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    what are the purposes of a works cited page? check all that apply. to credit an author’s original idea or information to avoid plagiarism to organize source material to make the paper longer to direct readers to sources to learn more

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    Chapter 9.Citations and Referencing – Writing for Success – 1st Canadian Edition

    CHAPTER 9.CITATIONS AND REFERENCING

    CHAPTER 9.CITATIONS AND REFERENCING 9.1 SUPPORTING YOUR IDEAS

    Learning Objectives

    Evaluate when to use primary or secondary sources for support

    Explain the two forms of plagiarism and how to avoid them

    Explain the importance of academic integrity and the potential consequences of not abiding by this

    In this chapter you are going to learn more about compiling references and citations. You will also learn strategies for handling some of the more challenging aspects of writing a research paper, such as integrating material from your sources, citing information correctly, and avoiding any misuse of your sources. The first section of this chapter will introduce you to broad concepts associated with adding support to your ideas and providing documentation—citations and references—when you use sources in your papers.

    Using Primary and Secondary Research

    As you write your draft, be mindful of how you are using primary and secondary source material to support your points. Recall that primary sources present firsthand information. Secondary sources are one step removed from primary sources. They present a writer’s analysis or interpretation of primary source materials. How you balance primary and secondary source material in your paper will depend on the topic and assignment.

    Using Primary Sources Effectively

    Some types of research papers must use primary sources extensively to achieve their purpose. Any paper that analyzes a primary text or presents the writer’s own experimental research falls in this category. Here are a few examples:

    A paper for a literature course analyzing several poems by Emily Dickinson

    A paper for a political science course comparing televised speeches delivered by two candidates for prime minister

    A paper for a communications course discussing gender bias in television commercials

    A paper for a business administration course that discusses the results of a survey the writer conducted with local businesses to gather information about their work from home and flextime policies

    A paper for an elementary education course that discusses the results of an experiment the writer conducted to compare the effectiveness of two different methods of mathematics instruction

    For these types of papers, primary research is the main focus. If you are writing about a work (including non-print works, such as a movie or a painting), it is crucial to gather information and ideas from the original work, rather than rely solely on others’ interpretations. And, of course, if you take the time to design and conduct your own field research, such as a survey, a series of interviews, or an experiment, you will want to discuss it in detail. For example, the interviews may provide interesting responses that you want to share with your reader.

    Using Secondary Sources Effectively

    For some assignments, it makes sense to rely more on secondary sources than primary sources. If you are not analyzing a text or conducting your own field research, you will need to use secondary sources extensively.

    As much as possible, use secondary sources that are closely linked to primary research, such as a journal article presenting the results of the authors’ scientific study or a book that cites interviews and case studies. These sources are more reliable and add more value to your paper than sources that are further removed from primary research. For instance, a popular magazine article on junk food addiction might be several steps removed from the original scientific study on which it is loosely based. As a result, the article may distort, sensationalize, or misinterpret the scientists’ findings.

    Even if your paper is largely based on primary sources, you may use secondary sources to develop your ideas. For instance, an analysis of Alfred Hitchcock’s films would focus on the films themselves as a primary source, but might also cite commentary from critics. A paper that presents an original experiment would include some discussion of similar prior research in the field.

    Jorge, who is preparing his essay on low-carbohydrate diets, knew he did not have the time, resources, or experience needed to conduct original experimental research for his paper. Because he was relying on secondary sources to support his ideas, he made a point of citing sources that were not far removed from primary research.

    Tip

    Some sources could be considered primary or secondary sources, depending on the writer’s purpose for using them. For instance, if a writer’s purpose is to inform readers about how the American No Child Left Behind legislation has affected elementary education in the United States, a Time magazine article on the subject would be a secondary source. However, suppose the writer’s purpose is to analyze how the news media has portrayed the effects of the No Child Left Behind legislation. In that case, articles about the legislation in news magazines like Time, Newsweek, and US News & World Report would be primary sources. They provide firsthand examples of the media coverage the writer is analyzing.

    Avoiding Plagiarism

    Your research paper presents your thinking about a topic, supported and developed by other people’s ideas and information. It is crucial to always distinguish between the two—as you conduct research, as you plan your paper, and as you write. Failure to do so can lead to plagiarism.

