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    11-3 Fall of the Roman Republic

    11-3 Fall of the Roman Republic 68%

    434 6th - 8th 6th - 8th History Matt Bright 4 years

    10 Qs

    1. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. They were brothers who fought to bring reforms to the early Republic.

    answer choices Antony & Marcus Bert & Ernie Tiberius & Gaius Romulus & Remus 2. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. Rome’s lower classes saw Julius Caesar as a

    answer choices hero villian landowner priest 3. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. One reform of Julius Caesar’s that still affects us today is the move to accept a/an

    answer choices

    economy that ends the use of slave labor.

    military-run government.

    public jobs program.

    12 month calendar. 4. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. The members of Rome’s Second Triumvirate were Lepidus, Antony, and ___.

    answer choices Octavian Cicero Cleopatra Caesar 5. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. Cicero called for a representative government with limited powers and was against

    answer choices citizenship rights. dictators.

    republican government.

    the Greeks. 6. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. A large farming estate

    answer choices latifundia plebeian patrician Forum 7. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. the battle in which Octavian defeated Antony and Cleopatra

    answer choices Cannae Actium Ticinus River Zarma 8. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. Senator who planned and helped to kill Julius Caesar

    answer choices Brutus Titus Pullo Lucius Verinus Octavian 9. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. Political alliance of three people

    answer choices tricycle three-peat tricep triumvirate 10. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. military hero and Rome's most famous leader.

    answer choices Julius Caesar Cicero Octavian Caligula

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    Who Were the Gracchi Brothers of Ancient Rome?

    The Gracchi were Roman brothers who tried to reform Rome's social and political structure to help the lower classes, in the 2nd century BCE.

    Humanities › History & Culture

    Who Were the Gracchi Brothers of Ancient Rome?

    Who Were the Gracchi Brothers of Ancient Rome? Tiberius and Gaius Gracchi worked to provide for the poor and destitute.

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    Updated on August 01, 2019

    The Gracchi, Tiberius Gracchus, and Gaius Gracchus, were Roman brothers who tried to reform Rome's social and political structure to help the lower classes in the 2nd century BCE. The brothers were politicians who represented the plebs, or commoners, in the Roman government. They were also members of the Populares, a group of progressive activists interested in land reforms to benefit the poor. Some historians describe the Gracchi as the "founding fathers" of socialism and populism.

    The boys were the only surviving sons of a tribune, Tiberius Gracchus the Elder (217–154 BCE), and his patrician wife, Cornelia Africana (195–115 BCE), who saw that the boys were educated by the best available Greek tutors and military training. The elder son, Tiberius, was a distinguished soldier, known for his heroism during the Third Punic Wars (147–146 BCE) when he was the first Roman to scale Carthage's walls and live to tell the tale.

    Tiberius Gracchus Works for Land Reform

    Tiberius Gracchus (163–133 BCE) was eager to distribute land to the workers. His first political position was as quaestor in Spain, where he saw the tremendous imbalance of wealth in the Roman Republic. A very few, very wealthy landowners had most of the power, while the vast majority of people were landless peasants. He sought to ease this imbalance, proposing that no one would be allowed to hold more than 500 iugera (about 125 acres) of land and that any excess beyond that would be returned to the government and redistributed to the poor. Not surprisingly, Rome's wealthy landowners (many of whom were members of the Senate) resisted this idea and became antagonistic toward Gracchus.

    A unique opportunity arose for redistribution of wealth upon the death of King Attalus III of Pergamum in 133 BCE. When the king left his fortune to the people of Rome, Tiberius proposed using that money to purchase and distribute land to the poor. To pursue his agenda, Tiberius attempted to seek re-election to the tribune; this would be an illegal act. Tiberius did, in fact, receive enough votes for re-election—but the event led to a violent encounter in the Senate. Tiberius himself was beaten to death with chairs, along with hundreds of his followers.

    Gaius Gracchus and Grain Stores

    After Tiberius Gracchus was killed during the rioting in 133, his brother Gaius (154–121 BCE) stepped in. Gaius Gracchus took up the reform issues of his brother when he became tribune in 123 BCE, ten years after the death of brother Tiberius. He created a coalition of poor free men and equestrians who were willing to go along with his proposals.

