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    Susan B. Anthony

    Champion of temperance, abolition, the rights of labor, and equal pay for equal work, Susan Brownell Anthony became one of the most visible leaders of the women’s suffrage movement. Along with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, she traveled around the country delivering speeches in favor of women's suffrage.

    Susan B. Anthony

    1820-1906

    Edited by Nancy Hayward | 2018

    Champion of temperance, abolition, the rights of labor, and equal pay for equal work, Susan Brownell Anthony became one of the most visible leaders of the women’s suffrage movement. Along with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, she traveled around the country delivering speeches in favor of women's suffrage.

    Susan B. Anthony was born on February 15, 1820 in Adams, Massachusetts. Her father, Daniel, was a farmer and later a cotton mill owner and manager and was raised as a Quaker. Her mother, Lucy, came from a family that fought in the American Revolution and served in the Massachusetts state government. From an early age, Anthony was inspired by the Quaker belief that everyone was equal under God. That idea guided her throughout her life. She had seven brothers and sisters, many of whom became activists for justice and emancipation of slaves.

    After many years of teaching, Anthony returned to her family who had moved to New York State. There she met William Lloyd Garrison and Frederick Douglass, who were friends of her father. Listening to them moved Susan to want to do more to help end slavery. She became an abolition activist, even though most people thought it was improper for women to give speeches in public. Anthony made many passionate speeches against slavery.

    In 1848, a group of women held a convention at Seneca Falls, New York. It was the first Women’s Rights Convention in the United States and began the Suffrage movement. Her mother and sister attended the convention but Anthony did not. In 1851, Anthony met Elizabeth Cady Stanton. The two women became good friends and worked together for over 50 years fighting for women’s rights. They traveled the country and Anthony gave speeches demanding that women be given the right to vote. At times, she risked being arrested for sharing her ideas in public.

    Anthony was good at strategy. Her discipline, energy, and ability to organize made her a strong and successful leader. Anthony and Stanton co-founded the American Equal Rights Association. In 1868 they became editors of the Association’s newspaper, The Revolution, which helped to spread the ideas of equality and rights for women. Anthony began to lecture to raise money for publishing the newspaper and to support the suffrage movement. She became famous throughout the county. Many people admired her, yet others hated her ideas.

    When Congress passed the 14th and 15th amendments which give voting rights to African American men, Anthony and Stanton were angry and opposed the legislation because it did not include the right to vote for women. Their belief led them to split from other suffragists. They thought the amendments should also have given women the right to vote. They formed the National Woman Suffrage Association, to push for a constitutional amendment giving women the right to vote.

    In 1872, Anthony was arrested for voting. She was tried and fined $100 for her crime. This made many people angry and brought national attention to the suffrage movement. In 1876, she led a protest at the 1876 Centennial of our nation’s independence. She gave a speech—“Declaration of Rights”—written by Stanton and another suffragist, Matilda Joslyn Gage.

    “Men, their rights, and nothing more; women, their rights, and nothing less.”

    Anthony spent her life working for women’s rights. In 1888, she helped to merge the two largest suffrage associations into one, the National American Women’s Suffrage Association. She led the group until 1900. She traveled around the country giving speeches, gathering thousands of signatures on petitions, and lobbying Congress every year for women. Anthony died in 1906, 14 years before women were given the right to vote with the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920.

    LESSON PLAN

    The Road to Suffrage

    Works Cited

    How to Cite this page

    Additional Resources

    Source : www.womenshistory.org

    Susan B. Anthony

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    Susan B. Anthony

    Vikipedi, özgür ansiklopedi

    Susan Brownell Anthony

    Doğum 15 Şubat 1820

    Adams, Massachusetts

    Ölüm 13 Mart 1906 (86 yaşında)

    Rochester, New York

    Meslek Kadınların oy hakkı savunucusu, kadın hakları savunucusu

    İmza

    Susan Brownell Anthony (15 Şubat 1820 - 13 Mart 1906), ABD'de kadınlara oy hakkı tanınması için verilen mücadelenin ilk öncülerinden. 1892-1900 arasında Amerika Kadınlara Oy Hakkı Ulusal Derneği'nin başkanlığını yürütmüş, kadınlara oy hakkı tanıyan, Anayasanın 19. Ek Maddesi'ni (1920) sağlayan ortamın hazırlanmasına katkıda bulunmuştur.

