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    which of the following marked the end of the wars between the federal government and the plains indians?

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    US History, Chap 5

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    Social Studies, History

    9th -

    12th

    9th - 12th US History, Chap 5

    Kylie Woods 11 plays

    20 Qs

    Show Answers See Preview 1. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which of the following marked the end of the wars between the federal government and the Plains Indians?

    answer choices

    The Treaty of Fort Laramie

    The Sand Creek Massacre

    The massacre at Wounded Knee

    The death of Sitting Bull

    2. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Why did the policy of treating the Great Plains as a huge reservation change?

    answer choices

    White settlers began wanting the land on the Plains

    Native Americans refused to remain on the Plains

    Native American populations decreased and needed less land

    The Plains failed to meet the needs of the Native American people

    3. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which of the following events occurred first?

    answer choices

    The Treaty of Fort Laramie

    The death of Sitting Bull

    The Sand Creek Massacre

    The massacre at Wounded Knee

    4. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which of the following was NOT central to the life and culture of the Plains Indians in the 1800s?

    answer choices The horse The buffalo The extended family Land ownership 5. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Who were the exodusters?

    answer choices

    European immigrants who settled on the Great Plains

    Plains Indians forced onto reservations in the 1800s

    Former slaves from the South who settled on the Great Plains

    Cowboys who worked long drives in the summer and odd jobs in the winter

    6. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Why did little of the free land offered by the Homestead Act end up being claimed by settlers?

    answer choices

    The land was too difficult to farm

    Few settlers wanted to move West at the time

    Most of it was taken by people seeking profits

    The government put too many restrictions on its use.

    7. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which of the following was MOST responsible for bringing an end to the era of the wide-open western frontier?

    answer choices the railroad barbed wire sheep ranching bonanza farming 8. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Why did Plains farmers in the late 1800s tend to support bimetallism?

    answer choices

    It would put more money in circulation

    It would make the nation's money supply safer

    It would lower the prices of seed and farm machinery

    It would allow them to profit from the mineral rights on their land.

    9. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which of the following did NOT intensify the debts that Plains farmers had during the late 1800s?

    answer choices Inflation Falling prices

    A tight money supply

    A shrinking supply of farm land

    10. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which of the following marked the collapse of Populism

    answer choices The Panic of 1893

    The founding of the Grange

    The "Cross of Gold" speech

    The election of William McKinley

    11. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    The law that allowed white settlers to take much of the land set aside for Native Americans

    answer choices Morrill Act Dawes Act Great Plains Bimetallism 12. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Plan that sought to abolish Native Americans' traditional cultures

    answer choices Bimetallism Exoduster Assimilation Homestead Act 13. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Slaughter of 300 unarmed Native Americans that marked the end of the Indian wars in 1890

    answer choices

    Battle of Wounded Knee

    Chisholm Trail Sand Creek Massacre Great Plains 14. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Offered 160 acres of land free to any head of household

    answer choices Vaquero

    William Jennings Bryan

    Morrill Act Homestead Act 15. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Provided warmth but no protection from snakes and insects

    answer choices Great Plains Shoshone Soddy Chisholm Trail 16. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Gave federal land to the states to help finance agricultural colleges

    answer choices Dawes Act Morrill Act Bimetallsim Little Bighorn 17. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Started an organization for farmers that came to known as the Grange

    answer choices

    William Jennings Bryan

    Sitting Bull Shasta

    Oliver Hudson Kelley

    18. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Policy that supporters hoped would place more money in the pockets of ordinary people

    answer choices Silverites Gold Bugs Bimetallism Treaty of Laramie 19. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Populist candidate who lost the presidential election of 1896

    answer choices John F. Kennedy

    William Jennings Bryan

    Donny the Democrat John Fetterman 20. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    The Mexican vaquero influenced the American cowboy in all of the following areas EXCEPT

    Source : quizizz.com

    U.S. History Chapter 5 Flashcards

    Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards terms like what event marked the end of the wars between the federal government and the plains Indians?, why did the policy of treating the great plains as a huge reservation change?, which even occurred first- treaty of fort laramine, death of sitting bull, sand creek massacre, massacre at wounded knee? and more.

    U.S. History Chapter 5

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    what event marked the end of the wars between the federal government and the plains Indians?

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    The Battle of Wounded Knee

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    why did the policy of treating the great plains as a huge reservation change?

