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    what is the name given to the vehicles that warn motorists about oversized loads/vehicles?

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    What is a Pilot Car or Escort Vehicle?

    Describing the functions of a pilot car for a heavy haul transport or heavy haul trucking project.

    What is a Pilot Car or Escort Vehicle?

    What is a Pilot Car or Escort Vehicle? What is a Pilot Car or Escort Vehicle?

    Escort car services are always associated with heavy haul trucking utilizing flatbed trailers for oversize or overweight loads. The general catch all term for non-legal (simply meaning permits are required to legally transport) loads is: over dimensional.

    Most likely you have seen pilot cars…Pickup trucks, SUVs or cars driving in front of or behind a tractor-trailer hauling a wide load or overweight load.

    These are called pilot cars or escort vehicles, and the people who drive them are trained professionals who specialize in this type of driving. You may have thought that the pilot car is part of the truck and flatbed trailer trucking team, but the pilot car driver is generally someone who is contracted to escort the load through a certain state or states.

    A pilot car driver works in conjunction with the driver of an oversize truckload to make sure the truck reaches its destination safely. The pilot driver travels in front of or in back of the truck in a separate vehicle, warning the public if there are traffic changes or obstacles due to the truckload. They also warn the truck if there is anything up ahead that can interfere with its safe passage. Furthermore, the person who is driving the car will be able to communicate via CB radio with the truck driver. This allows the pilot car driver to tell the trucker if there are accidents, traffic backups, or any other situations requiring attention.

    An escort car driver ensures that everything from switching lanes to crossing bridges is safe for the heavy haul driver, his load and everyone else on the road.

    An escort car also helps to ensure that the driver of an oversized load doesn’t accidentally violate traffic laws or cause an accident, while moving the over dimensional load.

    Escort Car Equipment

    An escort car typically is equipped with eye-catching signs that warn other drivers that a oversized load is following or is ahead. It usually has flashing lights, bright flags that catch the notice of others on the road, and a CB radio for communicating with the person driving the oversized load. These cars also carry maps and emergency equipment, such as fire extinguishers and first aid kits, in case unforeseen circumstances arise.

    If you are shipping oversized loads that are very high, having a pilot car will be a requirement. It will typically have height poles on it so that bridges and overhead obstacles can be tested for clearance, as based on the height of the truck. This is the only safe way to transport these types of over dimensional loads, and safety on the highway should be your number one concern.

    State Requirements for Pilot Cars

    The requirements for pilot cars vary from state to state, each state will have different requirements for pilot cars. For example in California any load more than 12 feet wide, will need to have 1 pilot car or escort vehicle at all times. The pilot car or escort vehicle must have flags, signs, and lights on it to warn the motoring public that there is an oversized load in transit.

    In some states and on certain routes the escort vehicle must be in front of the load or tractor trailer, and in other states the escort vehicle has to be behind the load or tractor trailer. This depends on what state you are hauling through and on what route you are traveling. Some loads that are wider than 14 ft will need 2 pilot cars, one in front of the tractor trailer and one in back of the tractor trailer.

    When the load is over height, some states will require a special pilot car, called a “Height Pole Car”, in front of the tractor-trailer. This type of car has a special telescopic pole attached to the front bumper, which is adjustable to whatever height is needed for that particular load to clear bridges, traffic signals, power lines or other overhead obstructions. In the majority of states these cars are required if the loaded height is more than 17 ft. However, there are some states that require a height pole car at lower heights, in New York height pole cars are required if the loaded height of the trailer is more than 14 ft 6 in.

    Most states do not require the pilot car to be certified, but they do need to have specific operational equipment. This equipment may include: flags, flashing lights, cones, orange vests, fire extinguishers and other safety equipment. However in some states the pilot car must be certified, currently in Utah, Washington, New York and Florida the pilot car must be certified by the state. In Pennsylvania the pilot car will need to have specific insurance coverage requirements.

    There are also certain over dimensional loads that require state or local police escorts, as an example these are loads that require two lanes or require temporary road closures. These loads are not very common, and the police escort requirements vary state by state.

    What is a route survey?

    If you are in the construction industry, chances are, you are familiar with route surveys. These surveys are important to keep roadways safe for all drivers and the public. Doing a route survey is a complex task that requires keen eyesight and attention to details. To handle a route survey, the survey team will start by looking at the overpasses and bridge clearances. They have to make sure that any over dimensional loads being over height can safely clear the areas. The survey team also has to check on the height of power lines and other overhead obstacles. Over dimensional loads may have trouble clearing power lines that are down too low, thus they have to be raised temporarily by the utility company.

    Source : www.gwtrans.com

    Pilot/Escort Vehicle Operators Training Manual

    Table of Contents

    MODULE 5: Trip Operations

    This module contains many of the "nuts and bolts" of escort vehicle operations, including the role of the P/EVO, positioning of the front (or lead) escort and the rear escort (also called the chase car), safe operation of the escort vehicle, how and when to deploy equipment, controlling traffic, railroad crossing hazards, and emergency operations.

