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    which of the following is responsible for most of the recent pii data breaches

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    Who is to blame for the majority of data breaches?

    A report has shown that in the United Kingdom the number of security incidents that have led to data breaches has grown by 75% in the last two years.

    Business Security

    Who is to blame for the majority of data breaches? 

    October 17, 2018 3 minute read

    The risk consulting firm Kroll recently published a report showing that in the United Kingdom the number of security incidents that have led to data breaches has grown by 75% in the last two years. The most affected sector is healthcare, with 1,214 registered security incidents, which represents a 41% growth in the period analyzed. This is followed by service companies, with 362 incidents; education and childcare, with 354; and local public administration, with 328. But, who is responsible for most of these data breaches? Is it always cyberattackers?

    Internal responsibility

    The analysis carried out by Kroll indicates that the number of security incidents caused by human error within organizations is far higher than those caused by external cyberattacks. Specifically, 2,124 incidents that can be attributed to human errors were registered, compared to just 292 corresponding to cyberattacks.

    The most common incidents due to human error within organizations include data sent to the wrong recipient (447 incidents), loss of documents (438), and data left in an insecure location (164). The loss of theft of unencrypted devices such as pen drives is another frequent case shown in the report, with 133 incidents. In any case, Andrew Beckett,  Managing Director and EMEA Leader for Kroll’s Cyber Risk Practice, highlighted with the report that, “a big regulatory change is behind the increase in this reporting of incidents”. That is to say, the implementation of the GDPR.

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    The impact of the GDPR

    Beckett underlines the fact that “Reporting data breaches wasn’t mandatory for most organisations before the GDPR came into force, so the  recent rise in the number of reports is probably due to organisations’ gearing up for the GDPR. Now that the regulation is in force, we would expect to see a significant surge in the number of incidents reported”.

    This focus coincides with a topic we discussed in a previous blog post: reports for apparent non-compliance have increased in several countries. In this sense, it is possible that some businesses overshot the mark, and, despite the fact that they were already compliant with the new regulations, decided to send out an email to their users asking for permission to receive notifications. But, in spite of this, it’s worth taking it seriously, since the consequences of breaching the GDPR are extremely serious for two reasons:

    It has a strong negative impact on the company’s accounts, given that non-compliance can lead to penalties of up to €20 million or 4% of the company’s global annual turnover.It seriously undermines the business’s credibility, since, both in the minds of the public and within the sector, the company’s image will be associated with this violation.

    How to avoid data breaches

    The first step, as ever, is awareness and prevention:  by law, it is necessary that all employees that manage personal information and data know the limits and obligations defined by the GDPR, as wells as the requirements that it demands for the processing, storage, and use of this data.

    It’s also worth having company files that contain personally identifiable information audited, along with the users, employees or collaborators, and computers and servers that can access this information. It’s useful to carry out risk analysis for how data is treated within the company, establishing impact evaluations, and making sure the procedures for notifying the authorities of leaks are correctly implemented.

    Finally, it is important for the company to have the capability to monitor and detect possible leaks or anomalous behavior in the use of files containing personal data in real time, with the aim of mitigating the breach as quickly and efficiently as possible once it has been detected. 

    To this end, it is very good idea to use solutions like Panda Data Control, that are capable of discovering, auditing and monitoring unstructured personal data (data that isn’t in a database or that is stored in some other data structure) on all endpoints. This way, it is possible to avoid unwanted access to your company’s sensitive data, guaranteeing that all personal data is registered and traced, and simplifying compliance with regulations such as GDPR and PCI-DSS.

    b2bdata breachPanda Data Control

    Panda Security

    Panda Security specializes in the development of endpoint security products and is part of the WatchGuard portfolio of IT security solutions. Initially focused on the development of antivirus software, the company has since expanded its line of business to advanced cyber-security services with technology for preventing cyber-crime.

