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    peter the great reduced the power of the boyars by ending all plans for conquest and territorial expansion. introducing the eastern orthodox religion to russia. hiring european military advisers. introducing a merit system of nobility.

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    absolutism and revolution Flashcards

    Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards terms like The Spanish Inquisition grew out of Philip II's strong Roman Catholic beliefs. disagreements with the Roman Catholic Church. success in conquering England. belief in the teachings of the Reformation., What did Spain, France, and Russia have in common during the 1500s and 1600s? They experienced long periods of peace. They experimented with republican forms of government. They saw the overthrow of their kings during these years. They all had absolute rulers who built strong, central governments., Which was Peter the Great responsible for? reforming Russia and making it a republic giving power to Russia's highest ranking noblemen turning Russia into a modern, powerful nation following a policy of peace with Russia's neighbors and more.

    absolutism and revolution

    The Spanish Inquisition grew out of Philip II's

    strong Roman Catholic beliefs.

    disagreements with the Roman Catholic Church.

    success in conquering England.

    belief in the teachings of the Reformation.

    Click card to see definition 👆

    strong Roman Catholic beliefs.

    Click again to see term 👆

    What did Spain, France, and Russia have in common during the 1500s and 1600s?

    They experienced long periods of peace.

    They experimented with republican forms of government.

    They saw the overthrow of their kings during these years.

    They all had absolute rulers who built strong, central governments.

    Click card to see definition 👆

    They all had absolute rulers who built strong, central governments.

    Click again to see term 👆

    1/60 Created by cebrogdon1

    Terms in this set (60)

    The Spanish Inquisition grew out of Philip II's

    strong Roman Catholic beliefs.

    disagreements with the Roman Catholic Church.

    success in conquering England.

    belief in the teachings of the Reformation.

    strong Roman Catholic beliefs.

    What did Spain, France, and Russia have in common during the 1500s and 1600s?

    They experienced long periods of peace.

    They experimented with republican forms of government.

    They saw the overthrow of their kings during these years.

    They all had absolute rulers who built strong, central governments.

    They all had absolute rulers who built strong, central governments.

    Which was Peter the Great responsible for?

    reforming Russia and making it a republic

    giving power to Russia's highest ranking noblemen

    turning Russia into a modern, powerful nation

    following a policy of peace with Russia's neighbors

    turning Russia into a modern, powerful nation

    Peter the Great reduced the power of the boyars by

    ending all plans for conquest and territorial expansion.

    introducing the Eastern Orthodox religion to Russia.

    hiring European military advisers.

    introducing a merit system of nobility.

    introducing a merit system of nobility

    What is an armada?

    an army led by priests

    a large fleet of warships

    soldiers armed with bows and arrows

    any invading military force

    a large fleet of warships

    Who suffered when Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes?

    only English Catholics

    only French Protestants

    only aristocrats of all religions

    only poor, religious peasants

    only French Protestants

    How was Russia similar to the rest of continental Europe in the 1600s?

    Russia was ruled by powerful monarchs.

    Russia practiced the Roman Catholic religion.

    Russia made advances during the Renaissance.

    Russia engaged in trade with the Americas.

    Russia was ruled by powerful monarchs.

    Which of these statements best describes absolute rulers?

    Absolute rulers' powers are checked only by the military.

    Absolute rulers are figureheads who carry out the Church's wishes.

    Absolute rulers depend on the advice of a parliament.

    Absolute rulers have no checks on their power.

    Absolute rulers have no checks on their power.

    Louis XIV ruled from his lavish palace located in

    Paris. St. Petersburg. Madrid. Versailles. Versailles.

    During the 1600s, England put more power in the hands of an elected parliament. What did France do?

    France followed the English example.

    France put more power in the hands of its aristocracy.

    France put more power in the hands of its monarchy.

    France gave power to a series of weak kings.

    France put more power in the hands of its monarchy.

    What did Parliament do soon after the death of Oliver Cromwell?

    Parliament went to war with Scotland.

    Parliament restored the monarchy.

    Parliament banned the monarchy forever.

    Parliament imposed the Protectorate.

    Parliament restored the monarchy.

    During the English Civil War, supporters of the king were mostly

    Puritans.

    members of Parliament.

    noblemen. Roundheads. noblemen.

    When James II became king, many people opposed him because he was a

    Protestant. Puritan. Catholic. non-believer. Catholic.

    The Petition of Right (1628) resulted in the powers of the monarchy being

    limited. increased. made absolute. ended. limited.

    What, in general, was the relationship between Parliament and kings Charles II and James II?

    The kings respected Parliament's limits on their power.

    The kings were able to increase their power at the expense of Parliament.

    The kings continued to challenge Parliament's authority.

    The kings gave in to Parliament when there was a disagreement.

    The kings continued to challenge Parliament's authority.

    What event precipitated the English Civil War?

    an invasion by France

    a rebellion in Scotland

    fighting in American colonies

    the coronation of Charles I

    a rebellion in Scotland

    Of what relevance are the Glorious Revolution and the English Bill of Rights to government in the United States?

    Americans incorporated the idea of a constitutional monarchy into the Constitution.

    The idea of bringing in monarchs from another country inspired Americans to do the same thing.

    Source : quizlet.com

    Absolutism in Europe

    Find and create gamified quizzes, lessons, presentations, and flashcards for students, employees, and everyone else. Get started for free!

