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    which action was taken by the united farm workers in an effort to expand economic opportunities for their members?


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    1962: United Farm Workers Union

    This Hispanic Reading Room research guide focuses on 20th and 21st century American court cases, legislation, and events that had important impacts on civil rights in Chicana/o/x, Hispanic, Latina/o/x, Mexican-American and Puerto Rican communities

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    Library of Congress Research Guides

    Library of CongressResearch GuidesHispanicA Latinx Resource Guide: Civil Rights Cases and Events in the United States1962: United Farm Workers Union

    A Latinx Resource Guide: Civil Rights Cases and Events in the United States

    Introduction Timeline

    1911: Meeting of the Mexicanist Congress

    1917: Jones-Shafroth Act

    1938: Pecan Shellers Strike

    1938: Spanish Speaking People's Congress

    1942: People v. Zamora (sic) 1943: Zoot Suit Riots

    1942: Bracero Program

    1946: Mendez v. Westminster

    1954: Hernandez v. Texas

    1962: United Farm Workers Union

    1966: Katzenbach v. Morgan

    1966: Miranda v. Arizona

    1966: The Cuban Adjustment Act of 1966

    1967: Tierra Amarilla Land Grant & Courthouse Raid

    1968: East Los Angeles Walkouts

    1968: The Young Lord's Organization/Party

    1970: National Chicano Moratorium

    1973: San Antonio ISD v. Rodriguez

    1974: Southwest Voter Registration Education Project

    1974: Serna v. Portales

    1975: U.S. v. Brignoni-Ponce

    1976 and 2006: Congressional Leadership

    1978: Madrigal v. Quilligan

    1982: Plyler v. Doe

    1986: Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986

    1987: INS v. Cardoza-Fonseca

    1990: Temporary Protection Status (TPS)

    1991: American Baptist Churches (ABC) v. Thornburgh

    1994: California's Proposition 187

    1999: Vieques Island Protests

    2002: Development Relief and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act & 2012: Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)

    2012: Arizona v. United States

    Using the Library of Congress

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    Caribbean, Iberian & Latin American Studies

    : Ask a Librarian

    Have a question? Need assistance? Use our online form to ask a librarian for help.

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    1962: United Farm Workers Union

    We the Farm Workers of America, have tilled the soil, sown the seeds and harvested the crops. We have provided food in abundance for the people in the cities, and the nation and world but have not had sufficient food to feed our own children."

    Preamble to the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) constitution

    UFW Boycott lettuce.between 1965 and 1980. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.

    In 1962, the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA), a predecessor of the United Farm Workers (UFW), was founded in Delano, California. Cesar Chávez, alongside Dolores Huerta and other Chicano activists within this organization, defended the rights of farmworkers by employing nonviolent organizing tactics rooted in Catholic social teaching, Chicano identity, and civil rights rhetoric. Through a series of marches, national consumer boycotts, and fasts, the United Farm Workers union attracted national headlines, gained labor contracts with higher wages and improved working conditions, galvanizing the Chicano movement.

    California’s agribusiness depended on a corporatized system of farm production supported by political allies that hired low-wage workers from Asian, Native, and/or Mexican populations. Farmworkers worked in dire conditions, including exposure to deadly chemicals, inadequate food and shelter, and sexual harassment, while receiving meager wages. Those who protested were replaced by Mexican braceros under the Bracero Program. The Bracero Program’s termination in 1964 led to labor union mobilization among farmworkers.

    The United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC) was formed in 1966 as a collaboration between the Filipino Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee and the National Farm Workers Association. The union built partnerships with religious organizations, student and civil rights activists, and politicians, including Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert Kennedy.

    From 1966 to 1970, the UFWOC carried out a successful international consumer boycott on grapes by picketing outside of grocery stores across the U.S. and Canada and spreading awareness about the movement in Europe. Subsequent boycotts and strikes against lettuce and strawberry growers occurred during the following years. Strikes often led to law enforcement intervention, where farmworkers were beaten, jailed, or replaced by non-citizen laborers. Dolores Huerta is credited with negotiating thousands of labor contracts providing farmworkers with improved wages and working conditions.

    In 1972, the UFWOC renamed itself the United Farm Workers. By then, communities of farmworkers had been established across the U.S. In California, the UFW’s newspaper El Malcriado (“The Unruly One”) informed the community and provided them with job openings, and Luis Valdes’ El Teatro Campesino (“The Farmer’s Theatre”) offered short comedic skits performed by farmworkers. The UFW also established a federal credit union and union centers with medical care, pension, and voter registration services to its union members.

    Although the UFW is still operating, internal union strife, short-term labor contracts, and lack of federal legislation concerning farmworker rights have affected the progress of the union.


