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    near the close of the day, a kindergarten teacher guides the students in conversation about the day’s activities. she writes down what is said on large chart paper, then reads it to the class. this activity would aid their literacy development primarily by promoting which skill?

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    get near the close of the day, a kindergarten teacher guides the students in conversation about the day’s activities. she writes down what is said on large chart paper, then reads it to the class. this activity would aid their literacy development primarily by promoting which skill? from EN Bilgi.

    Reading Foundations Test Flashcards

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    Reading Foundations Test

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    Which of the following students is demonstrating the specific type of phonological awareness known as phonemic awareness?

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    a student who, after hearing the word 'hat', can orally identify that it ends with the sound /t/

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    A kindergarten teacher could best determine if a child has begun to develop phonemic awareness by asking the child to:

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    say the word 'cat', then say the first sound the child hears in the word.

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    Terms in this set (100)

    Which of the following students is demonstrating the specific type of phonological awareness known as phonemic awareness?

    a student who, after hearing the word 'hat', can orally identify that it ends with the sound /t/

    A kindergarten teacher could best determine if a child has begun to develop phonemic awareness by asking the child to:

    say the word 'cat', then say the first sound the child hears in the word.

    As students begin to read, the ability to blend phonemes orally contributes to their reading development primarily because it helps students:

    use letter-sound correspondence to decode words.

    A teacher holds up a series of familiar objects, asking students to name each object and isolate the final sound they hear. This type of activity would be most appropriate for a student who:

    needs help developing phonemic segmentation skills.

    Phonemic awareness contributes most to the development of phonics skills in beginning readers by helping them:

    identify in spoken language separate sounds that can be mapped to letters.

    Which of the following first-grade students has attained the 'highest' level of phonemic awareness?

    a student who, after hearing the word 'hot' and the sound /i/, can substitute /i/ for /o/ to make the word 'hit'

    Asking students to listen to a word (e.g., same) and then tell the teacher all the sounds in the word is an exercise that would be most appropriate for students who:

    have a relatively high level of phonemic awareness.

    A kindergarten teacher asks a small group of students to repeat after her. First, she says the word 'grape' and then pronounces it as 'gr' and 'ape'. Next, she says the word 'take' and then pronounces it as 't' and 'ake'. This activity is likely to promote the students' phonemic awareness primarily by:

    encouraging them to divide words into onsets and rimes.

    A teacher shows a student pictures of familiar objects. As the teacher points to the first picture, she asks the student to name the object in the picture. Next, she asks the student to count on his fingers the number of sounds he makes as he says the word again. This activity is most likely to promote which of the following?

    phonemic awareness skills

    A beginning-level English Language Learner can consistently blend individual phonemes to make simple English words composed of two or three phonemes but is having difficulty blending the sounds of familiar single-syllable words composed of four phonemes (e.g., 'clip', 'trap', 'spin'). Which of the following questions would be most important for the first-grade teacher to consider when addressing the needs of this student?

    Does the student's primary language have consonant blends?

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    Verified questions

    ENGINEERING

    A 60-W incandescent lamp is connected to a 120-V source and is left burning continuously in an otherwise dark staircase. Determine: (a) the current through the lamp. (b) the cost of operating the light for one non-leap year if electricity costs 9.5 cents per kWh.

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    A pressure of $\left2\times106 N/m^{2}\right$ is applied to a mass of water that initially filled a 2000 cm3 volume. Estimate its volume after the pressure is applied.

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    Write an expression consisting of a summation of unit-step functions to represent a signal that consists of rectangular pulses of width 6 ms and height 3, which occur at a uniform rate of 100 pulses per second with the leading edge of the first pulse occurring at time t = 0.

    Source : quizlet.com

    LETRS Review Units 1

    How many spoken syllables are in the word cleaned?, How many spoken syllables are in the word frightening?, Having students listen to a work, say it, and then mentally reverse the sounds in the word is an instructional activity that would be most appropriate for students who have:, The ability to identify, segment, blend, and manipulate individual phonemes in spoken words is important for reading because:

    Show:

    Phonemic Awareness Phonics 1 Phonics 2 Advanced Word Study Misc. 100

    How many spoken syllables are in the word cleaned?

