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    Chapter 5 quiz Flashcards

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    Chapter 5 quiz

    27cards Psychology

    Introduction To Psychology

    Suppose you are watching a movie on a large screen. For a fraction of a second, the words “Drink Cola” flash on the screen. You do not perceive the words “Drink Cola” because it is beyond your absolute threshold. In this example, the message “Drink Cola” is an example of ________.

    Subliminal message

    ________ is another term for the malleus.

    hammer

    Which of the following exemplifies gustation?

    tasting freshly caught salmon

    Which field of psychology includes the following concepts: figure-ground relationship, law of continuity, and principle of closure?

    Gestalt

    In addition to sweet, salty, sour, and bitter, what other taste groupings do we possess?

    umami and fat content

    Our vestibular sense contributes to our ability to ________.

    maintain balance and body posture

    What allows Nancy to run without watching her feet and hit a baseball without focusing on the bat?

    proprioception Binaural cue

    sound localization cue that involves both ears

    TermWhat concept is illustrated by the following study? Participants were instructed to focus on either white or black objects, disregarding the other color. When a red cross passed across the screen, about one third of the subjects did not notice it.

    inattentional blindness

    The minimum amount of stimulation energy needed to detect a stimulus 50% of the time is referred to as:erm

    absolute threshold

    ________ disparity refers to the slightly different view of the world that each eye receives.

    binocular

    Sariah enters a room with several chirping crickets in it. Upon first entering the room, Sariah can hear the chirping; however, as she begins to talk to her friends, she is no longer aware of the chirping even though it is still there. The fact that Sariah no longer perceives the chirping sound demonstrates sensory ________.

    adaptation

    Two lines appear to be a different length, though in reality they are the same length. This is known as the ________ illusion.

    Müller-Lyer

    Our vestibular sense contributes to our ability to ________.

    maintain balance and body posture

    ____ allows us to focus our attention on one aspect of our environment, while screening out all other stimuli.

    Selective Attention

    Which is responsible for color vision?

    cones

    Ravon was born deaf, so he is diagnosed with ________ deafness.

    congenital

    Felicia smacks her thumb with a hammer while building a doghouse. The sense of ________ provides her brain with information about the pain she feels.

    nociception

    Which of the following exemplifies gustation?

    tasting freshly caught salmon

    Which field of psychology includes the following concepts: figure-ground relationship, law of continuity, and principle of closure?

    Gestalt

    In addition to sweet, salty, sour, and bitter, what other taste groupings do we possess?

    umami and fat content

    What is described by the concept of perception?

    how sensory information is interpreted and consciously experienced

    What allows Nancy to run without watching her feet and hit a baseball without focusing on the bat?

    proprioception

    What is a binaural cue?

    two-eared cue to localize sound

    TermWhat concept is illustrated by the following study? Participants were instructed to focus on either white or black objects, disregarding the other color. When a red cross passed across the screen, about one third of the subjects did not notice it.

    inattentional blindness

    Which of the following describes the difference in stimuli required to detect a difference between the stimuli?

    just noticeable

    Which of the following exemplifies olfaction?

    smelling cookies in the oven

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    Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception Flashcards

    Start studying Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

    Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception

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    Which field of psychology includes the following concepts: figure-ground relationship, law of

    continuity, and principle of closure?

    A. biometric B. Gestalt C. Pacinian D. somatosensory

    Click card to see definition 👆

    B. Gestalt

    Click again to see term 👆

    What kind of processing is exemplified by the following scenario? Esther's mother offers her a new dish she's been working on―a raisin-jalapeno quiche. Esther's body responds first: Esther eyes the content of the skillet, and smells the mix of raisins, jalapenos, and eggs. Her stomach churns and she looks away. Feeling disgusted and disappointment, she says "I'm not hungry."

    A. bottom-up

    B. sensory adaptation

    C. top-down

    D. vertical-horizontal

    Click card to see definition 👆

    A. Bottom-up

    perceptions are built on sensory input

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    Terms in this set (34)

    Which field of psychology includes the following concepts: figure-ground relationship, law of

    continuity, and principle of closure?

    A. biometric B. Gestalt C. Pacinian D. somatosensory B. Gestalt

    What kind of processing is exemplified by the following scenario? Esther's mother offers her a new dish she's been working on―a raisin-jalapeno quiche. Esther's body responds first: Esther eyes the content of the skillet, and smells the mix of raisins, jalapenos, and eggs. Her stomach churns and she looks away. Feeling disgusted and disappointment, she says "I'm not hungry."

    A. bottom-up

    B. sensory adaptation

    C. top-down

    D. vertical-horizontal

    A. Bottom-up

    perceptions are built on sensory input

    ________ refers to the way that sensory information is interpreted and consciously experienced; ________ refers to what happens when sensory information is detected by a

    sensory receptor.

