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    Life Expectancy for Countries

    Life expectancy is a measure of how long the average person lives in a given country. This is usually calculated by just averaging out the ages at which people die to get the mean value.

    Life Expectancy by Country

    Updated October 19, 2021 | Logan Chamberlain

    The places where people live the longest

    What Life Expectancy Means

    Average Life expectancy is a measure of how long the average person lives in a given country.This is usually calculated by just averaging out the ages at which people die to get themeanvalue.See also: Life expectancy of men and women by country (full list)

    This is different from "the age before which 50% of the population dies," which would be themedianvalue. This is also different from "the most common age at which people die" which would be themodevalue. The median and mode values for life expectancy are usually higher than the mean value.

    The big difference between the mean value and the others is that it's heavily affected by people dying young. People dying before their twenties skew the numbers much more than people living to 110. That means that countries with low life expectancies aren't necessarily places where people don't live long; they might just, unfortunately, be places where more people die early.

    What affects high life expectancy

    Low life expectancy might be largely driven by young deaths. But, high life expectancy is driven by a number of public health factors that different countries share in common.

    Access to healthcare is a very big factor. Especially for older people, who are more prone to illness than young people, being able to see the doctor is very important. This means being able to afford the doctor's visit and being able to actually get to the doctor's office. This is sometimes tempered by higher prevalence of obesity in wealthier countries.

    Another big factor in determining lifespan is family. Or community. Regular contact with loved ones is a huge plus in extending people's lives. If someone falls or has a health crisis, they're more likely to be found in time if they have people around them. And, perhaps a bit more sweetly, people just tend to have better health if they're socializing with people. Why this is true is up for debate, but lots of studies support the basic idea. One study fromJohns Hopkinseven argues that younger people who assist older peoplealsosee some health benefits.

    And, in what might be the biggest placebo effect of them all, having a sense of purpose is a big plus. Having some goals and responsibilities drives a lot of people to live years longer than people who feel lost or unimportant. This might be a career goal or a hobby, or even taking care of a pet. The big thing is that, in countries with high life expectancy, their old people are more likely to feel engaged. This can be a cultural difference, or it can be geographical; old people are more likely to do things if they can physically get around.

    Gender differences, or, why men have lower life expectancies

    One thing that you'll see on this list is that women almost universally have higher life expectancies than men. According to theWorld Health Organization, there are a couple reasons for this, cultural and biological.

    Biologically, women are less prone to certain cancers and heart diseases that cause a lot of deaths. And, newborn girls are more likely to reach their first birthday. There are also some biological factors that just haven't been properly explained or identified. (This isn't to say that women don't have their own medical problems, especially being misdiagnosed because of medical bias. But, these problems are less likely to be fatal).

    Culturally, women are less prone to risky behaviors and are less likely to die in a violent conflict per capita. This includes all kinds of behavior, from smoking to drinking, and from picking fights to showing off via dangerous stunts. This might be why marriage has a positive effect on men's life expectancy, but no effect on women's; married men are less likely to do risky things than unmarried ones, while women are already less at risk regardless if they're married.

    In a lot of developed countries this gap is actually shrinking. This might be because we're getting better at treating heart disease. Or, it might be because the push for gender equality has made it more acceptable for women to partake in risky behaviors like drinking. Or it might be both.

    The Rankings

    We've given you some of the highlights in the sidebar, but here are the full rankings from the UN Human Development Report for 2019. Of the top 10 countries for highest life expectancy, four were in Europe and four were in Asia. Israel was the only Middle Eastern country in the top 20; the next closest regional country was Lebanon at rank 35. The highest ranking country in North America is Canada, at rank 14. The next highest North American country is Costa Rica at 31, then the United States at 35. It's important to note that the life expectancy in Europe varies greatly between Western Europe and Eastern Europe; Estonia, which has a high expectancy for Eastern Europe, would rank quite low in Western Europe.

