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    Flag of Oregon

    Flag of Oregon

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Jump to navigation Jump to search Oregon

    Use Civil and state flag

    Proportion 3:5

    Adopted April 15, 1925; 96 years ago

    Design Seal of Oregon in gold on a navy blue field. Above the seal the text "State of Oregon" is displayed in a wavy flow.

    Designed by Oregon Legislature; first sewn by Marjorie Kennedy and Blanche Cox.

    The flag of the state of Oregon is a two-sided flag in navy blue and gold with an optional gold fringe. On the front is the escutcheon from the state seal and on the reverse is a gold figure of a beaver, the state animal. Oregon is the only U.S. State to feature different designs on either side of its flag (the flag of Massachusetts was changed in 1971 to be single-sided).[1]

    Contents

    1 History 1.1 Proposed change 2 Description 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

    History[edit]

    The current flag of Oregon became official on February 26, 1925.[2] What is believed to be the first flag of Oregon produced was made that year by Meier & Frank, sewn by Marjorie Kennedy and Blanche Cox, employees of the department store.[3] That flag was donated to Eastern Oregon University in 1954 by the grandson of former governor Walter M. Pierce.[3] In 2010, the flag was restored.[3]

    Proposed change[edit]

    For the Oregon Sesquicentennial in 2009, created a statewide contest to redesign the state flag.[4] The newspaper collected and published the entries with the public voting on the winning design. The winning design was created by Randall Gray, a map maker for Clackamas County. In his design, Gray emphasized the beaver found on the current flag's reverse. The star represents Oregon's place in the Union while the green represents the natural wilderness and forests of Oregon.[4] After the contest had started with votes being cast, there were requests for the Oregonian to add an 11th option, "NONE OF THE ABOVE", meaning, keep the current state flag as it is. In the final tally of votes, "NONE" received the most votes.

    In 2013, a bill was introduced to the Oregon Senate that would have made several changes to the flag design; however, the bill never made it out of committee.[5] This bill was sponsored by state Senator Laurie Monnes Anderson, on behalf of Gresham resident Matt Norquist, who lobbied for the flags' change.[6]

    The bill describes the proposed design as follows:

    The flag shall feature a vertical bicolor split with a navy blue field at the hoist and a gold field at the fly. In the canton the flag shall bear a representation of the beaver, in gold, facing the hoist. On the fly the flag shall bear a vertical stripe in navy blue, and a white star shall be centered at the vertical halfway point of the stripe. The obverse and reverse of the flag shall be mirror images of each other.

    Description[edit]

    The flags of the United States and Oregon in Portland, Oregon

    The flag field is navy blue with all lettering and symbols in gold, representing the state colors of Oregon.[7][8] On the obverse, the legend is written above an escutcheon, which also appears in the Oregon state seal. The shield is surrounded by 33 stars, representing Oregon's admission to the Union as the 33rd state. Below the shield is written , the year in which Oregon became a state.[7]

    The reverse of the flag (the hoist is to the right)

    Oregon's flag is the last remaining state flag in the U.S. in which the obverse and reverse sides have different designs.[2] Paraguay[9] is the only country that still has a two-sided flag. Two-sided flags were previously more common, but have been reduced due to increased costs of manufacturing a flag with two different designs.[2] On the reverse of the flag is a depiction, also in gold, of a beaver, the state animal of Oregon.[7]

    For dress or parade use, the flag may feature a gold fringe. For standard use, no fringe is required.[7] The ratio of the flag's width to its length is 3:5.[10]

    See also[edit]

    Oregon portal Seal of Oregon

    List of Oregon state symbols

    Flags whose reverse differs from the obverse

    Flag of Portland, Oregon

    References[edit]

    ^ http://www.statesymbolsusa.org/Oregon/stateFLAG.html Statesymbolsusa.org

    ^ Jump up to:

    "Geography". . Retrieved 2008-05-05.

    ^ Jump up to:

    "Oregon's first flag will be moved to a public display at Eastern Oregon University". . The Associated Press. September 6, 2010. Retrieved 8 September 2010.

    ^ Jump up to:

    "Redesign the Oregon flag". . December 11, 2008. Retrieved June 16, 2010.

    ^ "Oregon Senate Bill 473". Retrieved February 8, 2013.^ "www.neworegonflag.org". Retrieved November 25, 2013.

    ^ Jump up to:

    "Oregon Almanac:Flag, State". Oregon Blue Book. Retrieved 2008-05-05.

    ^ Shearer, B.F; Shearer, B.S (2002). (Third ed.). Greenwood Press. p. 67. ISBN 0-313-31534-5.^ Oregon, flag of. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on May 6, 2008.^ "Oregon Flag". Flags of the World. Retrieved 2008-05-05.

    External links[edit]

    Chapter 186 — State Emblems; State Boundary 2005 Oregon Revised Statutes

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

    Oregon State Flag

    The Oregon state flag was adopted in 1925 and is the only U.S. state flag that displays different images on front and back; gold lettering and symbols on a field of navy blue.

    Flag of Oregon

    Oregon State Flag

    Flag of Oregon Oregon State Flag StateFlagOregonFlag.jpg

    Oregon flag; the only U.S. state flag that displays different images on front and back.  Photo by Holly Hayes/Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution).

    Official State Flag of Oregon

    The Oregon state flag was adopted in 1925 and is the only U.S. state flag that displays different images on front and back. All State Flags

    The Oregon flag has gold lettering and symbols on a field of navy blue (Oregon's state colors). The flag's face displays part of the state seal and the words "STATE OF OREGON" and "1859" (the year Oregon was admitted to the Union). The parade flag (or "dress flag") has a gold fringe, but the utility flag has a plain border.