    Source : opentextbc.ca

    Writing a Works Cited Page Assignment Flashcards

    Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards terms like What are the purposes of a works cited page? Check all that apply. to credit an author's original idea or information to avoid plagiarism to organize source material to make the paper longer to direct readers to sources to learn more, Mandela spent a total of twenty-seven years imprisoned, a sum that would equal over a quarter of his life. Yet, he maintained that if he had been gifted with the ability to see the future, he would have made the same decisions. Despite their dire consequences, he believed they were the right decisions (Mandela 8). Which book was used as a source for this text passage? Nelson Mandela and Apartheid in World History Nelson Mandela Conversations with Myself Mandela's Way: Lessons in Life, Which book citations are formatted correctly? Check all that apply. Harwood, Ronald. Mandela, 1987. Print. New York: New American Library. Brookes, Edgar Harry. Apartheid. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1968. Print. Maltz, Leora. Nelson Mandela. San Diego: Greenhaven, 2004. Print. Tree Shaker: The Story of Nelson Mandela. Keller, Bill. Boston: Kingfisher, 2008. Print. Evans, Michael. South Africa. New York: Gloucester, 1988. Print. Smith, David James. New York: Little, Brown, 2010. Young Mandela. Print. and more.

    Writing a Works Cited Page Assignment

    4.4 74 Reviews

    What are the purposes of a works cited page? Check all that apply.

    to credit an author's original idea or information

    to avoid plagiarism

    to organize source material

    to make the paper longer

    to direct readers to sources to learn more

    Click card to see definition 👆

    -- A -- B -- C -- E

    Click again to see term 👆

    Mandela spent a total of twenty-seven years imprisoned, a sum that would equal over a quarter of his life. Yet, he maintained that if he had been gifted with the ability to see the future, he would have made the same decisions. Despite their dire consequences, he believed they were the right decisions (Mandela 8).

    Which book was used as a source for this text passage?

    Nelson Mandela and Apartheid in World History

    Nelson Mandela

    Conversations with Myself

    Mandela's Way: Lessons in Life

    Click card to see definition 👆

    -- C

    Click again to see term 👆

    1/7 Created by alylopez20

    Terms in this set (7)

    What are the purposes of a works cited page? Check all that apply.

    to credit an author's original idea or information

    to avoid plagiarism

    to organize source material

    to make the paper longer

    to direct readers to sources to learn more

    -- A -- B -- C -- E

    Mandela spent a total of twenty-seven years imprisoned, a sum that would equal over a quarter of his life. Yet, he maintained that if he had been gifted with the ability to see the future, he would have made the same decisions. Despite their dire consequences, he believed they were the right decisions (Mandela 8).

    Which book was used as a source for this text passage?

    Nelson Mandela and Apartheid in World History

    Nelson Mandela

    Conversations with Myself

    Mandela's Way: Lessons in Life

    -- C

    Which book citations are formatted correctly? Check all that apply.

    Harwood, Ronald. Mandela, 1987. Print. New York: New American Library.

    Brookes, Edgar Harry. Apartheid. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1968. Print.

    Maltz, Leora. Nelson Mandela. San Diego: Greenhaven, 2004. Print.

    Tree Shaker: The Story of Nelson Mandela. Keller, Bill. Boston: Kingfisher, 2008. Print.

    Evans, Michael. South Africa. New York: Gloucester, 1988. Print.

    Smith, David James. New York: Little, Brown, 2010. Young Mandela. Print.

    -- B -- C -- E

    Use the drop-down menus to create an MLA citation using the notes provided.

    Book title: My Traitor's Heart Author: Rian Malan

    Publication date: 1990 Publisher: Bodley Head Publication city: London

    Malan, Rian:Rian Malan,✔ Malan, Rian. My Traitor's Heart. ✔ London: X 1990:X Bodley Head: X London: Bodley Head.✔ Bodley Head, 1990. X London: 1990. ✔ Print. Web.Article.

    -- Malan, Rian. -- London:

    -- Bodley Head, 1990.

    -- Print.

    Which periodical citation is formatted correctly?

    Cowell, Alan. New York Times. "Mandela: Man, Legend and Symbol of Resistance." 5 Sept. 1985: A14. Print.

    Cowell, Alan. "Mandela: Man, Legend and Symbol of Resistance." New York Times 5 Sept. 1985: A14. Print.

    "Mandela: Man, Legend and Symbol of Resistance." Cowell, Alan. New York Times 5 Sept. 1985: A14. Print.

    Cowell, Alan. "Mandela: Man, Legend and Symbol of Resistance." 5 Sept. 1985: A14. Print. New York Times.

    -- B

    Which web source citations are formatted correctly? Check all that apply.

    "Nelson Mandela, Anti-Apartheid Icon and Father of Modern South Africa, Dies." Karimi, Faith. CNN. Turner Broadcasting. 5 Dec. 2013. Web. 1 Mar. 2014.

    "Nelson Mandela, Champion of Freedom." History. The History Channel. Web. 1 Mar. 2014.

    "Nelson Mandela Biography." Bio.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014.

    Hallengren, Anders. "Nelson Mandela and the Rainbow of Culture." Nobel Prize. Nobel Media, n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2014.

    "The Long Walk is Over." The Economist. The Economist Newspaper, 5 Dec. 2013. Web.1 Mar. 2014.

