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    what are the eligibility criteria for getting federal financial aid

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    Federal Student Aid

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    Source : studentaid.gov

    Types of Aid and Eligibility

    School counselors, college access professionals, and other mentors: Become familiar with the types of college financial aid and the eligibility criteria.

    We recommend that you and your students visit StudentAid.gov/types for information on financial aid from the federal government and from states, schools, and private sources. Eligibility criteria for federal student aid are described at StudentAid.gov/eligibility.

    Federal Student Aid State Financial Aid

    Financial Aid From the College

    Finding Scholarships

    Avoiding Financial Aid Scams

    Eligibility for Federal Student Aid

    Federal Student Aid

    Aid is available from the federal government in the form of grants, work-study funds, and loans. Students use the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA®) form to apply. Besides referring your students to the information at StudentAid.gov/types to learn about federal aid, you also can recommend they visit StudentAid.gov/resources for fact sheets, videos, and infographics. Meanwhile, you can access those items and more here on the Financial Aid Toolkit. We've provided a feature to help you search financial aid tools and resources that you can use in advising students about aid.

    Do You Need Money for College or Career School? Apply for Federal Student Aid

    (Result Type: PDF)

    Description: Publication that provides information on applying for aid, types of federal student aid, and eligibility. [3.49 MB]Resource Type: Handout

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    State Financial Aid

    To find out about state financial aid for college, try www.ed.gov/sgt to find your state agency's website.

    Talking point: Often, students and parents comment that they don't qualify for federal aid or they qualify for too small an amount. State aid could help fill in some of the gaps.

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    Financial Aid From the College

    Many colleges offer financial aid from their own funds. Direct your students to visit a school's financial aid website for information about aid available at that school. For students with an interest in a particular area of study, encourage them to inquire about any available scholarships in that area or department.

    Talking points:

    When a student submits the FAFSA® form, he or she is automatically applying for aid from not only the federal government but also the state and—in many cases—the college(s) he or she has listed on the FAFSA form.

    Students should be sure to meet any financial aid deadlines the school may have.

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    Finding Scholarships

    One of the most frequent questions we hear from students at college fairs or financial aid information events is, "How do I get free money to help me pay for college?" While the FAFSA form is an application for certain free money (grants and scholarships), not all students will qualify. That's why we've provided information to help them find and apply for scholarships at StudentAid.gov/scholarships.

    Talking points:

    Students should spend the summer between their junior and senior years of high school looking for scholarships, determining which ones are right for them, noting application deadlines, and submitting any applications that they possibly can at that point. They'll have plenty to keep them busy during fall of senior year, so getting a head start will make a difference in levels of stress and anxiety.

    As a student assesses which online scholarship search to use, he or she should consider whether it is free and, if it requests personal information from the student, he or she should carefully read its privacy policy.

    Department of Labor Scholarship Finder

    (Result Type: General)

    Description: Students can use the U.S. Department of Labor's free scholarship search tool to find scholarships along with information on how to apply.Resource Type: Web Resource or Tool

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    Avoiding Financial Aid Scams

    Financial aid scams are less prevalent now than they were 10 or 15 years ago, but you'll still want to remind students to keep their eyes open as they look for financial aid for college. Refer them to StudentAid.gov/scams for tips.

    Talking points:

    You can find plenty of sources of financial aid without paying anyone for help or paying an application fee for the aid.

    The first F in "FAFSA" stands for "Free."

    Don't Get Scammed on Your Way to College

    (Result Type: PDF)

    Description: Tips to avoid scams and identity theft while looking for scholarships and other financial aid to pay for college. [46 KB]Resource Type: Handout

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    Eligibility for Federal Student Aid

    Eligibility for federal student aid is based on financial need and on several other factors such as U.S. citizenship or eligible noncitizenship, enrollment in an eligible program, satisfactory academic progress in college, and more. The full list of our basic eligibility criteria is on our student site.

    Tip: A quick URL to share with your students for information on federal student aid eligibility criteria is StudentAid.gov/eligibility.

    Talking point: There is no such thing as an income cut-off for federal student aid. Eligibility is based on a number of factors, including a complicated mathematical formula. No student should assume that he or she won't qualify for federal aid. Filling out the FAFSA form is the only way to find out. And please remind your students that the FAFSA form is also an application for state and school aid—and many schools won't consider a student for their aid (even merit-based aid) unless the student submits a FAFSA form.

