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    in which city did the harlem globetrotters originate?

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    Harlem Globetrotters

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    Harlem Globetrotters

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    Harlem Globetrotters

    Lig Bağımsız Kuruluş 1926

    Eski ad(lar)ı Chicago GlobeTrotters 1926-1927

    New York Harlem Globetrotters

    1928-1929

    Harlem Globetrotters

    1929-günümüz

    Renkler Kırmızı, Beyaz ve Mavi

    Başkan Nickolas Cardinale

    Başantrenör Clyde Sinclair

    Şampiyonluk -

    Resmî site Resmî site

    Formalar

    İç sahaDış sahaHarlem Globetrotters, ABD'nin New York kentinde kurulmuş basketbolu komedi ve şovla birleştiren bir takımdır.

    1926 yılında Abe Saperstein tarafından Chicago'de kurulmuştur. Takımın adının Harlem olması Afro-Amerikan topluluğa yönelik olmasından dolayıdır. Uzun yıllardır gösteri maçları için çeşitli ülkelerde gösteri maçları düzenleyen ve 130 ülkede 20.000'den fazla maç yapan bu takım, daha önce NBA'de oynamış fakat daha sonra oyuncuların kuralsızlıkları yüzünden önce para cezası'na çarptırılmış oyuncuların bu davranışlarını devam ettirmesi nedeniyle NBA'den ihraç edilmiştir.Daha sonra aynı takım Dünya'nın çeşitli yerlerinde gösteri yapmaya başlamıştır. Globetrotters slogan şarkı olarak Brother Bones'un "Sweet Georgia Brown" adlı şarkısını kullanmaktadır. 1993'ten beri takımın maskotu olarak Globie'dir.

    İçindekiler

    1 Tarihi 2 Emekli numaralar

    3 Onursal Harlem Globetrotters üyeleri

    4 Televizyonda Harlem

    5 Notlar 6 Referansler 7 Dış bağlantılar

    Tarihi[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

    Globetrotters'in kuruluşu ve ilk yılları hakkında tam olarak bir görüş birliği yoktur. Resmi tarihe göre,[1] 1926 yılında Savoy Gösteri Salonu'nda takımın kuruluşunun yapıldığına dair bilgiler vardır. Ancak söz edilen salon 1927 yılında açıldığından bu bilgilerin doğruluğu hakkında şüpheler vardır.[2] Ancak kesin olan bilgilere göre, Globetrotters 1920'lerinde Chicago'nun güney bölgesinde kurulmuş ve ilk oyuncular bu bölgeden çıkmıştır. Ayrıca hemen hemen tüm oyuncuların Wendell Phillips Academy okulunda öğrenci olduğu da bilinmektedir. Savoy Salonu, 1927 Kasım ayında açıldığında en önemli gösterilerden biri, Savoy Big Five adlı grubun yaptığı basketbol gösterisi oldu. 1928 yılında bazı oyuncular takımdan ayrıldı. Aynı yıl, Tommy Brookins önderliğinde takımdan bazı oyuncular "Globe Trotters" adıyla takımı oluşturdu. Abe Saperstein takımın kurucusu olarak kabul görmektedir. 1929 yılındaki Illinois ve Iowadaki tur sırasında Saperstein "New York Harlem Globe Trotters" ismini kullanmıştır. Daha sonra takımı Harlem'e taşıyarak, Afro-Amerikan kültürün merkezi kabul edilen mahalleyle özdeşlemeye karar vermiştir.[3] Aradan 40 yıl kadar süre geçtikten sonra, Globetrotters kendi evi Harlem'deki ilk maçını 1968'de yapmıştır.

