its engine engaged.

    4. What kind of information should a float plan always contain?

    The purpose of a float plan is to let others know the specifics of your trip so they will know when to alert the authorities if you haven't returned and to provide additional information that might be helpful should the unexpected occur.

    The correct answer is: a) A date and time to contact the authorities.

    5. Which of the following will increase the effects of alcohol and drugs when boating?

    Research has shown that the stressors of boating including sun, noise, vibration and the motion of the water all contribute to a type of fatigue called "boater's hypnosis," which, when combined with alcohol, can dramatically increase the effects of intoxication in both the operator and passengers While a designated driver is the safest bet on land, on the water everyone needs to play it safe and sober.

    Source : www.boatus.com

    ARE YOU IN THE KNOW?

    Source : www.royscottmarine.com

    Navigation Rules : BoatUS Foundation

    Just like driving a car, boat traffic has 'rules of the road' that every boater must know and follow.

    Navigation Rules | ATONS

    Navigation Rules | ATONS The Navigation Rules for vessels establish actions for boaters to take to avoid a collision. The Navigation Rules are published by the U. S. Government Printing Office, and are available in any boating supply store. Every boat owner should have a copy, but it is mandatory that a copy be kept aboard all vessels over 12 meters (39.4 feet) in length.

    Knowing a few simple rules will help you stay safe on the water. Since there are so many different types of boats, boating activities and styles of boating, it is important to know what to expect when you come upon another vessel and what your obligations are. The term "vessel" includes anything that floats on the water that is used, or is capable of being used as a means of transportation on water. Therefore practically everything you encounter on the water is considered a vessel and as such, must know, understand and abide by the Navigation Rules. The Navigation Rules cover steering rules akin to rules of the road, sound signaling equipment and requirements, and a section on navigation lights.

    Proper and safe on-water navigation has many facets. Entire books and courses are offered on this very topic. Only the basics are presented here. To learn more take the free, online BoatUS Boating Safety Course. The most basic scenario when meeting another boat is usually going to be one of the following: a crossing situation, a head-on situation, or an overtaking situation.

    Crossing Situation

    Meeting Head-On

    Overtaking Situation

    The responsibilities of a boat operator are many. Basic knowledge is just that. You should strive to know all the requirements expected of boaters, including what to do when you encounter commercial vessels, vessels engages in fishing and diving and law enforcement personnel. At an absolute minimum, you should always have a proper lookout, operate at a safe speed and yield or give-way to another vessel when in doubt and to always avoid a collision, even if that means breaking a Navigation Rule to save lives and property damage.

    Aids to Navigation

    Unlike the roads and highways that we drive on, the waterways we go boating on do not have road signs that tell us our location, the route or distance to a destination, or of hazards along the way. Instead, the waterways have Aids To Navigation (or ATONs), which are all of those man-made objects used by mariners to determine position or a safe course. These marks are also indicated on your chart.

    The term "aids to navigation" includes buoys, day beacons, lights, lightships, lighthouses, radio beacons, fog signals, marks and other devices used to provide "street" signs on the water. Aids to navigation include all the visible, audible and electronic symbols that are established by government and private authorities for piloting purposes. To help you understand what these mean, the basics are presented here.

    Port Side Odd Numbered Aids

    These Nav Aids are numbered with odd numbers, are green in color, and may be lighted (will have a green light). Port side marks are located on the left side of the waterway as you travel upstream, and the buoy numbers will increase as you head upstream. (Chart depictions are shown next to the marks) Port-Side Buoys have a cylindrical above-water appearance, like a can or drum floating on its axis. Commonly referred to as "CAN" buoys. Beacons - Port side beacons have square marks attached to them, with two shades of color and a reflective border.

    Starboard Side Even Numbered Aids

    Starboard aids are red in color, evenly numbered, and will be on your right side as you travel upstream. Buoy numbers increase as you head upstream, and may have a red light. Starboard-side Buoys have an above-water appearance like that of a cylinder topped with a cone, pointed end up. The cone may come to a point or be slightly rounded and are commonly referred to as "NUN" buoys. Starboard-side Beacons have triangular marks attached to them, with two shades of color and a reflective border.

    Regulatory Marks and Other Aids

    Regulatory marks are designed to assist boaters by informing them of special restrictions or dangers that they are approaching. Regulatory marks are white "can" buoys that have an orange shape on them. The mark will give either a warning or instructions on how to proceed. The shape determines what type of mark it is.

    A square or rectangular shape is used for conveying instructions.

    An open diamond shape signifies danger.

    A diamond with a cross in it signifies an exclusion area that you may not enter.

    A circle indicates an upcoming operating restriction, such as a speed limit.

    Source : www.boatus.org

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