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    maggots feed on dead and decaying organisms for energy. what are maggots? autotrophs producers decomposers heterotrophs

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    Energy Flow in Ecosystems (100%) Flashcards

    Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards terms like Why are mushrooms important to the food chain?, Which is an interconnection of food chains in an ecosystem?, Food chains show energy transfer between organisms. The size of a food chain can vary, yet there is a limit to the number of levels that a food chain can reach. Why is there a limit to the number of levels that a food chain can reach? and more.

    Energy Flow in Ecosystems (100%)

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    Why are mushrooms important to the food chain?

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    A. They recycle nutrients into the ecosystem.

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    Which is an interconnection of food chains in an ecosystem?

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    A. food web

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    1/10 Created by manugavassi45

    Terms in this set (10)

    Why are mushrooms important to the food chain?

    A. They recycle nutrients into the ecosystem.

    Which is an interconnection of food chains in an ecosystem?

    A. food web

    Food chains show energy transfer between organisms. The size of a food chain can vary, yet there is a limit to the number of levels that a food chain can reach. Why is there a limit to the number of levels that a food chain can reach?

    D. Energy is lost at each trophic level.

    Maggots feed on dead and decaying organisms for energy. What are maggots?

    C. decomposers

    Which kind of organism is an autotroph?

    B. producer

    What might happen to the food web below if the number of phytoplankton drastically decreased?

    D. The entire food web would be affected.

    What is shown in the image below?

    C. food web

    Which organism is an example of a producer?

    C. rose

    Which process do plants use to turn sunlight into food energy?

    A. photosynthesis

    In the food chain below, which is the producer?

    flower mc010-1.jpg mouse mc010-2.jpg snake mc010-3.jpg hawk

    A. flower

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    17 Qs

    1. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which process do plants use to turn sunlight into food energy?

    answer choices photosynthesis

    cellular respiration

    transpiration evaporation 2. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which kind of organism is an autotroph?

    answer choices consumer producer decomposer herbivore 3. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which organisms are heterotrophs?

    answer choices photosynthesizers producers consumers plants 4. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which organism is an example of a producer?

    answer choices moth mushroom rose bush cheetah 5. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Why are mushrooms important to the food chain?

    answer choices

    They recycle nutrients into the ecosystem.

    They produce food energy for other living things.

    They recycle oxygen into the atmosphere.

    They consume excess herbivores in the ecosystem.

    6. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Maggots feed on dead and decaying organisms for energy. What are maggots?

    answer choices autotrophs producers decomposers heterotrophs 7. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    In the food chain below, which is the producer?

    grass --> mouse --> snake --> hawk

    answer choices grass mouse snake hawk 8. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which is the primary consumer in this food chain?

    answer choices rabbit grass snake hawk 9. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Food chains show energy transfer between organisms. The size of a food chain can vary, yet there is a limit to the number of levels that a food chain can reach. Why is there a limit to the number of levels that a food chain can reach?

    answer choices

    Plants are not infinitely in the world

    Producers can only eat what is available

    Carnivores are too big to be eaten

    Energy is lost when you move up a trophic level

    10. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    What is this an example of?

    answer choices Food chain Food web Energy pyramid Energy web 11. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which organism is the primary consumer?

    answer choices Phytoplankton Gulls and terms osprey herbivorous duck 12. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    What would happen to the organisms in the food web below if the number of phytoplankton and vegetation decreased?

    answer choices

    Only the small fish would be affected

    Only the osprey would be affected

    The small fish and wading birds would be affected

    The entire food web would be affected

    13. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which level does energy flow directly to after the producer level?

    answer choices Decomposer Producer Primary consumer Secondary consumer 14. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    What would happen to this food chain if we doubled the population of the rabbits?

    answer choices

    The populations of the snakes and hawks would also increase.

    The populations of the grass, snakes, and hawks would decrease.

    The grass population would decrease. The snake and hawk population would increase.

    The grass and hawk population would decrease. The snake population would increase.

    15. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which most likely caused the rabbit population (light green line) to decrease over the first time unit (0 to 1) in the graph?

    answer choices

    A disease in the rabbit population

    A decrease in the amount of grass available

    A decreasing population of hawks

    A higher population of snakes than normal

    16. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Trapping (or rabbit hunting) has severely reduced the population of rabbits in an ecosystem as shown in the bar graph. What is the most likely effect this will have on other organisms?

    answer choices

    The snake population will decrease while the grass population will increase

    The haw population will increase and the rabbit population will decrease

    The grass population will decrease and the snake population will increase

    The grass, rabbit, snake, and hawk populations will all decrease rapidly

    17. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    If a disease were to affect the snakes in the food chain, what will be the initial (beginning) effect on the populations of hawks and rabbits?

    answer choices

    The populations of hawks and rabbits will decrease.