    This module includes six lessons: The Role of the P/EVO, Equipment Use, Roadway Positioning and Procedures, Traffic Control, Railroad Crossings, and Emergency Procedures.

    Oversize load movement "may require multi-jurisdictional permits. These permits may have differing restrictions, conditions, and regulations, which may result in cumbersome and confusing procedures. This process is further complicated by the lack of State standards for P/EVOs. The resulting delays, inconsistencies, and unpredictable procedures have long created havoc for the transportation industry," according to the 2004 edition of the P/EVO Best Practices Guidelines.71

    Now, more than a decade later, these conditions persist. Permits are still issued by States that have differing requirements for equipment, curfews, P/EVO certification and training requirements, and other differences. Very few regional permits are available, and no national standards for P/EVOs exist. Inconsistencies in requirements and procedures continue to produce delays and less-than-optimal safety conditions in the movement of oversize loads, in addition to presenting a maze of rules and requirements that is difficult to negotiate and provides little if any benefit.

    It must be clear to individuals operating pilot/escort vehicles that P/EVOs must stop at all stop signs and traffic lights, must yield to oncoming traffic, and must follow all laws and regulations in the jurisdictions in which they operate. It is never appropriate for P/EVOs to ignore stop signs and traffic signals, speed limits, move- over laws, to cross centerlines, run motorists off the road, or to violate any other traffic laws.

    Characteristics of Oversize Loads

    P/EVOs must remember that the oversize load is operationally more difficult to drive and has more blind spots. The oversize load is less maneuverable, takes longer to stop and accelerate, and has a wider turning radius. Drivers of oversize load vehicles have difficulty maintaining speeds on roads with moderate to severe grades. The oversize load vehicle is less stable, some are more likely to roll over, and they are often subject to trailer sway and rearward amplification,72 tail swing, offtracking, and other phenomena.73

    P/EVOs must be prepared to deal effectively and safely with oversize loads, including accommodating these characteristics:

    Oversize loads require extended distance to stop, change lanes, and pass other vehicles. P/EVOs assist by warning motorists when the load is going to change lanes, pass another vehicle, etc.

    Oversize loads have more blind spots, and the blind spots are larger than in other vehicles. It is important for the P/EVO to warn load drivers of hazards they cannot see. P/EVOs must warn load drivers in time for the driver to react and to also warn motorists to keep them from striking the load.

    Oversize loads also have difficulty gaining sufficient speed on acceleration ramps to merge with traffic on multi-lane highways, and may have difficulty braking on long and steep downgrades.

    When making turns, the oversize load may swing wide before turning. In addition, an extremely long load may block at least two lanes of the roadway it is turning from as well as simultaneously blocking at least two lanes of the roadway it is turning onto. P/EVOs should know how to control traffic anytime the load is blocking a lane of traffic, especially when the load must move into oncoming traffic. When authorized, P/EVOs must continue to control traffic until the travel lane is clear. See also Lesson 4, below.

    When starting movement on an inclined surface, the oversize load may roll backward. Rear P/EVOs must be aware of this and prohibit vehicles from getting too near the rear of a load when on an incline.

    Avoid situations that make it necessary for the load driver to back up. Spotters are needed, as described in the next section.

    Parking and Backing Issues

    While parking the load vehicle is clearly the load driver's domain, the P/EVO may help the driver avoid all situations in which the load vehicle must back up. If the P/EVO is familiar with the route, this can be very helpful to a load driver who is not familiar; for example, the P/EVO may know about safe places to park the oversize load, or to sleep, get fuel, or food. Backing a truck is always dangerous; oversize loads, especially articulated loads, carry enhanced risks. When parking, the P/EVO should assist the driver in finding a location that allows the load vehicle to be moved forward when resuming travel.

    If a longer combination vehicle or any load vehicle must be moved in reverse, the P/EVO must be prepared to assist the load driver. Having the P/EVO serve as a spotter is important. The P/EVO should check all around the vehicle (preferably with the load driver). Monitor clearances front and rear, above and below, and on both sides of the load vehicle as it moves. Spotters should always stand on the driver's side of the vehicle once the backing begins, and move with the load in order to remain visible to the driver at all times. The spotter must be able to see the driver at all times. Spotters and drivers must agree upon a set of hand signals, especially a clear signal for "stop."74

    Source : ops.fhwa.dot.gov

    What is the name given to the vehicles that warn motorists about oversized loads/vehicles?a) Pilot

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    What is the name given to the vehicles that warn motorists about oversized loads/vehicles?

    a) Pilot Car b) Advanced Car c) Trail Car d) Leader Car​

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    The car that is used to warn drivers about oversized loads is the Pilot Car.

    What is a Pilot Car?

    The Pilot Car is also called Escort Car. It is a vehicle used to warn other vehicles of the presence of an over-sized vehicle.

    The role of Pilot vehicle operators is to warn road users (motorists) to be cautious of over-sized loads or vehicles.

    The cars are used to guide motorists that are making use of roads in construction sites.

    Read more on driving: brainly.com/question/4533625

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    Ambitious 4 answers 149 people helped

    The answer is b I did this and I got the answer right

    webew7 and 8 more users found this answer helpful

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