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    Which European Countries Established Colonies In Brazil And Cuba?

    Which European Countries Established Colonies In Brazil And Cuba?

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    Spanish settlers built a colony in Cuba, and Portuguese settlers founded a colony in Brazil.

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    Which European countries established colonies in Brazil and Cuba?

    Answer to: Which European countries established colonies in Brazil and Cuba? Spain established a colony in Cuba, while Portugal set up shop in Brazil....

    Social sciences

    Which European countries established colonies in Brazil and Cuba?

    Which European countries established colonies in Brazil and Cuba? Question:

    Which European countries established colonies in Brazil and Cuba?

    The Age of Exploration:

    Starting in 1492, Europeans arrived in the Americas and began claiming its lands for themselves. The Caribbean island of Cuba and Brazil in South America were key parts of the Atlantic economy for two of Europe's greatest imperial powers.

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    Spain established a colony in Cuba, while Portugal set up shop in Brazil. Christopher Columbus, who was working for Spain, discovered Cuba during his...

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    Learn more about this topic:

    Portuguese and Spanish Empires: Growth in the New World & Asia

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    Chapter 6 / Lesson 2

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    Discover the motivations & goals of Spanish & Portuguese exploration of the New World & Asia. Learn key differences in what each country focused on when colonizing.

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    European colonization of the Americas

    European colonization of the Americas

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    "Conquest of America" redirects here. For other uses, see Conquest of America (disambiguation).

    "Colonization of the Americas" redirects here. For the initial prehistoric migration from Asia, see Settlement of the Americas.

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    European colonization

    of the Americas

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    , painting by Thomas Hart Benton (1922), Salem, Peabody Essex Museum.[1]

    During the Age of Exploration, a large scale European colonization of the Americas took place between about 1492 and 1800. Although the Norse had explored and colonized areas of the North Atlantic, colonizing Greenland and creating a short term settlement near the northern tip of Newfoundland circa 1000 CE, the later and more well-known wave by the European powers is what formally constitutes as beginning of colonization, involving both the continents of North America and South America.[2][3][4][5] During this period of time, several empires from Europe—primarily Britain, France, Spain, Portugal, Russia, the Netherlands and Sweden—began to explore and claim the land, natural resources and human capital of the Americas,[2][3][4][5] resulting in the displacement, disestablishment, enslavement, and in many cases, genocide of the indigenous peoples already there,[2][3][4][5] and the establishment of several settler colonial states.[2][3][4][5][6] Some formerly European settler colonies—including New Mexico, Alaska, the Prairies/northern Great Plains, and the "Northwest Territories" in North America; the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, the Yucatán Peninsula, and the Darién Gap in Central America; and the northwest Amazon, the central Andes, and the Guianas in South America—remain relatively rural, sparsely populated and Indigenous into the 21st century. Russia began colonizing the Pacific Northwest in the mid-18th century, seeking pelts for the fur trade. Many of the social structures—including religions,[7][8] political boundaries, and linguae francae—which predominate the Western Hemisphere in the 21st century are the descendants of the structures which were established during this period.

    The rapid rate at which Europe grew in wealth and power was unforeseeable in the early 15th century because it had been preoccupied with internal wars and it was slowly recovering from the loss of its population which was caused by the Black Death.[9] The strength of the Turkish Ottoman Empire held on trade routes to Asia prompted Western European monarchs to search for alternatives, resulting in the voyages of Christopher Columbus and the accidental re-discovery of the "New World".

    Upon the signing of the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494, Portugal and Spain agreed to divide the Earth in two, with Portugal having dominion over non-Christian lands in the eastern half, and Spain over those in the western half. Spanish claims essentially included the entire of the Americas, however, the Treaty of Tordesillas granted the eastern tip of South America to Portugal, where it established Brazil in the early 1500s. The city of St. Augustine, in current-day Florida, founded in 1565 by the Spanish, is credited as the oldest continuously-inhabited European-established settlement in the contiguous United States.[10]

    It quickly became clear to other Western European powers that they too could benefit from voyages west and by the 1530s, the British and French had begun colonizing the northeast tip of the Americas. Within a century, the Swedish had established New Sweden, the Dutch had established New Netherland, and Denmark–Norway along with the other aforementioned powers had made several claims in the Caribbean, and by the 1700s, Denmark–Norway had revived its former colonies in Greenland, and Russia had begun to explore and claim the Pacific Coast from Alaska to California.

    Deadly confrontations became more frequent at the beginning of this period as the Indigenous peoples fought fiercely in order to preserve their territorial integrity from increasing numbers of European colonizers, as well as from hostile Indigenous neighbors who were equipped with Eurasian technology. Conflict between the various European empires and the Indigenous peoples was the leading dynamic in the Americas into the 1800s, and although some parts of the continent were gaining their independence from Europe by that time, other regions such as California, Patagonia, the "Northwest Territories", and the northern Great Plains experienced little to no colonization at all until the 1800s. European contact and colonization had disastrous effects on the Indigenous peoples of the Americas and their societies.[2][3][4][5]

    Contents

    1 Overview of Western European powers

    1.1 Norsemen 1.2 Spain 1.3 Portugal 1.4 France 1.5 British 1.6 Dutch 1.7 Russia 1.8 Tuscany 2 Christianization

    3 Religion and immigration

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

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