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    which canadian city is the only remaining walled city in north america?

    James

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    get which canadian city is the only remaining walled city in north america? from EN Bilgi.

    CBC.CA

    Old Quebec City, Quebec

    Quebec City is the capital of Quebec and, after Montreal, the second largest city in the province. Quebec's Old Town (Vieux-Québec) is the only North American fortified city north of Mexico whose walls still exist. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985, as the "Historic District of Old Quebec". Founded in the early 17th century by French explorer Samuel de Champlain, la vielle capitale celebrates its 400th anniversary in 2008, and its history shows. In Quebec’s Upper and Lower Towns, above and below the cliff, you can find at least 11 architectural styles, ranging from Classical Revival (1790-1820) to International Style (1930-1965). The area is also home to the Plains of Abraham, where a pivotal battle between the French and English in 1759 shaped the future of North America.

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    Laurent Tremblay

    Quebec City is the first city in Canada. She is a bridge between Europe and America.

    Fred Malara

    The Marquis de Montcalm’s Museum: He's one of two dead generals who by chance had history thrust upon him and whose questionable decision in 1759 forged Canada’s continued national character and schizophrenia. Montcalm personifies one half of Canada’s linguistic loonie. His unassuming and almost forgotten tomb and name also embody our national tendency of humility and anonymity. What would Canada be if Montcalm won the day on Sept 13th?

    Lewis Lurie

    A few years ago, returning to Montreal after a visit to Tadoussac, in the Saguenay, approaching Quebec City from the east, some distance away, we were confronted by this breath-taking, spectacular sight: the walled city of Vieux- Québec. The only walled city within the Canada-U.S. boundary - as well as being one of the oldest cities therein - it is most certainly one of the Seven Wonders of Canada. Sans aucun doute!!

    Brooke Ferris

    The restoration of the old city has captured our past beautifully.

    Paul Dionne

    The Old-Quebec is absolutely beautiful, since 400 years the Old-Quebec still with European architecture a romantic and a beautiful place in Canada!

    Janis Grant 

    Quebec City is the best remaining example of 16th & 17th French architecture in Canada. For this reason alone it is unique. It is the site of a world-changing event, i.e. the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, which commenced the decline of French influence in N. America and ultimately allowed the Americans to rebel against the British since they no longer needed a British army to defend them against the French.  Quebec City is beautiful, its site is militarily one of the best in the world and it is the most outstanding francophone site in Canada. I feel that francophone sites have not been strongly represented in looking for the 7 Canadian wonders.

    William Zebedee

    I nominate this city, not only for its history and beauty, but it’s where I proposed to my wife.  While sitting on the VIA train, waiting in the station, I turned to her and asked.  She said yes. I’m happy to say that was five-years ago this coming August, and we’re still happy and full of memories of Quebec City.

    Louise Anina Morin

    Declared by UNESCO a World Heritage, the historical & beautiful City of Quebec (1608) and its fortress, with these impressive stone gates which welcome you, as you travel towards the old city, the colorful "caleches" and more.

    Bernard Beausoleil

    I nominate the longest cantilever bridge in the world to day, the Quebec Bridge. Oh, and I also nominate other Quebec City marvel, our cherished Château Frontenac. Hell, why not just nominate Quebec City, period! Arguably the most beautiful city in North America, just as beautiful at 400 years old.

    Paul Couet

    Quebec City - the Old town and the Chateau Frontenac on the top of the Cap Diamant.  The view of this Castle-like hotel and city when you are coming by ship on the St-Lawrence or from across the River in Levis is a testament to history, geological features, the narrowing of the mighty St- Laurent and the birth of Canada (at least the birth by the establishment of a permanent European settlement).

    Roger Lafrance

    Quebec City is the only walled-in city in North America and one of the oldest if not the oldest.  Walking along the old cobblestone streets, you can feel the history oozing out of the buildings. Walking through the Plains of Abraham, where such an epic battle took place and looking down at the great St-Lawrence River is an awesome feeling.

    Michelle Viscount

    The old walled city of Quebec!  A step back in time to be sure - the oldest city in Canada, gastronomie worthy of royalty, events year round, belugas up the St. Lawrence - and that unmistakable joi'de vive!   Nothing, to me, can quite surpass it as a prime destination regardless of the season.  If only I spoke french!

    Source : www.cbc.ca

    Ramparts of Quebec City

    Ramparts of Quebec City

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    "Quebec Ramparts" redirects here. For the junior ice hockey team, see Quebec Remparts.

    Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site

    French:

    Multiple views of the ramparts of Quebec

    Type City wall

    Location Quebec City, Quebec, Canada

    Coordinates 46°48′36″N 71°12′42″W / 46.809973°N 71.211609°W

    Coordinates: 46°48′36″N 71°12′42″W / 46.809973°N 71.211609°W

    Built 1690

    Rebuilt 1745, 1820–1830s[note 1]

    Architect Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry (1745)

    Gother Mann (1820–1830s)

    Governing body Parks Canada

    Website www.pc.gc.ca/en/lhn-nhs/qc/fortifications

    National Historic Site of Canada

    Official name Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site of Canada

    Designated 25 May 1948

    The ramparts of Quebec City is a city wall that surrounds the western end of Old Quebec's Upper Town in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. The ramparts date back to the 17th century, with the ramparts having undergone a succession of modifications and improvements throughout its history. The city walls extends 4.6 kilometres (2.9 mi), with the southern portions of the ramparts forming a part of the Citadelle of Quebec.