    Of the lowest ranked countries, all of which are in Africa, only Lesotho has an HIV/AIDS rate above 10%. HIV/AIDS has become much less prevalent over the past decade. According to UNAIDS, the rate of new cases in Africa has declined 28% since 2010. The life expectancy in these countries is low due to poor access to healthcare, especially for children and mothers, and to some ongoing armed conflicts.

    Source : www.infoplease.com

    Life Expectancy by Country and in the World (2022)

    List of countries and dependencies in the world ranked by life expectancy at birth, both sexes, males and females. World Population Life Expectancy with historical chart

    WDemographics Life Expectancy

    Life Expectancy of the World Population

    Life expectancy at birth. Data based on the latest United Nations Population Division estimates.

    See also: Population

    See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

    BOTH SEXES 73.2 years

    (life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)

    FEMALES 75.6 years

    (life expectancy at birth, females)

    MALES 70.8 years

    (life expectancy at birth, males)

    Life Expectancy (Years)

    Life Expectancy in the World from 1955 to Present

    Males, Females, and Both Sexes combined

    Males Females Both Sexes 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 0 25 50 75 100

    Countries ranked by life expectancy

    (click on a country for more details)

    # Country Life Expectancy

    (both sexes) Females

    Life Expectancy Males

    Life Expectancy

    1 Hong Kong 85.29 88.17 82.38

    2 Japan 85.03 88.09 81.91

    3 Macao 84.68 87.62 81.73

    4 Switzerland 84.25 86.02 82.42

    5 Singapore 84.07 86.15 82.06

    6 Italy 84.01 85.97 81.90

    7 Spain 83.99 86.68 81.27

    8 Australia 83.94 85.80 82.08

    9 Channel Islands 83.60 85.31 81.82

    10 Iceland 83.52 84.90 82.15

    11 South Korea 83.50 86.42 80.46

    12 Israel 83.49 84.91 81.98

    13 Sweden 83.33 84.97 81.69

    14 Martinique 83.13 86.10 79.85

    14 France 83.13 85.82 80.32

    15 Malta 83.06 84.68 81.37

    16 Canada 82.96 84.74 81.15

    17 Norway 82.94 84.78 81.11

    18 Ireland 82.81 84.32 81.29

    19 New Zealand 82.80 84.38 81.20

    19 Greece 82.80 85.08 80.52

    20 Luxembourg 82.79 84.76 80.83

    21 Netherlands 82.78 84.35 81.20

    22 Guadeloupe 82.74 85.94 79.16

    23 Portugal 82.65 85.28 79.79

    24 Finland 82.48 85.14 79.82

    25 Belgium 82.17 84.31 80.00

    26 Austria 82.05 84.19 79.88

    27 Germany 81.88 84.14 79.62

    28 Slovenia 81.85 84.44 79.26

    29 United Kingdom 81.77 83.28 80.22

    30 Réunion 81.55 84.45 78.52

    31 Cyprus 81.51 83.45 79.55

    32 Denmark 81.40 83.27 79.54

    33 U.S. Virgin Islands 81.17 83.52 78.64

    34 Taiwan 81.04 83.64 78.49

    35 Costa Rica 80.94 83.39 78.53

    36 Guam 80.74 83.98 77.63

    36 Chile 80.74 82.80 78.54

    37 Qatar 80.73 82.49 79.78

    38 Puerto Rico 80.69 83.92 77.27

    39 French Guiana 80.53 83.38 77.80

    40 Maldives 79.89 81.58 78.53

    41 Mayotte 79.85 83.24 76.62

    41 Czech Republic (Czechia) 79.85 82.35 77.33

    42 Barbados 79.64 80.85 78.36

    43 Curaçao 79.41 82.08 76.42

    44 Poland 79.27 82.98 75.51

