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    Croque monsieur

    Croque monsieur

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    "Croque" redirects here. For the town in Canada, see Croque, Newfoundland and Labrador.

    Croque monsieur

    A croque monsieur Type Sandwich

    Place of origin France

    Serving temperature Hot

    Main ingredients Bread, whipped eggs, butter, boiled ham, cheese (typically Gruyère), pepper and salt

    Variations Croque madame

    Cookbook: Croque monsieur

    Media: Croque monsieur

    A (French pronunciation: ​[kʁɔk məsjø]) is a hot sandwich made with ham and cheese. The dish originated in French cafés and bars as a quick snack. The name comes from the French words ("bite”) and ("mister").


    1 Preparation 2 Variations 3 See also 4 References


    A is traditionally made with baked or boiled ham and sliced cheese between slices of , topped with grated cheese and slightly salted and peppered, and then baked in an oven or fried in a frying pan. The bread may optionally be browned by grilling after being dipped in beaten egg. Traditionally, Gruyère is used, but sometimes Comté or Emmental cheese as well. Some brasseries also add Béchamel sauce.

    may be baked or fried so that the cheese topping melts and forms a crust.[1][2]


    A croque monsieur served with a poached or lightly fried egg on top is known as a [3] (or, in parts of Normandy, as a ). According to the dictionary, the name dates to around 1960. The name is associated with its lighter, vegetarian version: made of the same bread, but with ordinary melting cheese, accompanied with chives, cucumber and lettuce.[1]

    In the United Kingdom, a ham-and-cheese hot snack is called a , and toastie makers are available to buy. In the United States, the Monte Cristo, a ham-and-cheese sandwich, often dipped in egg and fried, is popular diner fare, and a 'grilled cheese sandwich' is a classic sandwich that has been enjoyed at home and in cafeteria-style restaurants since the Great Depression.[4]

    Variants of the sandwich with substitutions or additional ingredients are given names modelled on the original , for example:

    Name Added ingredients Reference

    Barros jarpa Variation with same ingredients from Chilean cuisine [5]

    Barros Luco Made with roast beef instead of ham [5]

    Croque provençal Tomato [6]

    Croque auvergnat Bleu d'Auvergne cheese [7]

    Croque norvégien Smoked salmon instead of ham [5]

    Croque tartiflette Sliced potatoes and Reblochon cheese [6]

    Croque bolognese / croque Boum-Boum Bolognese sauce

    Croque señor Tomato salsa

    Croque Hawaiian Slice of pineapple

    Croque gagnet Gouda cheese and andouille [8]

    Croque Madame Fried egg [5]

    Croque monsieur with bechamel Standard croque monsieur topped with bechamel sauce [5]

    Francesinha Variation from Portuguese cuisine with steak, sausage, ham, melted cheese and beer sauce [5]

    A croque madame

    A croque provençal

    A croque gagnet

    Portuguese version from Porto, called "Francesinha".

    See also[edit]

    Food portal Welsh rarebit

    Grilled cheese sandwich

    Ham and cheese sandwich

    Ham and egg bun

    Monte Cristo sandwich

    Francesinha Strammer Max List of ham dishes List of sandwiches


    ^ Jump up to:

    "Croque-monsieur et croque-madame font des enfants" (in French). aufimin cuisine suisse. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 21 August 2015.

    ^ "Croque monsieur au four". Cuisine actuelle. Retrieved 21 August 2015.^ . Paris: Larousse. 1993. p. 405. ISBN 2-03-320300-X. OCLC 29916226.^ "History of the Grilled Cheese Sandwich". . Retrieved 6 February 2018.

    ^ Jump up to: Russo, Susan. . ^ Jump up to:

    "All the Croque Monsieur Recipes You Will Ever Need".

    ^ Downie, David (23 July 2000). "Bread Winner". .^ "Tracing the History of the Croque Monsieur Sandwich Paris Blog Oui Always Have Paris". . 2015-08-11. Retrieved 2018-10-06.

    show vte Cheese dishes show vte Ham show vte Sandwiches

    Authority control: National libraries

    France (data)

    Categories: French sandwichesFrench cuisineHam dishesCheese sandwichesPork sandwiches

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

    Classic Croque Monsieur Recipe

    A croque monsieur is a classic French dish that doubles as the perfect comfort food. What's not to love about a cheesy toasted ham sandwich with béchamel?

