if you want to remove an article from website contact us from top.

    the utopian socialist factory owner from great britain who worked to improve conditions for his workers was

    James

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    get the utopian socialist factory owner from great britain who worked to improve conditions for his workers was from EN Bilgi.

    Robert Owen

    Wiki Loves Earth in Turkey photography contest has started!

    Visit WLE 2022 and upload your photos of natural monuments and Win!

    Robert Owen

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Jump to navigation Jump to search

    For other people named Robert Owen, see Robert Owen (disambiguation).

    Robert Owen

    Owen, aged about 50,

    by William Henry Brooke

    Born 14 May 1771

    Newtown, Montgomeryshire, Wales

    Died 17 November 1858 (aged 87)

    Newtown, Montgomeryshire, Wales

    Occupation co-operator; social reformer, textile mill co-owner; philanthropic capitalist

    Spouse(s) Ann (or Anne) Caroline Dale

    Children Jackson Dale (born 1799)

    Robert Dale (born 1801)

    William (born 1802)

    Ann (or Anne) Caroline (born 1805)

    Jane Dale (born 1805)

    David Dale (born 1807)

    Richard Dale (born 1809)

    Mary (born 1810)

    Parent(s) Robert Owen and Anne (Williams) Owen[1]

    Part of a series on

    Socialism

    HistoryOutline show Development show Ideas show Models show Variants show People show Organizations show Related topics show Lists

    Socialism portal (WikiProject)

    Communism portal

    Organized Labour portal

    vte

    Robert Owen (/ˈoʊɪn/; 14 May 1771 – 17 November 1858) was a Welsh textile manufacturer, philanthropist and social reformer, and a founder of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement. He strove to improve factory working conditions, promoted experimental socialistic communities, and sought a more collective approach to child rearing, including government control of education.[2] He gained wealth in the early 1800s from a textile mill at New Lanark, Scotland. Having trained as a draper in Stamford, Lincolnshire he worked in London before relocating aged 18 to Manchester and textile manufacturing. In 1824, he moved to America and put most of his fortune in an experimental socialistic community at New Harmony, Indiana, as a preliminary for his Utopian society. It lasted about two years. Other Owenite communities also failed, and in 1828 Owen returned to London, where he continued to champion the working class, lead in developing cooperatives and the trade union movement, and support child labour legislation and free co-educational schools.

    Contents

    1 Early life and education

    2 Marriage and family

    3 New Lanark mill

    4 Philosophy and influence

    4.1 Eight-hour day

    4.2 Models for socialism (1817)

    4.3 Arguments against Owen and his answers

    5 Community experiments

    6 Return to Britain

    7 Role in spiritualism

    8 Death and legacy

    9 Honours and tributes

    10 Selected published works

    11 See also 12 References 13 Bibliography 14 Further reading

    14.1 Biographies of Owen

    14.2 Other works about Owen

    15 External links

    Early life and education[edit]

    Baptism record of Robert Owen in the Newtown Anglican Parish Register[3]

    Robert Owen was born in Newtown, a small market town in Montgomeryshire, Wales, on 14 May 1771, to Anne (Williams) and Robert Owen. His father was a saddler, ironmonger and local postmaster; his mother was the daughter of a Newtown farming family. Young Robert was the sixth of the family's seven children, two of whom died at a young age. His surviving siblings were William, Anne, John and Richard.[1][4]

    Owen received little formal education, but he was an avid reader. He left school at the age of ten to be apprenticed to a Stamford, Lincolnshire, draper for four years. He also worked in London drapery shops in his teens.[5][6] At about the age of 18, Owen moved to Manchester, where he spent the next twelve years of his life, employed initially at Satterfield's Drapery in Saint Ann's Square.[7][8]

    While in Manchester, Owen borrowed £100 from his brother William, so as to enter into a partnership to make spinning mules, a new invention for spinning cotton thread, but exchanged his business share within a few months for six spinning mules that he worked in rented factory space.[9] In 1792, when Owen was about 21 years old, mill-owner Peter Drinkwater made him manager of the Piccadilly Mill at Manchester. However, after two years with Drinkwater, Owen voluntarily gave up a contracted promise of partnership, left the company, and went into partnership with other entrepreneurs to establish and later manage the Chorlton Twist Mills in Chorlton-on-Medlock.[10][11]

    By the early 1790s, Owen's entrepreneurial spirit, management skills and progressive moral views were emerging. In 1793, he was elected a member of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society,[11] where the ideas of the Enlightenment were discussed. He also became a committee member of the Manchester Board of Health, instigated principally by Thomas Percival to press for improvements in the health and working conditions of factory workers.[12][13]

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

    E4 Socialism Utopianism Communism socialism, capitalism Robert Owen Utopian Analyzing Images Communist revoltuion Carl Marx proletarial utopiansim Flashcards

    Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards terms like Socialism, Capitalism, Means of production Capitalism and more.