    İlk kuruluş yıllarında takımın ilk yıldız oyucusu top sürme ve şut konusunda usta Albert "Runt" Pullins oldu. Daha sonra pivot pozisyonunda oynayan Türk zenci Inman Rahmi Jackson'da stiliyle popüler oldu.[4] Bu iki oyuncu özellikle birlikte yaptıkları oyunlarla uzun yıllar Globetrotters'in en önemli oyuncuları oldu.[5]

    Globetrotters aslında ilk dönemlerinde ciddi bir basketbol ekibiydi ve yalnızca maç içerisinde yeterli farka ulaştıktan sonra eğlence amaçlı seyicilere özel hareketler yapıyordu. 1939 yılında o dönem düzenlenen Dünya Profesyonel Basketbol Turnuvası'na davet edildiler ve kabul ederk bu turnuvaya katıldılar. Bu turnuvada ilk yıllarında New York Rens yarı finalde karşılaştılar. Profesyonel basketbol tarihinin ilk önemli rekabeti kabul edilen bu karşılaşma sonunda Globetrotters yenilerek elendi ve Rens finali de kazanarak şampiyon oldu. Bir sonraki sene ise, 1940'ta, bu kez Globetrotters çeyek finalde New York Rens'i yendi ve finalde de Chicago Bruins'i 37–36 yenerek şampiyon oldu.

    Tony Peyton, Globetrotters'in ilk takımından yaşayan son oyuncudur. 1996 yılında Springfield'de Basketball Hall of Fame'e girmiştir. 23 Temmuz 2007 günü, 85 yaşında, ölmüştür.

    Emekli numaralar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

    Globetrotters oyuncuları bir gösteri maçı sırasında

    Globetrotters'da günümüze kadar 5 numara onunla özdeşleşen oyunculara saygı amacıyla emekliye ayrılmıştır:

    13: Wilt Chamberlain; 9 Mart 2000

    20: Marques Haynes; 5 Ocak 2001

    22: Curly Neal; 15 Şubat 2008

    36: Meadowlark Lemon; 5 Ocak 2001

    50: Reece Tatum; 8 Şubat 2002

    Onursal Harlem Globetrotters üyeleri[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

    Günümüze kadar 8 kişi resmi olarak takımın onursal üyesi olarak açıklanmıştır. Bu kişiler:

    Henry Kissinger (1976)

    Bob Hope (1977)

    Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (1989)

    Whoopi Goldberg (1990)

    Nelson Mandela (1996)

    Jackie Joyner-Kersee (1999)

    Pope John Paul II (2000)

    Jesse Jackson (2001)

    Bunlara ek olarak, Bill Cosby (1972) ve Magic Johnson (2003) Globetrotters ile yıllık 1 USD üzerinden ömür boyu kontrat imzalamıştır.[6] Cosby, bu bedeli 1986 yılında 1.05 USD'ye çıkarmıştır.[7].

    Televizyonda Harlem[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

    Harlem Globetrotters takımı Türkiye'de de gösterilen Beyaz Gölge adlı dizide konuk olmuşlardır.

    Source : tr.wikipedia.org

    About

    OUR HISTORY

    The Harlem Globetrotters are worldwide icons, synonymous with family entertainment and great basketball skills. The Globetrotters represent 90-plus years of breaking down barriers, acts of goodwill and a commitment to fans that goes beyond the game.

    Abe Saperstein founded the team in 1926, and they played their first road game in Hinckley, Illinois, on Jan. 7, 1927. Since then, the Globetrotters have entertained more than 148 million fans in 123 countries and territories worldwide, introducing many to the sport of basketball. The team are pioneers in popularizing the slam dunk, the fast break, the forward and point guard positions, and the figure-eight weave. In 2010, the Globetrotters also introduced the first-ever 4-point shot, a shot located 30 feet from the basket – almost 7 feet beyond the NBA’s three-point arc.

    In 1940, the Globetrotters won their first World Basketball Championship, defeating the Chicago Bruins. In 1948 and 1949, the Globetrotters stunned the world by twice defeating the World Champion Minneapolis Lakers of the NBA. The Globetrotters were socially influential and quickly became recognized as the world’s best basketball team, showing that African-Americans could excel on a professional level.