    44 Lebanon 79.27 81.17 77.53

    45 Cuba 79.18 81.12 77.25

    45 Estonia 79.18 83.06 74.98

    46 United States 79.11 81.65 76.61

    47 Panama 79.10 82.20 76.14

    48 Croatia 79.02 82.02 75.95

    49 Albania 78.96 80.48 77.48

    50 Oman 78.58 80.94 76.90

    51 United Arab Emirates 78.46 79.80 77.79

    52 Turkey 78.45 81.21 75.57

    53 Uruguay 78.43 81.88 74.75

    54 French Polynesia 78.23 80.41 76.23

    55 New Caledonia 78.16 80.89 75.61

    56 Slovakia 78.00 81.35 74.59

    57 Bosnia and Herzegovina 77.93 80.32 75.48

    58 Colombia 77.87 80.54 75.18

    59 Thailand 77.74 81.34 74.16

    60 Bahrain 77.73 78.88 76.87

    61 Ecuador 77.71 80.45 75.05

    62 Sri Lanka 77.56 80.74 74.25

    63 Algeria 77.50 78.76 76.30

    64 Antigua and Barbuda 77.47 78.58 76.26

    64 China 77.47 79.73 75.36

    65 Peru 77.44 80.15 74.87

    66 Morocco 77.43 78.66 76.17

    67 Montenegro 77.39 79.77 74.99

    68 Tunisia 77.36 79.34 75.37

    69 Iran 77.33 78.54 76.22

    70 Hungary 77.31 80.66 73.78

    71 Argentina 77.17 80.42 73.82

    72 Aruba 76.79 79.10 74.26

    73 Saint Lucia 76.67 78.06 75.27

    74 Malaysia 76.65 78.78 74.71

    75 Brazil 76.57 80.14 73.01

    76 Romania 76.50 79.91 73.13

    77 Serbia 76.47 79.05 73.89

    78 Lithuania 76.41 81.70 70.97

    79 Brunei 76.35 77.64 75.17

    80 North Macedonia 76.26 78.32 74.26

    81 Syria 76.06 79.11 73.13

    82 Honduras 75.87 78.14 73.57

    83 Kuwait 75.85 77.06 75.09

    84 Vietnam 75.77 79.85 71.73

    85 Latvia 75.73 80.37 70.81

    86 Saudi Arabia 75.69 77.37 74.47

    87 Armenia 75.55 78.90 71.82

    88 Mauritius 75.51 78.92 72.21

    89 Bulgaria 75.49 79.06 72.05

    90 Mexico 75.41 78.17 72.62

    91 Nicaragua 75.23 78.65 71.75

    92 Belarus 75.20 79.90 70.15

    93 Belize 75.09 78.25 72.14

    94 Guatemala 75.05 77.89 72.14

    95 Jordan 75.01 76.82 73.28

    96 Jamaica 74.88 76.60 73.17

    97 Dominican Republic 74.65 77.90 71.58

    98 State of Palestine 74.62 76.38 72.92

    99 Paraguay 74.59 76.78 72.55

    100 Bahamas 74.28 76.51 71.95

    101 Georgia 74.24 78.54 69.85

    102 Micronesia 74.08 77.20 71.14

    103 El Salvador 74.06 78.48 69.27

    104 Trinidad and Tobago 73.91 76.66 71.24

    105 Kazakhstan 73.90 77.97 69.55

    106 Samoa 73.75 75.97 71.69

    107 Seychelles 73.74 77.71 70.26

    108 Cabo Verde 73.58 76.83 70.15

    109 Bangladesh 73.57 75.60 71.80

    110 Libya 73.44 76.46 70.61

    111 Solomon Islands 73.38 75.31 71.60

    112 Azerbaijan 73.33 75.87 70.76

    113 Russia 72.99 78.15 67.62

    114 St. Vincent & Grenadines 72.98 75.62 70.66

    Source : www.worldometers.info

    List of countries by life expectancy

    List of countries by life expectancy

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Jump to navigation Jump to search

    See also: List of countries by past life expectancy

    Comparison of average female and male life expectancy as defined in the 2018 CIA Factbook, with selected bubbles labelled. The dotted line corresponds to equal female and male life expectancy. The apparent 3D volumes of the bubbles are linearly proportional to their population. (In the SVG file, hover over a bubble to highlight it and show by various sources of estimates.

