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    Risk Management

    California Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act (CANRA)

    California Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act (CANRA) What is CANRA?

    The California Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act (CANRA) is a California mandate that was passed in 1980 to provide definitions and procedures for mandated reporting of child abuse. Over the years, numerous amendments have expanded the definition of child abuse and the persons required to report. The purpose is to protect minors from abuse and neglect as well as psychological harm.

    What is a Mandated Reporter?

    Under CANRA, Mandated reporters have a legal responsibility to report known or reasonably suspected child abuse or neglect. Reporters are those whose duties bring them in contact with minors on a regular basis. Reporters include employees such as faculty, academic personnel, student employees, and other administrators.

    Who is a Mandated Reporter?

    Mandated reporters include, but are not limited to, the following individuals who work with minors (i.e., persons under the age of 18) on a regular basis:


    An instructional aide or teacher’s assistant,

    An administrator or employee (including student employees) of a youth recreation program,

    Any athletic coach involved in coaching,  assistant coach, or graduate assistant involved in coaching at a public or private postsecondary institution, and

    Any employee of a postsecondary institution, including the supervisor of such an employee, whose duties require regular contact with children.

    Faculty members generally are not considered mandated reporters unless they work in a program specifically designed for minors.

    Students providing services on behalf of the University without compensation are not treated as Mandated Reporters under CANRA.  These individuals, however, are subject to the requirements contained in this Policy applicable to Mandated Reporters if their volunteer services involve contact with minors on a regular basis.

    Volunteers do not have the same civil and legal penalties if there is a failure to report under CANRA, however; the University expects both to act as a Mandated Reporter.

    For a complete list of all mandated reporters, see Section 11165.7(a) of CANRA

    Mandated Reporter Steps

    A Mandated Reporter must make the following reports whenever the individual, in their professional capacity or within the scope of their employment, has knowledge of or observes a person under the age of 18 years whom the Mandated Reporter knows or reasonably suspects has been the victim of child abuse or neglect:

    First Report - Reporter shall make a verbal report immediately or as soon as practicable to any of the following: local law enforcement, child protective services, or county welfare departments.

    Law Enforcement

    San Francisco Police Department: (415) 553-0123

    San Francisco Sheriff Department: (415) 554-7225

    A list of Child Protective Services hotlines across California can be found here.

    A list of County Welfare Departments can be found here

    Second Report – The verbal report must be followed within 36 hours by a written report to the law enforcement, child protective agency, or county welfare department that the initial report was made to and will be investigating the incident. The investigating agency will ask you to complete the Suspected Child Abuse Report, Form 8572.Third Report - Reporters shall then make an internal report (can be anonymous) to their supervisors, through the University’s Whistleblower Hotline 1-800-316-4315, Public Safety, or a University Officer. Supervisors who receive reports should promptly forward those to a University Officer or to the University Whistleblower Hotline to be made anonymously.

    An internal report is not a substitute for a Mandated Reporter’s required external reports under CANRA or other applicable laws.

    It also is the policy of the University to require all employees (without regard to Mandated Reporter status), volunteers, students, and third party contractors to immediately report in writing to Public Safety or a University officer, any known or suspected child abuse or neglect that occurs on campus, in any off-campus University building or property, or in connection with any University-related program or activity in a manner consistent with this policy.

    Possible Hotline Phone Numbers for Reporting

    San Francisco CPS Hotline: (415) 558-2650

    For a full list of CPS Hotline numbers across California please see Services Hotlines Across America

    San Francisco Human Services Agency:  (800) 856-5553

    USF CANRA Training

    Training Transcript Training PDF


    Acknowledgment to Report Child Abuse Form (CANRA)

    Used to document that individuals who are Mandated Reporters will comply with the reporting requirements set forth in this Policy.

    Release and Waiver of Liability, Assumption of Risk and Indemnity Agreement

    Used to obtain consent from the parent or legal guardian of a minor who will be participating in a University activity.

