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    katherine’s father was sent to prison when she was 12 for the trafficking of narcotics; her brother was arrested when she was 13 for possession of methamphetamines. by the age of 18, katherine has been arrested three times for possession of cocaine. which theory best describes katherine’s experience?

    James

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    get katherine’s father was sent to prison when she was 12 for the trafficking of narcotics; her brother was arrested when she was 13 for possession of methamphetamines. by the age of 18, katherine has been arrested three times for possession of cocaine. which theory best describes katherine’s experience? from EN Bilgi.

    Illicit drugs – offences and penalties

    Illegal drugs (Class A, B, C) - offences and penalties. Outlines depressants, hallucinogens, stimulants, 'legal highs' and Temporary Class Drug Notices.

    There is a wide range of controlled and illegal drugs, which the Misuse of Drugs Act 1975 classifies according to the level of risk of harm they pose to people misusing them:

    Visit the New Zealand Legislation website for a full version of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1975 and later amendments (link is external).

    Drug offences

    It is an offence under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1975 to use, possess, cultivate or traffic (deal) in illegal drugs.

    Youth offenders under the age of 17 are not subject to the same penalties as adults (people 17 and over). For more information visit the Ministry of Justice web page Youth Court (link is external).

    Use includes smoking, inhaling fumes, injecting and ingesting or otherwise introducing a drug of dependence into a person's body (including another person's body).

    Possession

    This means having control or custody of a drug. Knowledge of such possession must be proven in court. Possession applies to both drugs found on a person or on their property, if it is proven that the drugs belong to that person.

    Cultivation

    This is the act of sowing, planting, growing, tending, nurturing or harvesting a narcotic plant. Any of these activities constitute the offence of 'cultivation'. If a person cultivates a 'deal-able quantity' or intends to sell even a small quantity, it is likely that charges of possession for supply may be laid. 

    Trafficking (dealing)

    Trafficking is a very serious offence. Trafficking includes:

    Police searches

    Police can search you, your bag or vehicle:

    Police must tell you if they are searching under the Misuse of Drugs Act.

    'Reasonable grounds' are things like smelling or seeing drugs on you, seeing you using drugs or seeing you behaving as if stoned. Usually only a policewoman can search you if you are female.

    Police can only search inside your mouth if you agree. You can only be searched internally (and only by a medical practitioner) if you have been arrested and Police have reasonable grounds to believe you have drugs within your body.

    Some drug offences and maximum penalties

    In the following list, 'indictment' refers to a conviction dealt with in a Crown Court (with a jury); 'summarily' refers to a conviction in a Magistrates Court.

    Possession

    Supply or manufacture

    Letting your premises or motor vehicle be used by someone to make, use or carry drugs

    Possession of instruments for the purpose of taking drugs
    (eg, a pipe, bong, needles, syringes, spotting knife)

    Cultivation of prohibited plants
    (eg, cannabis)

    Having in your possession seed or fruit of a prohibited plant

    Drugs classified by effect

    Drugs can be classified by the effects they have on the human central nervous system. There are three main groups:

    See more information about cannabis
    See more information about methamphetamine

    To find out details of these drugs, including their health effects, how to minimise their harm, the law and penalties associated with them and how to get help, visit the website of the New Zealand Drug Foundation (link is external).

    Psychoactive substances

    Psychoactive substances, such as party pills, herbal highs, and synthetic cannabis (which are not classified as controlled drugs) are covered by the Psychoactive Substances Act 2013. Under this Act, it is illegal to import, manufacture, sell, or possess a psychoactive substance unless it has been approved for use by the Psychoactive Substances Regulatory Authority.  Importers, retailers, and manufacturers must also apply to this Authority for a licence if they wish to deal in an approved product.

    There are currently no psychoactive products approved for use in New Zealand. This is unlikely to change in the near future as restrictions on the use of animal testing make it very difficult for a substance to meet the required standards for approval.

    Selling or supplying, or possessing with intent to sell or supply, a psychoactive substance that is not an approved product, is an offence punishable by up to 2 years’ imprisonment for an individual or a fine of up to $500,000 for a body corporate. Personal possession of an unapproved substance is punishable by a fine of up to $500.

    See here for more information about psychoactive substances and the Psychoactive Substances Regulatory Authority (link is external).

    Illicit drugs – offences and penalties

    Source : www.police.govt.nz

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    James 12 month ago
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