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    AP World Test Flashcards

    Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards terms like Technological innovations in China 1200-1450 increased what?, What shows reliance of peasant labor in China before 1450?, What continued to emphasize traditional subjects and styles? and more.

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    Technological innovations in China 1200-1450 increased what?

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    Technological innovations in China from 1200-1450 increased agricultural yields

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    What shows reliance of peasant labor in China before 1450?

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    Men, Women, and Children harvesting rice shows reliance of peasant labor in China before 1450

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    Terms in this set (22)

    Technological innovations in China 1200-1450 increased what?

    Technological innovations in China from 1200-1450 increased agricultural yields

    What shows reliance of peasant labor in China before 1450?

    Men, Women, and Children harvesting rice shows reliance of peasant labor in China before 1450

    What continued to emphasize traditional subjects and styles?

    Chinese art continued to emphasize traditional subjects and styles

    In addition to China, what other country did Liu Guando's painting strongly influence?

    In addition to China, the cultural tradition alluded to in Liu Guando's paintings strongly influenced the society and culture of Korea

    What is the best description of the authors claim about the Chinese examination system?

    The best description of the authors claim about the Chinese examination system is that it provided limited but important opportunities for social advancement in Chinese society

    All of the following developments in Song Dynasty China were important except for?

    All of the following developments in Song Dynast China were important except for increased Chinese involvement in Indian Ocean trade

    Which statement most directly supports the claim that the examination system strengthened Chinese states?

    The statement that when an old dynasty is replaced with a new, the latter usually undertook and early revival of the examination system practically unchanged

    What is flying cash?

    Money economy that effected Silk Road Trade

    What was the cause of changes in Europe after 1200?

    The effects of interregional contact on the development of European culture and technology

    What does the map above represent?

    Mali was a major source of and hub of the gold trade

    Which of the following best explains a development in the trans-Saharan trade networks in the period 1200-1450?

    The geographic range of the networks increased because of improved commercial practices

    Why did trade increase along trans-Saharan trade networks?

    Trade increased along trans-Saharan trade networks because of innovations in previously existing transportation trade networks

    What does the map of interregional connections of states represent?

    The long-distance trade

    What does the coexistence of rulers and councils of elders in African states represent?

    The influence of indigenous African political practices

    What best describes the effect of the spread of Islam on Indian Ocean trade?

    It led to the expansion and intensification of commerce along pre-existing trade routes.

    Which of the following best illustrates the argument described in the passage above?

    Native Americans were killed in large numbers because of diseases such as small pox and measles

    Which of the following best explains the relative volume of trade to different destinations as shown on the map?

    The increasing demand for labor on cash crops plantations

    All of the following were significant environmental effects of the trade illustrated on the map EXCEPT?

    Air pollution resulting from the increased exploitation of fossil fuels

    The historical trend represented by the table is most similar to which of the following?

    The impact of the Columbian Exchange on American populations in the 16th century

    Which of the following best explains the overall population shown on the table?

    The spread of epidemic diseases as a result of contact with the westerners

    Which of the following best explains Europe's ability to gain a greater share of global trade in the early modern period?

    Adoption and improvement of maritime technologies by the Europeans

    Some historians have argued that the growth of European influence in the period 1450-1750 was due in large part to non-European inventions. Based on your knowledge of world history, which of the following technological developments, best supports this?


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    Early Modern (1450

    Welcome About AP WORLD: MODERN

    AP World: Modern Overview

    POST CLASSICAL (1200-1450)

    EARLY MODERN (1450-1750)

    MODERN PERIOD (1750-1900)



    THE EXAM OTHER RESOURCES World History II Overview

    In the Beginning (WHII)

    Earth c. 1500

    Religions of the World

    Renaissance Reformation Exploration Age of Reason Absolutism French Revolution

    Latin American Independence

    19th Century Europe

    Industrial Revolution

    Imperialism World War I Russian Revolution Interwar Period World War II Cold War Independence Contemporary World The 95 Final Exam Russia Overview RUSSIAN LANGUAGE



    No other era is as easy to summarize as the EARLY MODERN (1450-1750) era.  This is the era the Europeans "wake-up", expand, and build empires.  I'm not talking about Charlemagne here.  I'm talking about the British Empire.  I'm talking about the Dutch East India Trading Company.  I'm talking about the Spanish Empire. This is a new Europe.  This isn't Marco Polo.  These Europeans will come to your land and stay there. They will take over most of the world in this era (if not, in the next).  Beyond the Maritime empires (and the effect of their establishment), many huge land empires emerged (most notably the Islamic Mughal and Ottoman Empires.  Of course, China is important... It always is.  So, here is the Early Modern Period...

    The above map was created using the geographic references from this era in the AP World History curriculum. Every geographic reference for this unit appears on this map.

