Guys, does anyone know the answer?
get which best defines a couplet? a couplet is a stanza of four poetic lines. a couplet is two consecutive rhyming lines. a couplet is three quatrains and two rhyming lines. a couplet is a unit of stressed and unstressed syllables. from EN Bilgi.
Poetry Terms: 40 Brief Definitions
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Poetry Terms: Brief Definitions
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Try the Online Quiz on Poetry Terms to test your knowledge of these terms.You might also like to try the Online Quiz on Prosody to test your knowledge of scanning poetry.Alliteration: The repetition of identical consonant sounds, most often the sounds beginning words, in close proximity. Example: pensive poets, nattering nabobs of negativism.Allusion: Unacknowledged reference and quotations that authors assume their readers will recognize.Anaphora: Repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of a line throughout a work or the section of a work.Apostrophe: Speaker in a poem addresses a person not present or an animal, inanimate object, or concept as though it is a person. Example: Wordsworth--"Milton! Thou shouldst be living at this hour / England has need of thee"Assonance: The repetition of identical vowel sounds in different words in close proximity. Example: deep green sea.Ballad: A narrative poem composed of quatrains (iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter) rhyming x-a-x-a. Ballads may use refrains. Examples: "Jackaroe," "The Long Black Veil"Blank verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter. Example: Shakespeare's playsCaesura: A short but definite pause used for effect within a line of poetry. Carpe diem poetry: "seize the day." Poetry concerned with the shortness of life and the need to act in or enjoy the present. Example: Herrick’s "To the Virgins to Make Much of Time"Chiasmus (antimetabole): Chiasmus is a "crossing" or reversal of two elements; antimetabole, a form of chiasmus, is the reversal of the same words in a grammatical structure. Example: Ask not what your country can do for you; ask wyat you can do for your country. Example: You have seen how a man was made a slave; you shall see how a slave was made a man.Common meter or hymn measure (Emily Dickinson): iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter. Other example: "Amazing Grace" by John Newton http://www.constitution.org/col/amazing_grace.htmConsonanceis the counterpart of assonance; the partial or total identity of consonants in words whose main vowels differ. Example: shadow meadow; pressed, passed; sipped, supped. Owen uses this "impure rhyme" to convey the anguish of war and death.Couplet: two successive rhyming lines. Couplets end the pattern of a Shakespearean sonnet.Diction: Diction is usually used to describe the level of formality that a speaker uses.
Diction (formal or high): Proper, elevated, elaborate, and often polysyllabic language. This type of language used to be thought the only type suitable for poetry
Neutral or middle diction: Correct language characterized by directness and simplicity.
Diction (informal or low): Relaxed, conversational and familiar language.Dramatic monologue: A type of poem, derived from the theater, in which a speaker addresses an internal listener or the reader. In some dramatic monologues, especially those by Robert Browning, the speaker may reveal his personality in unexpected and unflattering ways.End-stopped line: A line ending in a full pause, usually indicated with a period or semicolon.Enjambment (or enjambement): A line having no end punctuation but running over to the next line.Explication: A complete and detailed analysis of a work of literature, often word-by-word and line-by-line.Foot (prosody): A measured combination of heavy and light stresses. The numbers of feet are given below. monometer (1 foot) dimeter (2 feet) trimeter (3 feet) tetrameter (4 feet) pentameter (5 feet) hexameter (6 feet) heptameter or septenary (7 feet)Heroic couplet: two successive rhyming lines of iambic pentameter; the second line is usually end-stopped.Hymn meter or common measure: quatrains of iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter rhyming a b a b.Hyperbole (overstatement) and litotes (understatement): Hyperbole is exaggeration for effect; litotes is understatement for effect, often used for irony.Iambic pentameter: Iamb (iambic): an unstressed stressed foot.The most natural and common kind of meter in English; it elevates speech to poetry.Image: Images are references that trigger the mind to fuse together memories of sight (visual), sounds (auditory), tastes (gustatory), smells (olfactory), and sensations of touch (tactile). Imagery refers to images throughout a work or throughout the works of a writer or group of writers.Internal rhyme: An exact rhyme (rather than rhyming vowel sounds, as with assonance) within a line of poetry: "Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary."Metaphor: A comparison between two unlike things, this describes one thing as if it were something else. Does not use "like" or "as" for the comparison (see simile). Metaphysical conceit: An elaborate and extended metaphor or simile that links two apparently unrelated fields or subjects in an unusual and surprising conjunction of ideas. The term is commonly applied to the metaphorical language of a number of early seventeenth-century poets, particularly John Donne. Example: stiff twin compasses//the joining together of lovers like legs of a compass. See "To His Coy Mistress"
A concise definition of Couplet along with usage tips, an expanded explanation, and lots of examples.