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    white folks wanted the land

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    1/83 Created by CBSande

    Terms in this set (83)

    what event marked the end of the wars between the federal government and the plains Indians?

    The Battle of Wounded Knee

    why did the policy of treating the great plains as a huge reservation change?

    white folks wanted the land

    which even occurred first- treaty of fort laramine, death of sitting bull, sand creek massacre, massacre at wounded knee?

    sand creek massacre

    concerning land what is not central to the life and culture of the plain Indians?

    land ownership

    who were the exodusters?

    southern African American settlers in Kansas.

    why did little of the free land offered by the homestead act end up being claimed by settlers?

    fell into the hands of the people seeking profits

    what was most responsible for bringing an end to the era of the wide open western frontier?

    railroads

    why did plains farmers in the late 1800s tend to support bimetallism?

    put more money in the pockets of people

    what election marked the collapse of populism?

    election of William McKinley in 1896

    what happened to George custer at the battle of little bighorn?

    massacred (killed)

    the law that allowed white settlers to take much of the land set aside for native Americans

    Dawes Act

    the plan sought to abolish native American traditional cultures

    assimilation

    this allowed the cattle business to flourish by providing a route to a shipping yard in Abilene Kansas.

    Chisolm trail

    the slaughter of 300 native Americans that marked the end of the Indian wars in 1890?

    Battle of Wounded Knee

    this offered 160 acres of free land to any head of household.

    Homestead Act

    this provided warmth but no protection from snakes and insects

    sod home

    this gave federal land to the states to help finance agricultural colleges

    Morrill Act

    started an organization for farmers that came too be known a the grange

    Oliver Hudson Kelley

    the policy the supporters hoped would place more money in the pockets of ordinary people

    bimetallism

    populist candidate who lost the presidential election of 1896

    William Jennings Bryan

    what were some of the hardships that frontier farmers faced in the late 1800s?

    overgrazing, increase in supply cost, farmers indebt, cold weather, putting a home on sacred indian land

    why is frontier a good description of the great plains region during a period in which cattle ranchers and farmers settled there?

    open and unclaimed land, place for an opportunity, perfect place for farming

    identify and explain several reasons people their homelands to move to the u.s.

    -left because they were promised better land

    -wanted to get ways from famine and land shortages, and religious/political persecution

    - the U.S. had gold rush and jobs because of the industrial boom so they wanted to come to the U.S. for that

    The Mexican "vaquero" influenced the American cowboy in all of the following areas except

    Politics

    What was NOT responsible for bringing an end to the era of the wide-open western frontier

    Bonanza farming

    The intent of the Homestead Act was to

    Encourage white families to develop the West

    Why did little of the free land offered by the Homestead Act end up being claimed by settlers?

    Most of it was taken by people seeking profits.

    The Morrill Act

    Gave federal land to states to help finance agricultural colleges

    A soddy was

    a home made out of prairie turf

    a bonanza farm can best be described as

    massive single-crop farm owned by railroad companies and private investors

    The root of the problem for high shipping costs for farmers was

    a. the railroads had no competition

    b. train schedules were too difficult to meet

    c. the rising cost of fuel

    d. the excessive taxes on goods hauled by railroads

    a. the railroads had no competition

    Which did NOT intensify the debts that Plains farmers had during the late 1800s

    a. inflation b. falling prices

    c. a tight money supply

    d. a shrinking supply of farm land

    inflation

    the Grange did all of the following EXCEPT

    a. support the banks

    b. support polit candidates

    c. oppose the railroads

    d. oppose the banks support the banks

    All were Populist reforms EXCEPT

    a. popular election of senators

    b. 8 hour workday and immigration restrictions

    c. elimination of the income tax

    d. term limits on the president and vice-president

    elimination of the income tax

    Bimetallism would allow for the exchange of paper currency for

    either gold or silver

    Why did Plains farmers in the late 1800s tend to support bimetallism?

    a. it would put more money in circulation

    b. it would make the nation's money supply better

    Source : quizlet.com

    Plains Indian Wars

    Plains Indian WarsClashes between Native Americans and settlers had occurred since the 1600s. Tribes in the Northeast forged respectful relationships with fur traders and missionaries, but English settlers lived in constant fear of attacks. Source for information on Plains Indian Wars: U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History dictionary.

