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    which of the following describes a major change in international relations in the 1980s and 1990s?

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    AP World History Super Quiz 3

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    QUIZ

    AP World History Super Quiz 3

    AP World History Super Quiz 3 49%

    8

    History Deleted User 5 years

    33 Qs

    1. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    What was the leading cause of the unprecedented increase in global population in the twentieth century?

    answer choices

    The end of international epidemics

    Global warming and other types of climate change

    The impact of medical innovations and public health measures

    The reduction of world hunger

    2. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    “We shall not repeat the past. We shall eradicate it by restoring our rights in the Suez Canal. This money is ours. The canal is the property of Egypt.” This quotation by Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser (in power 1952–1970) best expresses support for

    answer choices communism liberalism nationalism imperialism 3. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which of the following describes a major change in international relations in the 1980s and 1990s?

    answer choices

    The rapid establishment of large overseas colonial empires by European powers

    The disbanding of most regional political organizations

    The decline in power of multinational corporations

    The reduction of confrontations between communist and noncommunist countries

    4. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    For what period would archaeologists first begin to find permanent human settlements?

    answer choices The Paleolithic The Classical Era The Bronze Age The Neolithic 5. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Confucianism established political and social systems in China while what other philosophy contributed significantly to China’s medical practices and art and architecture?

    answer choices Legalism Shintoism Hinduism Daoism 6. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    In addition to Judaism, identify the two cultures that most influenced the development of early Christianity.

    answer choices

    Sumerian and Egyptian

    Greek and Roman Egyptian and Greek Sumerian and Roman 7. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    What statement defines the dynastic cycle?

    answer choices

    Chinese governments ruled based on the power of a single family.

    While at first militarily powerful, as a dynasty came to depend more on Confucian scholars than generals, it became weaker militarily and would eventually fall to foreign invasion.

    Chinese government depended upon economic growth to sustain power, and as the economy declined, based on cycles, so too did the dynasties.

    Initially a Chinese government enjoyed prosperity and economic growth, but over time corruption, internal disasters, and external invasions all eroded a dynasty’s power.

    8. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Identify the major trade network between Asia and Europe.

    answer choices

    Trans-Saharan caravans

    The Silk Road

    Indian Ocean sea-lanes

    Mediterranean sea-lanes

    9. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    The image above is an indication of the growing influence of what culture in India?

    answer choices Persian Buddhist Chinease Islamic 10. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    The influence of Islam in Southeast Asia is an example of

    answer choices imperialism. migration. cultural diffusion. ethnocentrism. 11. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    The Renaissance resulted from economic growth in Europe, but it was most recognized for

    answer choices

    the creation of political systems dominated by the middle class.

    innovations in visual and performing arts.

    the establishment of global empires by the European powers.

    the elimination of the aristocracy as the elite class of the European social system.

    12. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    What social class developed in the Spanish colonies of the New World that had the ability to amass economic wealth but could not achieve political power?

    answer choices Mestizos Creoles Mulattos Peninsulares 13. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    What European nation established the largest land-based empire by the mid- eighteenth century?

    answer choices Great Britain France Austria-Hungary Russia 14. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    All of the following factors contributed to the Industrial Revolution in Europe EXCEPT

    answer choices

    the accumulation of capital.

    improved agricultural productivity.

    improvements in navigational tools.

    legal protection of private property.

    15. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    In the nineteenth century, all of the following areas industrialized EXCEPT

    answer choices The United States Russia Japan China 16. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    What market held the greatest attraction for the European powers during the nineteenth century?

    answer choices The United States Africa China Latin America 17. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    As the world’s economy expanded in the nineteenth century, the need for greater supplies of money led to a rush to develop new gold and diamond mines in

    Source : quizizz.com

    Unit 6 Flashcards

    Memorize flashcards and build a practice test to quiz yourself before your exam. Start studying the Unit 6 flashcards containing study terms like Which of the following describes a major change that occured in international political relations in the late 1900s?, What are some social tensions and problems that persist in western society still today?, Which of the following is the BEST single reason why women in many western nations were granted suffrage rights in 1918 and the years that followed? and more.

    Unit 6

    23 studiers in the last day

    Which of the following describes a major change that occured in international political relations in the late 1900s?

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    The end of confrontation between communist and noncommunist countries.

