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    where was the first eurovision song contest held?

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    Lugano 1956

    The first ever Eurovision Song Contest took place in Lugano, Switzerland, at the Teatro Kursaal, on 24th of May 1956.

    Events

    Lugano 1956

    About Participants Scoreboard Final

    Thursday, 24 May, 1956, 20:00 CET

    Venue & Location

    Teatro Kursaal, Lugano, Switzerland

    Host Broadcaster Presented by Lohengrin Filipello Executive Producer —

    Executive Supervisor

    Rolf Liebermann

    Multicamera Director

    Franco Marazzi

    The first ever Eurovision Song Contest took place in Lugano, Switzerland, at the Teatro Kursaal, on 24th of May 1956.

    The first ever contest

    Inspired by the Italian Sanremo Festival, the idea to organise a pan-European musicial competition was born at a meeting of the European Broadcasting Union in Monaco in 1955. It was decided that the first ever Eurovision Song Contest would be hosted the following year in the Swiss resort of Lugano. The 1956 Eurovision Song Contest was primarily a radio show, although some cameras were taping the contest for the few Europeans who had a television set at that time.

    Lohengrin Filipello hosted the programme, which lasted 1 hour and 40 minutes. The seven participating countries each submitted two entries. The songs of the contest were not to exceed three and a half minutes, and the performers were accompanied by an orchestra of 24 musicians, led by Fernando Paggi.

    Switzerland wins!

    The winning song, as announced by the head of the jury, was Refrain, performed by Lys Assia from Switzerland (recent photo).  Lys Assia is the only Swiss contestant to have ever won the Eurovision Song Contest, as Switzerland's other winner, Céline Dion, is French-Canadian.

    Facts & figures

    The broadcasters from Austria, Denmark and the United Kingdom missed the deadline for participating in the first ever Eurovision Song Contest and only appeared one year later. Only solo artists were allowed to enter the contest. Groups were initially banned - a rule which would only be abolished in the 1970s;

    All participating countries sent two jury members to Lugano in order to vote secretly on the songs. The jury members from Luxembourg could not make it to Lugano, so the EBU allowed Swiss nationals to vote on their behalf. The juries were allowed to vote for whatever country they wished to, including their own;

    The scores of the voting have never been made public, leaving room for lots of speculation. Attempts to reconstruct the voting by interviewing jury members over the past five decades did not lead to any reliable outcome.

    Latest about Lugano 1956

    Source : eurovision.tv

    Eurovision Song Contest 1956

    Eurovision Song Contest 1956

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    Eurovision Song Contest 1956

    Dates Final 24 May 1956 Host

    Venue Teatro Kursaal

    Lugano, Switzerland

    Presenter(s) Lohengrin Filipello

    Musical director Fernando Paggi

    Directed by Franco Marazzi

    Executive supervisor Rolf Liebermann

    Host broadcaster Swiss Broadcasting Corporation (SRG SSR)

    Radiotelevisione svizzera (RSI)

    Interval act

    Les Joyeux Rossignols

    Les Trois Ménestrels

    Website eurovision.tv/event/lugano-1956

    Participants

    Number of entries 14 (7 countries performed 2 songs each)

    Debuting countries Belgium France Germany Italy Luxembourg Netherlands Switzerland hide Participation map

    Participating countries

    Vote

    Voting system Two-member juries from each country rated songs between one and ten points

    Winning song   Switzerland

    "Refrain"

    Eurovision Song Contest → 1957

    The Eurovision Song Contest 1956 was the first edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest, organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcasters the Swiss Broadcasting Corporation (SRG SSR) and Radiotelevisione svizzera (RSI). The contest, originally titled the Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson Européenne 1956 (Italian: Gran Premio Eurovisione 1956 della Canzone Europea,[1] English: Grand Prix of the Eurovision Song Competition[2]), was held on Thursday 24 May 1956 at the Teatro Kursaal in Lugano, Switzerland and hosted by Swiss television presenter Lohengrin Filipello, which remains the only time that the contest has been hosted by a solo male presenter.

    Inspired principally by the Italian Sanremo Music Festival, held annually since 1951, the concept of a televised European song contest, initially proposed by Italian broadcaster RAI, was formulated by an EBU committee led by Swiss broadcaster and executive Marcel Bezençon. Following approval at the EBU's General Assembly in 1955, the rules and structure of the contest were agreed upon. Several of the rules utilised in this first contest would subsequently be altered for future editions, and it remains the only edition in which each country was represented by two songs, with only solo performers allowed to compete, and a voting process which was held in secret and where juries could vote for the entries from their own country.

    Seven countries participated in the inaugural edition of the contest, and the first winner was the host country Switzerland, with the song "Refrain" performed by Lys Assia. The result was determined by an assembled jury composed of two jurors from each country, with each juror ranking each song between 1 and 10 points. Only the winning country and song were announced at the conclusion of the event, with the results of the remaining participants unknown. Broadcast on television and radio via the Eurovision network in ten countries, no video footage of the event is known to exist, bar clips of the reprise performance of the winning song; the majority of the broadcast is however available in audio.

