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    THE TEXAS CONSTITUTION ARTICLE 3. LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT

    THE TEXAS CONSTITUTION

    ARTICLE 3. LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT

    Sec. 1. SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Legislative power of this State shall be vested in a Senate and House of Representatives, which together shall be styled "The Legislature of the State of Texas."

    (Feb. 15, 1876.)

    Sec. 2. MEMBERSHIP OF SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Senate shall consist of thirty-one members. The House of Representatives shall consist of 150 members.

    (Feb. 15, 1876. Amended Nov. 2, 1999.) (TEMPORARY TRANSITION PROVISIONS for Sec. 2: See Appendix, Note 1.)

    Sec. 3. ELECTION AND TERM OF OFFICE OF SENATORS. The Senators shall be chosen by the qualified voters for the term of four years; but a new Senate shall be chosen after every apportionment, and the Senators elected after each apportionment shall be divided by lot into two classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the first two years, and those of the second class at the expiration of four years, so that one half of the Senators shall be chosen biennially thereafter. Senators shall take office following their election, on the day set by law for the convening of the Regular Session of the Legislature, and shall serve thereafter for the full term of years to which elected.

    (Feb. 15, 1876. Amended Nov. 8, 1966, and Nov. 2, 1999.) (TEMPORARY TRANSITION PROVISIONS for Sec. 3: See Appendix, Note 1.)

    Sec. 4. ELECTION AND TERM OF MEMBERS OF HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Members of the House of Representatives shall be chosen by the qualified voters for the term of two years. Representatives shall take office following their election, on the day set by law for the convening of the Regular Session of the Legislature, and shall serve thereafter for the full term of years to which elected.

    (Feb. 15, 1876. Amended Nov. 8, 1966, and Nov. 2, 1999.) (TEMPORARY TRANSITION PROVISIONS for Sec. 4: See Appendix, Note 1.)

    Sec. 5. MEETINGS; ORDER OF BUSINESS. (a) The Legislature shall meet every two years at such time as may be provided by law and at other times when convened by the Governor.

    (b) When convened in regular Session, the first thirty days thereof shall be devoted to the introduction of bills and resolutions, acting upon emergency appropriations, passing upon the confirmation of the recess appointees of the Governor and such emergency matters as may be submitted by the Governor in special messages to the Legislature. During the succeeding thirty days of the regular session of the Legislature the various committees of each House shall hold hearings to consider all bills and resolutions and other matters then pending; and such emergency matters as may be submitted by the Governor. During the remainder of the session the Legislature shall act upon such bills and resolutions as may be then pending and upon such emergency matters as may be submitted by the Governor in special messages to the Legislature.

    (c) Notwithstanding Subsection (b), either House may determine its order of business by an affirmative vote of four-fifths of its membership.

    (Feb. 15, 1876. Amended Nov. 4, 1930, and Nov. 2, 1999.) (TEMPORARY TRANSITION PROVISIONS for Sec. 5: See Appendix, Note 1.)

    Sec. 6. QUALIFICATIONS OF SENATORS. No person shall be a Senator, unless he be a citizen of the United States, and, at the time of his election a qualified voter of this State, and shall have been a resident of this State five years next preceding his election, and the last year thereof a resident of the district for which he shall be chosen, and shall have attained the age of twenty-six years.

    (Feb. 15, 1876. Amended Nov. 2, 1999.) (TEMPORARY TRANSITION PROVISIONS for Sec. 6: See Appendix, Note 1.)

    Sec. 7. QUALIFICATIONS OF REPRESENTATIVES. No person shall be a Representative, unless he be a citizen of the United States, and, at the time of his election, a qualified voter of this State, and shall have been a resident of this State two years next preceding his election, the last year thereof a resident of the district for which he shall be chosen, and shall have attained the age of twenty-one years.

    (Feb. 15, 1876. Amended Nov. 2, 1999.) (TEMPORARY TRANSITION PROVISIONS for Sec. 7: See Appendix, Note 1.)

    Sec. 8. EACH HOUSE JUDGE OF QUALIFICATIONS AND ELECTION OF ITS MEMBERS; ELECTION CONTESTS. Each House shall be the judge of the qualifications and election of its own members; but contested elections shall be determined in such manner as shall be provided by law.

    (Feb. 15, 1876.)

    Sec. 9. PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE OF SENATE; LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR VACANCY; SPEAKER OF HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES; OTHER OFFICERS. (a) The Senate shall, at the beginning and close of each session, and at such other times as may be necessary, elect one of its members President pro tempore, who shall perform the duties of the Lieutenant Governor in any case of absence or temporary disability of that officer. If the office of Lieutenant Governor becomes vacant, the President pro tempore of the Senate shall convene the Committee of the Whole Senate within 30 days after the vacancy occurs. The Committee of the Whole shall elect one of its members to perform the duties of the Lieutenant Governor in addition to the member's duties as Senator until the next general election. If the Senator so elected ceases to be a Senator before the election of a new Lieutenant Governor, another Senator shall be elected in the same manner to perform the duties of the Lieutenant Governor until the next general election. Until the Committee of the Whole elects one of its members for this purpose, the President pro tempore shall perform the duties of the Lieutenant Governor as provided by this subsection.

    Source : statutes.capitol.texas.gov

    government part 3 Flashcards

    Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards terms like Voter turnout rates in Texas are:, The National Voter Registration Act is also known as the, Why was Texas's 2011 voter ID law rejected by the U.S. Justice Department? and more.

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    Voter turnout rates in Texas are:

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    Below the national average and lower than most other state rates

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    The National Voter Registration Act is also known as the

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    Motor Voter Act.

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    Terms in this set (40)

    Voter turnout rates in Texas are:

    Below the national average and lower than most other state rates

    The National Voter Registration Act is also known as the

    Motor Voter Act.