    E4 Socialism Utopianism Communism socialism, capitalism Robert Owen Utopian Analyzing Images Communist revoltuion Carl Marx proletarial utopiansim

    66 studiers in the last day

    Socialism

    Click card to see definition 👆

    Everyone should cooperate to produce what is best for society

    The government must act to protect workers and consumers

    employers taken advantage of employees

    better of society not best interest

    government controls factors means of production

    Click again to see term 👆

    Capitalism

    Click card to see definition 👆

    Society benefits when all people are free to follow their own best interests

    Competition results in better prices for consumers and higher wages for workers. more money fore everyone business should invest in business look for better jobs self interest without government interest.

    Click again to see term 👆

    1/38 Created by idench

    Terms in this set (38)

    Socialism

    Everyone should cooperate to produce what is best for society

    The government must act to protect workers and consumers

    employers taken advantage of employees

    better of society not best interest

    government controls factors means of production

    Capitalism

    Society benefits when all people are free to follow their own best interests

    Competition results in better prices for consumers and higher wages for workers. more money fore everyone business should invest in business look for better jobs self interest without government interest.

    Means of production Capitalism

    private individuals own land, factories, and businesses.

    Price and wages are set by suppy and demand.

    government doesnt have a hand in this

    set by supply and demand

    agreement by consumersa nd producers

    Means of production Socialism

    **an economic theory based on government control

    The means of production are controlled by the government

    Prices and wages are set by the government

    government knows best

    not supply and demand

    people less control

    work in job that they havent chosen.

    Distribution of Wealth

    Capitalism

    Those who work hardest or take steps to improve their skills deserve higher wages.

    Entrepreneurs who take risks deserve to make money for doing so.

    Distribution of Wealth

    Socialism

    Capitalism creates an unequal distribution of wealth, which is unfair.

    Workers should share equally in the profits of businesses.

    Capitalism

    competition is best for society

    prices are set by the market

    Entrepreneurs deserve profits

    Socialism

    prices are set by the government

    workers share equally in profits

    cooperation is best for societ

    Social Democracy

    Today, some governments incorporate socialist principles

    wealfare higher education

    government may support trade unions

    higher taxes on wealthy distributed to poor

    In social democracy, the government

    support social welfare programs

    regulates the economy to better protect workers

    Social democracies

    Denmark, Norway, Finland, Sweden

    Utopian Socialism

    Is the belief in the creation of an ideal society

    **a scoiety based on cooperation and sharing

    live and work together

    share goods and property

    key developer Robert Owen

    Robert Owen 1771-1858

    British factory owner who worked to improve conditions for his employees

    Built schools and housing for his workers

    Reduce working hours

    Prevented children under ten from working at his factory

    1828 Owen founded a utopian community in New Harmoney, Indiania

    The experiment attracted hundreds of residents.

    most residents lacked the skills needed to help the community succeed.

    Within three years, the community collapesed

    What was the goal of utopianism?

    to create a society based on self-interest

    to create a society based on government ownership

    to create society based on cooperation

    to create a society based on private ownership

    to create society based on cooperation

    Communism

    is a more radical form of socialism

    policitacl system that uses elelments of socialist econmy

    The government controls the means of production

    the government regulates a centrally planned economy

    not individual its the government for all resources for goods and service when what how much etc..

    a single authoritarian party holds power

    refered to as marxism after carl Marx

    Karl Marx 1818-1883

    was a german philospher, political theorist, socialogist, and revolutionary

    Wrote the Communist Meanifesto 1848 with ref

    ormer Fredrich Engeles

    Democracy uses elements of a capitalism economy

    ...

    Friedrich Engles 1820-1895

    was a political theorist sociolgist and reformer

    observed the poor working conditions in his family's cotton factories

    Wrote the Condition of working class in England 1844

    Worked closely with Karl Marx

    owing to extensive use of machinery.......easily acquired knack, that is required of him

    Karl and Friedrick communist manifesto

    increase use of machinery and labor each person with small part the work of the working class and peasonet have lost appeal workers tools within this system lacking individual and characters most boring work takes them little energy.

