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    when a patient is unconscious and non-responsive cpr should be performed.

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    First aid for someone who is unresponsive and not breathing

    Learn more about helping adults, babies, and children with First Aid when they are unresponsive or not breathing.

    Learn first aid for someone who is unresponsive and not breathing

    This advice is for helping an adult. Find out:

    how to help a baby who is unresponsive and not breathing

    how to help a child who is unresponsive and not breathing.

    With regard to the current coronavirus crisis, guidance can be found here. Please always consider your own personal safety first when delivering first aid.

    If someone is not moving and does not respond when you call them or gently shake their shoulders, they are unresponsive.

    1. Check breathing by tilting their head back and looking and feeling for breaths.

    When a person is unresponsive, their muscles relax and their tongue can block their airway so they can no longer breathe. Tilting their head back opens the airway by pulling the tongue forward.

    If they are not breathing, their chest and stomach will not be moving and you will not hear or feel their breaths.

    If they are not breathing, move on to step two.

    Find out what to do if they are breathing.2. Call 999 as soon as possible.

    If you can’t call 999, get someone else to do it.

    3. Give chest compressions: push firmly downwards in the middle of the chest and then release.

    Continue to push in this way at a regular rate until help arrives.

    These are called chest compressions. Chest compressions keep blood pumping around their body helping to keep the vital organs, including the brain, alive.

    Watch how to help someone who is unresponsive and not breathing (1 minute 48 seconds)

    Common questions about first aid for someone who is unresponsive and not breathing

    Why do I have to tilt their head back to check for breathing?

    What should I do if I hear noisy or irregular breathing?

    What should I do if I’m on my own when I find someone unresponsive and not breathing?

    What are chest compressions?

    How long should I do chest compressions for?

    If I press too hard during chest compressions, could I break their ribs?

    Should I do chest compressions differently on a child or baby?

    What if I make a mistake and do chest compressions, but the person is still breathing?

    Am I supposed to give rescue breaths too?

    How do I give rescue breaths?

    Will I restart the heart if I give chest compressions?

    What is an automated external defibrillator (AED)?

    What should I do if someone has been rescued from drowning and is unresponsive and not breathing?

    Why do I have to tilt their head back to check for breathing?

    When someone is unresponsive, their tongue can fall backwards and block their airway. Tilting their head backwards opens the airway by pulling the tongue forward.

    Back to questions

    What should I do if I hear noisy or irregular breathing?

    Sometimes when a person is unresponsive their breathing may become noisy or irregular, or they may be gasping. This is usually a sign that their heart is not working properly and you should start chest compressions.

    Back to questions

    What should I do if I’m on my own when I find someone unresponsive and not breathing?

    If you are on your own, call 999 before you start chest compressions.

    Back to questions

    What are chest compressions?

    Chest compressions are where you place your hands in the centre of the chest and repeatedly press downwards and release at a regular rate to help pump the blood around the body.

    Back to questions

    How long should I do chest compressions for?

    Keep going until help arrives. If there is someone else who can help, change over every minute or two. Try to keep doing chest compressions with as little interruption as possible when you change over.

    Back to questions

    If I press too hard during chest compressions, could I break their ribs?

    You might, but try not to worry. Your priority is to keep the blood circulating. A damaged rib will mend, but if you don’t do chest compressions their chances of survival are much lower.

    Back to questions

    Should I do chest compressions differently on a child or baby?

    Yes, chest compressions should be done slightly differently for children or for babies. For a child over one, use only one hand to do chest compressions. For a baby under a year old, use two fingers to do chest compressions.

    Find out:

    how to help a baby who is unresponsive and not breathing.

    how to help a child who is unresponsive and not breathing.

    Back to questions

    What if I make a mistake and do chest compressions but the person is still breathing?

    It’s not ideal but don’t worry. There’s no evidence to suggest you will cause any serious damage.

    Back to questions

    Am I supposed to give rescue breaths too?

    If you feel able to, combine chest compressions with breathing into their mouth or nose.

    However, giving chest compressions is the most important thing to do because their blood already has some oxygen in it and the compressions will keep that blood pumping around their body, taking oxygen to their brain.

    Breathing into their mouth or nose tops up the oxygen in their lungs. The combination of continuous cycles of 30 chest compressions followed by two breaths is called CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation).

    Back to questions

    Source : www.redcross.org.uk

    First aid for unconsciousness: What to do and when to seek help

    Knowing how to identify unconsciousness, how to help, and when to contact emergency services can be lifesaving. Learn about first aid, fainting, and more.

    What to do when someone is unconscious

    Medically reviewed by Carissa Stephens, R.N., CCRN, CPN — Written by Jon Johnson and Alina Sharon — Updated on June 28, 2021

    When someone becomes unconscious, it is essential to know what to do. Some simple first aid steps, such as checking the vital signs and assessing for a serious injury, can help until emergency services arrive. If a person is not breathing, it may be necessary to perform CPR.