    Why was Texas's 2011 voter ID law rejected by the U.S. Justice Department?

    because the data Texas provided demonstrated minorities would be adversely affected

    In what decade was the poll tax abolished in Texas?

    1960s

    Of the six flags flown over Texas, which represented republics?

    Texas and Mexico

    Who won the battle that led to the independence of Texas from Mexico?

    Sam Houston

    In terms of population size, Texas ranks ________ in the nation in comparison to other

    second

    Polls show that a Texan is MOST likely to identify as a(n)

    conservative

    The first modern European nation to lay claim to the territory of Texas was

    Spain.

    Voters must approve amendments to the Texas constitution. This is an example of the principle of:

    Popular sovereignty

    What was the result of a bill introduced in 1999 calling for a general revision of the Texas Constitution?

    It died in committee.

    Under the Texas constitution, the power to tax resides with

    the legislature.

    Which of the following is an exclusive power of the national government?

    regulate interstate commerce

    In any given legislative session, most bills

    make only minor changes to existing law.

    After the sixtieth day, before a bill can be considered on the floor of the senate, a two-thirds vote is almost always required. Why?

    senate rules about the order bills come out of committee

    The House and Senate can override a governor's veto with a ________ vote

    two-thirds

    Why is the Texas governor's power exceptionally weak as compared to that of the governors of some other states?

    plural executive system

    A former governor would be most likely to hold which of the following jobs?

    Business executive

    In the process known as ________, the governor must clear his or her appointments with the state senator from the appointee's home district

    senatorial courtesy

    The lowest number of states select judges through

    legislative appointment.

    Judges must base their decisions only on the federal and state constitutions, statutes, and earlier court decisions. This concept is called:

    Objectivity

    A murder case would most likely first be tried in a/an:

    District court

    County government was designed to meet the needs of and provide services to a(n) ________ population.

    rural

    Who is responsible for collecting revenue for the state and county?

    county tax assessor

    According to a recent survey, which of the following types of political participation is least common?

    sent a letter to the editor of a local publication

    In a recent survey of Texas adults, approximately ________ of respondents reported encouraging others to vote for a particular candidate.

    half

    One of the primary political goals for Reconstruction was

    to restore law and order to a society recovering from war.

    Minority groups in Texas:

    Outnumber non-Hispanic whites

    Nineteenth century federalism

    saw states dominant over the federal government.

    All of the following arguments for annual sessions EXCEPT

    Annual sessions afford legislators more time to study proposed legislation

    How many states, including Texas, do not limit how long a person can serve as governor?

    14

    Of the following, who is most likely to be appointed to his or her initial seat on the court in Texas?

    a municipal court judge

    San Antonio wants to expand and add new territory to the city and broaden its tax base by doing what with regard to an upscale subdivision that borders the city?

    annexing it

    The Texas Constitution allows cities and school boards to cancel elections if

    all the races are uncontested.

    The war that led to the declaration of the Republic of Texas began

    in 1835.

    The notion that all individuals possess inalienable rights and willingly submit to government to protect those rights is embodied in

    social contract theory

    High turnover rates in the Texas legislature are due primarily to

    voluntary retirement.

    Which of the following states does not have a process for impeachment?

    Oregon

    Most court cases in Texas deal with

    controversies between individuals

    Most cities in Texas are chartered under

    General law

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    Source : quizlet.com

    U.S. Senate: Constitution of the United States

    Constitution of the United States

    Constitution of the United States

    Constitution of the United States

    Preamble   Article I   Article II   Article III   Article IV   Article V   Article VI

    Article VII      AMENDMENTS

    Introduction

    Written in 1787, ratified in 1788, and in operation since 1789, the United States Constitution is the world’s longest surviving written charter of government. Its first three words – “We The People” – affirm that the government of the United States exists to serve its citizens. The supremacy of the people through their elected representatives is recognized in Article I, which creates a Congress consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives. The positioning of Congress at the beginning of the Constitution affirms its status as the “First Branch” of the federal government.

    The Constitution assigned to Congress responsibility for organizing the executive and judicial branches, raising revenue, declaring war, and making all laws necessary for executing these powers. The president is permitted to veto specific legislative acts, but Congress has the authority to override presidential vetoes by two-thirds majorities of both houses. The Constitution also provides that the Senate advise and consent on key executive and judicial appointments and on the approval for ratification of treaties.

    For over two centuries the Constitution has remained in force because its framers successfully separated and balanced governmental powers to safeguard the interests of majority rule and minority rights, of liberty and equality, and of the federal and state governments. More a concise statement of national principles than a detailed plan of governmental operation, the Constitution has evolved to meet the changing needs of a modern society profoundly different from the eighteenth-century world in which its creators lived. To date, the Constitution has been amended 27 times, most recently in 1992. The first ten amendments constitute the Bill of Rights.

    Annotated Constitutions

    The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation (popularly known as the Constitution Annotated) contains legal analysis and interpretation of the United States Constitution, based primarily on Supreme Court case law.

    The Constitution of the United States of America, S.PUB.103-21 (1994) (PDF), prepared by the Office of the Secretary of the Senate with the assistance of Johnny H. Killian of the Library of Congress in 1994, provided the original text of each clause of the Constitution with an accompanying explanation of its meaning and how that meaning changed over time.

    Italicized text indicates words and passages of the Constitution that were changed or affected by amendments.

    Original Text

    Preamble

    We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

    Article I

    Section 1   Section 2   Section 3   Section 4   Section 5   Section 6   Section 7

    Section 8   Section 9   Section 10

    Section 1

    All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

    Section 2

    The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.

    No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.

    , and excluding Indians not taxed, . The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.

    When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.

    The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.

    Section 3

    The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.

    Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year;

    Source : www.senate.gov

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