    Source : guides.loc.gov


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    14 8th - 12th History Deleted User 6 years

    29 Qs

    1. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    How do Historians distinguish one major historical era from another?

    answer choices

    dividing the eras into decades

    reading literature produced in each era

    examining the changes that occur over time

    interviewing people living in the time period

    2. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    Characterize the Civil Rights Era in U.S. History

    answer choices

    the efforts of leaders advocating non-violent civil disobedience

    groups involved in violent riots and protests in American cities

    a series of presidential initiatives aimed at ending racial segregation

    3. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    Which event marked the beginning of the modern civil rights movement

    answer choices March on Washington Freedom Rides

    Montgomery Bus Boycott

    4. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    Martin Luther King, Jr was assassinated in which year?

    answer choices 1966 1967 1968 1969 5. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    Which amendment extended the right to vote to women?

    answer choices

    Fourteenth Amendment

    Seventeenth Amendment

    Sixteenth Amendment

    Nineteenth Amendment

    6. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    In what way did Rosa Park's arrest most directly impact the civil rights movement during the 1950's?

    answer choices

    Malcolm X used the incident to recruit African Americans to lead sit-ins at restaurants.

    Thurgood Marshall's work on the case resulted in the Brown vs Board of Education court case

    Martin Luther King Jr's response to the incident elevated him to spokesen for the Movement

    Caesar Chavez was so inspired by the event that he began to organize a nationwide bus boycott

    7. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    What did President Truman order in 1947?

    answer choices

    The desegregation of the U.S. Armed Forces

    The bombing of Japan.

    First U.S. Supreme Court Justice, Sandra Day O'Connor's appointment

    Non-Violent Freedom Riders attacks

    8. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    The Southern Poverty Law Center, formally incorporated in 1971 and still in existence today, was established with the intention to

    answer choices

    create a place to keep the legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr alive for future generations

    fight for the passage of Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

    ensure that the gains made in the civil rights movement were not taken away

    promote the education of African Americans in law schools throughout the U.S.

    9. Multiple-choice 1 minute


    Which civil rights leader spoke at the 1963 March on Washington and won the Nobel Prize for Peace

    answer choices Malcolm X Stokely Carmichael Thurgood Marshall

    Martin Luther King, Jr

    10. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    Betty Friedan's book the Feminine Mystique influence the women's rights movement of the 1960's by-

    answer choices

    calling for an end to the women's rights movement

    reviving interest in the women's rights movement

    advocating for a constitutional amendment protecting women's rights.

    introducing the idea of women breaking the "glass ceiling" in the job market.

    11. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    Cesar Chavez championed the economic rights of which groups?

    answer choices Miners Farmers Ranchers Migrant Workers 12. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    While both the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and the Black Panthers wanted more opportunities and rights to be afforded to minority groups, the Black Panthers argued that

    answer choices

    African Americans needed to be guaranteed political representation

    non-violence was going to take too long to bring about change

    overthrowing the government was the only way minorities and women would get rights

    African American men needed civil rights first and then women could fight for their rights.

    13. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    How did Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech impact the civil rights movement?

    answer choices

    called for violent resistance, resulting in riots across the U.S.

    It was largely ignored by the movement, though regarded as superbly written speech.

    It was considered controversial and fragments the movement into small groups.

    It inspired many people, giving strength and momentum to the movement

    14. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 differed from earlier attempts to address minority rights by focusing on

    answer choices

    ending discrimination in the workplace

    desegregated schools

    reforming immigration policies

    Source : quizizz.com

    Unit 10 Review: Civil Rights Movement Flashcards

    Start studying Unit 10 Review: Civil Rights Movement. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

    Unit 10 Review: Civil Rights Movement

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    She became an advocate for the rights of American farm workers:

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    Delores Huerta

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    He championed the economic rights of Migrant workers groups:

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    Cesar Chaves

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    1/30 Created by meagan_mathews

    Terms in this set (30)

    She became an advocate for the rights of American farm workers:

    Delores Huerta

    He championed the economic rights of Migrant workers groups:

    Cesar Chaves

    The year Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated.


    Like Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X, he was most remembered for attacking racial inequality through the legal process:

    Thurgood Marshall

    The following best describes how participation in the democratic process has been expanded by LEGISLATIVE actions:

    -Voting Rights Act of 1965

    -14th, 15, 16th amendments added to the U.S. Constitution

    -Passage of the 19the amendment to the U.S. Constitution

    -Passage of the 20th amendment to the U.S. Constitution

    The correct chronology of these events (earliest to later) are as follows:

    -13th, 14th, 15th amendments to U.S. Constitutions ratified (1865-1869):1

    NAACP created (1909):2

    -President Truman ordered the desegregation of the U.S. Armed Forced (1948):3

    -Brown Vs. Board of Education decision handed down (1954):4

    -First African American Presdent, Barack Obama elected (2008):6

    In 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man, and move to the back of a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. This led a local leader to respond, and he eventually became elevated to spokesman to the Civil Rights Movement:

    Martin Luther King, Jr.

    By examining the changes that occur over time, historians:

    Distinguish one major historical era from another major historical era

    These political leaders were committed to the idea or racial segregation (separation of racial groups):

    -George Wallace (Alabama Governor: 1963-1967)

    - Orval Faubus (Arkansas Governor: 1955-1967)

    -Laster Maddox (Georgie Governor: 1967-1971)

    The Congressional group of senators that attempted to block civil rights reforms in the 1950s-1960s.

    Southern Democrats

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    Verified answer SOCIOLOGY

    Most real-world work situations involve a high degree of cooperation. Still, much of our educational system remains competitive. ACT and SAT tests are not taken cooperatively, for example. Cooperative learning has been offered as an alternative to individual learning. Based on your experience with cooperative learning, do you agree that it is a better way of learning?

    Verified answer SOCIOLOGY

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