    Contents

    1 Origins 2 Location 3 Format

    4 Participating countries

    4.1 Conductors

    4.2 Participants and results

    5 Broadcasts

    6 Notes and references

    6.1 Notes 6.2 References 6.3 Bibliography 7 External links

    Origins[edit]

    Further information: History of the Eurovision Song Contest

    The European Broadcasting Union (EBU) was formed in 1950 among 23 organisations with the aim of facilitating creative cooperation and the exchange of television programmes.[3][4] The word "Eurovision" was first used as a telecommunications term in the United Kingdom in 1951, in reference to a programme by the British Broadcasting Corportation (BBC) being relayed by Dutch television, and was subsequently used as the title for the union's new transmission network upon its creation in 1954.[5][6] Following the formation of the EBU a number of notable events were transmitted through its networks in several European countries, including Belgium, France, West Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. A series of international exchange programmes were subsequently organised for 1954, with this "European Television Season" relayed live across Europe through the Eurovision network.[3][5][7]

    Following this series of transmissions, a "Programme Committee" was set up within the EBU to investigate new initiatives for cooperation between broadcasters each year, with Marcel Bezençon of the Swiss Broadcasting Corporation (SRG SSR) serving as the committee's first President. This committee agreed to study the concept for a new televised European song contest during a meeting in January 1955, a concept initially proposed by the Italian broadcaster RAI and inspired by the broadcaster's Sanremo Music Festival, held annually since 1951.[5][8] The new European contest was subsequently approved at the EBU's annual General Assembly in October 1955, leading to the creation of the .[5][9][10]

    Location[edit]

    Teatro Kursaal, Lugano – host venue of the 1956 contest

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

    Eurovision 1956 Results: Voting & Points

    Eurovision Song Contest 1956 in Lugano. Switzerland won the first Eurovision with the song "Refrain" performed by Lys Assia. All the songs from ESC 1956

    Eurovision Lugano 1956

    1956 Lugano 1957

    Eurovision 1956 Results: Voting & Points

    Eurovision 1956National 1956

    The first Eurovision Song Contest

    In 1955 a meeting was held in Monaco, where the members of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) discussed the idea to create a pan-European music competition, inspired by the Italian Sanremo Music Festival. They decided to hold the first Eurovision Song Contest in the Swiss resort of Lugano the following year.

    The first edition of Eurovision Song Contest was very different from today's contest: Seven countries participated with two songs each. The voting was secret and never made public, so no scoreboard. Luxembourg asked Switzerland to vote on its behalf, and Switzerland won. The programme only lasted for 1 hour and 40 minutes (The Grand Final of Eurovision 2015 lasted 4 hours). Only one artist was allowed on stage, and songs couldn't be longer than 3 minutes and 30 seconds (3:00 minutes today).

    The programme was mainly made for radio, but one single camera was in the studio for the benefit of the few Europeans who possessed a television.

    And the first winner of Eurovision Song Contest: Lys Assia from Switzerland with the song Refrain

    PLACE COUNTRY SONG / ARTIST POINTS RUNNING

    1

    Switzerland Refrain Lys Assia – 9

    2

    Netherlands

    De Vogels Van Holland

    Jetty Paerl – 1

    2

    Switzerland Das Alte Karussell Lys Assia – 2

    2

    Belgium

    Messieurs Les Noyés De La Seine

    Fud Leclerc – 3

    2

    Germany

    Im Wartesaal Zum Großen Glück

    Walter Andreas Schwarz

    – 4

    2

    France Le Temps Perdu Mathé Altéry – 5

    2

    Luxembourg Ne Crois Pas Michèle Arnaud – 6

    2

    Italy Aprite Le Finestre Franca Raimondi – 7

    2

    Netherlands Voorgoed Voorbij Corry Brokken – 8

    2

    Belgium

    Le Plus Beau Jour De Ma Vie

    Mony Marc – 10

    2

    Germany

    So Geht Das Jede Nacht

    Freddy Quinn – 11

    2

    France Il Est Là Dany Dauberson – 12

    2

    Luxembourg

    Les Amants De Minuit

    Michèle Arnaud – 13

    2

    Italy Amami Se Vuoi Tonina Torielli – 14

    EUROVISION SONG CONTEST 1956

    Eurovision Song Contest 1956 in Lugano. Switzerland won with the song "Refrain" performed by Lys Assia

    Date: Thursday 24 May 1956Location: Teatro Kursaal, Lugano, SwitzerlandBroadcaster: SSR SRGHosts: Lohengrin FilipelloName: Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson Européenne 1956Voting: The scores of the voting have never been made public, leaving room for lots of speculation. Attempts to reconstruct the voting by interviewing jury members over the following five decades did not lead to any reliable outcome.Interval Act: Les Joyeux Rossignols

    Debuting countries: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Switzerland

    In 1956, every participating country could enter with two songs. The Netherlands was the first country to sing a song in Eurovision with "De vogels van Holland"

    In the first ever Eurovision Song Contest (1956), Luxembourg asked Switzerland to vote on its behalf. And the winner was: Switzerland!

    The scores of the voting from the 1956-contest have never been made public, leaving room for lots of speculation. Attempts to reconstruct the voting by interviewing jury members over the following five decades did not lead to any reliable outcome

    Source : eurovisionworld.com

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