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    Independence of Paraguay

    Independence of Paraguay

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    Republic of Paraguay

    República del Paraguay

    1811–1814 Flag Capital Asunción President • 1811-1813 Fulgencio Yegros Governor Intendants • 1811 Bernardo de Velasco • 1811

    José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia

    • 1811

    Juan Valeriano de Zevallos

    Consul • 1813-1814

    José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia

    • 1814 Fulgencio Yegros

    Historical era Decolonization of the Americas

    • May Revolution 25 May 1810 • Established 14 May 1811

    • Republic proclaimed

    12 October 1813 • Disestablished 3 October 1814

    Preceded by Succeeded by

    History of Paraguay (to 1811)

    Republic of Paraguay (1814-1844)

    Independence of Paraguay started on May 14 of 1811 after the Revolution of May 14 when a local ruling junta was created. In early 1811 Paraguayan forces had repeatedly defeated the Argentinian army which considered Paraguay to be a break-away province. On October 12, 1813 the Paraguayan Republic was proclaimed. Officially Independence was proclaimed only on November 25, 1842. Paraguayan independence was assured only after the Paraguayan War, when the Empire of Brazil resisted Argentine offers to divide and annex the country.


    1 Background 2 Royalist rule

    3 Revolution of May 14

    4 Towards full independence

    5 International recognition

    6 References


    In 1776 Spanish king Carlos III created Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata with a capital city in Buenos Aires. It included parts of modern-day Argentina, Bolivia, Uruguay and Rio Grande do Sul. In 1782 a system of municipalities was introduced. The municipality of Paraguay had only one town with city status – Asuncion.

    During the era of the Napoleonic Peninsular War, when mainland Spain was allied with and later occupied by the French, The British Empire attempted to take control of the Viceroyalty by launching the River Plate invasions, occupying Buenos Aires and neighbouring parts of the Río de la Plata in 1806 and 1807. Paraguayan units led by Governor Velasco participated in the battles for Montevideo during the invasions.

    Royalist rule[edit]

    Fulgencio Yegros

    Pedro Juan Caballero

    Belgrano's campaign against Paraguay

    Map of Paraguay in 1850

    After the 1810 May Revolution in Buenos Aires and formation of the Primera Junta which aimed to rule over the whole Viceroyalty, junta sent Colonel Jose de Espinola to Asuncion with a task to bring the province under junta's authority. Espinola failed in his mission and was quickly chased out of the province.[1]

    The royal governor of Asuncion, Bernardo de Velasco y Huidobro on July 24 organized a local Cabildo of 200 local notables, which sent a reply to Buenos Aires announcing continued loyalty to Spanish king Ferdinand VII and rejection of the authority of the Primera Junta.[2] Cabildo also announced mobilization and Velasco left with troops for the Yaguarón to establish defensive positions.

    Political future of Paraguay was decided by conflicts between three groups, each of which had different plans for the future: gachupines (born in Spain), porteños (inhabitants of Buenos Aires) and the local Paraguayan-born Creole elite which was led by Fulgencio Yegros and Pedro Juan Caballero.[3]

    In September 1810 a porteño conspiracy to seize the power in Asuncion was uncovered and arrested suspects were sent to Fort Borbon.[4]

    Porteños wanted to extend their rule over the whole former Viceroyalty and in September 1810 Buenos Aires sent troops under General Manuel Belgrano to conquer the Paraguay province, but in early months of 1811 they were defeated at the Battle of Tacuarí and Battle of Paraguarí and Paraguay campaign ended in failure.

    Governor Velasco, who had displayed cowardice by fleeing from these battles, then had plans to ask for Portuguese military protection and was ready to accept Portuguese sovereignty, which caused discontent among the victorious, Creole led Paraguayan troops as Portuguese were old enemies who had annexed many Paraguayan territories.

    The double victories of the Creole army over Belgrano weakened position of royalists and governor Velasco and increased local patriotism of Creole officers who started a plot to overthrow Velasco.