    Hayatı[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

    Pamuklu dokuma imalatçısı olan babası Daniel Anthony, köleliğin kaldırılması akımının destekçilerinden olan Quaker idi. Susan Anthony, bağımsızlık havasının egemen olduğu ve ahlaki değerlere bağlı bir evde büyüdü. Üç yaşında okuma-yazma öğrendi. Ailesinin 1826'da Massachusetts'den New York eyaletindeki Battensville'e taşınmasından sonra, önce bir semt okuluna, ardından babasının kurduğu bir okula, en sonunda da Philadelphia yakınlarında bir yatılı okula gitti.

    1846-1849 arasında New York eyaletinin kuzey kesimindeki bir kız okulunda öğretmenlik yaptı. Sonra Rochester'daki babaevine yerleşti ilk toplumsal mücadelesine içkiyle savaş yanlısı olarak başladı. Bu hareket içinde kadınlara tanınan rolün ne kadar sınırlı olduğunu görünce, kendi türündeki ilk örgütlerden biri olan New York Eyaleti İçkiyle Savaş Kadın Derneği'nin kurucuları arasında yer aldı. 1852'den sonra, arkadaşları Elizabeth Cady Stanton ve Amelia Bloomer'ın kadın hakları için açtıkları kampanyalara katıldı. Kadın giyimi üzerindeki kısıtlamaları protesto etmek için bir süre kısa etek altına bol pantolon giyerek dolaştı, 1854'ten sonra kendini kararlı bir biçimde kölecilik karşıtı harekete adadı. 1856'dan İç Savaş'ın başlamasına değin (1861) Amerika Kölelikle Mücadele Derneği'nde görev aldı. 1868-1870 arasında New York'ta Stanton'la birlikte adlı liberal eğilimli bir haftalık dergi çıkardı. Kadınlara erkeklerle eşit ücret verilmesi çağrısında bulunarak, New York Çalışan Kadınlar Derneği'nin kuruluşunda görev aldı. Anayasa'nın 14 ve 15. ek maddeleriyle Siyah erkekleri de kapsamına alan medeni ve siyasi hakların kadınlara da tanınmasını talep eden Anthony, 1872'de bir grup kadını Rochester'da sandık başına götürdü. İki hafta sonra tutuklandı ve yargılanmayı beklerken büyük ilgi gören dizi konferanslar verdi. Mart 1873'te yeniden kent seçimlerinde oy kullanmayı denedi. Daha sonra yargılandı ve seçim yasalarını çiğneme suçundan hüküm giydi; ama verilen para cezasını ödemedi. Anthony, bu tarihten sonra, ülkenin her yerinde verdiği konferanslar ve başkanı olduğu kadın dernekleri aracılığıyla, federal anayasanın, kadınlara oy hakkı tanıyacak biçimde değiştirilmesi için çalıştı.

    Yakın arkadaşları Stanton ve Matilda Joslyn Gage ile birlikte, (1881-1902;4 cilt, Kadınlara Oy Hakkının Tarihi) adlı kitabı derleyerek yayımladı. 1888'de Uluslararası Kadınlar Konseyi'ni, 1904'te ise Uluslararası Kadınlara Oy Hakkı Birliği'ni kurdu. Londra (1899) ve Berlin'de (1904) yapılan toplantılarda, kadın hakları konusundaki öncü katkıları dolayısıyla tüm dünya kadınlarının övgüsünü topladı.

    Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

    Otorite kontrolü

    BNE: XX1367219BNF: cb161833471 (data)CiNii: DA12220831GND: 118645331ISNI: 0000 0000 8210 7872LCCN: n82096260NARA: 10568773NDL: 01038673NKC: zcu2014821299NLG: 127917NLI: 002248589NTA: 088000729RERO: 02-A023189299SELIBR: 310615SNAC: w6dw2811SUDOC: 083731660Trove: 1263569VIAF: 27864812WorldCat: lccn-n82096260

    Kategori: 1820 doğumlular1906 yılında ölenlerAmerikalı feministlerAmerikalı kadın aktivistlerAmerikalı agnostikler

    Source : tr.wikipedia.org

    Susan B. Anthony

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    Susan B. Anthony

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    For other uses, see Susan B. Anthony (disambiguation).