    Source : quizlet.com

    Robert Owen

    Robert Owen, (born May 14, 1771, Newtown, Montgomeryshire, Wales—died November 17, 1858, Newtown), Welsh manufacturer turned reformer, one of the most influential early 19th-century advocates of utopian socialism. His New Lanark mills in Lanarkshire, Scotland, with their social and industrial welfare programs, became a place of pilgrimage for political leaders, social reformers, and royalty. He also sponsored or encouraged many experimental “utopian” communities, including one in New Harmony, Indiana, U.S. Owen was the second youngest of seven children of Robert Owen, the postmaster of Newtown, and Anne Williams. He attended local schools until the age of 10, when he became

    Robert Owen

    British social reformer

    By Douglas F. Dowd • Last Updated: May 10, 2022 • Edit History

    Robert Owen See all media

    Born: May 14, 1771 Newtown Wales

    Died: November 17, 1858 (aged 87) Newtown Wales

    Notable Family Members: son Robert Dale Owen

    Subjects Of Study: human nature

    See all related content →

    Summary

    Read a brief summary of this topic

    Robert Owen, (born May 14, 1771, Newtown, Montgomeryshire, Wales—died November 17, 1858, Newtown), Welsh manufacturer turned reformer, one of the most influential early 19th-century advocates of utopian socialism. His New Lanark mills in Lanarkshire, Scotland, with their social and industrial welfare programs, became a place of pilgrimage for political leaders, social reformers, and royalty. He also sponsored or encouraged many experimental “utopian” communities, including one in New Harmony, Indiana, U.S.

    Early life

    Owen was the second youngest of seven children of Robert Owen, the postmaster of Newtown, and Anne Williams. He attended local schools until the age of 10, when he became an apprentice to a clothier. His employer had a good library, and Owen spent much of his time reading. His reading of books on religious controversies led him to conclude at an early age that there were fundamental flaws in all religions. Excelling in business, by the time he was 19 he had become superintendent of a large cotton mill in Manchester, and he soon developed it into one of the foremost establishments of its kind in Great Britain. Owen made use of the first American Sea Island cotton (a fine, long-staple fibre) ever imported into Britain and made improvements in the quality of the cotton spun. On becoming manager and a partner in the Manchester firm, Owen induced his partners to purchase the New Lanark mills in Lanarkshire.

    Success at New Lanark

    There were 2,000 inhabitants of New Lanark, 500 of whom were young children from the poorhouses and charities of Edinburgh and Glasgow. The children, especially, had been well treated by the former proprietor, but their living conditions were harsh: crime and vice were bred by demoralizing conditions; education and sanitation were neglected; and housing conditions were intolerable. Owen improved the houses and—mainly by his personal influence—encouraged the people in habits of order, cleanliness, and thrift. He opened a store that sold sound-quality goods at little more than cost and strictly supervised the sale of alcoholic beverages. His greatest success was in the education of the young, to which he devoted special attention. In 1816 he opened the first infant school in Great Britain at the New Lanark mills and gave it his close personal supervision. The schools, which eschewed corporal punishment and other traditional methods, emphasized character development and included dancing and music in the curriculum.

    Robert Owen Robert Owen.

    © Photos.com/Thinkstock

    Although Owen initially was regarded with suspicion as an outsider, he quickly won the confidence of the people, especially because of his decision during an embargo against the United States during the War of 1812 to pay wages to the workers while the mills were closed for four months. The mills continued to thrive commercially, but some of Owen’s schemes entailed considerable expense, which displeased his partners. Frustrated by the restrictions imposed on him by his partners, who emphasized profit and wished to conduct the business along more ordinary lines, Owen organized a new firm in 1813. Its members, content with a 5 percent return on their capital and ready to give freer scope to his philanthropy, bought out the old firm. Stockholders in the new firm included the legal reformer and utilitarian philosopher Jeremy Bentham and the Quaker William Allen.

    Philosophy of social reform

    In 1813 Owen published two of the four essays in A New View of Society; or, Essays on the Principle of the Formation of the Human Character in which he expounded the principles on which his system of educational philanthropy was based. Having lost all belief in the prevailing forms of religion, he developed his own creed that he took to be an entirely new and original discovery. The chief point in Owen’s philosophy was that human character is formed by circumstances over which individuals have no control. For this reason, people are not a proper subject of either praise or blame. These convictions led him to the conclusion that the great secret in the right formation of human character was to place people under the proper influences from their earliest years. The nonresponsibility of individuals and the effect of early influences were the hallmark of Owen’s entire system of education and social amelioration.

    For the next few years, Owen’s work in New Lanark was to have a national as well as a European significance. According to the unanimous testimony of all who visited it, the results achieved by Owen were singularly good. Children brought up on his system were generally felt to be graceful, genial, and unconstrained; health, plenty, and relative contentment prevailed; and the business also was a commercial success.

    Source : www.britannica.com

    Do you want to see answer or more ?
    James 16 day ago
    4

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    Click For Answer