    Revolution of May 14[edit]

    Initially the plan called for military uprising to start on May 25, the one-year anniversary of May Revolution. The military forces, under Fulgencio Yegros, were expected to march from Itapua supported by garrisons in other towns, but negotiations of governor Velasco with Portuguese representatives from Brazil, hastened the uprising.

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

    Independence Day in Paraguay in 2022

    Read about Independence Day in Paraguay in 2022. These public holidays begin on May 14th. The holidays lasts for two days and May 15th is the National Day of Paraguay.

    Independence Day in Paraguay in 2022

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    How long until Independence Day?

    Independence Day is in 57 days

    Dates of Independence Day in Paraguay

    2023 May 14, May 15 2022 May 14, May 15 2021 May 14, May 15 2020 May 14, May 15 2019 May 14, May 15 Summary

    Spanish authority in Paraguay was overthrown by an uprising on May 14th and 15th 1811

    Local name

    Día de la Independencia Nacional

    When is Independence Day?

    This public holiday is celebrated on May 14th. The holiday lasts for two days and May 15th is the National Day of Paraguay.

    Known in Spanish as 'Día de la Independencia Nacional', this holiday celebrates Paraguay's independence from Spain in 1811.

    History of the Independence Day

    Paraguay was first colonised by the Spanish in the 16th century. The settlement of Asunción, now the capital of Paraguay, was founded by the Spanish on Ascension Day (August 15th) 1537.

    Did you know?

    There are two theories about where the name "Paraguay" comes from. One version says it means either "River of the Payaguas", an Indian tribe, or "crowned river" after the native Indian Guaraní words for palm crown and water. A more colourful versions is that there was a parrot named Frank that the first Jesuit settlers befriended when they arrived in the region. To back up this theory, on old maps, Paraguay was labelled as "Parrot".

    The region had shown dissent against the Spanish for several years and tension had risen in the early years of the nineteenth century due to the growing influence of Argentina in the area.

    Some bad decisions by the Governor had weakened Spanish presence, which was already affected by the Napoleonic Wars, enabling the Paraguayans, led by a lawyer, Dr José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia., to overthrow the Spanish in a fairly bloodless revolution on May 14th 1811.

    As a result, Paraguay became the second independent nation in the new world - the United States was the first. Dr Francia became the first President of Paraguay, ruling from 1814 to 1840.

    He was influential in the design of the flag of Paraguay, which uniquely is the only national flag in the world that has a different image on each side.

    The day is normally marked with outdoor gatherings of loved ones to play soccer, listen to local music, and host barbeques.

    At these vibrant cookouts, you'll find the national dish of sopa paraguaya (a zesty traditional cheesy cornbread) and no shortage of yerba mate, a traditional caffeine-rich drink essential for celebrating Paraguayan cultural heritage.

    Mother's Day

    In Paraguay, Mother's Day is celebrated on May 15th, on the same day as Independence Day. The date was chosen to honour Juan María De Lara who played a large role in the country's independence.

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    Paraguay Independence Day 2019

    Paraguay Independence Day 2019 #GoogleDoodle

    May 14, 2019

    Paraguay Independence Day 2019

    Today’s Doodle celebrates Paraguay Independence Day, a country with its own unique culture and language, called Guaraní. On May 14th, 1811, the South American country became the second independent nation in the new world, 35 years after the U.S. A two-day celebration in Paraguay starts today, and continues through tomorrow, in honor of the country’s first day of independence.

    Paraguay celebrates both its National Day and Mother's Day on May 15 in honor of Juana María de Lara, who played a key role in the movement for independence. According to legend, she celebrated the victory by greeting revolutionary forces with a bouquet of red roses, blue jasmine, and white lilies, inspiring the colors of the tricolor flag, which sports a different design on each side.

    Paraguayan families come together on Día de la Independencia Nacional, enjoying barbeques, drinking yerba mate from calabash gourds, and dancing to traditional polka music. A parade winds through the capital city of Asunción as well. Many women wear traditional blouses with lace and embroidery, skirts with layered petticoats, and a rebozo or shawl, while men wear fancy shirts, straw hats, ponchos with a faja (sash) around the waist, and traditional trousers.

    Happy Independence Day, Paraguay!

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    This day in history

    Source : www.google.com

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