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    what would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased above normal?

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    What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased above normal?

    Net filtration would decrease.

    The ___ feeds into the glomerulus and the ___ drains the glomerulus

    afferent arteriole; efferent arteriole

    The glomerulus differs from other capillaries in the body in that it ________

    is drained by an efferent arteriole

    function of angiotensin

    peptide hormone that causes vasoconstriction and a subsequent increase in blood pressure. It is part of the renin-angiotensin system, which is a major target for drugs that lower blood pressure.

    Which hormone(s) is/are required for facultative water reabsorption in the collecting ducts?

    ADH

    The function of angiotensin II is to

    constrict arterioles and increase blood pressure

    What happens when capsular hydrostatic pressure increases above normal

    Net filtration would decrease.

    What drains the glomerulus

    What drains the glomerulus

    The function of angiotensin

    is a peptide hormone that causes vasoconstriction and a subsequent increase in blood pressure. It is part of the renin-angiotensin system, which is a major target for drugs that lower blood pressure. Angiotensin also stimulates the release of aldosterone, another hormone, from the adrenal cortex

    What hormone is responsible for facultative water reabsorption

    Anti-Diuretic Hormone

    What do the macula densa cells respond to

    Changes in solute content of the filtrate

    What are components of the filtration membrane

    Glomerular endothelium

    podocytes basement membrane

    What is the salt level monitoring part of the nephron

    Macula densa

    Essential role of large intestine bacteria

    Synthesize vitamin K and B-complex vitamins

    Chemical digestion in the small intestine involves which hormone

    Cholecystokinin (CCK), an intestinal hormone responsible

    To establish the medullary osmotic gradient, the permeability of what is important?

    Loop of Henle

    What cells produce intrinsic factor

    Parietal cells of the gastric glands in your stomach

    The 4 layers of the GI canal, in order

    Mucosa Submucosa Muscularis Externa

    Serosa (visceral peritoneum)

    The sequence of urine formation to its elimination

    Nephron, collecting duct, minor calyx, major calyx, ureter, urethra

    What makes up the lamina propria

    Loose connective tissue

    What triggers the initiation of micturition

    Bladder stretching

    Is creatinine absorbed by the PCT

    Yes in solute form

    Why is fatty tissue around the kidneys important

    Stabilizes the position of the kidneys by holding them in their normal position

    Function of the lamina propria

    (more correctly lamina propria mucosæ) is a thin layer of loose connective tissue, or dense irregular connective tissue, which lies beneath the epithelium and together with the epithelium constitutes the mucosa

    The fluid in Bowman’s capsule is similar to plasma except

    Plasma protein

    The most direct function of the JG apparatus

    A system that regulates the rate of filtrate formation and systemic blood pressure

    What vessels make up the splanchnic circulation

    - includes arteries that branch off the abdominal aorta to serve the digestive organs and the hepatic portal circulation

    Which vitamin requires intrinsic factor to be absorbed

    B-12

    Number of permanent teeth

    32

    The urinary bladder is composed of what type of epithelium

    Transitional

    Where are the mechanical and chemical receptors for digestion located

    In the walls of the tract organs

    Structures associated with the renal corpuscle

    Bowman's capsule and glomerulus

    What controls most electrolyte reabsorption by the renal tubules

    Hormonally controlled in distal tubule segments

    What is the function of mesentery

    a fold of tissue that attaches organs to the body wall. The word mesentery usually refers to the small bowel mesentery, which anchors the small intestines to the back of the abdominal wall. Blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatics branch through the mesentery to supply the intestine

    Sequence of kidney development from embryo to fetus

    pronephros, mesonephros, metanephros

    Solutes contained in saliva

    Electrolytes, digestive enzyme, mucin, lysozyme, wastes, and IgA

    What is diabetes insipidus

    a rare form of diabetes caused by a deficiency of the pituitary hormone vasopressin, which regulates kidney function ,an uncommon disorder characterized by intense thirst, despite the drinking of fluids (polydipsia), and the excretion of large amounts of urine (polyuria

    The function of the hepatic portal circulation

    Collect absorbed nutrients for metabolic processing or storage

    The mechanism of water reabsorption by the renal tubules

    Osmosis instigated by ADH

    What accomplishes reabsorption of high levels of glucose and amino acids in the filtrate

    Secondary active transport

    What is tubular reabsorption

    The osmotic process of ADH being released thus reabsorbing water into the system- can be triggered by hypovolemia, trauma-typically from the thirst center in the brain

    Source : www.easynotecards.com

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    Which of the following is not considered a function of the kidneys?

    regulate blood pH

    regulate blood pressure

    produce vitamin A

    regulate blood volume

    Click card to see definition 👆

    Produce Vitamin A

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    The kidneys are at the level of T12-L5. The right kidney is slightly higher than the left one.

