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    what would be the most profitable location for an ethanol manufacturing plant that converts corn into alcohol for use as an additive for gasoline?

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    get what would be the most profitable location for an ethanol manufacturing plant that converts corn into alcohol for use as an additive for gasoline? from EN Bilgi.

    Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production

    Ethanol Production and Distribution

    Ethanol is a domestically produced alternative fuel most commonly made from corn. It is also made from cellulosic feedstocks, such as crop residues and wood—though this is not as common. U.S. ethanol plants are concentrated in the Midwest because of the proximity to corn production. Plants outside the Midwest typically receive corn by rail or use other feedstocks and are located near large population centers.

    Production

    The production method of ethanol depends on the type of feedstock used. The process is shorter for starch- or sugar-based feedstocks than with cellulosic feedstocks.

    Starch- and Sugar-Based Ethanol Production

    Most ethanol in the United States is produced from starch-based crops by dry- or wet-mill processing. Nearly 90% of ethanol plants are dry mills due to lower capital costs. Dry-milling is a process that grinds corn into flour and ferments it into ethanol with co-products of distillers grains and carbon dioxide. Wet-mill plants primarily produce corn sweeteners, along with ethanol and several other co-products (such as corn oil and starch). Wet mills separate starch, protein, and fiber in corn prior to processing these components into products, such as ethanol.

    Cellulosic Production

    Making ethanol from cellulosic feedstocks—such as grass, wood, and crop residues—is a more involved process than using starch-based crops. There are two primary pathways to produce cellulosic ethanol: biochemical and thermochemical. The biochemical process involves a pretreatment to release hemicellulose sugars followed by hydrolysis to break cellulose into sugars. Sugars are fermented into ethanol and lignin is recovered and used to produce energy to power the process. The thermochemical conversion process involves adding heat and chemicals to a biomass feedstock to produce syngas, which is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen. Syngas is mixed with a catalyst and reformed into ethanol and other liquid co-products.

    To read more about the conversion process, see Process Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol: Dilute-Acid Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Corn Stover and Process Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol: Thermochemical Pathway by Indirect Gasification and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis.

    Schematic of Fuel Distribution System

    Enlarge illustration

    Source: Dean Armstrong, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

    Distribution

    Most U.S. ethanol plants are concentrated in the Midwest, but gasoline consumption is highest along the East and West Coasts (use TransAtlas to see the location of ethanol plants). According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 90% of ethanol is transported by train or truck. The remaining 10% is mainly transported by barge, with minimal amounts transported by pipeline. The United States consumed nearly 14.6 billion gallons of ethanol in 2019; a tanker truck can carry 8,000 to 10,000 gallons of ethanol, and one rail car can carry approximately 30,000 gallons of ethanol.

    Ethanol, gasoline blendstock, and additives are delivered separately to fuel terminals where they are blended into fuel trucks for delivery to stations.

    Ethanol Pipelines

    Delivering ethanol by pipeline is the most efficient option, but ethanol's affinity for water and solvent properties require the use of a dedicated pipeline or significant cleanup of existing pipelines to convert them into dedicated pipelines. Kinder Morgan ships batches of ethanol through its Central Florida Pipeline. For details, see the Central Florida Pipeline Ethanol Project.

    Source : afdc.energy.gov

    AP HuG Sample MCQ from CB (2015)

    Find and create gamified quizzes, lessons, presentations, and flashcards for students, employees, and everyone else. Get started for free!

    QUIZ

    AP HuG Sample MCQ from CB (2015)

    AP HuG Sample MCQ from CB (2015) 58%

    23 9th - 12th Geography Karen Coss 2 years

    23 Qs

    1. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Physiological population density is viewed as a superior measure of population density for which of the following reasons?

    answer choices

    It is more reflective of population pressure on arable land.

    It yields the average population density.

    It is more reflective of the world's largest population concentrations.

    It measures the average by dividing total land area by total number of people.

    It best reflects the percentage of a country's population that is urbanized.

    2. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which of the following regions has little dairying in its traditional agriculture?

    answer choices Eastern Europe Western Europe South Asia East Asia North America 3. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which letter is in an area where the population density is high and the level of economic development is low?

    answer choices A B C D E 4. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    According to central place theory, the threshold is defined as the

    answer choices

    economic base of the central place.

    distance away from the central place.

    gross value of the product minus the costs of production.

    minimum number of people needed to support a service.

    point at which consumer movement is at a minimum.

    5. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Outsourced industrial production in less developed countries often relies on female labor because

    answer choices

    men are engaged mainly in agriculture

    wage rates for women are much lower than for men

    women are more skilled at operating machinery than men

    social taboos prevent women from working in the social sector

    women are not protected by international labor laws

    6. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    The spread of specialty coffee shops across the United States in the 1990s is an example of

    answer choices

    hierarchical diffusion

    contagious diffusion

    stimulus diffusion periodic movement

    relocation diffusion

    7. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which of the following is a subsistence crop?

    answer choices corn cotton rubber cocoa timber 8. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    All of the following statements about the geography of meat production in the United States and Canada are true EXCEPT

    answer choices

    industrial farmers are raising ever-increasing numbers of animals on their farms

    Animal slaughtering and meat-processing activities are dominated by a few large corporations

    The development of the poultry industry has made chicken the least expensive kind of meat consumed in North America.

    Fast-food restaurants have created a demand for increased standardization and homogeneity of animals raised for meat.

    Consumer demand for organic foods has significantly decreased the amount of meat produced by most agribusiness firms.

