in what country can you find paella, la festival de la tomatina, running of the bulls, el prado, and flamenco?
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Spain Facts for Kids
Our Spain Facts for Kids you will provide plenty of fun facts about Spain. Explore Spain through children's eyes: geography superlatives, animals, food and more
Spain Facts for Kids
Spain Facts for Kids Interesting Facts for Kids
Here are some interesting Spain Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Spain FactsPopulation: 48 million people live in Spain (2021)Capital: Madrid, with 6.7 million inhabitants
Name: Reino de España (Kingdom of Spain), short form: EspañaGovernment: Parliamentary MonarchyLanguages: Castilian Spanish 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician, BasqueLiteracy: More than 98% can read and write.Religion: 69% Christians (mainly Roman Catholics)Currency: 1 Euro = 100 cents, before 2001 Spanish pesetaNational Symbol: National flag and coat of arms, the short-toed eagle (national bird), red carnation (national flower), the bull (national animal). The official Spanish anthem "La Marcha Real" (the Royal March) is one of only four anthems in the world without lyrics.
Click to listen to the Spanish anthemHistory: From 711 to 1492 Islamic Moors ruled in Spain. In 1492 Christopher Columbus reaches America and the Spanish rulers start forming their empire, building colonies in the Americas. In the 16th century Spanish kings also ruled over many European countries: Portugal, Netherlands, parts of France, Germany, Italy and Austria. The Spanish Civil War rages in Spain from 1936 to 1939 when dictator General Franco takes over the country. In 1975 Franco dies and Juan Carlos I becomes King of Spain. In 2014, his son Felipe followed him on the throne.National Day: 12 October (Fiesta Nacional de España)Spain Facts
Spain Map | Where is Spain?
Spain is a country in southwestern Europe on the Iberian peninsula.
Spain borders the countries Portugal, Andorra, France and the UK with Gibraltar, which is a British Overseas Territory. The longest border is shared with Portugal.
Spain also shares borders with Morocco, as the two Spanish enclaves Ceuta and Melilla are located within Morocco.
Spain is separated from the African continent by the Straits of Gibraltar. This passage connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Mediterranean Sea. Gibraltar is a British overseas territories and thus belongs to the UK.
Rock of Gibraltar
The narrowest point of the Straits of Gibraltar between the two continents Europe and Africa is 14.3 km/ 8.9 miles wide.
The Spanish nation is divided in 17 autonomous communities which are regions where people have their own regional government.
Port de Sollér in Mallorca
Spain is slightly larger than twice the size of the United Kingdom and about twice the size of the state of Oregon in the USA.
A flight to Madrid/ Spain takes about 2.5 hours from London/ England and 7 hours from New York/ USA.
Spain Facts | Geography
Spain borders the Mediterranean Sea in the South and East and the Atlantic Ocean in the Northwest.
Spain is the fourth largest country in Europe after Russia, Ukraine and France.
In the North, the Pyrenees mountain ranges form a natural border with the tiny country of Andorra and with France. To the west of Spain is Portugal.
Peninsular Spain Map
The three largest cities in Spain are Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia.
Madrid is the capital city of Spain and the second largest city of the European Union countries - after Berlin in Germany.
Other popular tourist destinations are Malaga in Andalusia and Santiago de Compostela in Galicia as this town is the endpoint of the famous Camino pilgrimage trail.
Spain not only occupies land area on the European mainland. The Balearic islands Formentera, Ibiza, Menora and Mallorca in the Mediterranean Sea belong to Spain as well as the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean.
Spain Facts | Climate in Spain
The climate in Spain varies considerably between the different regions. In the northern mountainous regions the climate is alpine and the interior experiences a hot and arid climate, still most of the country appreciates a temperate and mild climate.
The climate in the southwestern parts is semi-arid while the northwestern parts experiences an oceanic climate. On the Canary islands the climate is subtropical and semi-arid.
Spain Facts | Islands of Spain
Here are some more interesting facts regarding the islands of Spain:
The Balearic Islands lie roughly 80 km/ 50 miles of Spain's easter coastline in the Mediterranean Sea. The four islands belonging to the Islas Baleares (Balearic Islands) are:
Source : www.kids-world-travel-guide.com
Traditionally, most holidays in Spain have been religious in origin. At the national level the most important of these are Holy (or Maundy) Thursday, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Corpus Christi, the Feast of Saint James (July 25), and All Saints’ Day (November 1). The most important day of the Christmas period, and the day on which children receive presents, is the Day of the Three Kings, or Epiphany (January 6). By contrast, nonreligious, civic holidays have been relatively insignificant. The Franco regime declared July 18, the day on which the Spanish Civil War began, a national holiday, but that was
Festivals and holidays
Traditionally, most holidays in Spain have been religious in origin. At the national level the most important of these are Holy (or Maundy) Thursday, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Corpus Christi, the Feast of Saint James (July 25), and All Saints’ Day (November 1). The most important day of the Christmas period, and the day on which children receive presents, is the Day of the Three Kings, or Epiphany (January 6).