    -- C -- D -- E Works Cited

    Cowell, Alan. "Mandela: Man, Legend and

    Symbol of Resistance." New York

    Times 5 Sept. 1985: A14. Print.

    Brookes, Edgar Harry. Apartheid. New York:

    Barnes & Noble, 1968. Print.

    "Nelson Mandela Biography." Bio.com. A&E

    Television Networks, n.d. Web.

    What errors need to be corrected on this works cited page? Check all that apply.

    The page title should not be bolded and underlined.

    The first entry needs the author's name.

    The second entry needs a hanging indent.

    The last entry needs to have a date accessed.

    The citations should be in alphabetical order.

    -- A -- C -- D -- E

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    Source : quizlet.com

    How to Avoid Plagiarism

    When you use words, ideas, or information from a source, you need to properly credit the author. Follow these steps to avoid plagiarism.

    How to Avoid Plagiarism | 4 Steps to a Plagiarism-Free Paper

    Published on 6 December 2021 by Tegan George.

    Plagiarism means using someone else’s words or ideas without properly crediting the original author. Sometimes plagiarism involves deliberately stealing someone’s work, but often it happens accidentally, through carelessness or forgetfulness.

    When you write an academic paper, you build upon the work of others and use various sources for information and evidence. To avoid plagiarism, you need to correctly incorporate these sources into your text.

    Follow these four steps to ensure your paper is free from plagiarism:

    Keep track of the sources you consult in your research.

    Paraphrase or quote from your sources (and add your own ideas).

    Credit the original author in an in-text citation and in your reference list or bibliography.

    Use a plagiarism checker before you hand in your work.

    Plagiarism can have serious consequences, so make sure to follow these steps for every paper you write.

    Step 1: Before writing, organise your sources

    Avoiding plagiarism is easier if you carefully track your sources from the very beginning of your research.

    Get organised

    One of the most common ways that students commit plagiarism is by simply forgetting where an idea came from and unintentionally presenting it as their own. You can easily avoid this pitfall by keeping your notes organised and compiling a list of references as you go.

    Clearly label which thoughts are yours and which aren’t in your notes, highlight statements that need citations, and carefully mark any text copied directly from a source with quotation marks.

    Be sure to give yourself enough time to complete your assignment, paying sufficient attention to finding credible sources.

    Let’s say you’re writing a paper about global warming. In your notes, you start sketching out the main points you want to make and the evidence you’ll use. You could use different colored highlights to mark claims that require sources, information taken from a specific source, and direct quotes from sources.

    In the example below, yellow indicates a claim that requires a source, blue indicates information paraphrased or summarised from a source, and purple indicates a direct quotation.

    Example: Keeping track of sources in your notes

    Notes for global warming paper

    Global warming is drastically altering our planet every year

    Greenhouse gas emissions trap heat and raise global temperatures [cite details]

    Causes more severe weather: hurricanes, fires, water scarcity [cite examples]

    These changes have big impacts not only on humans but also on other species

    Animal habitats across the world are under threat from climate change [cite examples]

    Just this year, 23 species have been declared extinct (BBC News 2021)

    Global warming has even led to changes in animal behaviour and physiology

    ‘Animals are changing shape … some are growing bigger wings, some are sprouting longer ears and others are growing larger bills’ in order to cool off (Zeldovich 2021)

    Keep track of your sources

    To make your life easier later, make sure to write down the full details of every source you consult. That includes not only books and journal articles but also things like websites, magazine articles, and videos. This makes it easy to go back and check where you found a phrase, fact, or idea that you want to use in your paper.

    Scribbr’s Citation Generator allows you to start building and managing your reference list or bibliography as you go, saving time later. When you’re ready to submit, simply download your reference list!

    Make sure your sources are credible

    It’s important to make sure your sources are credible. A credible source is free from bias and backed up with evidence. It is written by a trustworthy author or organisation and avoids vague terms, buzzwords, or writing that is too emotive or subjective.

    Academic journals and books released by academic publishers are often a good place to start. Google Scholar is also a useful resource for research. Exercise the most caution with web sources, which are the most difficult to evaluate for credibility.

    Step 2: Quote and paraphrase correctly

    If you want to share an idea or a piece of information from a source, you must either paraphrase or quote the original text, and you should always cite the source. Make sure your argument shines through by adding your own ideas, interpretations, and conclusions.

    In general, paraphrasing is better than quoting, especially for longer passages. It shows that you have fully understood the meaning of the original text and ensures that your own voice is dominant in your paper.

    Avoiding plagiarism when quoting

    Quoting means copying a piece of text word for word. The copied text must be introduced by your own words, enclosed in quotation marks, and correctly attributed to the original author.

    In general, quote sparingly. Quotes are appropriate when:

    You are using an exact definition, introduced by the original author

    It is impossible for you to rephrase the original text without losing its meaning

    You want to maintain the authority and style of the author’s words

    Source : www.scribbr.co.uk

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