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    Porticoes of Bologna

    Porticoes of Bologna

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    Porticoes of Bologna

    UNESCO World Heritage Site

    Location Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

    Criteria Cultural: (iv)

    Reference 1650

    Inscription 2021 (44th Session)

    Area 52.18 ha (0.2015 sq mi)

    Buffer zone 1,225.62 ha (4.7321 sq mi)

    Coordinates 44°29′29″N 11°19′58″E / 44.49139°N 11.33278°E

    Location of Porticoes of Bologna in Emilia-Romagna

    The Porticoes of Bologna are an important cultural and architectural heritage of Bologna, Italy and represent a symbol of the city together with the numerous towers.[1] No other city in the world has as many porticoes as Bologna: all together, they cover more than 38 kilometres (24 mi) only in the historic center, but can reach up to 53 kilometres (33 mi) if those outside the medieval city walls are also considered.[2]

    On account of their cultural and artistic significance, in 2021 the porticoes of Bologna have been declared an UNESCO World Heritage Site.[3]

    Contents

    1 History 2 Gallery 3 References 4 External links

    History[edit]

    Wooden porticoes in via Marsala, an example of how early porticoes looked

    The porticoes of Bologna were built almost spontaneously, probably in the early Middle Ages, as a projection of private buildings on public land, in order to increase living spaces. The first historical evidence dates back to 1041.[4] In a first period the houses were increased by the expansion of upper floors and the creation of wooden projections. Over the years, the jetties increased in size and it was necessary to build support columns from below to prevent them from collapsing, thus creating the worldwide famous arcades.[5]

    In the following centuries the success of the arcades was determined by the need to cope with the strong increase in the presence of students and scholars at the University of Bologna, but also with immigration from the countryside. The expansion of the porticoes began in 1288, when a notice from the local municipality established that all new houses had to be built with a portico, while those already existing that did not have one were required to add it.[6] During all the Middle Ages, the arcades were made of wood, then, following a decree issued on 26 March 1568 by the pontifical governor Giovanni Battista Doria and the so-called Camillo Paleotti, they were rebuilt with bricks or stones. Despite this, some buildings with wooden porticoes still survives today, like those in via Marsala or in Corte Isolani.

    The Portico of San Luca is the city's and world's longest.[7] It connects Porta Saragozza (one of the twelve gates of the ancient walls built in the Middle Ages, which circled a 7.5 km (4.7 mi) part of the city) with the Sanctuary of the Madonna di San Luca, a church begun in 1723 on the site of an 11th-century edifice which had already been enlarged in the 14th century, prominently located on a hill (289 metres or 948 feet high) overlooking the town, which is one of Bologna's main landmarks. The windy 666 vault arcades, almost four kilometres (3,796 m or 12,454 ft) long, effectively links the Sanctuary of San Luca to the city centre. Its porticos provide shelter for the traditional procession which every year since 1433 has carried a Byzantine icon of the Madonna with Child attributed to Luke the Evangelist down to the Bologna Cathedral during the Feast of the Ascension.[8]

    Gallery[edit]

    Portico of San Luca

    Porticoes in via Farini

    The "Portico of Death"

    Portico of Pavaglione

    Portico of Malvezzi Campeggi Palace

    Portico of Bianchini Palace

    Portico of the Bank of Italy Palace

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

    The Porticoes of Bologna

    Nominated to be declared a UNESCO “world heritage site", the porticoes of Bologna, almost 40 km long, make the city of Bologna truly unique.

    Official Tourist Information Site of Bologna

    HOME / BLOG /

    Curiosities about Bologna's Porticoes

    Posted on 04 March 2020 From Bologna Welcome

    Inscribed as UNESCO “world heritage site", the porticoes of Bologna, almost 62 km long of which 40 km in the city centre, make the city of Bologna  truly unique. Ever since 1100, when the growth of the University led to the need for new urban spaces, the porticoes have become private and public locations where people can socialise and trade, an open-air salon symbol of Bologna’s hospitality.

    By taking a stroll through the city, you can encounter and appreciate various types of porticoes. From the wooden ones, such as the 13th century casa Isolani in strada Maggiore and the porticoes of via Marsala, to the 14th century "beccadelli”, semi-porticoes without columns, such as the one present on the rear façade of Palazzo d'Accursio and in Palazzo Ghisilardi-Fava. Very well known is the very high portico “dei Bastardini” in via D’Azeglio, so called because under its vaults, until 1797, the orphanage was located, as well as the portico of the Archiginnasio, known as “Pavaglione”.

    The widest portico of the city is the four-sided portico of the basilica of S.Maria dei Servi in , designed at the end of the 14th century, the highest is in  where the archiepiscopal building has a porch touching 10 metres, and the narrowest, with its 95 cm, is located in .

    Beyond the avenues the long porticoed path of  begins, which is the start of the most famous portico in the city as well as the longest in the world, leading to the Sanctuary of the Madonna of San Luca. From the first arch of  (Bonaccorsi), you arrive halfway to the Arco del Meloncello and then go up to Monte della Guardia. The portico is made up of 664 arches and measures almost 4 km.

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    Source : www.bolognawelcome.com

    [Answer] What Italian city is home to 38 miles of arched walkways known as porticoes?

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    [Answer] What Italian city is home to 38 miles of arched walkways known as porticoes?

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    ...1. Florence 2. Bologna 3. Genoa 4. Palermo

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    Bologna - In 2021, the 38 miles of porticoes in Bologna were named a UNESCO World Heritage Site, but for centuries, visitors and locals alike have admired these beautiful covered walkways. Bologna's porticoes are intrinsic to the identity and history of this northern Italian city. The oldest were made from wooden beams to expand living spaces on the second floors of homes, built above city sidewalks. In 1288, a statute mandated porticoes be added to all new buildings, and that they be tall and wide enough to allow a man on horseback to travel beneath. A 1568 papal decree ordered the porticoes be made with stone or brick, and in the 20th century, reinforced concrete was used to update the vaulted arches and arcades.:

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