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    what are the functions of the male reproductive system? production of semen and urine production of gametes and hormones production of progesterone and estrogen production of urine and hormones


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    Male Reproductive System (for Teens)

    What makes up a guy's reproductive system and how does it develop? Find the answers to these questions and more.

    Male Reproductive System

    Reviewed by: Larissa Hirsch, MD

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    Sistema reproductor masculino

    What Is Reproduction?

    Reproduction is the process by which organisms make more organisms like themselves. But even though the reproductive system is essential to keeping a species alive, unlike other body systems, it's not essential to keeping an individual alive.

    In the human reproductive process, two kinds of sex cells, or gametes (pronounced: GAH-meetz), are involved. The male gamete, or sperm, and the female gamete, the egg or ovum, meet in the female's reproductive system. When sperm fertilizes (meets) an egg, this fertilized egg is called a zygote (pronounced: ZYE-goat). The zygote goes through a process of becoming an embryo and developing into a fetus.

    The male reproductive system and the female reproductive system both are needed for reproduction.

    Humans, like other organisms, pass some characteristics of themselves to the next generation. We do this through our genes, the special carriers of human traits. The genes that parents pass along are what make their children similar to others in their family, but also what make each child unique. These genes come from the male's sperm and the female's egg.

    What Is the Male Reproductive System?

    The male has reproductive organs, or genitals, that are both inside and outside the pelvis. The male genitals include:

    the testicles (pronounced: TESS-tih-kulz)

    the duct system, which is made up of the epididymis and the vas deferens

    the accessory glands, which include the seminal vesicles and prostate gland

    the penis

    In a guy who has reached sexual maturity, the two oval-shaped testicles, or testes (pronounced: TESS-teez) make and store millions of tiny sperm cells.

    The testicles are also part of the endocrine system because they make hormones, including testosterone (pronounced: tess-TOSS-tuh-rone). Testosterone is a major part of puberty in guys. As a guy makes his way through puberty, his testicles produce more and more of it. Testosterone is the hormone that causes boys to develop deeper voices, bigger muscles, and body and facial hair. It also stimulates the production of sperm.

    Alongside the testicles are the epididymis and the vas deferens, which transport sperm. The epididymis (pronounced: ep-uh-DID-uh-miss) and the testicles hang in a pouch-like structure outside the pelvis called the scrotum. This bag of skin helps to regulate the temperature of testicles, which need to be kept cooler than body temperature to produce sperm. The scrotum changes size to maintain the right temperature. When the body is cold, the scrotum shrinks and becomes tighter to hold in body heat. When it's warm, it gets larger and floppier to get rid of extra heat. This happens without a guy ever having to think about it. The brain and the nervous system give the scrotum the cue to change size.

    The accessory glands, including the seminal vesicles and the prostate gland, provide fluids that lubricate the duct system and nourish the sperm. The urethra (pronounced: yoo-REE-thruh) is the channel that carries the sperm (in fluid called semen) to the outside of the body through the penis. The urethra is also part of the urinary system because it is also the channel through which pee passes as it leaves the bladder and exits the body.

    The penis is actually made up of two parts: the shaft and the glans. The shaft is the main part of the penis and the glans is the tip (sometimes called the head). At the end of the glans is a small slit or opening, which is where semen and pee exit the body through the urethra. The inside of the penis is made of a spongy tissue that can expand and contract.


    The Male Reproductive System

    Like other living things, human beings reproduce. It's what keeps the population going. In humans, the male and female reproductive systems work together to make a baby.

    Click through this slideshow to see how the male reproductive system works.

    © 2020 The Nemours Foundation/KidsHealth. All rights reserved.

    All boys are born with a foreskin, a fold of skin at the end of the penis covering the glans. Some boys are circumcised, which means that a doctor or clergy member cuts away the foreskin. Circumcision is usually done during a baby boy's first few days of life. It's not medically necessary, but parents who choose to have their sons circumcised often do so based on religious beliefs, concerns about hygiene, or cultural or social reasons. Guys who have circumcised penises and those who don't are no different: All penises work and feel the same, regardless of whether the foreskin has been removed.