Couplet Couplet Definition
What is a couplet? Here’s a quick and simple definition:
A couplet is a unit of two lines of poetry, especially lines that use the same or similar meter, form a rhyme, or are separated from other lines by a double line break.
Some additional key details about couplets:
Couplets do not have to be stand-alone stanzas. Instead, a couplet may be differentiated from neighboring lines by its rhyme, or because it forms a complete sentence, or simply because someone talking about the poem wants to specify which two lines they're referring to.
Couplets do not have to rhyme, though they often do.
A couplet may be open or closed, meaning that each line may make up a complete sentence, or the sentence may carry from one line into the next.
How to Pronounce Couplet
Here's how to pronounce couplet: cup-let
Couplets in Depth
It's easy to identify a couplet when the couplet is a stanza of only two lines, but the term "couplet" may also be used to specify a pair of consecutive lines within a longer stanza. Although technically any two consecutive lines of verse can be referred to as a couplet, there are certain properties that make it more appropriate to refer to a grouping of two lines within a longer stanza as a couplet. Below is an explanation of how best to identify couplets in the context of whether they're stand-alone or exist within a longer stanza, or whether they're rhymed or unrhymed.
Couplets are easiest to identify when they stand alone. Sometimes a couplet stands alone because it forms an entire two-line poem. For example, Alexander Pope's famous two-line epigram that he engraved on the collar of a puppy given to the Prince of Wales:
I am his highness's dog at Kew;
Pray tell me, sir, whose dog are you?
Other couplets stand alone because a poem's double line breaks create two-line stanzas. For example, Robert Creeley's poem "The Whip" is written entirely in couplets without rhyme. Here are the first two stanzas:
I spent a night turning in bed,
my love was a feather, a flat
sleeping thing. She was
However, a poem does not have to be entirely broken into couplets to include stand-alone couplets; couplets also occur in poems with stanzas of varying lengths. For example, the first two stanzas of Robert Creeley's poem "The Innocence" are a couplet followed by a tercet:
Looking to the sea, it is a line
of unbroken mountains.
It is the sky.
It is the ground. There
we live, on it.
Couplets Within Longer Stanzas
Though stanzas that are exactly two lines long are the clearest examples of couplets, the term "couplet" also refers to two-line groupings within longer stanzas. This is slightly confusing; while any two consecutive lines of verse may be called a couplet, there are some two-line groupings that are much more conventionally accepted as couplets.
The most accepted way to break a longer stanza into couplets is through meter and rhyme scheme. For that reason, it's helpful to have a strong grasp of what meter and rhyme scheme are in order to understand how to identify couplets. We provide more details about these terms on their own pages, but offer a quick primer here.Meter: A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables that creates the rhythm of lines of poetry. The units of meter are called feet. Feet have different stress patterns. For instance, an iamb is a foot with an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable (de-fine), while a trochee has the opposite: a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable (Po-et). Poetic meters are defined by both the type and number of feet they contain. For example, iambic pentameter is a type of meter used in many ballades that contains five iambs per line (thus the prefix “penta,” which means five).Rhyme scheme: Poems that make use of end rhymes (rhymes at the end of each line), often do so according to a repeating, predetermined pattern. That pattern is called a rhyme scheme. Rhyme schemes are described using letters of the alphabet, so that each line of verse that corresponds to a specific type of rhyme used in the poem is assigned a letter, beginning with "A." For example, a four-line poem in which the first line rhymes with the third, and the second line rhymes with the fourth has the rhyme scheme ABAB.
Rhyme scheme is the most straightforward way to identify couplets within a longer stanza. Since rhyme schemes are repeating patterns, those patterns naturally suggest ways to break longer stanzas into shorter units. There are two types of couplets that can be defined using couplets: rhymed couplets and unrhymed couplets.