    Classic Croque Monsieur Recipe

    Eric Ngo/Tasting Table


    A croque monsieur is a classic French sandwich that is basically a cross between a ham and cheese and a grilled cheese. Basically, it's a grilled cheese with ham, only with a little added je ne sais quoi because, of course, it's French. The name literally translates to bite mister, which sounds like a rude thing to say — maybe it's the French equivalent of "Bite me, dude!" It isn't meant that way at all though. According to Culture Trip, a croque monsieur is in fact intended to be a gentleman's sandwich which sounds far classier.

    These days, according to recipe developer Eric Ngo, "Croque monsieur is often served in typical Parisian brasseries," although it can be found in bistros and cafes as well. Ngo characterizes his version of the sandwich as beginner level, but be aware that you may need some intermediate saucier skills to create the perfect béchamel.

    Gather the ingredients for this classic croque monsieur

    Eric Ngo/Tasting Table

    To make a croque monsieur, you'll typically be using white bread. You'll also need ham –- if you're using the thin-sliced deli kind as Ngo does, you'll need about two slices per sandwich. Ngo favors Gruyère cheese for this preparation and tells us, "Comté and Gruyère cheese are the most common cheeses used for croque monsieur." However, he adds that "You could make [a] croque monsieur with any hard [or] semi-hard cheeses that melt well, such as mozzarella." He also tells us, "The amount of cheese is very flexible; it really comes down to personal preference." Ngo likes to top his croque monsieur sandwich with béchamel sauce to give it some additional flavor. This sauce, one of the staples of French cooking, is made with milk (he favors whole milk), butter, and flour.

    It all begins with béchamel

    Eric Ngo/Tasting Table

    Melt the butter in a saucepan over medium heat. After it has melted but before it starts to brown, turn the heat down to low and stir in the flour all at once. Keep stirring for 1 minute as it cooks before adding the milk. Pour the milk in gradually, stirring all the while. Cook and keep stirring until the sauce starts to thicken. At this point, add ½ cup of cheese along with the black pepper and salt if using. The salt may not be necessary as Ngo points out that "The ham is often already salted." Stir until the cheese melts, then let the sauce cool down a bit.

    Assemble the sandwiches

    Eric Ngo/Tasting Table

    As the béchamel is cooling, preheat the oven to 430 F and toast the bread in a toaster or toaster oven. Ngo says that toasting the bread "[helps] hold the sandwich better and give it more structure." He explains that the croque monsieur may wind up being too soft if you don't toast the bread.

    Once the toast is ready, set out two of the slices and spread a generous layer of béchamel across the surface. Top the saucy sides with two slices of ham and ½ cup of cheese each before finishing them off with another slice of toast. Place the two sandwiches in a baking pan and use the remaining béchamel and grated cheese to top them off.

    Bake, then broil the croque monsieur sandwiches

    Eric Ngo/Tasting Table

    Bake the sandwiches for 10 minutes, then turn the oven up to broil and cook them for another 2 minutes. Ngo reminds us to be careful when setting the oven to broil, saying, "Make sure you keep an eye on it as it can burn your croque monsieur!"

    Once the sandwiches are cooked, they should be eaten right away. If you're looking to pair your croque monsieur with a side, Ngo says this dish is "often served with a green salad." A nice glass of vin rouge wouldn't go amiss, either!

    Classic Croque Monsieur Recipe

    5 from 53 ratings Print

    A croque monsieur is a classic French dish that doubles as the perfect comfort food. What's not to love about a cheesy toasted ham sandwich with béchamel?

    PREP TIME 5 minutes COOK TIME 20 minutes SERVINGS 2 servings



    4 slices white bread, toasted

    4 slices ham

    2 cups grated Gruyère cheese, divided

    1 cup whole milk

    2 tablespoons butter

    2 tablespoons all-purpose flour

    Optional Ingredients

    ¼ teaspoon of salt

    ¼ teaspoon of pepper


    Melt the butter in a saucepan on medium heat.

    Once the butter has melted, turn the heat down to low and add the flour all at once.

    Cook while stirring for 1 minute.

    Gradually add the milk and cook while stirring until the sauce thickens.