    How Does the Male Reproductive System Work?

    The male reproductive system:

    makes semen (pronounced: SEE-mun)

    releases semen into the reproductive system of the female during sexual intercourse

    produces sex hormones, which help a boy develop into a sexually mature man during puberty

    Source : kidshealth.org

    Male Reproductive System: Structure & Function

    The male reproductive system is made up of internal and external organs, including the penis, testicles and urethra. This system is responsible for sexual function and urination.

    Male Reproductive System

    The male reproductive system is mostly located outside of the body. These external organs include the penis, scrotum and testicles. Internal organs include the vas deferens, prostate and urethra. The male reproductive system is responsible for sexual function, as well as urination.


    Male Reproductive Anatomy

    What’s the male reproductive system?

    The male reproductive system includes a group of organs that make up a man’s reproductive and urinary system. These organs do the following jobs within your body:

    They produce, maintain and transport sperm (the male reproductive cells) and semen (the protective fluid around sperm).

    They discharge sperm into the female reproductive tract.

    They produce and secrete male sex hormones.

    The male reproductive system is made up of internal (inside your body) and external (outside your body) parts. Together, these organs help you urinate (rid your body of liquid waste materials), have sexual intercourse and make children.

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    How does the male reproductive system function?

    The entire male reproductive system is dependent on hormones. These are chemicals that stimulate or regulate the activity of your cells or organs. The primary hormones involved in the functioning of the male reproductive system are follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone.

    FSH and LH are produced by the pituitary gland. It’s located at the base of your brain and it’s responsible for many functions in your body. FSH is necessary for sperm production (spermatogenesis). LH stimulates the production of testosterone, which is necessary to continue the process of spermatogenesis. Testosterone is also important in the development of male characteristics, including muscle mass and strength, fat distribution, bone mass and sex drive.


    What are the external male reproductive structures?

    Most of the male reproductive system is located outside of your abdominal cavity or pelvis. The external parts of the male reproductive system include the penis, the scrotum and the testicles.


    The penis is the male organ for sexual intercourse. It has three parts:

    The root: This is the part of the penis that attaches to the wall of your abdomen.The body or shaft: Shaped like a tube or cylinder, the body of the penis is made up of three internal chambers. Inside these chambers there’s a special, sponge-like erectile tissue that contains thousands of large spaces that fill with blood when you’re sexually aroused. As the penis fills with blood, it becomes rigid and erect, which allows for penetration during sex. The skin of the penis is loose and elastic, allowing for changes in penis size during an erection.The glans: This is the cone-shaped end of the penis. The glans, which is also called the head of the penis, is covered with a loose layer of skin called foreskin. This skin is sometimes removed in a procedure called circumcision.

    The opening of the urethra — the tube that transports both semen and urine out of the body — is located at the tip of the glans penis. The penis also contains many sensitive nerve endings.

    Semen, which contains sperm, is expelled (ejaculated) through the end of the penis when a man reaches sexual climax (orgasm). When the penis is erect, the flow of urine is blocked from the urethra, allowing only semen to be ejaculated at orgasm.


    The scrotum is the loose pouch-like sac of skin that hangs behind the penis. It holds the testicles (also called testes), as well as many nerves and blood vessels. The scrotum protects your testes, as well as providing a sort of climate control system. For normal sperm development, the testes must be at a temperature slightly cooler than the body temperature. Special muscles in the wall of the scrotum allow it to contract (tighten) and relax, moving the testicles closer to the body for warmth and protection or farther away from the body to cool the temperature.

    Testicles (testes)

    The testes are oval organs about the size of very large olives that lie in the scrotum, secured at either end by a structure called the spermatic cord. Most men have two testes. The testes are responsible for making testosterone, the primary male sex hormone, and for producing sperm. Within the testes are coiled masses of tubes called seminiferous tubules. These tubules are responsible for producing the sperm cells through a process called spermatogenesis.


    The epididymis is a long, coiled tube that rests on the backside of each testicle. It carries and stores sperm cells that are created in the testes. It’s also the job of the epididymis to bring the sperm to maturity — the sperm that emerge from the testes are immature and incapable of fertilization. During sexual arousal, contractions force the sperm into the vas deferens.