Rhymed couplets, unsurprisingly, are couplets in which the two lines share a rhyme. For example, in a quatrain (a four-line stanza) with a rhyme scheme of AABB, both AA and BB are couplets—without even knowing what those lines say, their rhymes make it clear which lines go together. The same is true of longer stanzas, such as a sestet (six-line stanza) with the rhyme scheme AABBCC or AABBAA.
Rhymed couplets are reasonably easy to identify because they are governed by clear rules. The most basic rule is that a rhymed couplet must be two lines in formal verse (poetry with meter and rhyme scheme) that share the same end-rhyme. Within that broad definition, there are even more specific types of rhymed couplets that appear frequently in formal verse. The most common of those are:
Examples of Rhyming Couplets
Rhyming couplets are found in literature and poetry throughout time. Discover some of the most famous examples of these pairs with couplet examples.
Examples of Rhyming Couplets
In poetry, a couplet is a pair of lines in a verse. Typically, they rhyme and have the same meter or rhythm. They make up a unit or complete thought. Expand your poetic mind through a definition of rhyming couplets and rhyming couplet examples.
What Is a Rhyming Couplet?
Before you dive right into rhyming couplet examples, you need to have a solid definition of what a rhyming couplet is. To understand what a rhyming couplet is, you just have to look at the phrase: rhyming couplet.
rhyming - a word or phrase that ends on the same sound
couplet - two lines
So a rhyming couplet is two similar lines of poetry that end on the same sound. Since it can be easier to see things in action, check out a rhyming couplet example.
She / was / a / lit / tle / tense
The / no / tice / made / no / sense
You'll notice that the two lines of poetry are similar in length. Both have six syllables and the words tense and sense rhyme. Well, that is a rhyming couplet at play. Explore this poetic device more through several rhyming couplet examples.
Fun Rhyming Couplet Examples
Dive into these short little rhyming couplets. Some are even part of nursery rhymes. Try to count the syllables for each one and see if they match up!
I saw a little hermit crab
His coloring was oh so drab
It's hard to see the butterfly
Because he flies across the sky
Hear the honking of the goose
I think he's angry at the moose
His red sports car is just a dream
It needs no gas, it runs on steam
The children like the ocean shore
We want to leave but they want more
I made the cookies one by one
I hear the bell, so they are done
My cat, she likes to chase a mouse,
Especially one that's in the house
Lightning, thunder, all around
Soon the rain falls on the ground
I tire of writing poems and rhyme
I think I need vacation time
Jack be nimble, Jack be quick
Jack jump over the candlestick
Rhyming Couplets in Classic Literature
Rhyming couplets don't just stand alone. They can be part of large famous works like those from literary wordsmiths such as Pope and Dryden. Explore a few classic couplet examples created by poetry masters.
"Tis hard to say, if greater want of skill
Appear in writing or in judging ill;" - "An Essay on Criticism," Alexander Pope
"Is it less strange, the prodigal should waste
His wealth to purchase what he ne'er can taste?" - "Epistles to Several Persons," Alexander Pope
"O could I flow like thee, and make thy stream
My great example, as it is my theme!" - "Cooper's Hill," John Denham
"Time and Death shall depart, and say in flying,
Love has found out a way to live, by dying." - "One Happy Moment," John Dryden
"So, lovers dream a rich and long delight,
But get a winter-seeming summer's night." - "Love's Alchemy," John Donne
Rhyming Couplets From William Shakespeare
One of the greatest wordsmiths of all time, William Shakespeare, who's actually credited with creating English words, also liked to add a couplet or two to his writing. Explore some of the great couplets found in Shakespeare's famous plays and poems.
"The time is out of joint, O cursed spite
That ever I was born to set it right!" - Hamlet
"This precious book of love, this unbound lover,
To beautify him only lacks a cover." - Romeo and Juliet
"Love looks not with the eyes, but with the mind;
And therefore is winged Cupid painted blind." - A Midsummer Night's Dream
"For sweetest things turn sourest by their deeds;
Lilies that fester smell far worse than weeds." - "Sonnet 94"
"Thus have I had thee as a dream doth flatter
In sleep a king, but waking no such matter." - "Sonnet 87"
The Reason for These Rhymes
Now you can see how rhyming couplets work. Thanks to their short and succinct form, they are a good way to produce a startling or dramatic effect in a poem or provide a sense of completion to the piece. For more on the use of couplets, see famous couplet examples.