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    Decline of Feudalism Reading Notes Answers

    March 31, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, World History

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    Section 1 Questions: 1. What changes did Henry II make to the English legal system and how did these changes affect feudalism? People were tried by royal judges and had to have a court trial. Royal courts power strengthened and the power of the feudal lords was weakened.

    2. What changes did Magna Carta bring about in English Government? Monarch could no longer collect special taxes without the consent of the nobles. “No free man” could be jailed without judgment by his peers or the courts.

    3. What was the Model Parliament, and why was it created? It was an English governing party that included commoners, lower-ranking clergy, church officials, and nobles. It intended to include more people in government. 4. In the cause-and-effect box on the back of this page, describe the political developments in Europe that contributed to the decline of feudalism and the rise of democratic thought. Section 2 Questions: 1.

    Fill in the blanks to explain the spread of the bubonic plague: “The plague probably originated in central Asia, traveled along the trade route to The Black Sea, was carried on a ship to Italy, and then spread north and west to the rest of Europe.

    2. Why was the plague called the “Black Death”? What were some of the common symptoms? The black and blue spots that were on their skin. Symptoms included fevers, vomiting, coughing and sneezing, and swelling.

    3. How was the plague spread? It was spread by fleas on rats because the conditions of the time were very dirty. 4. In the Bubonic Plague box of your cause-and-effect diagram, list example of how the outbreak of the bubonic plague in Europe contributed to the decline of feudalism and the rise of democratic thought. Section 3 Questions: 1. How did the Hundred Years’ War start? The war began because English Kings claimed land in France, which was also claimed by French Kings (dispute over land).

    2. Why were the English able to defeat the French in early battles, such as the one at Crecy? The English army relied on archers armed with long bows which were more accurate and flew farther.

    3. Who was Joan of Arc? What did she do for the French during the Hundred Years’ War?

    She was a 17 year-old peasant girl who fought for France. She led the French army to victory and inspired loyalty for the French King.

    4. In the Hundred Years’ War box of the cause-and-effect diagram, list examples of how the outbreak of war in Europe contributed to the decline of feudalism and the rise of democratic thought.

    Cause-and-Effect Box

    Political Events Bubonic Plague

    Magna Carta – limited power of monarch

    1/3 of population dies, which causes: Labor shortage

    Legal reforms strengthened common law, judges, juries Model Parliament gave a voice to some common people

    Serfs abandon feudal manors and moved to towns Peasant revolts

    Hundred Years’ War Shifted power from lords to monarchs & common people Military technology made knights/castles less important New feeling of nationalism shifted power away from lords Peasants who survived war were in more demand which gave them more power

    Decline of Feudalism and Rise of Democratic Thought Commoners gain power, lords lose power

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    What changes did Henry II make to the English legal system and how did these changes affect feudalism?

    Click card to see definition 👆

    He insisted that a jury formally accuse a person of a serious crime. People were tried by royal judges and had to have a court trial. By strengthening royal courts, he weakened the power of feudal lords.

    Click again to see term 👆

    What changes did Magna Carta bring about in English government?

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    A monarch could no longer collect special taxes without the consent of nobles and Church officials. No "free man" could be jailed except by the lawful judgement of his peers or by the law of the land. It also introduced the idea that not even a monarch was above the law.

    Click again to see term 👆

    1/17 Created by montec54

    Terms in this set (17)

    What changes did Henry II make to the English legal system and how did these changes affect feudalism?

    He insisted that a jury formally accuse a person of a serious crime. People were tried by royal judges and had to have a court trial. By strengthening royal courts, he weakened the power of feudal lords.

    What changes did Magna Carta bring about in English government?

    A monarch could no longer collect special taxes without the consent of nobles and Church officials. No "free man" could be jailed except by the lawful judgement of his peers or by the law of the land. It also introduced the idea that not even a monarch was above the law.

    What was the Model Parliament and why as it created?

    It was an English governing body created by Edward I that included commoners, lower-ranking clergy, Church officials and nobles. It was intended to include more people in the government.

    What were some of the Political Events and how did they contribute to the decline of feudalism and rise of democratic thought?

    Political Events: Magna Carta limited the power of English monarchs and affirmed that monarchs should rule with the advice of the governed; Henry II's legal reforms strengthened common law, judges, and juries; and Edward I's Model Parliament gave a voice to some common people.

    What were some examples of how the outbreak of the bubonic plague in Europe contributed to the decline of feudalism and the rise of democratic thought?

    Bubonic Plague: Power shifted a bit from nobles to common people because, since so many workers had died, the few who remained could demand higher pay and more rights; serfs abandoned feudal manors and moved to towns and cities, seeking better opportunities; peasant revolts also occurred when nobles tried to return things to the way they had been.

    List examples of how the outbreak of war in Europe contributed to the decline of feudalism and the rise of democratic right.

    Hundred Years' War: the war shifted power from lords to monarchs and common people; military technology used in the war made knights and castles less important; a new feeling of nationalism helped to shift power from lords and towards monarchs and commoners; peasants who survived the war were more in demand as soldiers and workers and therefore had greater power.

    Describe the spread of the bubonic plague in the 14th century.

    1. The plague probably originated in Central Asia.

    2. It then travels along trade route to the Black Sea.

    3. It it then carried on a ship to Italy.

    4. It then spreads north and west throughout the continent of Europe and to England.

    Why was the plague called the "Black Death"? What were some of the common symptoms?

    The term probably came from the black-and-blue spots, or buboes, that appeared on the skin of many victims. Symtoms included fever, vomiting, coughing and sneezing, and swelling.

    How was the plague spread?

    The bacteria that caused the plague were spread by fleas. The dirty conditions of the time significantly contributed to the spread of the disease.

    How did the Hundred Years' War start?

    The war began when the King of France challenged England's claim to French fiefs.

    Why were the English able to defeat the French in early battles, such as the one at Crécy?

    The English army relied on archers armed with longbows. Arrows fired from longbows flew farther, faster, and more accurately than those fired from French crossbows.

    Who was Joan of Arc? What did she do for the French during the Hundred Years' War?

    She was a 17-year-old peasant girl who claimed she heard the voices of saints urging her to save France. She led a French army to victory in 1429 in the battle of Orléans. Her actions inspired many French people to feel more strongly about their King and nation.

    Habeas corpus

    Legal concept that an accused person can't be jailed indefinitely without being charged with a crime.

    Magna Carta

    Written legal agreement signed in 1215 that limited the English monarchs power.

    Heretic

    A person who holds a belief that is opposite to a set of religious teachings.

    Why was Thomas Becket killed?

    Henry's effort to strengthen royal authority led to a serious conflict with the Catholic Church.

    What was the purpose of the Magna Carta?

    The Magna Carta was a written legal agreement that limited the Kings power and strengthened the rights of nobles. It also contributed the ideas about individual rights and liberties. The Magna Carta gave common people a say in government

    Source : quizlet.com

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