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    which of the following best matches a political ideology with that ideology’s position on the proper role of government in regulating the economy?

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    Ideologies of political parties: lesson overview (article)

    A high-level overview of liberal and conservative ideologies and their roles in American political parties.

    Ideologies of political parties

    Ideologies of political parties: lesson overview

    A high-level overview of liberal and conservative ideologies and their roles in American political parties.

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    The two major political parties in the United States, the Democratic and Republican Parties, correspond closely with liberal and conservative ideologies, respectively. These ideologies influence US policy debates, which often concern the appropriate amount of government intervention in the economy or in social behavior.

    Although there’s a strong correlation between an individual’s ideology and their party choice, Americans hold a range of opinions on economic and social issues that don’t always fit neatly onto a simple “left-right” continuum. For this reason, some political scientists have proposed a political “spectrum” that charts individual beliefs on multiple dimensions.

    Dominant US ideologies and political parties

    Term Definition

    conservative ideology Conservatives tend to believe that government should be small, operating mainly at the state or local level. They favor minimal government interference in the economy and prefer private sector-based solutions to problems. “Social conservatives” believe that government should uphold traditional morality, and therefore should impose restrictions on contraception, abortion, and same-sex marriage. Conservatives are said to fall on the “right wing” of the axis of political beliefs, a convention that dates from the place where conservatives sat in assembly during the French Revolution.Democratic Party One of the two main political parties in the United States. Founded in 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, the Democratic Party is the world’s oldest active political party. Although its platform has transformed many times over the years, today the core values of the Democratic Party align with liberal ideology.liberal ideology The definition of liberalism has changed over time, but modern-day liberals tend to believe that government should intervene in the economy and provide a broad range of social services to ensure well-being and equality across society. Liberals usually believe that the government should not regulate private sexual or social behaviors. They are said to fall on the “left wing” of the axis of political beliefs, a convention that dates from the place where supporters of the revolution sat in assembly during the French Revolution.progressive ideology ‘Progressive' is used interchangeably with 'liberal' by many today; others argue that the two terms are distinct. Those who consider the terms separate may say that liberals believe in protecting previously disadvantaged groups from discrimination, while progressives believe it’s the government’s job to address past wrongs and reform the systemic issues that caused those disadvantages in the first place.Republican Party One of the two main political parties in the United States. Founded in 1854 by anti-slavery activists, the Republican Party’s platform has also transformed over the years to address issues of concern to its constituents. Today, the core values of the Republican Party align with conservative ideology

    Other ideologies and parties

    Term Definition

    communitarian Communitarians tend to support legislation that emphasizes the needs of communities over the rights of the individual. They are likely to be economically liberal, but socially conservative.Green Party The fourth-largest party in the United States. Founded in 2001, the Green Party favors a strong federal government. Its candidates often run on a platform of grassroots democracy, nonviolence, social justice, and environmentalism.Libertarian Party, libertarian ideology The third-largest party in the United States. Founded in 1971 by people who felt that the Republican and Democratic parties no longer represented the libertarian intentions of the Founders; libertarians favor limited government intervention in personal, social, and economic issues.nationalists Nationalists tend to promote the interests of their nation, and often believe in the superiority of their nation over others.

    Review questions

    How does political ideology influence government policymaking?

    Do you think that political beliefs fall on a continuum or a spectrum? Why?

    [Notes and attributions]

    Ideologies of political parties

    Ideologies of political parties in the United States

    Ideologies of political parties: lesson overview

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    Want to join the conversation?

    Log in Jade Phillips a year ago

    Posted a year ago. Direct link to Jade Phillips's post “I’m doing some political ...”

    I’m doing some political research on my own, without the curriculum, because I don’t really know where I fall in politics. I was wondering if the Libertarian ideology is different from the liberal ideology, or if they are the same thing. Thank you.

    • famousguy786 a year ago

    Posted a year ago. Direct link to famousguy786's post “Libertarian and liberal i...”

    Libertarian and liberal ideologies are quite different.

    Source : www.khanacademy.org

    Chapter 06. Public Opinion Flashcards

    Start studying Chapter 06. Public Opinion. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

    Chapter 06. Public Opinion

    5.0 8 Reviews

    basic principles that shape a person's opinions about issues and events

    (The political values of liberty, equality of opportunity, and democracy are widely held by Americans.)

    Click card to see definition 👆

    In the context of understanding public opinion, which of the following is the best definition of values?

    Click again to see term 👆

    Government interference in individuals' lives should be kept to a minimum. - Liberty

    All individuals should be allowed to seek personal and material success.- Equality of opportunity

    Every citizen should have the opportunity to take part in the government process.-Democracy

    Click card to see definition 👆

    Match each political value to its definition.

    Click again to see term 👆

    1/88 Created by ItsmarkBPLUS

    Terms in this set (88)

    basic principles that shape a person's opinions about issues and events

    (The political values of liberty, equality of opportunity, and democracy are widely held by Americans.)

    In the context of understanding public opinion, which of the following is the best definition of values?

    Government interference in individuals' lives should be kept to a minimum. - Liberty

    All individuals should be allowed to seek personal and material success.- Equality of opportunity

    Every citizen should have the opportunity to take part in the government process.-Democracy

    Match each political value to its definition.

    Correct Answer(s)

    Underlying values tend to shape specific attitudes.

    Underlying values are formed through political socialization.

    Incorrect Answer(s)

    Specific issues are formed through political socialization.

    Specific attitudes tend to shape underlying values.

    What is true regarding socialization, the attitudes about political issues, and underlying political values?