    The victories over the Lakers accelerated the integration of the NBA, as Globetrotter Nathaniel “Sweetwater” Clifton became the first African-American player to sign an NBA contract when he joined the famed New York Knicks in 1950. The Globetrotters also embarked on their first-ever international tour in 1950, played before their largest crowd ever – 75,000 – at Berlin’s Olympic Stadium in 1951 and finished the decade with their first-ever trip to the Soviet Union in 1959.

    The legendary Wilt Chamberlain was part of that historic Soviet Union tour, as the Hall of Famer played a full season with the Globetrotters in 1958-59. After starting his NBA career, he still played parts of several other seasons with the Globetrotters, joining the team when he could between NBA seasons. Chamberlain said that some of the most pleasant days of his life were playing for the Harlem Globetrotters.

    Following their 1951 trip to Berlin, the Globetrotters picked up the moniker Ambassadors of Goodwill from a letter written by the U.S. State Department to Abe Saperstein, which named the team “ambassadors of extraordinary goodwill.” Since then, the Globetrotters have earned the accolades of many world leaders, including special acknowledgment from Presidents Eisenhower and Ford for their ability to serve mankind around the world.

    The Globetrotters continued to enjoy immense popularity in the ‘70s and ‘80s. The Harlem Globetrotters cartoon show on CBS earned some of the highest ratings in the history of Saturday morning television, and the team also had their own live action Saturday morning variety show, The Harlem Globetrotters Popcorn Machine, while appearing numerous times on the popular and long-running ABC's Wide World of Sports. In 1985, Olympic Gold Medalist Lynette Woodard joined the Globetrotters, becoming the first female to ever play on a men’s pro basketball team and helping to blaze a path for the WNBA.

    Former Globetrotters player Mannie Jackson purchased the team in 1993, becoming the first African-American to own a major international sports and entertainment organization. He tripled the team’s revenue in three years and quadrupled its size in five. The team was also active in philanthropic efforts, with charitable contributions totaling more than $11 million under Jackson’s guidance.

    Globetrotter Michael "Wild Thing" Wilson set a world record in 2000 by dunking on a 12-foot hoop at Final Four Weekend… a record that stands to this day, and one of 21 world records currently held by Globetrotters players.

    The team cemented their standing as one of the world’s most influential basketball teams in 2002, receiving the sport's highest honor with induction into the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame. Overall, there have been 13 people with ties to the Harlem Globetrotters inducted into the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame.

    On Oct.1, 2013, the Globetrotters were purchased by Herschend Family Entertainment, the largest family-owned themed attractions company in the U.S., marking an expansion for the company into new media, audiences and markets.

    Today, the Globetrotters continue to bring their entertainment to millions of fans around the world with more than 400 live events each year. Each Globetrotters game features some of the best athletes on the planet, unmatched fan interaction, incredible ball handling wizardly, rim-rattling dunks and side splitting comedy.

    In all, close to 750 men and women have played for the world famous team, a team which has entertained popes, kings, queens, and presidents around the globe.

    Off the court, the organization continues to evolve the company beyond its vibrant live event business by increasing alliances with global partners, developing a full line of licensed products, executing a multi-media strategy to gain worldwide saliency and continuing the brand’s legacy of deep social involvement in local communities.

    Source : www.harlemglobetrotters.com

    Harlem Globetrotters

    Harlem Globetrotters

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    "Globetrotters" redirects here. For the animated television series, see Harlem Globetrotters (TV series). For the video game, see Harlem Globetrotters (video game). For the travelers association, see German Globetrotter Club.

    Harlem Globetrotters

    Leagues Black diamond

    Founded 1926; 96 years ago

    History

    1926–27: Chicago GlobeTrotters

    1928–29: New York Harlem Globetrotters

    1929–present: Harlem Globetrotters

    Arena Footprint Center

    Location Downtown Phoenix Central and Jefferson St.