    Susan B. Anthony

    Born Susan Anthony February 15, 1820

    Adams, Massachusetts, U.S.

    Died March 13, 1906 (aged 86)

    Rochester, New York, U.S.

    Resting place Mount Hope Cemetery, Rochester

    Known for

    Women's suffragewomen's rightsabolitionism

    Relatives Daniel Read Anthony (brother)

    Mary Stafford Anthony (sister)

    Daniel Read Anthony Jr. (nephew)

    Susan B. Anthony II (great-niece)

    Signature

    Susan B. Anthony (born Susan Anthony; February 15, 1820 – March 13, 1906) was an American social reformer and women's rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17. In 1856, she became the New York state agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society.

    In 1851, she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who became her lifelong friend and co-worker in social reform activities, primarily in the field of women's rights. In 1852, they founded the New York Women's State Temperance Society after Anthony was prevented from speaking at a temperance conference because she was female. In 1863, they founded the Women's Loyal National League, which conducted the largest petition drive in United States history up to that time, collecting nearly 400,000 signatures in support of the abolition of slavery. In 1866, they initiated the American Equal Rights Association, which campaigned for equal rights for both women and African Americans. In 1868, they began publishing a women's rights newspaper called . In 1869, they founded the National Woman Suffrage Association as part of a split in the women's movement. In 1890, the split was formally healed when their organization merged with the rival American Woman Suffrage Association to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association, with Anthony as its key force. In 1876, Anthony and Stanton began working with Matilda Joslyn Gage on what eventually grew into the six-volume . The interests of Anthony and Stanton diverged somewhat in later years, but the two remained close friends.

    In 1872, Anthony was arrested in her hometown of Rochester, New York for voting in violation of laws that allowed only men to vote. She was convicted in a widely publicized trial. Although she refused to pay the fine, the authorities declined to take further action. In 1878, Anthony and Stanton arranged for Congress to be presented with an amendment giving women the right to vote. Introduced by Sen. Aaron A. Sargent (R-CA), it later became known colloquially as the Susan B. Anthony Amendment. It was eventually ratified as the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920.

    Anthony traveled extensively in support of women's suffrage, giving as many as 75 to 100 speeches per year and working on many state campaigns. She worked internationally for women's rights, playing a key role in creating the International Council of Women, which is still active. She also helped to bring about the World's Congress of Representative Women at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893.

    When she first began campaigning for women's rights, Anthony was harshly ridiculed and accused of trying to destroy the institution of marriage. Public perception of her changed radically during her lifetime, however. Her 80th birthday was celebrated in the White House at the invitation of President William McKinley. She became the first female citizen to be depicted on U.S. coinage when her portrait appeared on the 1979 dollar coin.

    Contents

    1 Early life 2 Activism

    2.1 Early social activism

    2.1.1 Partnership with Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    2.1.2 Temperance activities

    2.1.3 Teachers' conventions

    2.1.4 Early women's rights activities

    2.1.5 Anti-slavery activities

    2.2 Women's Loyal National League

    2.3 American Equal Rights Association

    2.4

    2.5 Attempted alliance with labor

    2.6 Split in the women's movement

    2.7 National suffrage movement

    2.7.1 2.7.2

    2.8 International women's organizations

    2.8.1 International Council of Women

    2.8.2 World's Congress of Representative Women

    2.8.3 International Woman Suffrage Alliance

    2.9 Changing relationship with Stanton

    2.10 Later life 3 Death and legacy 4 Views

    4.1 Views on religion

    4.2 Views on marriage

    4.3 Views on abortion

    5 Commemoration 6 Gallery 7 See also 8 References 8.1 Citations 8.2 Sources

    8.2.1 Secondary sources

    8.2.2 Primary sources

    9 External links

    Early life

    Susan Anthony was born on February 15, 1820, to Daniel Anthony and Lucy Read Anthony in Adams, Massachusetts, the second-oldest of seven children. She was named for her maternal grandmother Susanah, and for her father's sister Susan. In her youth, she and her sisters responded to a "great craze for middle initials" by adding middle initials to their own names. Anthony adopted "B." as her middle initial because her namesake aunt Susan had married a man named Brownell.[1] Anthony never used the name Brownell herself, and did not like it.[2]

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

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