    The populations of hawks and rabbits will increase.

    The population of hawks will increase. The population of rabbits will decrease.

    The population of hawks will decrease. The population of rabbits will increase.

    Source : quizizz.com

    Decomposers

    Decomposers play a critical role in the flow of energy through an ecosystem. They break apart dead organisms into simpler inorganic materials, making nutrients available to primary producers.

    RESOURCE LIBRARY

    ENCYCLOPEDIC ENTRY

    Decomposers

    Decomposers play a critical role in the flow of energy through an ecosystem. They break apart dead organisms into simpler inorganic materials, making nutrients available to primary producers.

    GRADES 5 - 8 SUBJECTS

    Biology, Ecology, Conservation

    Saved by 65 educators

    IMAGE

    Millipede Detritivore

    While decomposers break down dead, organic materials, detritivores—like millipedes, earthworms, and termites—eat dead organisms and wastes.

    PHOTOGRAPH BY ANKIT SHRIMP/EYEEM

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    When you have an empty bottle, do you recycle it so the plastic or glass can be used again? Nature has its own recycling system: a group of organisms called decomposers.

    Decomposers feed on dead things: dead plant materials such as leaf litter and wood, animal carcasses, and feces. They perform a valuable service as Earth’s cleanup crew. Without decomposers, dead leaves, dead insects, and dead animals would pile up everywhere. Imagine what the world would look like!

    More importantly, decomposers make vital nutrients available to an ecosystem’s primary producers—usually plants and algae. Decomposers break apart complex organic materials into more elementary substances: water and carbon dioxide, plus simple compounds containing nitrogen, phosphorus, and calcium. All of these components are substances that plants need to grow.

    Some decomposers are specialized and break down only a certain kind of dead organism. Others are generalists that feed on lots of different materials. Thanks to decomposers, nutrients get added back to the soil or water, so the producers can use them to grow and reproduce.

    Most decomposers are microscopic organisms, including protozoa and bacteria. Other decomposers are big enough to see without a microscope. They include fungi along with invertebrate organisms sometimes called detritivores, which include earthworms, termites, and millipedes.

    Fungi are important decomposers, especially in forests. Some kinds of fungi, such as mushrooms, look like plants. But fungi do not contain chlorophyll, the pigment that green plants use to make their own food with the energy of sunlight. Instead, fungi get all their nutrients from dead materials that they break down with special enzymes.

    The next time you see a forest floor carpeted with dead leaves or a dead bird lying under a bush, take a moment to appreciate decomposers for the way they keep nutrients flowing through an ecosystem.

    algae

    Plural Noun

    (singular: alga) diverse group of aquatic organisms, the largest of which are seaweeds.

    annelid

    Noun

    large phylum consisting of segmented worms, including terrestrial, marine, and freshwater species.

    arthropod

    Noun

    invertebrate animal with a segmented body, exoskeleton, and jointed appendages.

    bacteria

    Plural Noun

    (singular: bacterium) single-celled organisms found in every ecosystem on Earth.

    chlorophyll

    Noun

    plants' green pigment that is essential to photosynthesis.

    consumer

    Noun

    organism on the food chain that depends on autotrophs (producers) or other consumers for food, nutrition, and energy.

    decomposer

    Noun

    organism that breaks down dead organic material; also sometimes referred to as detritivores

    ecosystem

    Noun

    community and interactions of living and nonliving things in an area.

    fungi

    Plural Noun

    (singular: fungus) organisms that survive by decomposing and absorbing nutrients in organic material such as soil or dead organisms.

    macroscopic

    Adjective

    large enough to be seen without the aid of a microscope.

    microscopic

    Adjective very small.

    millipede

    Noun

    crawling insect with between 20 and 100 segments, each with two pairs of legs.

    nutrient

    Noun

    substance an organism needs for energy, growth, and life.

    organic

    Adjective

    composed of living or once-living material.

    organism

    Noun

    living or once-living thing.

    pigment

    Noun

    material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light.

    producer

    Noun

    organism on the food chain that can produce its own energy and nutrients. Also called an autotroph.

    protozoa

    Noun

    one-celled organisms in the kingdom protista, such as amoebas. (singular: protozoan)

    termite

    Noun

    small insect that feeds on wood.

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    Food Chains and Webs

    105

    A food chain outlines who eats whom. A food web is all of the food chains in an ecosystem. Each organism in an ecosystem occupies a specific trophic level or position in the food chain or web. Producers, who make their own food using photosynthesis or chemosynthesis, make up the bottom of the trophic pyramid. Primary consumers, mostly herbivores, exist at the next level, and secondary and tertiary consumers, omnivores and carnivores, follow. At the top of the system are the apex predators: animals who have no predators other than humans. Help your class explore food chains and webs with these resources.

    Source : www.nationalgeographic.org

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