    Source : financialaidtoolkit.ed.gov

    What Are the FAFSA Requirements?

    If you're not sure if you qualify for financial aid for college, here are the FAFSA requirements you'll need to meet to access aid.

    What Are the FAFSA Requirements?

    To qualify for financial aid, you’ll need to verify your citizenship, enrollment status and financial need.

    Anna Helhoski Sep 8, 2021

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    All college students attending eligible schools qualify to submit the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, or FAFSA. You're likely to get some kind of aid if you apply, but you may not be eligible for all types. The list of requirements for need-based aid is extensive, and not meeting some can lose you aid eligibility altogether.

    » MORE: Your guide to financial aid

    Here's what you need to know about FAFSA requirements and aid eligibility.

    FAFSA requirements and your eligibility

    To be eligible for financial aid, you’ll need to:

    Have a high school diploma or a recognized equivalency, such as a GED, or have completed a state-approved home-school high school education.

    Be a U.S. citizen or an eligible noncitizen with U.S. national status, or have a green card, an Arrival/Departure Record (I-94), battered immigrant-qualified alien status or a T visa or a parent with a T-1 visa.

    Have a valid Social Security number.

    Be enrolled or accepted for enrollment in an eligible degree or certificate program.

    Maintain satisfactory academic progress in college if you’re already enrolled. Standards for satisfactory academic progress vary by school.

    » MORE: 5 FAFSA tips to save you time when applying

    There are no GPA requirements for incoming students. There are also no income requirements for federal loans, but there is for need-based aid like work-study, certain scholarships and the Pell Grant.

    Beginning in the 2021-22 award year, the FAFSA is no longer requiring Selective Service registration prior to receiving federal financial aid; previously, males between the ages of 18 and 25 who aren't already on active military duty had to register to be eligible for aid. Additionally, for this award year, individuals who were convicted on drug-related charges while receiving federal aid will not have their aid eligibility suspended.

    Although the questions about Selective Service registration and drug-related convictions will remain on the FAFSA until the 2023-24 award year, they will not impact aid eligibility.

    Why your age (and dependency status) matters for eligibility

    Your age may affect how much aid you can receive. That’s because your age largely determines if you’re an independent or dependent student and thus whose information you report on the FAFSA.

    Federal aid programs assume dependent students have the financial support of their parents.

    » MORE: Am I eligible for financial aid?

    By age 24, you’re considered independent. For the 2022-23 school year, you’re independent if you were born before Jan. 1, 1999. Independent students have higher borrowing limits than dependent students.

    You’re also considered independent if you’re married, a veteran, in a graduate program or have dependents of your own.

    If you’re dependent, include both your information and your parents’ on the FAFSA. If you’re independent, report only your information. If you’re independent and married, include your spouse’s information as well.

    What you need to submit the FAFSA

    You'll need to have several documents ready to complete the FAFSA and qualify for aid. If you are an independent student you do not need to include your parents' information. Necessary documents include:

    Your Social Security card.

    Your driver’s license (if you have one).

    You and your parents' 2020 tax returns.

    You and your parents' 2020 W-2 forms.

    You and your parents' 2020 untaxed income records.

    Your parents' current bank statements.

    All applicants will need to create an FSA ID that you'll use to sign the FAFSA and promissory notes. This FAFSA checklist gives you all of the information you'll need to fill it out.

    On the FAFSA, you'll need to sign a certification statement saying you:

    Aren't in default on a federal student loan.

    Don’t owe money on a federal student grant.

    Agree that all aid will be used for educational purposes only. That includes tuition, fees and room and board.

    If you're eligible for aid, accept all free money, such as grants and scholarships, then consider work-study options before taking out any federal student loans.

    » MORE: Is college worth it? Use a student loan affordability calculator to find out

    How you could lose FAFSA eligibility

    You’ll no longer qualify for aid if you can’t meet the basic eligibility requirements listed above. You could also lose eligibility if you:

    Don’t maintain satisfactory academic progress in your program, according to your school’s standards. This might include a grade-point average minimum or number of credits completed.

    Don’t submit the FAFSA each year you’re enrolled.

    Source : www.nerdwallet.com

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