    Contents

    1 Methodology

    2 List by the World Health Organization (2019)

    3 UNDP (2019)

    4 List by the CIA (2017)

    5 List by the OECD (2016)

    6 List by the United Nations, for 2010–2015

    7 List from the GBD 2010 study

    8 See also 9 References 10 External links

    Methodology[edit]

    The life expectancy is shown separately for males, and for females, as well as a combined figure. Several non-sovereign entities and territories are also included in this list.

    The figures reflect the quality of healthcare in the countries listed as well as other factors including ongoing wars, obesity, and HIV infections.

    From the beginning of the current century there is a tendency to also estimate Healthy life expectancy (HALE) — the average number of years that a person can expect to live in "full health".[1][2]

    Comparing life expectancies across countries can be problematic. For example, due to poor reporting in some countries and various local standards in collecting statistics. This is especially true for Healthy life expectancy, the definition of which criteria may change over time, even within a country.

    List by the World Health Organization (2019)[edit]

    According to data published in December 2020.[3][4] By default, data is sorted by life expectancy at birth for all population, and in case of equal values by HALE for all population.

    Countries

    and WHO regions[5] Life expectancy at birth HALE at birth Life expectancy at age 60 HALE at age 60

    All M F FΔM Δ 2000 All M F FΔM Δ 2000 All M F FΔM Δ 2000 All M F FΔM Δ 2000

    Japan 84.3 81.5 86.9 5.4 3.2 74.1 72.6 75.5 2.9 2.5 26.3 23.9 28.6 4.7 2.2 20.4 18.8 21.8 3.0 1.7

    Switzerland 83.4 81.8 85.1 3.3 3.7 72.5 72.2 72.8 0.6 3.2 25.4 24.1 26.6 2.5 2.4 19.5 18.8 20.2 1.4 1.8

    South Korea 83.3 80.3 86.1 5.8 7.1 73.1 71.3 74.7 3.4 5.7 25.8 23.4 27.9 4.5 5.1 19.8 18.2 21.2 3.0 3.9

    Singapore 83.2 81.0 85.5 4.5 4.8 73.6 72.4 74.7 2.3 4.1 25.5 23.8 27.2 3.4 4.0 20.0 18.8 21.0 2.2 3.4

    Spain 83.2 80.7 85.7 5.0 4.1 72.1 71.3 72.9 1.6 3.0 25.4 23.3 27.3 4.0 2.7 19.2 18.0 20.3 2.3 1.9

    Cyprus 83.1 81.1 85.1 4.0 4.4 72.4 71.8 73.0 1.2 3.3 24.9 23.3 26.4 3.1 3.0 19.0 18.1 19.9 1.8 2.2

    Italy 83.0 80.9 84.9 4.0 3.6 71.9 71.2 72.6 1.4 2.9 25.0 23.4 26.5 3.1 2.5 18.9 17.9 19.8 1.9 1.8

    Australia 83.0 81.3 84.8 3.5 3.3 70.9 70.2 71.7 1.5 2.3 25.6 24.4 26.8 2.4 2.5 19.0 18.2 19.7 1.5 1.7

    Israel 82.6 80.8 84.4 3.6 4.0 72.4 72.0 72.7 0.7 3.2 24.9 23.6 26.0 2.4 3.0 19.3 18.7 19.9 1.2 2.2

    Norway 82.6 81.1 84.1 3.0 4.1 71.4 71.0 71.6 0.6 3.0 24.7 23.5 25.8 2.3 2.7 18.5 17.8 19.1 1.3 1.8

    France 82.5 79.8 85.1 5.3 3.6 72.1 71.1 73.1 2.0 2.8 25.3 23.3 27.2 3.9 2.3 19.7 18.5 20.8 2.3 1.7

    Sweden 82.4 80.8 84.0 3.2 2.8 71.9 71.7 72.1 0.4 2.0 24.5 23.3 25.6 2.3 2.1 18.9 18.3 19.4 1.1 1.5

    Luxembourg 82.4 80.6 84.2 3.6 4.2 71.6 71.1 72.0 0.9 3.3 24.4 22.9 25.8 2.9 2.6 18.5 17.7 19.3 1.6 1.8