    Suspected Child Abuse Report, Form SS 8572

    Used to report suspected child abuse or neglect to an authorized law enforcement agency.


    Are faculty members Mandated Reporters?

    What type of conduct is reportable?

    FAQs Are faculty members Mandated Reporters? What type of conduct is reportable? What is "reasonable suspicion?"

    Source : myusf.usfca.edu

    child abuse training Flashcards

    Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards terms like Late 1800s, Early 1870s, 1962 and more.

    child abuse training

    Late 1800s

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    children were property of their father and women were considered property of their husband

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    Early 1870s

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    Mary Ellen, abused. Orphan's plight fell to attorneys for the American society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. ( ASPCA

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    Terms in this set (25)

    Late 1800s

    children were property of their father and women were considered property of their husband

    Early 1870s

    Mary Ellen, abused. Orphan's plight fell to attorneys for the American society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. ( ASPCA


    Article on the American Medical Association described systems of child abuse. Child abuse = medically diagnosable. The first child abuse reporting law in Cali was enacted in 1963. IN 10 years every state had statues known as "mandatory reporting laws". Required professionals to report suspected child abuse and neglect to the state child welfare services / authorities.


    Ferderal law in child abuse prevention and treatment act ( CAPTA ) , it was an effort to eliminate child abuse and neglect by funding programs to help individuals identify and report child abuse. Provides shelter and other welfare services.


    Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 ( ICWA ) enacted in 1978, response to a crisis affecting American Indian children, families, and tribles. Large number of indian children were being separated from their parents, extended families, and communities by state child welfare and private adoption agencies. ICWA is to protect indian children, promote stability and security of Indian tribes and families


    Child abuse and Neglect reporting act, passed in 1980. Numerous amendments have expanded the definition of child abuse.


    Child abuse and neglect is more common, 3.6 million reports of child abuse are made which involve 6 million children. 4 / 5 children are killed by child abuse or neglect

    Child abuse and neglect of children = epidemics

    Children Victims by age ( 2015 ) ages 0-6 = 37%, ages 7-12= 37% and 13-17 = 26%

    More abuse

    1,750 children - died from abuse and neglect

    3.4 million children recieved an investigation or alternative response

    first year of life - children in thier first year of life had the highest rate of vicimization

    74.8% of children - suffered neglect

    18.2% of children - suffered physical abuse

    18.5 % of children - suffered sexual abuse

    about 4 out of 5 - abuses are the victims parents


    child abuse /neglect can occur in any family no matter what their socioeconomic level, religion, educational level, and is found in every religion and ethnic group.

    What are Adverse Childhood Experiences? (ACEs)

    (ACEs) are potentially traumatic events that can have negative, lasting effects on health and well-being.

    examples of traumatic events

    recurrent physical abuse and emotional abuse

    sexual abuse

    alcohol / drug abuser in the home

    incarcerated household member

    someone who is chronically depressed, mentally ill, institutionalized

    domestic violence

    having one or no parent

    emotional or physical neglect

    Children who are abused are at higher risk for health problems as adults

    ACE influences the health and well-being of children throughout their lifespan

    ACE health problems

    Early death. Disease, disability and social problems. Adoption of High-risk Behaviors. Social, Emotional and Cognitive impairment. Disrupted Neurodevelopment. Adverse Childhood Experiences

    Lesson 1 - The mandated reporter


    Who are mandated reporters?

    Professionals who work with children (e.g. teachers, physicians, coaches) or in some states, all adults. Community members are not mandated to report, but are encouraged to.

    practice question ( not graded ) When was the Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting act passed?


    The role of a mandated reporter

    required to make a report of suspected abuse when having reasonable reasons.