    True False

    Click card to see definition 👆

    False

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    Terms in this set (82)

    Which of the following is not considered a function of the kidneys?

    regulate blood pH

    regulate blood pressure

    produce vitamin A

    regulate blood volume

    Produce Vitamin A

    The kidneys are at the level of T12-L5. The right kidney is slightly higher than the left one.

    True False False

    The kidneys are retroperitoneal along with the _____.

    liver stomach adrenal glands ascending colon Adrenal glands

    The kidneys and _____ produce erythropoietin.

    stomach adrenal gland duodenum bone marrow None of the above

    bone marrow (?? wrong)

    The glomerulus is _____.

    the terminal end of a renal tubule

    a "tuft" of capillaries

    a vein

    the extension of the vasa recta

    A "tuft" of capillaries

    Bowmans capsule is _____.

    the terminal of a renal tubule

    a "tuft" of capillaries

    a vein

    the extension of the vasa recta

    The terminal of a renal tubule

    The loop of Henle is part of the _____.

    glomerulus renal tubule vasa recta none of the above Renal tubule

    A nephron is composed of a renal corpuscle and a renal tubule. A renal corpuscle is composed of a glomerulus and bowmans capsule.

    True False True

    Glomerular filtrate first enters the _____.

    descending limb ascending limb

    proximal convoluted tubule

    distal convoluted tubule

    collecting duct

    Proximal convoluted tubule

    The _____ arteriole delivers blood to the glomerulus and the _____ removes blood from the glomerulus.

    efferent; afferent afferent; afferent efferent; efferent none of the above None of the above

    Afferent; afferent (?? wrong)

    The macula densa is part of the _____.

    glomerulus renal tubule renal pelvis

    modified smooth muscle cells

    none of the above Renal tubule

    The juxtaglomerular cells are part of the _____.

    glomerulus renal tubule renal pelvis

    modified smooth muscle cells

    none of the above

    Modified smooth muscle cells

    Renal tubule (?? wrong)

    Macula densa cells can detect the concentration of _____ in the filtrate.

    K H Ca none of the above None of the above

    The juxtaglomerular cells can secrete _____.

    aldosterone renin

    vasodilation substances

    NaCl none of the above renin

    The first filtrate is formed by glomerular _____ and some of what was removed is returned to the blood by tubular _____.

    secretion; filtration

    filtration; secretion

    reabsorption; secretion

    secretion; reabsorption

    filtration; reabsorption

    none of the above

    filtration; reabsorption

    Tubular secretion places substances into the _____.

    blood filtrate Filtrate

    Glomerular filtration places substances into the _____.

    blood filtrate Filtrate

    Tubular reabsorption places substances into the _____.

    blood filtrate Blood

    Which of the following factors will increase glomerular filtration rate? 1. increased blood pressure 2. dilation of afferent arteriole 3. increased capsular hydrostatic pressure 4. reduced blood colloid osmotic pressure

    1 and 3 only 1 and 4 only 1,2,3 only 1,2,and 4 all of the above none of the above 1, 2, and 4

    Which of the following will increase glomerular filtration rate? 1. constriction of efferent arteriole 2. increased sympathetic nerve activity 3. increased blood colloid osmotic pressure 4. atrial natriuretic peptide

    1 and 3 only 1 and 4 only 1,2, and 3 only 1,2 and 4 all of the above none of the above 1 and 4 only

    Which of the following factors will decrease glomerular filtration rate? 1. decreased hydrostatic pressure 2. dilation of afferent arteriole 3. decreasing capsular hydrostatic pressure 4. blockage of the ureter

    1,2, and 3 only 2,3, and 4 only 1,3, and 4 only 1 and 4 only 1 and 4 only

    Renin will _____ glomerular filtration.

    increase decrease Decrease

    Angiotensin II will ____ glomerular filtration.

    increase decrease Decrease

    Conserving a solute places it in the ___.

    filtrate blood Blood

    Osmosis is the movement of water and solute through a membrane.

    True False False

    Water will go to the compartment that has the _____ solute concentration.

    greatest less Greatest

    The higher the solute concentration the _____ the osmotic pressure of that fluid.

    higher lower Higher

    Sweating will _____ the osmotic pressure of the blood.