    The symbols on the shield include the mountains and forests of Oregon, an elk with branching antlers, a covered wagon and ox team, the Pacific Ocean with a setting sun, a departing British man-of-war ship (a symbol of the departure of British influence in the region) and an arriving American merchant ship (a symbol of the rise of American power). The 33 stars supporting the shield signify that Oregon was the 33rd state to join the Union.

    The reverse of the flag pictures Oregon's official state animal - the beaver (Oregon's nickname is The Beaver State, stemming from the early 19th century when fur hats were fashionable and Oregon’s streams were an important source of beaver).

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    Source : statesymbolsusa.org

    flag

    U.S. state flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) with the phrase “State of Oregon,” the date 1859, and an emblem in golden yellow on the obverse side; on the reverse is a representation of a beaver in golden yellow.A number of U.S. state flags, based on the military colours of local militias, originally had different designs on the obverse and reverse, but the expense and complexity of their manufacture gradually led to their replacement by simpler banners. Oregon is now the only state with such a flag, just as Paraguay is the only country to have a national

    flag

    heraldry

    By The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica • Edit History

    flag shapes See all media

    Key People: Betsy Ross

    Related Topics: ensign banner pennon guidon pennant

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    flag, a piece of cloth, bunting, or similar material displaying the insignia of a sovereign state, a community, an organization, an armed force, an office, or an individual. A flag is usually, but not always, oblong and is attached by one edge to a staff or halyard.

    The part nearest the staff is called the hoist, and the outer part is called the fly. A flag’s length (also called the fly) usually exceeds its width (hoist). The main portion of the flag, constituting all or most of its area, is called the field or ground. In addition, flags often have a design element in the upper corner of the hoist, called the canton, which is distinct from the field. Flags of various forms and purpose are known as colours, standards, banners, ensigns, pendants (or pennants), pennons, guidons, and burgees.

    flag parts

    The parts of a flag.

    Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

    Flags originally were used mainly in warfare, and to some extent they have remained insignia of leadership, serving for the identification of friend or foe and as rallying points. They are now also extensively employed for signaling, for decoration, and for display. Because the usefulness of a flag for purposes of identification depends on its blowing out freely in the wind, the material that is preferred is usually light and bears a device or pattern identical on both sides. Wording therefore tends to be excluded, and the simpler patterns are favoured. Any colours or devices may be used, but European usage normally follows the practice of heraldry in discouraging the juxtaposition of “metal” and “metal” (i.e., of yellow and white) or of colour and colour without “metal” interposed. The flag of the Vatican city-state constitutes an exception to that rule.

    flag of Vatican City

    Flag of Vatican City, an exception to the European heraldic rule about not combining two “metal” colours (i.e., yellow and white) in a flag design.

    Origins

    Flags recognizable as such were almost certainly the invention of the ancient peoples of the Indian subcontinent or what is now China. It is said that the founder of the Zhou dynasty in China (1046–256 BCE) had a white flag carried before him, and it is known that in 660 CE a minor prince was punished for failing to lower his standard before his superior. Chinese flags had devices such as a red bird, a white tiger, or a blue dragon. They were carried on chariots and planted upon the walls of captured cities. The royal flag, however, had all the attributes of kingship, being identified with the ruler himself and treated with a similar respect. It was thus a crime even to touch the flag-bearer. The fall of the flag meant defeat, and the king would rarely expose his flag and his person together, the flag being normally entrusted to a general.

    Flags had equal importance in ancient India, being carried on chariots and elephants. The flag was the first object of attack in battle, and its fall would mean confusion if not defeat. Indian flags were often triangular in shape and scarlet or green in colour, with a figure embroidered in gold and a gold fringe. If those and the Chinese flags had a common origin in the standards of ancient Egypt and Assyria (standards, in that sense, meaning solid objects, such as metal animals, attached atop poles), then they might have developed from the streamers often attached to the pole. That possibility gains some likelihood from the fact that some Indian flagstaffs were surmounted by a figure similar to that displayed on the flag itself. Mughal royal insignia included, however, other things besides the flag, more especially yaks’ tails and the state umbrella. Flags seem also to have been used, in India as in China, for signaling, and there is an instance of a white flag being used as a signal for a truce as early as 1542 CE. Indian and Chinese usage spread to Myanmar (Burma), Siam (now Thailand), and other parts of southeastern Asia. Flags with a background of white, yellow, or black silk are mentioned, with devices (an elephant, a bull, or a water hen, for example) embroidered on them in gold. A Siamese treatise on war gives the impression that the flags were unfurled as the march began.

    Flags were probably transmitted to Europe by the Saracens, and the prohibition in Islam against using any identifiable image as idolatrous influenced their design. They are often mentioned in the early history of Islam and may have been copied from India, but Islamic flags are greatly simplified and appear to have been plain black or white or red. Black was supposed to have been the colour of the Prophet Muhammad’s banner—the colour of vengeance. A black flag was used by the ʿAbbāsids in 746 CE (AH 129), the Umayyads choosing white by contrast and the Khārijites red. Green was the colour of the Fāṭimid dynasty and eventually became the colour of Islam. In adopting the crescent sign, however, about 1250, the Ottoman Turks apparently were reverting to an Assyrian sacred symbol of the 9th century BCE and probably of greater antiquity than that. The crescent moon, with or without an additional star or stars, has since become the accepted official symbol of Islam.

    Source : www.britannica.com

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