# which function capitalizes the first letter in each word in a text string and converts all other letters to lowercase?

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Guys, does anyone know the answer?

get which function capitalizes the first letter in each word in a text string and converts all other letters to lowercase? from EN Bilgi.

## PROPER function

Capitalizes the first letter in a text string and any other letters in text that follow any character other than a letter. Converts all other letters to lowercase letters.

## PROPER function

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This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the **PROPER** function in Microsoft Excel.

## Description

Capitalizes the first letter in a text string and any other letters in text that follow any character other than a letter. Converts all other letters to lowercase letters.

## Syntax

PROPER(text)

The PROPER function syntax has the following arguments:

**Text**Required. Text enclosed in quotation marks, a formula that returns text, or a reference to a cell containing the text you want to partially capitalize.

## Example

Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.

**Data**

this is a TITLE 2-way street 76BudGet

**Formula**

**Description**

**Result**

=PROPER(A2)

Proper case of thestring in A2.

This Is A Title =PROPER(A3)

Proper case of the string in A3.

2-Way Street =PROPER(A4)

Proper case of the string in A4.

76Budget

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Source : **support.microsoft.com**

## How to use the Excel PROPER function

How to use the Excel PROPER function to Capitalize the first letter in each word.

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### Quick, clean, and to the point

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## Excel PROPER Function

Summary

The Excel PROPER function capitalizes each word in a given text string. Numbers, punctuation, and spaces are not affected.

Purpose

Capitalize the first letter in each word

Return value

Text in proper case.

Syntax =PROPER (text) Arguments

text - The text that should be converted to proper case.

Version Excel 2003 Usage notes

The PROPER function capitalizes each word in a given text string. PROPER function takes just one argument, text, which can be a text value or cell reference. PROPER first lowercases any uppercase letters, then capitalizes each word in the provided text string. Numbers, punctuation, and spaces are not affected. PROPER will convert numbers to text with number formatting removed.

### Examples

=PROPER("apple") // returns "Apple"

=PROPER("APPLE") // returns "Apple"

Numbers or punctuation characters inside a text string are unaffected:

=PROPER("XYY-020-kwp") // returns "Xyy-020-Kwp"

If a numeric value is given to PROPER, number formatting is removed. For example, if cell A1 contains the date June 26, 2021, date formatting will be lost and PROPER will return a date serial number as text:

=PROPER(A1) // returns "44373"

### Related functions

Use the LOWER function to convert text to lowercase, use the UPPER function to convert text to uppercase, and use the PROPER function to capitalize the words in a text string.

### Notes

Use PROPER to capitalize each word in a given string.

All words in a text string are capitalized.

Numbers and punctuation characters are not affected.

Number formatting is removed from standalone numeric values.

## PROPER formula examples

Put names into proper case

The PROPER function automatically reformats text so that all words are capitalized. At the same time, it lowercases all other text. If you also need to strip out extra spaces in the names, you can wrap PROPER in the...

## Related videos

How to change case with UPPER LOWER and PROPER

In this video we show how to use the UPPER, LOWER, and PROPER functions to transform case with a formula.

Related functions

Excel UPPER Function

The Excel UPPER function converts a text string to all uppercase letters. Numbers, punctuation, and spaces are not affected.

Excel LOWER Function

The Excel LOWER function converts a text string to all lowercase letters. Numbers, punctuation, and spaces are not affected.

Excel PROPER Function

The Excel PROPER function capitalizes each word in a given text string. Numbers, punctuation, and spaces are not affected.

Excel EXACT Function

The Excel EXACT function compares two text strings, taking into account upper and lower case characters, and returns TRUE if they are the same, and FALSE if not. EXACT is case-sensitive.

500 Formulas | 101 Functions

## Download 100+ Important Excel Functions

Get over 100 Excel Functions you should know in one handy PDF.

### Topics

Formula Basics Formula Examples

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### Key functions

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## PROPER Function

PROPER function is categorized under Excel Text functions. PROPER will capitalize the first letter in a text string and any other letters in text that follow any character other than a letter. In financial analysis, we often import data from

## PROPER Function

Capitalizes the first letter in a text string

Home › Resources › Excel Resources › Functions › PROPER Function

## What is the PROPER Function?

The PROPER function is categorized under Excel Text functions. PROPER will capitalize the first letter in a text string and any other letters in text that follow any character other than a letter.

In financial analysis, we often import data from external sources. The PROPER function will help us convert text into the proper case, if required. We can use it to capitalize each word in a given string. Using the function will not affect numbers and punctuations. It will convert all other letters to lowercase.

### Formula

**=PROPER(Text)****Text** is the required argument. Text needs to be enclosed in quotation marks, a formula that returns text, or a reference to a cell containing the text you want to partially capitalize.

### How to use the PROPER Function in Excel?

The TODAY function was introduced in Excel 2007 and is available in all subsequent Excel versions. To understand the uses of the function, let’s consider a few examples:

### Example** 1**

Let’s see how the PROPER function will behave when we give the following formula:

We get the results below:

### Example** 2**

Suppose we wish to clean up names that are not in a proper case, we can use a simple formula based on the PROPER function.

Suppose we are given the data below:

The formula to use is:

We get the results below:

The PROPER function will automatically reformat the text so that all words are capitalized. At the same time, it will convert to lowercase all other text.

If we also need to strip out extra spaces in the names, we can wrap PROPER in the TRIM function: =TRIM(PROPER(name). TRIM will remove any leading and trailing spaces, and convert runs of spaces into a single space.

### Things to remember about the PROPER Function

The first letter of every word, letters following numbers, or other punctuation are converted to uppercase by the PROPER function. It may be in places that we may not expect. For example, the function converts the “s” in the text string “Bob’s Boat” to uppercase (i.e. “Bob’S Boat”).

Numbers and punctuation characters are not affected.

**Click here to download the sample Excel file**

### Additional resources

Thanks for reading CFI’s guide to important Excel functions! By taking the time to learn and master these functions, you’ll significantly speed up your financial modeling. To learn more, check out these additional CFI resources:

Excel Functions for Finance

Advanced Excel Formulas Course

Advanced Excel Formulas You Must Know

Excel Shortcuts for PC and Mac

### Free Excel Tutorial

To master the art of Excel, check out CFI’s FREE Excel Crash Course, which teaches you how to become an Excel power user. Learn the most important formulas, functions, and shortcuts to become confident in your financial analysis.

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Guys, does anyone know the answer?