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    Personally Identifiable Information (PII) v4.0 Flashcards

    Start studying Personally Identifiable Information (PII) v4.0. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

    Personally Identifiable Information (PII) v4.0

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    Which action requires an organization to carry out a Privacy Impact Assessment?

    A. Storing paper-based records

    B. Collecting PII to store in a new information system

    C. Collecting any CUI. including but not limited to PII

    D. Collecting PII to store in a National Security System

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    B. Collecting PII to store in a new information system

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    What is the purpose of a Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA)?

    A. Determine whether paper-based records are stored securely

    B. Determine whether information must be disclosed according to the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

    C. Determine whether the collection and maintenance of PII is worth the risk to individuals

    D. Determine whether Protected Health Information (PHI) is held by a covered entity

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    C. Determine whether the collection and maintenance of PII is worth the risk to individuals

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    1/21 Created by User_S03061993

    Terms in this set (21)

    Which action requires an organization to carry out a Privacy Impact Assessment?

    A. Storing paper-based records

    B. Collecting PII to store in a new information system

    C. Collecting any CUI. including but not limited to PII

    D. Collecting PII to store in a National Security System

    B. Collecting PII to store in a new information system

    What is the purpose of a Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA)?

    A. Determine whether paper-based records are stored securely

    B. Determine whether information must be disclosed according to the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

    C. Determine whether the collection and maintenance of PII is worth the risk to individuals

    D. Determine whether Protected Health Information (PHI) is held by a covered entity

    C. Determine whether the collection and maintenance of PII is worth the risk to individuals

    T or F? Information that can be combined with other information to link solely to an individual is considered PII.

    True

    What guidance identifies federal information security controls?

    A. DoD 5400.11-R: DoD Privacy Program

    B. The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

    C. OMB Memorandum M-17-12: Preparing for and Responding to a Breach of Personally Identifiable Information

    D. The Privacy Act of 1974

    C. OMB Memorandum M-17-12: Preparing for and Responding to a Breach of Personally Identifiable Information

    An organization that fails to protect PII can face consequences including:

    A. Remediation costs

    B. Loss of trust C. Legal liability D. All of the above D. All of the above

    If someone tampers with or steals and individual's PII, they could be exposed to which of the following?

    A. Embarrassment B. Fraud C. Identity theft D. All of the above D. All of the above

    Which of the following is not an example of PII?

    A. Fingerprints

    B. Driver's license number

    C. Social Security number

    D. Pet's nickname D. Pet's nickname

    What law establishes the federal government's legal responsibility for safeguarding PII?

    A. OMB Memorandum M-12-12: Preparing for and Responding to a Breach of Personally Identifiable Information

    B. DoD 5400.11-R: DoD Privacy Program

    C. The Privacy Act of 1974

    D. The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

    C. The Privacy Act of 1974

    An organization with existing system of records decides to start using PII for a new purpose outside the "routine use" defined in the System of Records Notice (SORN). Is this a permitted use?

    A. Yes B. No B. No

    Which of the following is responsible for the most recent PII data breaches?

    A. Physical breaking and entry

    B. Insider threat C. Phishing

    D. Reconstruction of improperly disposed documents

    C. Phishing

    Which of the following is not an example of an administrative safeguard that organizations use to protect PII?

    A. Conduct risk assessments

    B. Reduce the volume and use of Social Security Numbers

    C. List all potential future uses of PII in the System of Records Notice (SORN)

    D. Ensure employees are trained to properly use and protect electronic records

    C. List all potential future uses of PII in the System of Records Notice (SORN)

    Within what timeframe must DoD organizations report PII breaches to the United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT) once discovered?

    A. 1 Hour B. 24 Hours C. 48 Hours D. 12 Hours A. 1 Hour

    Officials or employees who knowingly disclose PII to someone without a need-to-know may be subject to which of the following?

    A. Civil penalties

    B. Criminal penalties

    C. Both civil and criminal penalties

    D. Neither civil nor criminal penalties

    B. Criminal penalties

    Your organization has a new requirement for annual security training. To track training completion, they are using employee Social Security Numbers as a record identification. Is this compliant with PII safeguarding procedures?