    Plains Indian Wars

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    Plains Indian Wars

    Clashes between Native Americans and settlers had occurred since the 1600s. Tribes in the Northeast forged respectful relationships with fur traders and missionaries, but English settlers lived in constant fear of attacks. After the American Revolution (1775–83), the new government had to deal with a major problem: how to convince the Native American tribes in the Northwest Territory (land north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River) to leave their land so white settlers could move in.

    After many battles, the Treaty of Greenville was signed in 1795 and the tribes left Ohio for Indiana . The treaty allowed tribes to retain hunting rights to the land, and it promised them an immediate payment of $20,000 in the form of everyday goods. Tribes would also receive another $9,500 in goods annually, to be split among them. But settlers soon began moving in on Native American lands in Indiana, too. This breach of contract angered the tribes, and they formed a confederacy led by Shawnee chief Tecumseh (1768–1813). His death in the War of 1812 )1812–15) ended the threat from the Northwest Territory, and the U.S. government was able to develop a policy for removing Native Americans from the region.

    By 1860, most Native Americans had been relocated across the Mississippi River, but the tribes did not leave their homelands willingly or without a struggle. In addition to many smaller conflicts, the relocation

    program resulted in the First Seminole War (1817–18), the Black Hawk War (1832), and the Second Seminole War (1835–42). (See Seminole Wars .) These wars marked the beginning of more than twenty years of battles between Native Americans and whites.

    Relocating the Native Americans did not end the conflicts between the tribes and the settlers and military; it simply changed the setting. The battles were now taking place west of the Mississippi River, primarily on the Great Plains, and they came to be known as the Plains Indian Wars (1866–90). The Great Plains covers all or parts of New Mexico , Texas , Oklahoma , Colorado , Kansas , Nebraska , North Dakota , South Dakota , Wyoming , Montana , and some Canadian provinces. Territory this vast was the homeland for numerous Native American tribes, but the dominant groups were the Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Crow.

    Plains tribes were mostly peaceful and lived together with little conflict. But as white settlers moved into the region, the Native Americans grew increasingly distraught and angry. The settlers slaughtered buffalo herds to the point of near-extinction. The tribal peoples depended on the buffalo for their way of life. They respected the buffalo and hunted it with great appreciation, killing only what they needed and using every part of the animal for food, clothing, and weapons. The mindless slaughter by white settlers led to the first conflicts between the tribes and the white men.

    Hunting was not the only point of contention between the two groups. Corruption among Indian agents (representatives of the U.S. government who worked with Native Americans) created distrust and resentment between the Native Americans and outsiders. The responsibility of these agents was to respond to Native American concerns, but some agents stole supplies intended for the Indian reservations (federal land allotted to and managed by Native Americans), and others stole money that was supposed to go to the Native Americans as outlined in various treaties and agreements.

    In addition to corrupt agents, the Native Americans also were expected to tolerate prospectors (gold miners) trespassing on sacred tribal grounds. Railroads posed another problem when they began interfering with traditional hunting practices. Overall, the Native Americans’ way of life was destroyed.

    Hostilities peaked between 1869 and 1878. More than two hundred battles were fought during those years. By the late 1870s, the goal of the federal government became the Americanization of the “savages.” Hiram Price (1814–1901), the commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs , wrote in his annual report for 1881 that to “allow them to drag along year after year … in their old superstitions, laziness, and filth … would be a lasting disgrace to our government.”

    Mighty men

    The Plains Indian Wars featured many heroes. These warriors demonstrated their prowess in battle as well as an ability to lead and influence entire nations of Native Americans in what would turn out to be their darkest period in history.

    Geronimo Geronimo (1829–1909) was an Apache warrior whose birth name was “Goyakla,” which means “one who yawns.” Mexican soldiers game him the name “Geronimo.”

    Although Geronimo was never a chief, he often acted as spokesman for his brother-in-law, an Apache chief with a speech impediment. Mexican soldiers butchered Geronimo's wife, three children, and mother in 1858 when they raided the Apache camp. From that point on, Geronimo was on a mission of vengeance.

    Highly respected among the Apache, Geronimo's courage and aggressiveness in battle were honorable traits. Legend has it that he had special powers and could walk without leaving footprints. With such powers, he earned the title of medicine man.

    Source : www.encyclopedia.com

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