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    the desire for the glorious revolution came from england’s response to the absolute rule of which monarch?

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    The Glorious Revolution and the English Empire

    The Glorious Revolution and the English Empire

    LEARNING OBJECTIVES

    By the end of this section, you will be able to:

    Identify the causes of the Glorious Revolution

    Explain the outcomes of the Glorious Revolution

    During the brief rule of King James II, many in England feared the imposition of a Catholic absolute monarchy by the man who modeled his rule on that of his French Catholic cousin, Louis XIV. Opposition to James II, spearheaded by the English Whig party, overthrew the king in the Glorious Revolution of 1688–1689. This paved the way for the Protestant reign of William of Orange and his wife Mary (James’s Protestant daughter).

    JAMES II AND THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION

    This broadside, signed by several citizens, demands the surrender of Sir Edmund (spelled here “Edmond”) Andros, James II’s hand-picked leader of the Dominion of New England.

    James II (shown here in a painting ca. 1690) worked to centralize the English government. The Catholic king of France, Louis XIV, provided a template for James’s policies.

    King James II, the second son of Charles I, ascended the English throne in 1685 on the death of his brother, Charles II. James then worked to model his rule on the reign of the French Catholic King Louis XIV, his cousin. This meant centralizing English political strength around the throne, giving the monarchy absolute power. Also like Louis XIV, James II practiced a strict and intolerant form of Roman Catholicism after he converted from Protestantism in the late 1660s. He had a Catholic wife, and when they had a son, the potential for a Catholic heir to the English throne became a threat to English Protestants. James also worked to modernize the English army and navy. The fact that the king kept a standing army in times of peace greatly alarmed the English, who believed that such a force would be used to crush their liberty. As James’s strength grew, his opponents feared their king would turn England into a Catholic monarchy with absolute power over her people.

    In 1686, James II applied his concept of a centralized state to the colonies by creating an enormous colony called the Dominion of New England. The Dominion included all the New England colonies (Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Plymouth, Connecticut, New Haven, and Rhode Island) and in 1688 was enlarged by the addition of New York and New Jersey. James placed in charge Sir Edmund Andros, a former colonial governor of New York. Loyal to James II and his family, Andros had little sympathy for New Englanders. His regime caused great uneasiness among New England Puritans when it called into question the many land titles that did not acknowledge the king and imposed fees for their reconfirmation. Andros also committed himself to enforcing the Navigation Acts, a move that threatened to disrupt the region’s trade, which was based largely on smuggling.

    In England, opponents of James II’s efforts to create a centralized Catholic state were known as Whigs. The Whigs worked to depose James, and in late 1688 they succeeded, an event they celebrated as the Glorious Revolution while James fled to the court of Louis XIV in France. William III (William of Orange) and his wife Mary II ascended the throne in 1689.

    The Glorious Revolution spilled over into the colonies. In 1689, Bostonians overthrew the government of the Dominion of New England and jailed Sir Edmund Andros as well as other leaders of the regime. The removal of Andros from power illustrates New England’s animosity toward the English overlord who had, during his tenure, established Church of England worship in Puritan Boston and vigorously enforced the Navigation Acts, to the chagrin of those in port towns. In New York, the same year that Andros fell from power, Jacob Leisler led a group of Protestant New Yorkers against the dominion government. Acting on his own authority, Leisler assumed the role of King William’s governor and organized intercolonial military action independent of British authority. Leisler’s actions usurped the crown’s prerogative and, as a result, he was tried for treason and executed. In 1691, England restored control over the Province of New York.

    The Glorious Revolution provided a shared experience for those who lived through the tumult of 1688 and 1689. Subsequent generations kept the memory of the Glorious Revolution alive as a heroic defense of English liberty against a would-be tyrant.

    ENGLISH LIBERTY

    The Glorious Revolution led to the establishment of an English nation that limited the power of the king and provided protections for English subjects. In October 1689, the same year that William and Mary took the throne, the 1689 Bill of Rights established a constitutional monarchy. It stipulated Parliament’s independence from the monarchy and protected certain of Parliament’s rights, such as the right to freedom of speech, the right to regular elections, and the right to petition the king. The 1689 Bill of Rights also guaranteed certain rights to all English subjects, including trial by jury and habeas corpus (the requirement that authorities bring an imprisoned person before a court to demonstrate the cause of the imprisonment).

    Source : courses.lumenlearning.com

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    The French Revolution began as a demand for equality by people in the

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    Terms in this set (13)

    The French Revolution began as a demand for equality by people in the

    lower class

    They wanted to put an end to monarchy in France.

    absolute

    After the revolution, the country experienced a time of

    turmoil

    Which ideas are included in both documents? Check all that apply.

    all men have natural rights

    the purpose of gov is to protect rights

    What did James II do to gain absolute rule?

    He pursued Catholicism as the state religion and dismissed Parliament.

    The main goal of the American Revolution was to gain

    . independance

    After the French Revolution, France was left .

    in turmoil

    Which is the correct description of a revolution and one of its outcomes?

    The American Revolution led to the creation of a democratic republic.

    A cause of the French Revolution was Louis XIV's pursuit of

    absolute authority.

    A common goal of the Glorious, American, and French revolutions was

    to establish a more democratic government.

    What were the primary causes of the French Revolution? Check all that apply.

    lack of representation for the lower classes

    absolute rule by the monarchy

    high taxes on the lower class

    high rates of poverty

    The desire for the Glorious Revolution came from England's response to the absolute rule of which monarch?

    James II

    How did the Enlightenment idea of separation of powers influence the effects of the American Revolution?

    Americans established power in legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government.

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    The desire for the Glorious Revolution came from England’s response to the absolute rule of which monarch?

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    The Glorious Revolution of 1688 occurred after English supporters of Parliament solicited the aid of William III (William of Orange) to overthrow James II. The English Civil War, which was fought between 1642 and 1651, established the conflict of the Glorious Revolution. Charles I sparked the Civil War after attempting...

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    The Glorious Revolution of 1688 occurred after English supporters of Parliament solicited the aid of William III (William of Orange) to overthrow James II. The English Civil War, which was fought between 1642 and 1651, established the conflict of the Glorious Revolution. Charles I sparked the Civil War after attempting to diminish parliamentary power and revert the Church of England to Catholic practices. After the Civil War, Charles II was put into power. He agreed to limited powers, but he died without an heir in 1685. His brother, James II, took the throne of England and Ireland. James II made it clear that he would return to the ways of Charles I by using monarchal power to invalidate the laws of Parliament. In short time, Parliament rose up against James II.

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