    Add the salt and pepper if using and ½ cup of grated cheese to the sauce.

    Source : www.tastingtable.com

    Classic Croque Monsieur Recipe

    This Classic Croque Monsieur Recipe is easy to prepare and is a taste emersion right to the middle of Paris. For this recipe you can use any type of ham; so by all means, feel free to use any leftovers that you may have from this Easter.


    April 18, 2022 by Edyta 12 Comments

    500 SHARES 5

    This post may contain affiliate links which won’t change your price but will share some commission.

    Jump to Recipe Print Recipe


    This Classic Croque Monsieur Recipe is easy to prepare and is a taste emersion right to the middle of Paris. For this recipe you can use any type of ham; so by all means, feel free to use any leftovers that you may have from this Easter.

    This post may contain affiliate links. You can read my disclosure policy here.What is Croque Monsieur

    If you’ve never had a Croque Monsieur then you may wonder what it is. Simply put, it’s a ham and cheese sandwich with Dijon mustard and topped with béchamel sauce. It’s then toasted to perfection – bubbly and golden brown.


    Penne Alla Vecchia Bettola

    You can find this popular French sandwich all over France. I’ve even heard that there are some governmental restrictions as to how to price Croque Monsieur, so it remains affordable for everyone. Pretty cool…

    I really like classic French recipes with ham and cheese. For example, these Ham and Cheese Crepes or Crepes with Ham, Egg, and Cheese are among my favorites.

    So, it’s no surprise that I also really like a good classic Croque Monsieur. You can find a number of different recipes online with some subtle variations. But I really like the classic one featured in my printable recipe below.


    If you’re curious about some of the other variations, you may find it interesting that Jamie Olivier adds Dijon mustard to his béchamel sauce and uses turkey instead of ham and Julia Child used mozzarella instead of Gruyere (you can read about it here).

    For me, Gruyere is a must. It adds such a nice nutty flavor. Mozzarella melts well, but it lacks in the flavor department. I’ve also seen recipes without béchamel. Even though they may be easier to prepare, again, for me, it’s a must for Classic Croque Monsieur.

    If however, you decide to forego the béchamel, then add a ton of shredded cheese on top of a sandwich and broil it until bubbly.

    If you want to see how to make a classic béchamel, I put a tutorial in this recipe for Pan-Seared Ribeye with Mahon Menorca and Pepper Cheese Sauce. The béchamel is a base for this sauce. You just substitute Gruyere cheese, instead of Menorca, and add some nutmeg, and less pepper.


    The list of ingredients is short:

    Very good bread – like rustic round, French, Italian or even sourdough;

    Good quality ham (sliced but not very thin);

    Gruyere Cheese;Flour;Butter; &Milk.

    It’s important to use really good quality ingredients for this recipe, as the recipe is short & hard to hide an inferior ingredient with seasoning. Obviously, we are now a few weeks away from Easter (at the time I publish this recipe) and I think that this is a really good recipe to pin if you’re also giving some thought about your leftover ham. It would work fantastic in this recipe.


    What does ‘Croque Monsieur’ mean?

    Loosely translated, it means: “crunchy man.” (isn’t that funny?)

    What’s the difference between Croque Monsieur and Croque Madam?

    Simple…just add an egg on top of Croque Monsieur and you’ll have Croque Madam.

    Are there other variations of this, other than Croque Madam?

    Yes, if you add tomato to it you’ll have a ‘Croque Provençal;’ if you use salmon instead of ham, you’ll have ‘Croque Norwegian.’

    What is the difference between Croque Monsieur and a Monte Cristo?

    A Monte Cristo is sort of like a combination of Croque Monsieur and French Toast. Ham and cheese sandwich is dipped in the egg and fried up on both sides.


    Because it is not a light sandwich, I’d suggest something light on a side, like a simple green salad or any other light salad of your choice. If you’re looking for suggestions, you may want to check out this awesome compilation of 35 Amazing Detox Salads.

    But if you choose to go a little heavier you can always serve it with something like a Potato Salad or a Rice Salad.

    You could also serve it alongside a delicious French-inspired soup like:

    Chunky Potato Leek Soup

    Cheese Soup with Ham and Gruyere

    Source : eatingeuropean.com

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