    A. perception; reception

    B. perception; sensation

    C. preception; postception

    D. sensation; perception

    B. Perception; sensation.

    What kind of processing is exemplified by the following scenario? Shimon offers Mouin some salmon. Mouin thinks, "How nice. My friend is offering me fish. I wonder where he got it." This thought leads Mouin to feel happy, appreciative, and curious; he responds with a smile and an extended hand.

    A. bottom-down B. bottom-up C. top-down D. top-first C. Top down

    influenced by knowledge, our expiriences, and our thoughts.

    Your ears receive sound waves and convert this energy into neural messages that travel to your brain and are processed as sounds. This is an example of ________.

    A. just noticeable difference

    B. subliminal messaging

    C. top-down processing

    D. transduction D. Transduction

    The convertion from sensory stimulus energy to action potential.

    Sariah enters a room with several chirping crickets in it. Upon first entering the room, Sariah can hear the chirping; however, as she begins to talk to her friends, she is no longer aware of the chirping even though it is still there. The fact that Sariah no longer perceives the chirping sound

    demonstrates sensory ________.

    A. adaptation B. formation C. regression D. revision A. adaptation

    Sensory adaptation: not percieving stimuli that remain relatively constant over prolonged periods of time.

    Derek wants to win the student of the year award so badly that when the name of the award winner is announced, he is convinced that he hears his name. He stands up and begins to leave the aisle when his friend grabs his hand. Someone else won the award. This illustrates how ________can affect perception.

    A. attention B. motivation C. peripherals D. sensation B. Motivation ie. spongebob

    Imagine yourself in a dark classroom reading PowerPoint slides. If an audience member were to check the internet using her cell phone and causing her screen to light up, chances are that many people would notice the change in illumination in the classroom. However, if the same thing happened in a brightly lit classroom during a discussion, very few people would notice. The cell phone brightness does not change, but its ability to be detected as a change in illumination varies dramatically between the two contexts. This is an example of ________.

    A. Merkel's theory

    B. the law of thermoception

    C .the principle of transduction

    D. Weber's law D. Weber's Law

    change in a stimulus that will be just noticeable is a constant ratio of the original stimulus

    Vinnie is standing on one leg with his arms in the air. The ________ sense helps keep him balanced so he has less chance of falling over.

    A. nociception B. proprioception C. somatosensation D. vestibular D. vestibular balance

    What allows Nancy to run without watching her feet and hit a baseball without focusing on the bat?

    A. gustation B. proprioception C. somatosensation D. thermoception B. proprioception

    self-awareness of body position

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    What allows Nancy to run without watching her feet and hit a baseball without

    What allows Nancy to run without watching her feet and hit a baseball without from PSYC 2306 at Central Texas College

    What allows nancy to run without watching her feet

    Central Texas College

    PSYC 2306 Test Prep jjy7517 16 78% (9)

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    13.What allows Nancy to run without watching her feet and hit a baseball without focusing on thebat?

    Get answer to your question and much more

    1.Katia is experiencinga state of extreme self-focus and attention. Her brother is trying to get her attention, but sheignores him. Her phone is buzzing, but she doesn't notice. This state was induced through________.

    Get answer to your question and much more

    2.Marlowe wakes up from a dream about his teeth falling out. He looks in a dream dictionary andfinds losing teeth is usually dream symbolism for anxiety. Marlowe is focused on the ________content.

    Get answer to your question and much more

    3.In what stage of sleep do sleep spindles appear?

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    4.What should be changed to make the following sentence true? "The consequences of sleep debtinclude increased levels of alertness and mental efficiency."

    Get answer to your question and much more

    5.Most people are awake during the day and asleep at night because their ________ cycles arealigned with the outside world.

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    6.Which of the following is an example of a synthetic opioid?

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    7.Regular feelings of hunger are an example of a(n) ________ rhythm.

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    8.Which theorist suggested that dreaming may represent a state of protoconsciousness?

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    9.When Brady is hot he sweats. When Brady is cold, he gets goose bumps on his skin so he willwarm up more quickly. This is an example of how the body tries to achieve ________.

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    10.Seeing the light from the sun, feeling the warmth of a room, and hearing the voice of a friendare all examples of ________ stimuli.

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    11.Sleepwalking, night terrors, and restless leg syndrome are all examples of________.

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    12.Cocaine is considered a ________ drug because it tends to increase overall levels of neuralactivity.

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    13.________theory suggests that when people are hypnotized they have voluntarily divided theirconscious: one half aware of reality and the other half tuned in to the hypnotist.

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    14.What occurs during stage 1 sleep?

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    15.Ali is aware of his feelings, emotions, and thoughts. He is also aware of his surroundings, thewarmth of the sun, and the sound of nearby traffic. Ali is in a state of ________.

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    16.What should be changed to make the following sentence true? "A theta wave is a very highamplitude pattern of brain activity that may in some cases occur in response to environmentalstimuli."

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    Term Spring Professor Chad Smith Tags

    Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning

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