    What are the internal male reproductive organs?

    You have several internal organs — also called accessory organs — that play a big part in the male reproductive system. These organs include:

    Source : my.clevelandclinic.org

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    Key terms

    Term Meaning

    Gamete A reproductive (sex) cell. In males, sperm; in females, eggs

    Puberty Process during which adolescents reach sexual and reproductive maturity

    Testes Male reproductive gland that produces sperm and male hormones

    Ovaries Female reproductive gland that produces eggs and female hormones

    Menstrual cycle Pattern of events in females involving the development and release of an egg

    Fertilization The process in sexual reproduction in which a male gamete and female gamete fuse to form a new cell

    The female reproductive system

    Diagram of major female reproductive organs

    Image modified from OpenStax, CC BY 4.0

    Organ Function

    Ovaries Produces and develops eggs

    Fallopian tubes (oviducts) Transports egg to uterus, acts as site of fertilization

    Uterus Supports a developing embryo

    Cervix Allows passage between the uterus and the vagina

    Vagina Receives penis during intercourse, acts as birth canal, passes menstrual flow

    Breasts Produce and deliver milk

    During puberty, the hypothalamus signals the pituitary gland to produce two hormones, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). In females, FSH and LH stimulate the ovaries to produce the female sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone. This results in the development of secondary sex characteristics (such as breasts), and causes the ovaries to begin producing mature eggs.

    Egg release (ovulation) occurs approximately every 28 days, and is part of a larger process called the menstrual cycle. If an egg is fertilized after ovulation, it attaches to the wall of the uterus and embryonic development begins.

    If an egg is not fertilized (or a fertilized egg does not attach to the wall of the uterus), the egg and the lining of the uterus are discharged from the body.

    The male reproductive system

    Diagram of male reproductive organs

    Image from OpenStax, CC BY 4.0

    Organ Function

    Testes Produce sperm and male hormones

    Scrotum Supports testes and regulates their temperature

    Seminal vesicle Contribute fluids to semen production

    Prostate gland Secretes prostate fluid (component of semen), aids in ejaculation

    Epididymis Stores mature sperm

    Vas deferens Transports sperm from epididymis

    Penis Transfers sperm into female

    Puberty begins the same way in males as it does in females: the hypothalamus signals the pituitary gland to produce FSH and LH.

    In males, LH stimulates the testes to produce testosterone, and with FSH, causes sperm development to occur. Testosterone is also responsible for the development of secondary male sex characteristics, such as a deepened voice and growth of body hair.

    Common mistakes and misconceptions

    Fertilization occurs in the fallopian tube (oviduct) of the female reproductive system. Once fertilized, the egg attaches to the lining of the uterus. It becomes a ball of cells over time, then develops in the uterus of the female to become a baby.Only females are born with reproductive sex cells. Females are born with immature eggs already in their ovaries. When puberty occurs, the eggs mature and are released by the ovaries. Males only produce sperm after reaching puberty.Females do not urinate through the vagina. In men, both semen and urine pass through the urethra, a passageway that terminates at the end of the penis. Females urinate through a urethra as well, but it is not connected to their vaginal opening. The female urethra is located above the vagina and urine may pass over or around the opening, but the two passageways are not connected.

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    Log in Abhinay Singh 3 years ago

    Posted 3 years ago. Direct link to Abhinay Singh's post “I have certain doubt rega...”

    I have certain doubt regarding female reproductive system

    (1) There are two ovaries in female reproductive system and in video lecture sir said there is only one egg is produced in female so which ovary produce egg?

    (2) There are two fallopian tubes in which one ferilization occure?

    (3)how the sperm reaches from the vagina to fallopian tube in the female reproductive system diagram it is not clear

    kindly help me • chaniru ratnaweera 3 years ago

    Posted 3 years ago. Direct link to chaniru ratnaweera's post “1)it depends on the readi...”

    1)it depends on the readiness of each ovary to release the egg so when one ovary is still building the egg the other ovary releases the egg

    2)any (depending on what direction sperm cells swim)

    Source : www.khanacademy.org

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    James 8 day ago

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

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