    In the mid 120s, the three main sources of Rome's grain outside Italy (Sicily, Sardinia, and North Africa) were disrupted by locusts and drought, impacting Romans, civilians, and soldiers. Gaius enacted a law that provided for the construction of state granaries, and a regular sale of grain to the citizens, as well as feeding the hungry and homeless with state-owned grain. Gaius also founded colonies in Italy and Carthage and instituted more humane laws surrounding military conscription.

    The Death and Suicide of the Gracchi

    Despite some support, like his brother, Gaius was a controversial figure. After one of Gaius's political opponents was killed, the Senate passed a decree that made it possible to execute anyone identified as an enemy of the state without trial. Faced with the probability of execution, Gaius committed suicide by falling on the sword of an enslaved person. After Gaius's death, thousands of his supporters were arrested and summarily executed.


    Beginning with the Gracchi brothers' troubles to the end of the Roman Republic, personalities dominated Roman politics; major battles were not with foreign powers, but internal civil ones. Violence became a common political tool. Many historians argue that the period of the decline of the Roman Republic began with the Gracchi meeting their bloody ends, and ended with the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BCE. That assassination was followed by the rise of the first Roman emperor, Augustus Caesar.

    Based on the existing record, its difficult to know the motivations of the Gracchi: they were members of the nobility and nothing they did dismantled the social structure in Rome. There is no doubt that the upshot of the Gracchi brothers' socialist reforms included increased violence in the Roman Senate and ongoing and increasing oppression of the poor. Were they demagogues willing to incite the masses in a bid to increase their own power, as U.S. President John Adams thought, or heroes of the middle classes, as portrayed in American textbooks in the 19th century?

    Source : www.thoughtco.com

    Chapter 11 Rome Flashcards

    Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards terms like republic, legion, Italy was attractive to settlers for what 2 reason? and more.

    Chapter 11 Rome

    11 studiers in the last day


    Click card to see definition 👆

    a form of goverment in which citizens elect their leader

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    large groups of Roman soliders

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    1/39 Created by riley51001

    Terms in this set (39)


    a form of goverment in which citizens elect their leader


    large groups of Roman soliders

    Italy was attractive to settlers for what 2 reason?

    central location and climite

    in a popular legend what is the name of the two brothers said to have founded the city of Rome?

    Romulus and Remus

    Romulus and Remus are two brothers who did what?

    they were said to have found Rome

    for what were the Etruscans known for showing great skills?

    metal working

    who was known for showing great skills as metal workers?


    what group did the Romans overthrow to form a republic form of goverment?


    the Etruscans got overthrown by romans to form what kind of goveremt?

    republic patrician the ruling class plebeians ordianrary citizens tribune

    an elected offical who protected the rights of ordianray citizens

    veto to reject twelve tables

    a written code of law that the romes adpoted

    who was Scipio?

    roman genral who helped win the second punic war

    who was the roman genral war who helped win the second punic war?


    how did the plebeians protest for equal right?

    they went on strike

    who went on strike to protest for equal rights?

    the plebeians

    who was the best known early Roman dictator


    rome fought _______ in the punic war


    carthage fought who in which war?

    who- rome war-punic

    what brothers helped bring reforms to the early Republic

    Gracchus Brothers

    The Gracchus brothers helped do what?

    they helped bring reforms to the early Republic

    how did Rome's lower class veiw Julius Caesar?

    as a hero

    the lower class veiwed who as a hero?

    Julius Caesar

    What senator planned to kill Julius Caesar?


    Brutus planned to do what to Julius Caesar?


    name a reform of Julius Caesar still in efftect today?

    the calender (12 month)

    who created the 12 month calender that is still in effect today?

    Julius Caesar

    Name the 3 members of Rome's Second Triumvirate

    Octvain, Anonty, and Lepidus

    Octvain, Anonty and Lepidus were members of what

    the Second Triumvirate

    The political leader Cicero was in favor of a limited representative goveremtn but he opposed what?

    dictatory triumvirate

    3 people/rulers who share equal politicle powers

    Pax Romana roman peace proconsul governor

    what happened durning the rule of the "five good emperors"

    trade/agriculture grew rapidly

    economic growth

    Augustus brought on era of _____ and ______ to rome

    peace and prosperity

    What was the most important element in Romes economy


    rulers did not abbuse their what?


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