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    What are some social tensions and problems that persist in western society still today?

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    An increased crime rate.

    Migrant quest workers are often segregated and discriminated against.

    Unskilled, low paid work is left to immigrants.

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    1/161 Created by coolblue41

    Terms in this set (161)

    Which of the following describes a major change that occured in international political relations in the late 1900s?

    The end of confrontation between communist and noncommunist countries.

    What are some social tensions and problems that persist in western society still today?

    An increased crime rate.

    Migrant quest workers are often segregated and discriminated against.

    Unskilled, low paid work is left to immigrants.

    Which of the following is the BEST single reason why women in many western nations were granted suffrage rights in 1918 and the years that followed?

    The large number of women who worked in traditional male jobs during World War I.

    What was one dominant feature of post-colonial Asian and African nations?

    Class struggles and ethnic tensions that produced political instability.

    Economically, the governments of western society and states support which economic principles?

    Keynesian economics-a private economy with a positive government role.

    What has been the central thread in western culture after 1920?

    Dynamism of scientific research and faith that science can solve anything.

    In the years after it was created in 1991, the European Union brought about the most change in Europe in regard to what characteristics?

    Creation of a common currency for most of its members.

    What style of government is MOST favored in ex-colonial African and Asian states?

    Authoritarian military dictatorship.

    What was the chief political consequence of the Great Depression in the west?

    Weakening of the parliamentary system and rise of totalitarian parties.

    Regarding world trade and manufacturing in the 20th century, which of the following is true?

    The USA has the largest business and economic sector but has many rivals.

    Religiously,20th century western society has moved in what direction?

    Become largely secular in Europe but maintained its strength in US.

    What was the key economic and social goal of the people's republic of china?

    Rapid industrialization.

    The 20th century has seen what significant social change in most world societies?

    The displacement of long-time systems of inequalities.

    What are some causes of the Great Depression?

    World War I reparations,which bankrupted the old central powers.

    Weak banking systems around the world.

    The collapse of agriculture prices around the world.

    The army has become an important institution in many nations since 1950 for which reasons?

    It has a monopoly of force and power within society.

    The army is less susceptible to religious and ethnic rivalries.

    Army units are usually disciplined and loyal to officers.

    Which of the following statements best described global trends in the 1990s?

    Global corporations contribute to global 'McDonaldization' of the world.

    When the Great Depression began, how prepared were western governments?

    Were ill equipped legislatively or psychologically to solve the problems.

    In the contemporary world economic system, what role have ex-colonial Asian and African nations had?

    Remained largely sources for exportable raw minerals and cash crops.

    Which of these statements about the wests 20th century position is a FACT?

    The wests population relative to the rest of the world has declined.

    In order to fund his rapid industrialization and provide Lahore for his factories, Stalin did what?

    Collectivized Russian agriculture.

    Which of the following is the most accurate description of twentieth-century revolutions?

    Twentieth-century revolutions were generally based on some ideals such as nationalism or communism.

    Diplomatically,20th century international relations has seen what kinds of supranational organizations?

    Non-governmental organization such as the U.N.

    The system of governmental or political ideology, which seems to have had the largest support in the 20th century has been-

    Popular sovereignty.

    After 1945, the rise of internationalism was best represented by what event?

    Decolonization.

    In the 20th century how was was the role of the governments in societies around the world changed?

    Increased dramatically.

    According to the modernization theory, a country's greatest barrier to economic development is usually-

    Tradition.

    What are some fundamental themes typical of the 20th century in world history?

    Rapid and fundamental changes.

    Increased religious revivalism.

    Increased national sentiment.

    ? ...

    20th century totalitarianisms usually follow which of these practices?

    An all powerful dictatorial leader.

    Source : quizlet.com

    Major Changes in International Politics and Cooperation for Peace

    Chapter II.  Tasks for Construction of a New International Order and Japan's Role

    Section 1. Major Changes in International Politics and Cooperation for Peace

    Item 1. Search for New East-West Relations

    1. Changes in U.S.-Soviet Relations

    In recent years, the world witnessed that dialogue has become the norm in U.S.-Soviet relations and has expanded into a wide range of areas, including arms control and disarmament, regional conflicts, human rights, bilateral relations, and global issues. The U.S.-Soviet summit meeting held at Malta in December 1989, in particular, marked a major milestone in development of East-West relations.