    Unconsciousness is an unresponsive state. A person who is unconscious may seem like they are sleeping but may not respond to things like loud noises, being touched, or being shaken.

    Fainting is a type of unconsciousness that happens suddenly and may only last a few seconds. Other types can last much longer.

    A person’s vital signs may change. Seek immediate medical attention if someone’s pulse becomes weak or they stop breathing.

    What to do first

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    Cineberg/Getty Images

    If someone seems unconscious or unresponsive, the first thing to do is ask if they are OK in a loud voice. If they don’t respond, gently shake them. But if they might have a spinal cord injury, it is best not to move the person until emergency services arrive.

    If a person still does not respond, follow these steps in this order:

    Check that their airway is open, without signs of a blockage, such as labored or high-pitched breathing

    Look for signs that they are breathing.

    Check for a pulse or heartbeat.

    Next, call or have someone else call emergency medical services. In the United States, dial 911. Do this if the person:

    has no pulse or a weak one

    does not seem to be breathing

    does not respond or regain consciousness within 1 minute

    appears to be severely injured, due to heavy bleeding, for example

    Do not hang up on the emergency services representative until they ask you to.

    Check the person’s wrists and neck to see whether they have a first aid tag, which may have information about why they lost consciousness. Share the information on the tag with the representative.

    First aid steps

    Before beginning any first aid steps, it is essential to tell whether the unconscious person is breathing or not.

    If the person is breathing

    If the person is conscious but seems dazed, ask them basic questions, such as what their name and birthday are or what today’s date is.

    If the person is unable to answer correctly, they may be experiencing a change in mental status. Share this information with the emergency services representative.

    If the person may have a spinal injury, leave them as they are. Take steps to keep their neck supported and still.

    If the person is breathing and it is unlikely that they have a spinal injury, roll them into a recovery position on their side. Adjust their legs so their hips and knees form right angles. Tilt their head gently back to help keep their airway open.

    If the person is not breathing

    If an unconscious person is not breathing, it may be necessary to move them carefully onto their back while protecting their neck, so they can receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We describe how to give CPR in the next section.

    Call 911 before administering CPR.

    If the person is moving, coughing, or breathing, this is a good sign. If none of these things happen, continue giving CPR until emergency assistance arrives.

    If something is visible at the back of the throat or high in the throat, and it is blocking the airway, try to remove it by using one finger to sweep the mouth. Do not try to sweep away or grab anything that is not visible.

    If the person is not breathing and has something lodged in their throat, continue performing the chest compressions of CPR and checking to see whether the object has dislodged.

    If the person is bleeding

    If the unconscious person is bleeding heavily, locate the injury and place strong, direct pressure on the wounded area to slow the flow of blood. Anyone who knows how should apply a tourniquet above the bleeding area to slow the bleeding until emergency services arrive.

    How to perform CPR

    CPR is an emergency procedure to assist someone when they stop breathing and have no pulse. It involves chest compressions, which is the cardio part, and rescue breaths, which is the pulmonary part, of the name “cardiopulmonary resuscitation.”

    Only people with CPR training should give the rescue breath part of the procedure. To reduce the chances of injury, anyone without training should only perform chest compressions, in steps 1–7 below. Chest compressions also help oxygen circulate.

    Before starting CPR, try to wake the person again by calling their name loudly and asking if they are okay.

    If the person is still unresponsive:

    Place one hand on their forehead.

    Place the fingers of your other hand under the tip of their chin.

    Gently tilt their head back. The goal is for their tongue to move so it does not block their airway.

    But if the person may have a spinal injury:

    Kneel near the top of their head.

    Place your hands on either side of their face.

    Gently lift the person’s jaw with your fingertips without moving their neck.

    Source : www.medicalnewstoday.com

    CPR/AED/FIRST AID Flashcards

    Start studying CPR/AED/FIRST AID. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

    CPR/AED/FIRST AID

    4.8 5 Reviews CPR

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    cardiopulmonary resuscitation

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    Times to use cpr

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    drowned, heart attack, stroke, cardiac arrest, choking

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    1/16 Created by aaroncarrisalez

    Terms in this set (16)

    CPR

    cardiopulmonary resuscitation

    Times to use cpr

    drowned, heart attack, stroke, cardiac arrest, choking

    death is most likely after

    10 minutes of no oxygen

    brain damage is expected after

    6 to 10 minutes

    brain damage is very possible after

    4 to 6 minutes

    brain damage is virtually non existent after

    0 to 4 minutes

    when treating a 3rd degree burn, you should

    Activate EMS or rush patient to the nearest hospital

    if the patient's chest is not inflating during the breathing task you should check the patient's....

    airway

    when treating bites or stings you should use...

    an auto injection

    if a patient undergoes a head injury you should call 911 immediately?

    true

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