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    what are the 3 branches of government in the united states

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    Our Government

    The U.S. Federal Government is composed of three distinct branches.

    ABOUT THE WHITE HOUSE

    Our Government

    The U.S. Federal Government is composed of three distinct branches

    Source : www.whitehouse.gov

    Branches of Government

    Branches of Government

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    To ensure a separation of powers, the U.S. Federal Government is made up of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial. To ensure the government is effective and citizens’ rights are protected, each branch has its own powers and responsibilities, including working with the other branches.

    Learn About:

    Legislative Executive Judicial

    Source : www.house.gov

    Branches of the U.S. Government

    Learn about the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the U.S. government.

    Branches of the U.S. Government

    Learn about the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the U.S. government.

    On This Page

    How the U.S. Government Is Organized

    Legislative Branch of the U.S. Government

    Executive Branch of the U.S. Government

    Judicial Branch of the U.S. Government

    Infographic: How the Supreme Court Works

    How the U.S. Government Is Organized

    The Constitution of the United States divides the federal government into three branches to make sure no individual or group will have too much power:

    Legislative—Makes laws (Congress, comprised of the House of Representatives and Senate)

    Executive—Carries out laws (president, vice president, Cabinet, most federal agencies)

    Judicial—Evaluates laws (Supreme Court and other courts)

    Each branch of government can change acts of the other branches:

    The president can veto legislation created by Congress and nominates heads of federal agencies.

    Congress confirms or rejects the president's nominees and can remove the president from office in exceptional circumstances.

    The Justices of the Supreme Court, who can overturn unconstitutional laws, are nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate.

    This ability of each branch to respond to the actions of the other branches is called the system of checks and balances.

    Legislative Branch of the U.S. Government

    The legislative branch drafts proposed laws, confirms or rejects presidential nominations for heads of federal agencies, federal judges, and the Supreme Court, and has the authority to declare war. This branch includes Congress (the Senate and House of Representatives) and special agencies and offices that provide support services to Congress. American citizens have the right to vote for Senators and Representatives through free, confidential ballots.

    Executive Branch of the U.S. Government

    The executive branch carries out and enforces laws. It includes the president, vice president, the Cabinet, executive departments, independent agencies, and other boards, commissions, and committees.

    American citizens have the right to vote for the president and vice president through free, confidential ballots.

    Key roles of the executive branch include:

    President—The president leads the country. He or she is the head of state, leader of the federal government, and Commander in Chief of the United States armed forces. The president serves a four-year term and can be elected no more than two times.

    Vice president—The vice president supports the president. If the president is unable to serve, the vice president becomes president. The vice president can be elected and serve an unlimited number of four-year terms as vice president, even under a different president.

    The Cabinet—Cabinet members serve as advisors to the president. They include the vice president, heads of executive departments, and other high-ranking government officials. Cabinet members are nominated by the president and must be approved by a simple majority of the Senate—51 votes if all 100 Senators vote.

    Executive Branch Agencies, Commissions, and Committees

    Much of the work in the executive branch is done by federal agencies, departments, committees, and other groups.

    Judicial Branch of the U.S. Government

    The judicial branch interprets the meaning of laws, applies laws to individual cases, and decides if laws violate the Constitution. It is comprised of the Supreme Court and other federal courts.

    Infographic: How the Supreme Court Works

    Learn how cases reach the Supreme Court and how the justices make their decisions. Use this lesson plan in class.

    View a larger version of the infographic.

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    Last Updated: January 31, 2022

    Source : www.usa.gov

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