    At the Malta meeting, the U.S. and the Soviet Union publicly recognized that they stand at the threshold of an entirely new era of their relations and appealed to the world that they would work together to build a new relationship based on dialogue and cooperation, putting an end to the Cold War framework. The United States showed further commitment to supporting perestroika; for instance, President Bush clearly expressed his support for conclusion of a U.S.-Soviet trade agreement and the Soviet Union's joining the GATT as an observer (Note); and he proposed to step up U.S. technical assistance related to statistics, government finance, budget, taxation, stock exchange, anti-monopoly policy, etc.

    Then after several preliminary meetings by the Foreign Ministers, the first full-scale U.S.-Soviet summit meeting under the Bush administration was held in Washington D.C. from the end of May to early June in 1990. At the meeting, the two leaders reached agreement in a number of areas, including arms control and disarmament, regional conflicts, economic, scientific and cultural exchanges, and transnational issues, as signified by the signing of a joint statement on the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START), a joint communique on Ethiopia, a U.S.-Soviet trade agreement, a long-term grains agreement, a civil aviation agreement, a joint communique on environmental preservation, and so on. Also, in light of changes in the international situation after the Malta summit, they exchanged views on the European situation, particularly on the reunification of Germany, the Soviet's economic situation, Lithuanian issue, and other regional issues. Overall, the United States and the Soviet Union have been making significant progress in developing their relations which are to be built upon the foundation of dialogue and cooperation established at the Malta summit.

    2. Negotiations on Arms Control and Disarmament Between the United States and the Soviet Union, Western and Eastern Europe (See Item 4 of this section for details)

    As discussed earlier, the U.S. and the Soviet Union reached basic agreement on the START at the Washington summit and are currently negotiating to sign a formal treaty by the end of 1990. Similarly, negotiations on Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE), have continued in Vienna since March 1989, and are being finalized to reflect dramatic changes in Eastern Europe as well as the unification of Germany, toward the signing of a formal treaty prior to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe that is scheduled to be held by the end of 1990.

    3. German Unification Issue (See Chapter III, Section 3, Item 1 for details)

    Drastic changes in Eastern Europe that started in 1989 have renewed the possibility of reunification of East and West Germany which constituted a central issue in the postwar European division. East Germany and the Soviet Union showed a negative response to the issue at the time of the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989. Having faced a subsequent massive exodus of East Germans to West Germany which persisted in 1990, however, Premier Hans Modrow of East Germany announced in early February his support for reunification if a unified Germany was neutral. Then, the Soviet Union made its stand clear that the issue should be determined by the Germans, spurring moves toward unification.

    Following the first free election in East Germany held on March 18, 1990, and the establishment of a great coalition cabinet led by a conservative alliance, the two Germanys effectuated economic, currency, and social unions between them on July 1. In the meantime, a series of proposals were made from the Western allies to the Soviet Union which was opposed to keeping a unified Germany in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO); the first by Genscher not to deploy the NATO forces in what is now East Germany, followed by President Bush's in his Oklahoma speech (May), and the "London Declaration" adopted at the NATO summit meeting. These proposals contained offers to reduce forces of a united Germany and to commence, at an early stage, talks on reduction of the Short-range Nuclear Forces (SNF), to reappraise NATO's roles and strategies, and to develop institutions of the CSCE. Also an offer was made on economic assistance to the Soviet Union. Clearly, these proposals were intended to send a message to the Soviet Union that the keeping of a unified Germany in NATO will contribute to peace and stability in Europe and will not in any way harm the Soviet Union's national security interests.

    In response, President Gorbachev expressed a de facto approval on the issue to West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl during his visit to Moscow following the NATO summit meeting and the Houston Economic Summit.

    Regarding the borders between a unified Germany and Poland, parliaments of East and West Germany passed a resolution that the existing borders would remain unaltered. The issue was also brought up to the "2+4" Foreign Ministers' Meeting, representing the U.S., U.K., France, and the Soviet Union, together with the Germanys, and the third meeting held in July, where the Polish Foreign Minister was invited to attend, confirmed agreement that a unified Germany and Poland would sign a treaty to perpetuate the present borders.

    Source : www.mofa.go.jp

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