    The interconnection of the Eastern and Western hemispheres made possible by transoceanic voyaging marked a key transformation of this period. Technological innovations helped to make transoceanic connections possible. Changing patterns of long-distance trade included the global circulation of some commodities and the formation of new regional markets and financial centers. Increased trans-regional and global trade networks facilitated the spread of religion and other elements of culture as well as the migration of large numbers of people. Germs carried to the Americas ravaged the indigenous peoples, while the global exchange of crops and animals altered agriculture, diets, and populations around the planet.

    I. Existing regional patterns of trade intensified in the context of the new global circulation of goods.

    A. The intensification of trade brought prosperity and economic disruption to the mercnahts and goverenments in the trading region of the Indian OCean, Mediterranean, the Sahara, and overland Eurasia.

    II. European technological developments in cartography and navigation built on previous knowledge developed in the Classical, Islamic, and Asian worlds.

    A. The developments included the production of new tools, innovations in ship designs, and an improved understanding of global wind and current patterns--all of which made transoceanic travel and trade possible.

    IV.  The new global circulation of goods was facilitated by royal chartered European monopoly companies and the flow of silver from the Spanish colonies in the Amerias to purchase Asian goods for the Atlantic markets. Regional markets continued to flourish in Afro-Eurasia by using established commercial practices and new transoceanic shipping services developed by European Merchants. 

    A. European merchants’ role in Asian trade was characterized mostly by transporting goods from one Asian country to another market in Asia or the Indian Ocean region.

    B. Commercialization and the creation of a global economy were intimately connected to new global circulation of silver from the Americas. (SEE CRASH COURSE BELOW)

    (John Green explores how Spain went from being a middling European power to one of the most powerful empires on Earth, thanks to their plunder ((silver)) of the New World in the 16th and 17th centuries.)

    C. Mercantilist policies and practices were used by European rulers to expand and control their economies and claim overseas territories, and joint-stock companies, influenced by these mercantilist principles, were used by rulers and merchants to finance exploration and compete against one another in global trade.

    Source : www.freeman-pedia.com

    The limits of globalization in the early modern world on JSTOR

    JAN DE VRIES, The limits of globalization in the early modern world, The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 63, No. 3 (AUGUST 2010), pp. 710-733

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    The Economic History Review

    , pp. 710-733 (24 pages)

    Published By: Wiley


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    This article reviews the ways in which historians and economists have applied the term 'globalization' to the early modern era. It distinguishes a soft and a hard definition, and goes on to test the claims made about the driving forces shaping the growth and character of long-distance trade between Europe and Asia in the age of the European trading companies. On the basis of new estimates of the volume and value of European trade with Asia, the article concludes by identifying the factors limiting the growth of trade in this period.

    The Economic History Review publishes articles based on original research on all aspects of economic and social history. The Review is edited on behalf of the Economic History Society by leading scholars. It has been published since 1927 and is one of the world's leading journals in the field. The Review welcomes contributions based on the full range of methodological approaches used by economic and social historians and is pleased to publish high quality research on the economic and social history of any area of the world. The emphasis is on broad coverage of themes of economic and social change, including their intellectual, political and cultural implications. In addition to regular papers, some issues contain contributions to a series of 'Surveys and Speculations' which are more reflective survey articles. For many years past a comprehensive annual list of publications on the economic and social history of Great Britain and Ireland has been published. Each issue also contains a substantial number of book reviews. JSTOR provides a digital archive of the print version of Economic History Review. The electronic version of Economic History Review is available at http://www.interscience.wiley.com. Authorized users may be able to access the full text articles at this site.

    Wiley is a global provider of content and content-enabled workflow solutions in areas of scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly research; professional development; and education. Our core businesses produce scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly journals, reference works, books, database services, and advertising; professional books, subscription products, certification and training services and online applications; and education content and services including integrated online teaching and learning resources for undergraduate and graduate students and lifelong learners. Founded in 1807, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. has been a valued source of information and understanding for more than 200 years, helping people around the world meet their needs and fulfill their aspirations. Wiley has published the works of more than 450 Nobel laureates in all categories: Literature, Economics, Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, and Peace. Wiley has partnerships with many of the world’s leading societies and publishes over 1,500 peer-reviewed journals and 1,500+ new books annually in print and online, as well as databases, major reference works and laboratory protocols in STMS subjects. With a growing open access offering, Wiley is committed to the widest possible dissemination of and access to the content we publish and supports all sustainable models of access. Our online platform, Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) is one of the world’s most extensive multidisciplinary collections of online resources, covering life, health, social and physical sciences, and humanities.

    This item is part of a JSTOR Collection.

    For terms and use, please refer to our

    The Economic History Review © 2010 Economic History Society

    Source : www.jstor.org

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