    A. Yes B. No B. No

    Identify if a PIA is required:

    A. PII records are only in paper form.

    Source : quizlet.com

    5 Steps to Prevent PII Data Breaches

    Worried about a cyberattack that exposes the personally identifiable information you handle? Here are 5 steps to protect yourself from a PII data breach.

    5 Steps to Prevent PII Data Breaches

    By Mark Smallcombe June 25, 2021

    Introduction

    When it was revealed in September 2017, the massive Equifax data breach made international headlines. As one of the three major credit agencies in the United States, Equifax is responsible for processing personally identifiable information (PII) such as individuals’ names, addresses, and social security numbers. According to Equifax, 143 million people were affected by the data breach, making it one of the biggest cybersecurity disasters in history.

    Unfortunately, in the years since the Equifax data breach, far too many organizations are still too lax about their handling of personally identifiable information. PII data breaches are becoming more common than ever before, and they can have devastating long-term financial and reputational effects.

    The good news is that by following just a few data security best practices, you can significantly lower your risk of a PII data breach. Below, we’ll go over five simple steps to protect yourself from attackers and keep your data safe.

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    Table of Contents

    1) How to Protect Yourself from PII Data Breaches

    Bolster Physical Security

    Know the Rules

    Establish Solid Data Governance

    Use Data Masking

    Create a Data Breach Response Plan

    2) How Integrate.io Can Help Protect Your PII

    How to Protect Yourself from PII Data Breaches

    1. Bolster Physical Security

    When you hear the term “data breach,” you might think of a nefarious actor hacking into your network from afar—but insider threats and physical attacks pose a much greater concern than many people realize. According to a 2021 survey by Pro-Vigil, roughly 20 percent of business operations leaders say that they experienced more physical security incidents than in the previous year. A third of respondents said that they expected to see an upcoming increase in incidents as well.

    Physical IT security seeks to prevent individuals from tampering with and/or gaining unauthorized access to your IT infrastructures, such as hard drives, servers, and mobile devices, which can lead to a data breach. Make sure to enact a robust access control policy that may include multiple forms of defense: guards, video cameras, restricted areas, passwords, ID scanners, and biometric methods such as fingerprint or voice identification.

    2. Know the Rules

    Depending on your organization’s industry and jurisdiction, you may be governed by one or more laws and regulations concerning data privacy and security. Below are just a few of these regulations:

    The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which applies to any organization that processes the personal information of European Union citizens and residents.

    The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA), which applies to organizations that handle the personal data of California residents.

    The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), which applies to health care providers and health plans that process medical records.

    The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), which applies to schools and educational institutions that receive funds from the U.S. Department of Education.

    These laws and regulations enact strict limits on how a given party is allowed to collect, store, and process sensitive PII. Simply bringing your organization into compliance with the applicable regulations will go a long way in protecting yourself from a PII data breach.

    3. Establish Solid Data Governance

    The term “data governance” refers to an organization’s internal framework for making decisions about data management. Data governance encompasses multiple elements, including:

    People such as technical experts, auditors, executives, and managers can help advise and make decisions

    Internal policies on matters such as data architecture and data security

    Regulations such as GDPR or HIPAA, as discussed above

    Technology used to implement data governance, including enforcing compliance and generating reports

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    Establishing a solid data governance framework is essential before implementing large-scale data security measures. If you don’t even know what data your organization is storing, for example, how can you know how to keep it safe from a data breach?

    Any data governance framework worth its salt should answer questions such as:

    Which PII does your organization store, process, and handle? What is the sensitivity level of this PII? How appealing might it be to would-be attackers? What would be the consequences for you and your customers if this PII were exposed?

    Which software and technology do you use to store, process, handle, and protect this PII?

    What security policies (physical and IT) do you have in place to protect this PII? For example, do you have access control policies limiting certain types of PII to given users or groups?

    4. Use Data Masking

    Source : www.integrate.io

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