    9. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Compared with more developed countries, which of the following statements is true of less developed countries?

    answer choices

    A high percent of the labor force is engaged in food production.

    The population pyramids exhibit narrower bases.

    The per capita consumption of energy is higher.

    The natural increase rate is lower.

    Fertility rates are lower.

    10. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which of the following best describes the process of gentrification in the United States and Canada?

    answer choices

    An increase of construction of new housing for the elderly and retired persons.

    Privately funded redevelopment of existing commercial and residential buildings.

    Government-led planning of public spaces such as parks and river fronts.

    The sale of naming rights for stadiums and arenas.

    The expansion of suburban housing developments on the urban periphery.

    11. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Free-trade zones, such as the countries of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), are established to increase the ease and volume of international trade by

    answer choices

    increasing diplomatic relations between member states

    opening borders to migrant guest workers from member states

    establishing a common monetary unit among member states

    offering large, economic development loans to poorer member states

    eliminating tariffs on goods that cross borders between member states

    12. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    A formal area defines an area in which

    answer choices

    a core dominates its surrounding hinterland

    a transportation network links different types of land use

    there is uniformity in one or more physical or human characteristic

    there is significant geographic variations in physical or human characteristics

    a unified government system has been established

    13. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Squatter settlements exist in cities of less developed countries because

    Source : quizizz.com

    Ch.11 Industry Flashcards

    Start studying Ch.11 Industry. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

    Ch.11 Industry

    The Industrial Revolution happened overnight. T or F

    Click card to see definition 👆

    F - changes changed gradually over decades

    Click again to see term 👆

    All of the following industries were impacted by the industrial revolution except: iron, coal, transportation, textiles, agriculture, chemicals, food processing

    Click card to see definition 👆

    agriculture

    Click again to see term 👆

    1/29 Created by connormurphy19

    Terms in this set (29)

    The Industrial Revolution happened overnight. T or F

    F - changes changed gradually over decades

    All of the following industries were impacted by the industrial revolution except: iron, coal, transportation, textiles, agriculture, chemicals, food processing

    agriculture

    What stretched throughout Britain in 1800s

    Railroad

    Coal outsourced this energy source during the Industrial Revolution:

    wood

    an example of a cottage industry that turned into a factory industry is: textiles, tires,or pillows?

    textiles

    the chemical industry was created to: bleach and dye cloth, make paper, make paint

    bleach and dye cloth

    canning food began as a way to feed farm animals, feed politicians, feed farmers

    feed farmers...

    industry is concentrated in three of the nine world regions including North America, South America, East Asia, Europe. which of these does not belong?

    South America

    The country that dominated the production of steel and textiles during the nineteenth century was the

    UK

    This Russian city specializes in ship building and the navy

    St.Petersburg

    Russias most important manufacturing district east of the Ural mountains

    Kauzentsk

    This city in Europe is known for Spains textile industry

    Barcelona

    According to Alfred Weber's theory of industrial location, what three factors determine the location of a manufacturing plant:

    a) climate, government, immigration

    b) climate, demographic transition, religion

    c) location of raw materials, location of the market, transportation costs

    c)

    Which industry would be located near its market:

    a)soft-drink bottling

    b) ethanol production

    c) paper

    a) In soft drink bottling, weight/bulk are gained in manufacturing and therefore the industry locates close to the market in order to minimize transportation costs.

    Which industry would be located near its raw products:

    a) ethanol production (ethanol is made from corn)

    b) automobiles c)paper

    c) paper- Weight/bulk are lost in manufacturing and therefore the industry locates close to the production to minimize transportation costs.

    Which model explains industrial location:

    a) Weber b)VanThunen c) Rostow a) Weber

    Two International-based changes in automobile manufacturing in the United States are:

    a) Increase in the number/investment of foreign-owned automobile plants

    b) Increase in small and larger-size foreign-owned automobile plants

    c) both a and b

    d) none of the above

    c)

    TF Changes in the location of automobile manufacturing plants in the United States are the result of both International and domestic-based changes.

    T

    Domestic-based changes in the geography of automobile plant construction include:

    a) increase in the number/investment of automobile plants in the south (Sun Belt)

    b) Increase in the number/investment of automobile plants built away from the core of the American manufacturing belt (Rust Belt)

    c) Decrease in the number of American-owned automobile plants

    d)Decrease in the number/investment of plants west of the Mississippi

    e) all of the above e)

    Factors related to industrial location include:

    a) cost of labor

    b) being closer to the market

    c) being closer to the raw materials

    d) government policy(tax incentives)

    e) cost of land

    f) infrastructure (interstate highways, rail, taxes)

    g) cost of energy h) all of the above h

    The food canning industry is:

    a) bulk-reducing b) bulk-gaining b)

    A break-of-bulk point is:

    a) a switch from foreign to domestic production

    b) a location where transfer among transportation modes is possible

    c) a location where production is least expensive

    b)

    Copper is an example of a:

    a) bulk-reducing b) bulk-gaining industry a) bulk reducing

    According to Alfred Weber, the most important cost factor is:

    transportation

    What would be the most profitable location for an ethanol manufacturing plant that converts corn into alcohol for use as an additive for gasoline?

    A) Near a large university to facilitate recruitment of highly trained chemists.

    B) Near a break-of-bulk point for ease of transportation.

    C) Near a navigable river to reduce transportation costs to distant markets.

    D) Near a prime corn-producing area to minimize transportation costs of raw materials.

    E) Near a large metropolitan area to serve a major market.

    D)

    Which of the following represents a change in international-based geography of automobile factory construction:

    Source : quizlet.com

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    James 11 month ago
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