    A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 100

    This student has the greatest need for intervention focused on systematic, explicit phonics

    A. Kindergartener who is good at letter naming but weak in phoneme segmentation.

    B. Second grader who relies on context clues to identify words but has trouble sounding out familiar words, including nonsense words.

    C. Third grader who still sounds out irregular, HFW such as said and does

    D. First grader who can decode nonsense words but is disorganized when retelling a story.

    100

    A good phonic lesson should include opportunities for students to directly apply the phoneme-grapheme relationships that have been explicitly taught. Which text type would best provide the practice needed?

    A. grade-level text B. leveled readers C. predictable text D. decodable text 100

    Which of the following two-syllable words contains an open syllable and a closed syllable?

    A. robot B. robin C. bible D. rely 100

    After results of a winter screening six second graders in the "somewhat at risk" range. What is the next thing the teacher team should do?

    A. coordinate what lesson students are receiving in the core instruction program

    B. analyze the screening results and gather additional diagnostic assessment data

    C. interview each student to determine his/her interests

    D. place the students in groups based on the leveled text they can read

    200

    How many spoken syllables are in the word frightening?

    A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 200

    In phoneme-grapheme mapping, student first segment and mark boxes for phonemes. Then, they map the graphemes. If a student was mapping the graphemes in the word void, how many boxes (phonemes) would they need?

    A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 200

    How is the word sn-ow divided?

    A. phoneme B. syllable C. onset-rime D. phoneme-grapheme 200

    Which of the following is a morphological spelling error?

    A. "form" for from

    B. "trane" for train

    C. "playd" for played

    D. "brid" for bird 200

    Which statement best describes the relationship between reading comprehension and word decoding in a beginning reader's development?

    A. Reading comprehension strategies directly facilitate the development of decoding skills

    B. These skills develop independent of one another

    C. Accurate, fast word recognition is necessary for development of reading fluency and text comprehension

    D. Developing decoding skills is secondary to the development of text comprehension skills

    300

    Having students listen to a work, say it, and then mentally reverse the sounds in the word is an instructional activity that would be most appropriate for students who have:

    A. a relatively low level of phonological awareness

    B. not reached mastery in letter recognition

    C. mastered basic phonemic awareness

    D. reached mastery in matching uppercase and lowercase letter

    300

    Of all the phonic correspondences represented in these words, which pattern is likely to be learned after the others?

    A. vine B. best C. map D. dish 300

    A mid-year first grader reached benchmark on screening for correct letter sounds, but did not read any whole words accurately when asked to read simple nonsense syllables. This student should receive:

    A. small group instruction focusing on nonsense words

    B. progress monitoring in oral reading fluency

    C. instruction in phoneme blending

    D. more practice reading text at the independent level

    300

    How can a teacher explain to students why there is a double "n" in beginning?

    A. the base word ends in a single consonant preceded by a single vowel and the suffix begins with a vowel

    B. the final consonant is not well articulated and needs to be strengthened

    C. there is no rule to explain this

    D. the final consonant of a word is always doubled with -ing

    300

    A second grader lacks fluency when reading aloud. The first thing the teacher should assess is whether the student also has problems with:

    A. phonology and decoding

    B. listening comprehension

    C. executive functioning

    D. breadth of vocabulary

    400

    The ability to identify, segment, blend, and manipulate individual phonemes in spoken words is important for reading because:

    A. wordplay and love of language are important characteristics of independent readers

    B. each letter in a word represents an individual phoneme

    C. this skill ultimately supports the ability to read words by "sight"

    D. semantic (meaning-making) processes are our primary concern

    400

    In the early-alphabetic phase of reading, student know some letter-sound correspondences and most letter names. A student at this level is most likely to progress with instruction focused on:

    A. finger-point reading of predictable text

    B. writing 4-5 word sentences in dictation

    C.rhyming, syllable clapping, and visual discrimination of letters

    D. blending 2-3 phoneme-grapheme correspondences with simple, one-syllable words

    Source : jeopardylabs.com

    View Test Details

    Early Childhood Education (Birth to Grade 3)

    Early Childhood Education (Birth to Grade 3) Subtest 1 Sample Items

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    Question 1

    1. A teacher is considering whether a five-year-old child is ready to begin learning to sound out simple, regular printed words. Which of the following questions would be most important for the teacher to ask when making this determination?

