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    Mount Kosciuszko

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    Mount Kosciuszko

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    For the Antarctic mountain, see Mount Kosciusko (Antarctica).

    Mount Kosciuszko

    Tar-gan-gil/Kunama Namadgi

    Mount Kosciuszko as viewed from Mount Townsend (the second highest peak in Mainland Australia), Kosciuszko National Park

    Highest point

    Elevation 2,228 m (7,310 ft)[1][2]

    Prominence 2,228 m (7,310 ft)[1]

    Isolation 1,894.26 km (1,177.04 mi)[1]

    Listing Country high point Ultra

    Coordinates 36°27′21″S 148°15′49″E / 36.45583°S 148.26361°E

    Coordinates: 36°27′21″S 148°15′49″E / 36.45583°S 148.26361°E

    [3] Geography

    Mount Kosciuszko

    Snowy Mountains, New South Wales, Australia

    Parent range Main Range, Great Dividing Range

    Topo map Perisher Valley

    Climbing

    First ascent 1840 by Paweł Edmund Strzelecki (Polish)[1][3] Ancient Times by Indigenous Australians

    Easiest route Walk (dirt road)

    Mount Kosciuszko ( /ˌkɒziˈɒskoʊ/;[4] Ngarigo: , ),[5][6] previously spelled Mount Kosciusko, is mainland Australia's tallest mountain, at 2,228 metres (7,310 ft) above sea level. It is located on the Main Range of the Snowy Mountains in Kosciuszko National Park, part of the Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves, in New South Wales, Australia, and is located west of Crackenback and close to Jindabyne.

    Contents

    1 Etymology and charting

    1.1 Aboriginal names

    2 Geography

    3 Reaching the summit

    3.1 Recreation

    4 Higher Australian mountains

    5 In popular culture

    6 Gallery 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

    Etymology and charting[edit]

    The mountain was named by the Polish explorer Paweł (Paul) Edmund Strzelecki in 1840, in honour of Polish-Lithuanian freedom fighter General Tadeusz Kościuszko,[note 1] because of its perceived resemblance to the Kościuszko Mound in Kraków, Poland.[7]

    An exploration party led by Strzelecki and James Macarthur beside him with Indigenous guides Charlie Tarra and Jackey set off on what is called Strzelecki’s Southern expedition. Macarthur was seeking new pastures. Strzelecki wanted to investigate the climate, geology, paleontology and geography of NSW and to publish his findings.[8] This included identifying Australia’s highest summit, which Strzelecki reached on 12 March 1840.[9][10]

    The approach was made from Geehi Valley. After climbing Hannel’s Spur, the peak now named Mount Townsend was reached. Here Strzelecki used his instruments to make observations. Mt Townsend is Australia's second highest mountain, adjacent to and almost the same height as Mt Kosciuszko, and Strzlecki saw that the neighbouring peak was slightly higher. In the presence of Macarthur he named the higher summit Mount Kosciusko after the famous Polish-Lithuanian military leader who died in 1817. As it was late, Macarthur decided to return to camp and Strzelecki alone climbed the Kosciuszko summit.

    Based on Strzelecki’s records, Australia’s highest summit was mapped. A cartographical mistake made in an edition of Victorian maps transposed Mount Kosciusko to the position of the present Mount Townsend. Later editions of the map continued to show the original location.[11] NSW maps did not make this mistake.[]

    The Victorian error created confusion. In 1885, Austrian explorer Robert von Lendenfeld, guided by James M. Spencer,[12] a local pastoralist, aided by a map containing the transposition error, reached Mount Townsend believing it was Mount Kosciusko. According to Spencer, the local Aboriginals called Mount Kosciusko . Like Strzelecki, Lendenfeld also observed that the neighbouring peak was higher. He named it Mount Townsend to honour the surveyor who in 1846 traversed the peak.

    Lendenfeld claimed he had identified and reached the highest peak of the continent. The NSW Department of Mines discovered Lendenfeld's mistake and assigned the name Mount Townsend to the second-highest mountain of the range. Lendenfeld's announcement created further confusion. When Lendenfeld's mistake was corrected, a popular legend was created that the established names of the two mountains were swapped rather re-educate the populace of the name of the highest mountain.[13]

    The confusion was straightened out in 1940 by B. T. Dowd,[14] a cartographer and historian of the NSW Lands Department. His study reaffirmed that the mountain named by Strzelecki as Mount Kosciuszko was indeed, as the NSW maps had always shown, Australia’s highest summit. When Macarthur’s field book of the historical journey was published in 1941 by C. Daley,[15] it further confirmed Dowd’s clarification. This means that Targangil, mentioned in Spencer’s 1885 article,[12] was the indigenous name of Mount Townsend, not of Mount Kosciusko. According to A.E.J. Andrews, Mount Kosciuszko had no indigenous name.[16] Detailed analysis of the mountain history can be found in books by H.P.G. Clews[17] and in the cited A.E.J. Andrews' book .[9]

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

    Mount Kosciuszko

    Mount Kosciuszko is Australia’s highest mountain. It is sometimes included as one of the Seven Summits, which are the highest mountain peaks on each continent.