    Source : quizlet.com

    What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased?

    What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased? What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased above normal? Net

    What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased?

    Medical Health / By Jonathan Holmes

    What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased? What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased above normal? Net filtration would increase above normal. Filtration would increase in proportion to the increase in capsular pressure. Capsular osmotic pressure would compensate so that their filtration would not change.What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased above normal for example due to an obstruction in the ureter? Increased Bowman’s capsule hydrostatic pressure will decrease GFR, while decreased Bowman’s capsule hydrostatic pressure will increase GFR. An example of this is a ureter obstruction to the flow of urine that gradually causes a fluid buildup within the nephrons.What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased above normal what would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased above normal capsular osmotic pressure would compensate so that filtration would not change filtration would? The macula densa cells respond to ________. the body. What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased above normal? A) Net filtration would increase above normal.What is meant by capsular hydrostatic pressure? Capsular hydrostatic pressure (CHP) is a back-pressure that opposes filtration. As the filtrate is forced into the capsular space, it meets 2 forms of resistance: the wall of the capsule and the fluid that has already filled the renal tubule.

    WHAT WOULD HAPPEN IF THE CAPSULAR HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE WERE INCREASED? – RELATED QUESTIONS

    What will increase the permeability of the cells of the collecting tubules?

    Vasopressin increases the water permeability of the renal collecting duct cells, allowing more water to be reabsorbed from collecting duct urine to blood.

    What are the two main ways glomerular filtration rate can be adjusted?

    Increased blood volume and increased blood pressure will increase GFR. Constriction in the afferent arterioles going into the glomerulus and dilation of the efferent arterioles coming out of the glomerulus will decrease GFR. Hydrostatic pressure in the Bowman’s capsule will work to decrease GFR.

    Which substances are not filtered through the kidneys?

    Filterable blood components include water, nitrogenous waste, and nutrients that will be transferred into the glomerulus to form the glomerular filtrate. Non-filterable blood components include blood cells, albumins, and platelets, that will leave the glomerulus through the efferent arteriole.

    What should not be found in filtrate?

    Blood proteins and blood cells are too large to pass through the filtration membrane and should not be found in filtrate.

    How much amount of urine is filtered by kidney in each day?

    Their main job is to cleanse the blood of toxins and transform the waste into urine. Each kidney weighs about 160 grams and gets rid of between one and one-and-a-half litres of urine per day. The two kidneys together filter 200 litres of fluid every 24 hours.

    What happens when GFR decreases?

    If GFR is too low, metabolic wastes will not get filtered from the blood into the renal tubules. If GFR is too high, the absorptive capacity of salt and water by the renal tubules becomes overwhelmed. Autoregulation manages these changes in GFR and RBF.

    What increases capsular hydrostatic pressure?

    Renal calculi (kidney stones) will tend to decrease NFP as they increase in size or number because they will obstruct the outward flow of urine from the kidney and create a back pressure in the renal tubules and collecting ducts. That back pressure will increase Capsular Hydrostatic Pressure (CHP).

    What causes capsular hydrostatic pressure?

    The fluid in the glomerular capsule creates pressure pushing fluid out of the glomerular capsule back into the glomerulus, opposing the glomerular hydrostatic pressure. This is the capsular hydrostatic pressure.

    What is the value of glomerular hydrostatic pressure?

    In blood vessels supplying the renal corpuscles, the average hydrostatic pressure is about 1 kPa. The average hydrostatic pressure falls to a value of 0.04 kPa within the postcardinal vein efferent to the renal corpuscle. Within the glomerular capillaries the hydrostatic pressure averages 0.21 kPa.

    Which hormone increases permeability of water?

    Water excretion by the kidney is regulated by the peptide hormone vasopressin. Vasopressin increases the water permeability of the renal collecting duct cells, allowing more water to be reabsorbed from collecting duct urine to blood.

    What is papilla in kidney?

    Papilla. The renal papilla is the location where the renal pyramids in the medulla empty urine into the minor calyx in the kidney. Histologically it is marked by medullary collecting ducts converging to form a papillary duct to channel the fluid. Transitional epithelium begins to be seen.

    What hormone affects the collecting duct?

    Antidiuretic hormone binds to receptors on cells in the collecting ducts of the kidney and promotes reabsorption of water back into the circulation. In the absense of antidiuretic hormone, the collecting ducts are virtually impermiable to water, and it flows out as urine.

    Source : cementanswers.com

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