    QUIZ

    Absolutism in Europe

    Absolutism in Europe 65%

    50 9th - 12th 9th - 12th Social Studies Marlee McNamee 1 year

    18 Qs

    1. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    A standing army is one that is

    answer choices

    available only in times of war.

    permanent and available at all times.

    available only after the harvests have been collected.

    independent from the government.

    2. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Louis XIV called himself the “Sun King” because he

    answer choices

    believed he could control the weather.

    was regarded as having a warm, friendly personality.

    thought that, like the sun, he was at the center of the French universe.

    frequently took long vacations on the southern coast of France.

    3. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Louis XIV is considered a perfect example of an absolute monarch because he

    answer choices

    gave more political power to ordinary French citizens.

    reigned during a period of peaceful relations with France’s neighbors.

    held all power in France and claimed to represent God on Earth.

    left the throne and called for free elections to choose a successor.

    4. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    The weakening of the Catholic Church’s power in Europe in the 1500s and 1600s led to

    answer choices

    a decline in the power of kings and queens.

    a rise in the power of kings and queens.

    a decline in the use of standing armies.

    a rise in the power of legislatures across the continent.

    5. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    The greatest accomplishment of Philip II of Spain was to

    answer choices

    invade and occupy England.

    end taxation in his kingdom.

    preside over the growth of a large empire.

    spread the teachings of the Reformation.

    6. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q. What is an armada? answer choices

    an army led by priests

    a large fleet of warships

    soldiers armed with bows and arrows

    any invading military force

    7. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Because Philip II wanted a standing army, he found it necessary to

    answer choices invade England. raise taxes.

    oppose the Counter-Reformation.

    give more power to his people.

    8. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    During the 1600s, England put more power in the hands of an elected parliament. What did France do?

    answer choices

    France followed the English example.

    France put more power in the hands of its aristocracy.

    France put more power in the hands of its monarchy.

    France gave power to a series of weak kings.

    9. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Louis XIV ruled from his lavish palace located in

    answer choices Paris. St. Petersburg. Madrid. Versailles. 10. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Who suffered when Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes?

    answer choices

    only English Catholics

    only French Protestants

    only aristocrats of all religions

    only poor, religious peasants

    11. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    What resulted from Louis XIV’s constant pursuit of warfare?

    answer choices

    France conquered all of Europe.

    Louis was overthrown by England.

    France was left deeply in debt.

    French aristocrats were able to set up a parliament.

    12. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    How was Russia similar to the rest of continental Europe in the 1600s?

    answer choices

    Russia was ruled by powerful monarchs.

    Russia practiced the Roman Catholic religion.

    Russia made advances during the Renaissance.

    Russia engaged in trade with the Americas.

    13. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which was Peter the Great responsible for?

    answer choices

    reforming Russia and making it a republic

    giving power to Russia’s highest ranking noblemen

    turning Russia into a modern, powerful nation

    following a policy of peace with Russia’s neighbors

    14. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    What measure did Peter the Great take to westernize his court?

    answer choices

    He converted to Protestantism.

    He banned women from social gatherings.

    He asked court members to wear traditional clothes.

    He banned beards, which were a popular style at the time.

    15. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Why did Peter the Great call his new capital city a “window on Europe”?

    answer choices

    He wanted it to reflect European culture.

    He introduced the first European-style windows to Russia.

    He wanted to build a city close to Europe but far from the sea.

    He wanted his capital to be the opposite of all things European.

    16. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Peter the Great reduced the power of the boyars by

    answer choices

    ending all plans for conquest and territorial expansion.

    introducing the Eastern Orthodox religion to Russia.

    hiring European military advisers.

    Source : quizizz.com

    Peter the Great of Russia

    Peter the Great of Russia

    Peter the Great of Russia

    Peter the Great was the czar, or monarch, of Russia from 1682 until he died in 1725. During his reign, he worked to modernize Russia and transform it into an empire that rivaled anything in Europe. He instituted a series of reforms to make Russia more closely resemble European states, brought the church under his control, moved the capital and consolidated his power by taking it from the noble class.

    Westernization

    When Peter was a young man, he traveled extensively through the kingdoms of Europe. He visited schools, factories, and shipyards among other things learning all about how the Europeans did things.

    He was greatly impacted by what he saw. During his reign, he worked to make Russia seem more European. This is called “westernization” because he sought to make things more like Western European countries of France and Great Britain. Peter started newspapers, opened schools, and even forced the men of Russia to shave their long beards to seem more like the Europeans.

    The Orthodox Church

    Before Peter the Great’s rule, the church in Russia, known as the Orthodox church, acted independently from the government. The church operated under a head priest known as a patriarch. When Peter the Great came to power, he fundamentally changed how the church was run. He built several new churches. He also removed the patriarch as head of the church bringing it under state control.

    St. Petersburg

    One important part of the rule of Peter the Great was that he moved the capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg in 1712. One of Peter the Great's goals was to transform Russia into a maritime, or sea fearing empire. He greatly increased the size of Russia's navy. The move from Moscow to St. Petersburg helped this, because St. Petersburg is located along the Baltic sea. This also greatly increased trade which is important for the growth of any empire.

    The Boyars

    As with many of the other absolute monarchies of this time, Russia had a group of rich landowners who belonged to the nobility. These nobles, called the Boyars, held a great deal of power in Russia. The boyars disagreed with many of Peter the Great's reforms to make Russia seem more European. Many of them wanted to keep with traditional Russian values and traditions. Peter the Great began to heavily tax this group as a way to take their power away, even instituting a beard tax. This worked to take away the power of the Boyars and centralize his own.

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