    Penal Code 11164-1174.4 ( CANRA )

    Protect children from abuse and neglect

    Physical Abuse Penal Code ( PC 11165.6 )

    a physical injury inflicted by other than accidental means on child, intentionally injuring a child

    Child sexual abuse penal code ( PC 11165.1 )

    Sexual assault/sexual exploitation of anyone under teh age of 18. Sexual assault includes sex acts with children = masturbation in the presence of children and child molestation. Includes selling or distributing child porn. Performances involving obscene sexual conduct and child prostitution.

    cruelty & unjustified punishment penal code

    willful cruelty ( PC 11165.3 ) any person willingly causing any child to suffer, inflicts unjustifiable physical pain or mental suffering, or having the care or custody of any child.

    Unlawful corporal punishment or injury ( PC 11165.4) a situation where any person inflicts any child any cruel or inhuman corporal punishment or injury that leads to a traumatic condition.

    neglect ( PC 11165.2)

    weather "severe" or "general" must be reported if the perpetrator is a person responsible for the child's welfare. Includes acts and omissions that harm or threaten to harm the child's health or welfare. General neglect = failure of a caregiver to provide food, clothing, shelter, medical care or supervision, where no physical injury to the child has occurred. Severe neglect = intentional failure of a caregiver to provide. Also includes reflect where any person having the care of custody of the child causes or permits the person or health of the child to be placed in a situation where their health is endangered.

    Source : quizlet.com

    Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act (CANRA)

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    Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act (CANRA)

    Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act (CANRA) Mandated Reporters

    The Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act (CANRA) is a California law requiring employers, including the University, to identify Mandated Reporters and secure acknowledgement of their status and reporting obligation as a condition of employment.

    A Mandated Reporter is defined as an individual required to report observed or suspected child abuse or neglect to designated law enforcement or social services agencies. (A child is defined as anyone under the age of 18 years.)

    Employees (including faculty members and other academic employees) and administrators whose duties bring them into contact with children on a regular basis, or who supervise others with such duties, are Mandated Reporters. Although faculty members are not typically “teachers” under CANRA (even when students under the age of 18 enroll in their classes), some faculty may be Mandated Reporters under other provisions of CANRA. This includes:

    Faculty members and other academic employees who have responsibility for instruction at the preschool, elementary, or high school level, for example those who teach high school seminars or who serve as mentors or supervisors in on-campus high school internship programs.

    Individuals whose University duties require direct contact and supervision of children. This may include faculty members or other academic employees who hire children under age 18 to assist with scholarship, research, or other academic activities as volunteers or interns.


    Supervisors and managers (e.g., Department Chairs, PIs, Deans) of academic employees have the responsibility to notify their Divisional Academic Personnel Coordinator or the Academic Personnel Office should their employees take on job duties and responsibilities that place them in a Mandatory Reporter role.

    In addition, a list of Mandatory Reporter categories is available in Appendix A of the University of California Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act (CANRA) Policy.

    Once an academic employee is identified as a Mandatory Reporter they will receive the following information from their Academic Division:

    CANRA Cover Letter for Mandated Reporter

    Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act (CANRA) Policy

    CANRA Packet

    CANRA Acknowledgement Form

    List of mandated reporters

    Selected CANRA provisions

    UCSC Reporting contact numbers



    CANRA training for Mandated Reporters is available online. Supplemental child abuse prevention trainings (beyond CANRA) are also available. You do not need to be a Mandated Reporter to access these trainings.

    Online CANRA Training

    The CANRA e-course can be found by going to the UCSC Learning Center page at http://learningcenter.ucsc.edu/ and following the instructions for logging in and using the campus Learning Management System.

    Once in the Learning Center Portal, search on "CANRA" or use the Catalog and navigate to "UC Policies and Practices" under the "UC Essentials" category.

    Supplemental Training

    View supplemental training offerings at - http://risk.ucsc.edu/manage-risk/minors-manage-risk.html


    Questions may be directed to the Academic Personnel Office at [email protected] or to Divisional Academic Personnel Coordinators.

    See Also

    Staff Human Resources CANRA information

    Student Career Center CANRA information


    Source : apo.ucsc.edu

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