    RESOURCE LIBRARY

    ENCYCLOPEDIC ENTRY 25

    Mount Kosciuszko

    Mount Kosciuszko is Australia’s highest mountain. It is sometimes included as one of the Seven Summits, which are the highest mountain peaks on each continent.

    GRADES 5 - 8 SUBJECTS

    Earth Science, Geography, Geology, Physical Geography, Social Studies

    IMAGE

    Mount Kosciuszko

    Located in the southeast of the country, Mount Kosciuszko is the tallest mountain peak in mainland Australia at 2,228 meters (7,310 feet) tall.

    PHOTOGRAPH BY AUSCAPE/UNIVERSAL IMAGES GROUP VIA GETTY IMAGES

    Mount Kosciuszko is the tallest mountain peak in mainland Australia at 2,228 meters (7,310 feet) tall. It is located in the state of New South Wales, in the southeastern part of the country. It is not technically Australia’s largest peak, because a volcano (Mawson Peak) on the Australian-owned Heard Island off the coast of Antarctica is taller. While Mawson Peak is politically part of Australia, geographically it is considered to be “sub-Antarctica.”

    Mount Kosciuszko was named by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840 after Polish cultural and political hero Tadeusz Kosciuszko. It is part of the Kosciuszko National Park, which includes other peaks in the Australian Alps mountain range. Recently, Indigenous Australian groups have pushed for the use of an Indigenous Australian name for the mountain, to go alongside the colonial European name.

    The mountain is sometimes included as part of the Seven Summits mountaineering challenge, in which mountain climbers summit the tallest mountain on every continent. There is some controversy over whether Mount Kosciuszko or Indonesia’s Puncak Jaya should be the seventh mountain. This debate comes from the geographical definition of the continent of Australia/Oceania. Mount Kosciuszko is the highest mountain on Australia, however, when taking into account all of Oceania, Puncak Jaya in Indonesia is technically the higher mountain. Many climbers climb both mountains to cover all bases.

    Compared to climbing the other Seven Summits, climbing Mount Kosciuszko is relatively easy. There is a chair lift that takes hikers up most of the way, at which point they only have to walk 6 kilometers (3.7 miles) to reach the peak. The hike can be completed in a few hours. Hikers of various skill take on the mountain.

    alpine Adjective

    having to do with mountains.

    colonialism Noun

    type of government where a geographic area is ruled by a foreign power.

    indigenous Adjective

    characteristic to or of a specific place.

    mountain Noun

    landmass that forms as tectonic plates interact with each other.

    Oceania Noun

    region including island groups in the South Pacific.

    volcano Noun

    an opening in the Earth's crust, through which lava, ash, and gases erupt, and also the cone built by eruptions.

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    Snowy Mountains

    Mount Kosciuszko, also spelled Mount Kosciusko, Australia’s highest peak, rising to an elevation of 7,310 feet (2,228 metres) in the Snowy Mountains of the Australian Alps, southeastern New South Wales. Located 240 miles (390 km) southwest of Sydney, the mountain is situated in Kosciuszko National Park (2,498 square miles [6,469 square km]) and is near Mounts Townsend, Twynam, North Ramshead, and Carruthers (all exceeding 7,000 feet [2,100 metres]), whose melting snows feed the rivers and reservoirs that make up the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme. The region has been developed for winter sports. The mountain was named by Polish explorer Paul

    Snowy Mountains

    mountains, Australia

    By The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica • Edit History

    Know about the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme in Australia and how it changed the country's cultural landscape

    Learn about the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme in southeastern New South Wales, Australia.

    © Behind the News (A Britannica Publishing Partner)

    See all videos for this article

    Snowy Mountains, range in the Australian Alps, southeastern New South Wales, including several peaks that exceed 7,000 feet (2,100 metres)—notably Mount Kosciuszko, the highest in Australia. On their slopes rise the Murray, Murrumbidgee, and Tumut rivers, which flow inland, and the Snowy River, which flows southward to Bass Strait. Waters are diverted by aqueducts and tunnels and stored for power and irrigation by the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme (constructed 1949–74), a hydroelectric project that includes 16 dams and several reservoirs (notably Lake Eucumbene) and has a capacity of 3,740 megawatts. Snow-covered for three to six months, the range is a winter sports area and site of Kosciuszko National Park, which extends northward for 100 miles (160 km) from the Victoria border. Explored in 1840 by Paul Strzelecki, the mountains were originally called Muniong (Munyang), a name now applied to their northeastern extremity.

    Eucumbene dam and lake on the Snowy River, New South Wales

    G.R. Roberts

    This article was most recently revised and updated by Lorraine Murray.

    Source : www.britannica.com

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