    Can the child invent a nonsense word that rhymes with a simple spoken word?

    Can the child form a new word by adding a phoneme to a simple spoken word?

    Can the child blend phonemes to form a simple spoken word?

    Can the child substitute one phoneme for another in a simple spoken word?

    Answer to question 1

    Answer

    Enter to expand or collapse answer. Answer expanded

    Question 2

    2. A kindergarten teacher sets up a lending library of books in English that parents/guardians/caregivers can check out to read to their children outside of school. The teacher is aware that the parents/guardians/caregivers of some English learners in the class would like to read to their children but have limited English skills. The teacher could most effectively support the students' literacy development by taking which of the following steps?

    suggesting that the parents/guardians/caregivers ask family friends or relatives with more advanced English skills to read to their children

    adding to the lending library children's books written in the parents'/guardians'/caregivers' home language(s)

    assuring the parents/guardians/caregivers that their children will receive extra one-on-one reading time in school with a bilingual aide

    recommending that the parents/guardians/caregivers take their children to read-alouds for children at the local public library

    Answer to question 2

    Answer

    Enter to expand or collapse answer. Answer expanded

    Question 3

    3. After a first-grade class has sung "This Land Is Your Land," the teacher overhears one student explain to another that "the nooyorkiland" (the New York island) is "a place in California." Upon hearing this, the teacher decides to write the words of the chorus on the board and talk to the children about their meaning. Seeing the words written down would be especially useful in helping the children:

    detect word boundaries.

    understand syllabication.

    analyze word structures.

    identify homophones.

    Answer to question 3

    Answer

    Enter to expand or collapse answer. Answer expanded

    Question 4

    4. A kindergarten teacher conducts a literacy activity with a small group of students. The teacher gives each student a piece of paper with three connected boxes drawn on it. Each box represents a phoneme in a three-letter word. The teacher says a word slowly, pronouncing each phoneme distinctly. As the students hear each phoneme, they move a marker into the corresponding box. This activity provides the students with practice in:

    sound substitution. sound segmentation. sound deletion. sound blending.

    Answer to question 4

    Answer

    Enter to expand or collapse answer. Answer expanded

    Question 5

    5. Whenever a preschool class goes on an excursion, the teacher asks the children to take turns afterward dictating sentences about their experiences. As they dictate, the teacher writes their statements on a large pad of paper, saying each word while writing it. Then, after writing a child's statement, the teacher reads it aloud, pointing at each word while reading it, and checks with the child to ensure that the written word reflects what the child wants to say. This activity would be most effective for building children's understanding of the:

    connection between written language and oral language.

    relationship between individual letters and specific sounds.

    difference between expressive language and receptive language.

    relationship between nouns and verbs in a sentence.

    Answer to question 5

    Answer

    Enter to expand or collapse answer. Answer expanded

    Question 6

    6. A teacher wants to promote young children's ability to identify the letters of the alphabet, starting with the capital letters. Which of the following initial instructional approaches is likely to be most effective for this purpose?

    showing children a large alphabet strip at the front of the room and asking them to point to the letters in their names

    supporting children's abilities to visually attend to the shapes and features of each letter by describing the letters and demonstrating how they are formed

    encouraging children to use letter shapes frequently during art projects, such as pasting cut-out letters to a piece of paper to make designs

    providing children with a set of cardboard strips and arcs and asking them to combine them to make letters named by the teacher

    Answer to question 6

    Answer

    Enter to expand or collapse answer. Answer expanded

    Question 7

    7. The children in a preschool class have learned to recite the alphabet, and the teacher now wants to focus on building the children's letter recognition skills. Which of the following approaches would be most effective for this purpose?

    teaching visually similar letters (e.g., b and d) together and pointing out the differences between them

    Source : www.mtle.nesinc.com

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