    False

    (The government's claims are often disputed by the media, interest groups, and opposing forces within the government itself, making large shifts in public opinion difficult.)

    The government can easily and substantially influence public opinion.

    an instrument designed to shape the respondent's opinion-Push Poll

    large, complex sets of data requiring advanced analytical techniques to yield insights - Big Data

    a scientific instrument for measuring public opinion - Public opinion poll

    Match the term to its definition.

    an instrument designed to shape the respondent's opinion

    large, complex sets of data requiring advanced analytical techniques to yield insights

    a scientific instrument for measuring public opinion

    Correct Answer(s)

    Actual policies show little relationship to the preferences of the poor and middle class.

    Actual policies reflect the

    preferences of the affluent.

    Incorrect Answer(s)

    Actual policies reflect the preferences of the poor and middle class.

    Actual policies show little relationship to the preferences of the affluent.

    When Americans with different income levels differ in policy preferences, which of the following statements are correct regarding actual policy outcomes?

    (Picture)

    Correct Answer(s)

    People are more likely to have publicly expressed support for a political campaign on social media than to report having attended a political rally.

    Those with post-graduate degrees were more likely to contact an elected official and attend a political rally compared to those with some college.

    Incorrect Answer(s)

    Those with a high school education or less are much more likely to report attending a political rally than publicly expressing support for a political campaign on social media.

    Individuals regardless of their education level are very active in politics.

    Study the Who Participates? infographic, and then answer the question.

    Identify the correct and incorrect statements about who participates in politics.

    same-sex marriage

    (This is a high-profile issue that is relatively simple. In general, government responds to public opinion most often when the issue is both high profile and simple to understand. Government responses to special interests depend on the issue.)

    On which of the following topics is the government most likely to respond to shifts in public opinion?

    Data Mining

    (Campaigns have started to rely heavily on "big data" to develop their message and to improve the way they contact voters.)

    When a political campaign relies on social media, consumer purchasing patterns, and even Netflix cues to complement public-opinion polls, what is it called?

    Educated More More

    (Education and political knowledge is positively correlated with political activity, which in turn leads elected officials to pay more attention to the preferences of the most active citizens)

    Voters who are more ______ are generally _______ knowledgeable about politics and are ________ likely to have government policy reflect their economic interests.

    Correct Answer(s)

    someone who believes the rising costs of health care is one of America’s most important problems

    someone who already tends to support government expansion of health care

    someone with low information about politics

    Source : quizlet.com

    Republican and Democratic Approaches to Regulating the Economy

    Learn the Democratic and Republican approaches to economic issues. Understand how they influence the government and economy.

    ECONOMY GOVERNMENT & POLICY

    Republican and Democratic Approaches to Regulating the Economy

    By RYAN FURHMANN Updated June 24, 2021

    Reviewed by MICHAEL J BOYLE

    Fact checked by MICHAEL LOGAN

    Sometimes they seem far apart and sometimes their philosophies seem similar. Historically, however, the Democratic and Republican parties have demonstrated a fundamental difference in how they deal with economic issues (or don't).

    KEY TAKEAWAYS

    The Republican party supports limited government involvement in economic decisions.

    The Democratic party believes the government is needed to regulate the economy.

    In economic downturns, Democrats favor deficit spending to revive the economy, and both parties support looser monetary conditions.

    Regulating the Economy Republican Style

    The Republican Party is generally considered business-friendly and in favor of limited government regulation of the economy. This means favoring policies that put business interests ahead of environmental concerns, labor union interests, healthcare benefits and retirement benefits. Given this more pro-business bias, Republicans tend to receive support from business owners and investment capitalists, as opposed to support from labor.

    Regulating the Economy Democratic Style

    The Democratic Party is generally considered more willing to intervene in the economy, subscribing to the belief that government power is needed to regulate businesses that ignore social interests in the pursuit of earning a return for shareholders. This intervention can come in the form of regulation (such as limits on carbon emissions) or taxation to support social programs. Opponents often describe the Democratic approach to governing as "tax and spend."

    Which Party is Better for the Economy?

    Princeton University economists Alan Binder and Mark Watson argue the U.S. economy has grown faster when the president is a Democrat rather than a Republican. "The U.S. economy not only grows faster, according to real GDP and other measures, during Democratic versus Republican presidencies, it also produces more jobs, lowers the unemployment rate, generates higher corporate profits and investment, and turns in higher stock market returns," they write.1

    However, rather than chalking up the performance difference to how each party manages monetary or fiscal policy, Binder and Watson said Democratic presidencies had benefitted from "more benign oil shocks, superior [total factor productivity] performance, a more favorable international environment, and perhaps more optimistic consumer expectations about the near-term future."2

    Economic Downturn Strategies

    During downturns, Democrats tend to believe that deficit spending is necessary to stimulate the economy. They might also enhance social programs to help the unemployed and other vulnerable citizens. Both Democrats and Republicans might seek to alter the money supply. Lowering the Federal funds rate and bank reserve ratios are monetary policy levers they can pull.

    The Bottom Line

    The reality is the lines separating what are considered Republican and Democratic approaches to the economy are often blurred. The U.S. government has run a budget deficit for nearly three decades, meaning tax revenues do not cover its expenditures.3 This has increased the role of government in the economy. Regardless of party, government spending has continued in good times and bad.

    Of course, individual politicians might disagree with their party on how to manage the economy. Still, knowing their party affiliation can suggest which approach they might take in influencing the economy. (For further reading, see "Comparing the Economic Plans of Trump and Biden.")

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