    Team colors Blue, red, white[1][2]

    Head coach

    "Sweet" Lou Dunbar (coach)

    Barry Hardy (coach)

    Ownership Herschend Family Entertainment

    Championships 73

    Website harlemglobetrotters.com

    PrimarySecondary

    The Harlem Globetrotters is an American exhibition basketball team. They combine athleticism, theater, and comedy in their style of play. Created in 1926 by Abe Saperstein in Chicago, Illinois, the team adopted the name because of its connotations as a major African-American community. Over the years, they have played more than 26,000 exhibition games in 124 countries and territories, mostly against deliberately ineffective opponents, such as the Washington Generals (1953–1995, since 2015) and the New York Nationals (1995-2015). The team's signature song is Brother Bones' whistled version of "Sweet Georgia Brown", and their mascot is an anthropomorphized globe named "Globie". The team is owned by Herschend Family Entertainment.[3]

    Contents

    1 History 2 Current roster 3 Draft 4 Retired numbers

    5 In mass media/popular culture

    6 Honorary members 7 Bibliography 8 References 9 External links

    History[edit]

    The Globetrotters originated on the South Side of Chicago in 1926, where all the original players were raised. The Globetrotters began as the Savoy Big Five, one of the premier attractions of the Savoy Ballroom, opened in January 1928, a basketball team of Black American players that played exhibitions before dances due to declining dance attendance.[4] In 1928, several players left the team in a dispute. That autumn, those players, led by Tommy Brookins, formed a team called the "Globe Trotters" and toured southern Illinois that spring. Abe Saperstein became involved with the team as its manager and promoter. By 1929, Saperstein was touring Illinois and Iowa with his basketball team called the "New York Harlem Globe Trotters". Saperstein selected the name Harlem because it was then considered the center of Black American culture and the name Globetrotter to mythologize the team's international venues.[5]

    1950 World Series Harlem Globetrotters with owner Abe Saperstein (right) and team secretary W. S. Welch (left)

    The Globetrotters were perennial participants in the World Professional Basketball Tournament, winning it in 1940. In a heavily attended matchup a few years later, the 1948 Globetrotters–Lakers game, the Globetrotters made headlines when they beat one of the best white basketball teams in the country, the Minneapolis Lakers. The Globetrotters continued to easily win games due to Harlem monopolizing the entire talent pool of the best black basketball players in the country. Once one of the most famous teams in the country, the Globetrotters were eventually eclipsed by the rise of the National Basketball Association, particularly when NBA teams began fielding black players in the 1950s.[6] In 1950, Harlem Globetrotter Chuck Cooper became the first black player to be drafted in the NBA by Boston and teammate Nat "Sweetwater" Clifton became the first black player to sign an NBA contract when the New York Knicks purchased his contract from the Globetrotters for $12,500 (equivalent to $141,000 in 2021),[7] with Harlem getting $10,000 and Clifton getting $2,500.[8]

    The Globetrotters gradually worked comic routines into their act—a direction the team has credited to Reece "Goose" Tatum,[9] who joined in 1941—and eventually became known more for entertainment than sports.[10] The Globetrotters' acts often feature incredible coordination and skillful handling of one or more basketballs, such as passing or juggling balls between players, balancing or spinning balls on their fingertips, and making unusually difficult shots.[11]

    In 1952, the Globetrotters invited Louis "Red" Klotz to create a team to accompany them on their tours. This team, the Washington Generals (who also played under various other names), became the Globetrotters' primary opponents. The Generals are effectively stooges for the Globetrotters, with the Globetrotters handily defeating them in thousands of games.[12][13]

    1:25

    The Harlem Globetrotters in the Netherlands (1958)

    In 1959, the Globetrotters played nine games in Moscow after Saperstein received an invitation from Vasily Grigoryevich, the director of Lenin Central Stadium.[14] The team, which included Wilt Chamberlain, was welcomed enthusiastically by spectators and authorities, they met Premier Nikita Khrushchev[15] and collectively received the Athletic Order of Lenin medal.[16]

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

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