    The ramparts were first built in 1690 in order to defend the Upper Town of Quebec City. In 1745, the walls were rebuilt further west, modelled after designs created by Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry. The ramparts withstood several sieges during the mid-18th century, with British forces holding out in the walled city during the French siege of Quebec in 1760, and the American siege of Quebec in 1775. From the 1820s to 1830s, the British expanded and improved the ramparts and the rest of the city's defensive network. However, by the late-19th century, several deteriorating facilities associated with Quebec City's fortifications were demolished, although the primary defences remained. In 1948, the ramparts were designated as a part of the larger Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site. The fortifications, alongside the rest of Old Quebec, were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985; with the area serving as the only intact example of a fortified colonial settlement in North America north of Mexico.

    Contents

    1 History 2 Design and layout 2.1 City gates 3 Notes 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

    History[edit]

    Construction of makeshift fortifications for Quebec City began shortly after its settlement by the French in 1608.[4] The initial settlement, the Habitation de Québec, included a trading post, residence and a redoubt with elevated walls.[4] From 1620 to 1665, a series of rudimentary fortifications were built to defend the city.[5]

    The city's first real defensive walls were erected shortly after Port Royal fell to the British in 1690.[4] The city walls were completed prior to the Battle of Quebec in 1690.[6] Work on an improved enceinte took place several years later in 1693.[6] The enceinte was built around the city, made up of 11 redoubts joined by palisades.[4] As most of the Quebec's Upper Town was situated along the steep cliffs of Cap Diamant, fortifying the western periphery of Upper Town, facing the Plains of Abraham, was given priority.[4]

    A succession of modifications and additions were made to the fortifications until 1745.[4] After the Fortress of Louisbourg fell to the British in 1745, the residents of Quebec City went into panic, resulting in François de Beauharnois de la Chaussaye, Baron de Beauville, the Governor General of New France, to order the construction of a new masonry-laden enceinte without approval from France.[7] The new enceinte was modelled after designs from Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry, and was built further west than the original enceinte in order to accommodate urban growth in Upper Town.[7]

    Map of the American siege of Quebec, with the bastions on the fortifications of the city labelled

    However, several flaws were evident in the 1745-design, with the rampart's flanks being exposed against several high points further west of the city, and its hasty construction in the midst of a panic over a potential attack.[7] The condition of the ramparts were in bad repair by 1759, with French commanders making note of its condition prior to the Battle of the Plains of Abraham.[8] The condition of the ramparts was partly what led General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm to assemble his forces outside the walled city on the Plains of Abraham to meet the British; which resulted in the capitulation of Quebec.[8] The city's ramparts were used by the British forces in the following year, allowing them to hold out against a French siege in 1760 until reinforcements arrived by sea.[6] The ramparts were used again fifteen years later, when soldiers of the British Army and the Canadian militia held off another siege in 1775 by American forces.[6]

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

    The only Walled City in North America !

    Fortifications of Quebec National Historic Site: The only Walled City in North America ! - See 1,049 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Quebec City, Canada, at Tripadvisor.

    Quebec City Hop-On Hop-Off Tour

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    Hemant01

    Pune

    The only Walled City in North America !

    Review of Fortifications of Quebec National Historic Site

    Reviewed September 8, 2015

    The Fortifications of Quebec make it the only walled city in North America ! These Fortifications also are a World Heritage Site,and have been well preserved.These also add substance to Quebec's very rich history.

    Date of experience: August 2015

    Ask Hemant01 about Fortifications of Quebec National Historic Site

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    This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.

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    Agnes L

    Toronto, Canada

    Reviewed September 5, 2015

    Ok to visit

    Museum is not big but a lot of outdoor space to explore. Good to go, fair price. Live performance outside museum at regular interval, don;t miss that

    Date of experience: August 2015

    Ask Agnes L about Fortifications of Quebec National Historic Site

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    This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.

    Ritika K

    Reviewed September 3, 2015

    breathtaking!

    Could not take the walking tour of the walls, but would have loved to. The walls are majestic! Would recommend the viva la citie tour!

    Date of experience: August 2015

    Ask Ritika K about Fortifications of Quebec National Historic Site

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    This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.

    Dave S

    Burlington, Canada

    Reviewed September 3, 2015

    via mobile One of a kind

    Seeing as this is (I believe) the only remaining walled city in N America the quality of the fortifications are outstanding. There was repairs going on while we were there and the amount of work involved is substantial. They remove and number each stone so that it is put back in the exact same order/location. Worth walking around and admiring.

    Date of experience: August 2015

    Ask Dave S about Fortifications of Quebec National Historic Site

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    This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.

    MHCSB

    Florida

    Reviewed September 2, 2015

    Beautifully preserved historic elements

    What saddened me about this area was the graffiti on many of the canons. Such a shame when is a place so rich in history. But still lovely and worth seeing.

    Date of experience: August 2015

    Source : www.tripadvisor.com

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