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    Alcohol and the Body Flashcards

    Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards terms like alcohol use, alcohol abuse, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and more.

    Alcohol and the Body

    4.7 82 Reviews alcohol use

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    When an individual consumes alcohol.

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    alcohol abuse

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    Occurs when an individual continues to consume alcohol even after it causes physical, legal, mental, growth, or health problems.

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    1/27 Created by Mel1646

    Terms in this set (27)

    alcohol use

    When an individual consumes alcohol.

    alcohol abuse

    Occurs when an individual continues to consume alcohol even after it causes physical, legal, mental, growth, or health problems.

    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)

    A group of alcohol-related birth defects that include mental and physical problems.

    alcoholic

    A person who is dependant on alcohol.

    alcohol poisoning

    A severe, potentially fatal, physical reaction to an alcohol overdose.

    In your own words, define alcoholism and describe two ways in which alcohol contributes to societal problems.

    Alcoholism is a disease that afflicts numerous people worldwide. An alcoholic has an uncontrollable need to drink alcohol. Alcohol is related to many societal problems. For example, many alcoholics are unemployed because they can't keep a job. Alcohol is also tied to numerous motor vehicle accidents and numerous domestic violence and child neglect cases. Substance abuse treatments can be costly and a percentage of the costs falls on society and individuals in the form of higher costs for items like health care and car insurance. Also, a percentage of the costs for arrests and incarceration is paid for by taxpayers.

    Explain the effects that alcoholism has on school performance and give two suggestions that you would give a student to help them overcome their alcohol problem.

    Students with alcohol problems are at risk for numerous academic problems, which include low grades, poor attendance, and behavioral issues. The likelihood of dropping out of school increases, and students may suffer from depression and have thoughts of suicide. To help a student overcome a problem with alcohol, I would suggest the following: talking to a school counselor or trusted adult, calling the local or national drug and alcohol hotline, checking into an alcohol treatment center, or attending an alcohol treatment group, such as Alcoholics Anonymous.

    Which of the following BEST describes the effects that fetal alcohol syndrome has on a child's mental abilities?

    A. Fetal alcohol syndrome can cause parts of the brain to shut down, leading to a learning disability.

    B. Fetal exposure to alcohol can damage a child's central nervous system, making it physically painful for them to learn fine motor skills.

    C. Fetal alcohol syndrome can cause parts of the brain to be underdeveloped and can cause mental retardation.

    D. Fetal exposure to alcohol is the cause of numerous mental abnormalities, such as a smaller cerebrum.

    C. Fetal alcohol syndrome can cause parts of the brain to be underdeveloped and can cause mental retardation.

    Although Joshua is an alcoholic, he is able to control his drinking when he parties with his friends.

    False

    When a woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy, the baby is also drinking alcohol because blood freely passes from the woman's blood stream into the fetus's blood stream.

    True

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    Verified questions

    PSYCHOLOGY

    Why do some anthropologists believe that emotions are not universal?

    Verified answer QUESTION

    Explain whether each of the following comparisons indicates a greater influence of genetics on intelligence or a greater influence of environment on intelligence. -The correlation of intelligence test scores for identical twins raised together is about +.85. For identical twins raised apart, the correlation is about +.72. -The correlation of intelligence scores for identical twins raised together is about +.85. For fraternal twins raised together, it is about +.60.

    Verified answer QUESTION

    Which theory explains that physiological needs create an aroused state that motivates an organism to reduce the need? a. Instinct theory. b. Drive-reduction theory. c. Achievement motivation. d. Arousal theory. e. Hierarchy of needs.

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    Which of the following BEST describes the short

    Which of the following BEST describes the short-term effects that alcohol has on the nervous system? A. Alc… Get the answers you need, now!

    07/04/2016 Health High School answered

    Which of the following BEST describes the short-term effects that alcohol has on the nervous system?

    A.

    Alcohol affects one's movement, speech, and vision and causes one's breathing to speed up and become irregular.

    B.

    Alcohol dulls concentration, impairs coordination, and causes one's thought process to be disorganized.

    C.

    Alcohol impairs hearing and speech and causes one's memory to be heightened.

    D.

    Alcohol affects one's memory, impairs sensory processing, and causes one's blood pressure to increase.

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    Source : brainly.com

    Alcoholism and its effects on the central nervous system

    Alcohol abuse is a major health problem worldwide, resulting to extensive admissions in many general hospitals. The overall economic cost of alcohol abuse is enormous worldwide. As a small molecule, alcohol can easily cross membrane barriers and reach different parts of the body very quickly. Attain …

    Review

    . 2013 Aug;10(3):256-62.

    doi: 10.2174/15672026113109990004.

    Alcoholism and its effects on the central nervous system

    Sukhes Mukherjee  1 Affiliations

    Affiliation

    1 Department of Biochemistry, VCSG Government Institute of Medical Science & Research, Srinagar, Pauri Garhwal, Uttaranchal-246174, India. [email protected]

    PMID: 23713737

    DOI: 10.2174/15672026113109990004

    Review

    Alcoholism and its effects on the central nervous system

    Sukhes Mukherjee. Curr Neurovasc Res. 2013 Aug.

    . 2013 Aug;10(3):256-62.

    doi: 10.2174/15672026113109990004.

    Author

    Sukhes Mukherjee  1

    Affiliation

    1 Department of Biochemistry, VCSG Government Institute of Medical Science & Research, Srinagar, Pauri Garhwal, Uttaranchal-246174, India. [email protected]

    PMID: 23713737

    DOI: 10.2174/15672026113109990004

    Abstract

    Alcohol abuse is a major health problem worldwide, resulting to extensive admissions in many general hospitals. The overall economic cost of alcohol abuse is enormous worldwide. As a small molecule, alcohol can easily cross membrane barriers and reach different parts of the body very quickly. Attainment of its equilibrium concentration in different cellular compartments depends on the respective water content. Alcohol can affect several parts of the brain, but, in general, contracts brain tissues, destroys brain cells, as well as depresses the central nervous system. Excessive drinking over a prolonged period of time can cause serious problems with cognition and memory. Alcohol interacts with the brain receptors, interfering with the communication between nerve cells, and suppressing excitatory nerve pathway activity. Neuro-cognitive deficits, neuronal injury, and neurodegeneration are well documented in alcoholics, yet the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. The effect can be both direct and/ or indirect. In this review we highlighted the role of alcoholism on the CNS and its impact on human health.

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