    Iceland 82.3 80.8 83.9 3.1 2.6 72.0 71.7 72.3 0.6 2.2 24.6 23.7 25.5 1.8 2.0 19.0 18.6 19.4 0.8 1.6

    Canada 82.2 80.4 84.1 3.7 3.1 71.3 70.5 72.0 1.5 1.9 25.2 23.8 26.4 2.6 2.7 19.0 18.2 19.7 1.5 1.7

    New Zealand 82.0 80.4 83.5 3.1 3.4 70.2 69.6 70.8 1.2 2.4 24.8 23.8 25.8 2.0 2.4 18.6 17.9 19.2 1.3 1.7

    Malta 81.9 79.9 83.8 3.9 4.0 71.5 70.9 71.9 1.0 3.0 24.5 23.0 25.9 2.9 3.7 18.9 18.0 19.6 1.6 2.7

    Netherlands 81.8 80.4 83.1 2.7 3.8 71.4 71.3 71.5 0.2 2.6 24.1 23.0 25.1 2.1 2.8 18.4 17.9 18.9 1.0 1.8

    Ireland 81.8 80.2 83.5 3.3 5.4 71.1 70.7 71.4 0.7 4.0 24.2 23.0 25.3 2.3 4.0 18.6 18.0 19.2 1.2 2.9

    Germany 81.7 78.7 84.8 6.1 3.6 70.9 69.7 72.1 2.4 2.4 24.4 21.9 26.9 5.0 2.6 18.5 17.0 19.9 2.9 1.7

    Portugal 81.6 78.6 84.4 5.8 5.0 71.0 69.6 72.2 2.6 4.2 24.3 22.1 26.3 4.2 3.1 18.6 17.3 19.8 2.5 2.3

    Finland 81.6 79.2 84.0 4.8 4.0 71.0 69.9 72.0 2.1 3.2 24.2 22.4 25.8 3.4 2.6 18.5 17.3 19.5 2.2 2.0

    Austria 81.6 79.4 83.8 4.4 3.4 70.9 69.9 71.9 2.0 2.7 24.1 22.4 25.6 3.2 2.1 18.3 17.2 19.4 2.2 1.6

    Belgium 81.4 79.3 83.5 4.2 3.7 70.6 69.8 71.3 1.5 2.8 24.0 22.3 25.6 3.3 2.4 18.2 17.2 19.1 1.9 1.6

    United Kingdom 81.4 79.8 83.0 3.2 3.5 70.1 69.6 70.6 1.0 2.5 24.1 23.0 25.2 2.2 2.8 18.3 17.6 18.9 1.3 2.0

    Denmark 81.3 79.6 83.0 3.4 4.4 71.0 70.7 71.4 0.7 3.4 23.6 22.3 24.9 2.6 3.0 18.2 17.6 18.9 1.3 2.2

    Slovenia 81.3 78.6 84.1 5.5 5.2 70.7 69.0 72.5 3.5 4.2 23.8 21.8 25.6 3.8 3.3 17.8 16.4 19.2 2.8 2.5

    Greece 81.1 78.6 83.6 5.0 2.9 70.9 69.9 71.9 2.0 2.3 23.8 22.1 25.5 3.4 2.3 18.4 17.3 19.5 2.2 1.6

    Kuwait 81.0 79.3 83.9 4.6 3.1 70.1 69.5 71.1 1.6 2.4 24.0 22.8 25.9 3.1 1.8 17.8 17.1 18.9 1.8 1.3

    Costa Rica 80.8 78.3 83.4 5.1 2.8 70.0 68.6 71.3 2.7 2.0 25.0 23.6 26.4 2.8 2.6 18.7 17.8 19.5 1.7 1.8

    Chile 80.7 78.1 83.2 5.1 3.9 70.0 69.0 71.1 2.1 3.0 24.3 22.4 25.9 3.5 3.0 18.4 17.3 19.3 2.0 2.0

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

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