By contrast, nonreligious, civic holidays have been relatively insignificant. The Franco regime declared July 18, the day on which the Spanish Civil War began, a national holiday, but that was abandoned after the demise of the regime. Since 1978 the official national holiday has been Constitution Day (December 6). Catalonia and the Basque Country have their own official “national” holidays, and each of the autonomous communities celebrates itself with a regional holiday.
One important holiday is both religious and civic. October 12 is the Day of the Virgin of El Pilar and also the day on which the “discovery” of America is celebrated (a counterpart to the celebration of Columbus Day in the United States); it has been called at different times the Day of the Race (Día de la Raza) and Hispanic Day (Día de la Hispanidad).
Every village and town has its own annual holiday fiesta, and these are probably the most important holidays in the daily lives of the Spanish people. These holidays are religious in origin, honouring the local patron saint or the Virgin Mary, but the religious component is often much less important than the dancing and bullfights that take place. Some of these celebrations, such as the Fiesta de San Fermín in Pamplona (with its famous running of the bulls), the Sevilla fair, and the Fallas of Valencia, have become internationally famous and have turned into major tourist attractions. A thoroughly secular, unique festival is held in the little town of Buñol, near Valencia, where each August thousands of residents and visitors gather to hurl tomatoes at one another. The festival, called La Tomatina, began as a symbolic repudiation of harsh rule during the Franco era. It now celebrates the summer tomato harvest, but it is also a fine excuse to drink red wine, eat paella, and enjoy one another’s company.
running of the bulls
The running (encierro) of the bulls during the Fiesta de San Fermín, Pamplona, Spain.
© Blaine Harrington
Spain has a long, varied, and distinguished artistic heritage, which includes some of the most important figures in the Western cultural tradition. A partial list would include novelists Miguel de Cervantes (the most important figure of Spanish literature) and Benito Pérez Galdós, dramatists Pedro Calderón de la Barca and Lope de Vega, painters Diego Velázquez, Francisco de Goya, and Pablo Picasso, and filmmaker Luis Buñuel.
The period from about 1500 to 1681, known as the Golden Age, is considered the most brilliant era of Spain’s artistic history, with enduring contributions made in the fields of literature, theatre, architecture, and painting. Still, at no time has Spain ceased to be a culturally vital country, and the 20th century in particular proved a highly productive and creative one; indeed, its first few decades came to be called the Silver Age.
The Spanish Civil War marked a break in the development of the arts. Many leading artists and intellectuals went into exile at the end of the war. Within Spain the Franco regime practiced a sweeping censorship that limited artistic expression. Nevertheless, many Spanish artists made major contributions throughout the 20th century. Some sought inspiration in the country’s history and folk traditions; others joined the most modern currents in their fields.
Spain’s contributions to world culture are many, but none has been so universally well-accepted as its musical heritage, especially that of music performed on stringed instruments. Noteworthy Spanish composers include Fernando Sor (1778–1839), Isaac Albéniz, Enrique Granados, Manuel de Falla, and Joaquín Rodrigo, all of whom drew heavily on popular and regional music for their inspiration. In the hands of Spanish composers, the guitar moved from Rom (Gypsy) folk instrument to a staple of symphonies; from Spain have come such masters as Manitas de Plata, Andrés Segovia, Paco de Lucia, and countless flamenco and classical artists of great distinction. The flamenco tradition, derived from a marriage of Arabic and Spanish folk songs, carried over into southern Spain’s unique “Rock Andaluz” movement of the 1970s and ’80s, centred in Sevilla. In the 1990s Ibiza, a popular holiday destination in the Balearic Islands, emerged as a global capital of electronic music. Electronic artists and disc jockeys from around the world converge on the island each summer to perform at night clubs and private parties, and music-related tourism has become a vital part of Ibiza’s economy.
Spain is also well represented in classical opera, with Plácido Domingo, José Carreras, Alfredo Kraus, and Montserrat Caballé among the most renowned singers. The leading classical instrumentalists of the century were cellist Pablo Casals, pianist Alicia de Larrocha, and guitarist Narciso Yepes.
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Terms in this set (27)
Capital Madrid Religion Roman Catholic Population 46.3 million Money Euro Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez King Felipe VI Flag red and yellow Countries nearby Portugal and France Water nearby
Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea
Economy 1. Tourism 2. Industry (cars) 3. Agriculture Grown foods
oranges, grapefruits, limes, lemons, grapes, apples, pears, bananas, almonds, onions, tomatoes, olives, olive oil, potatoes, and wine
smallest meal, from 8-9 am. Typically coffee and some pastry (los bollos o los churros)
Biggest meal. Multiple courses. People go home from work or school to eat, rest, & converse w/ family. Typically from 1-4:00 p.m. This is slowly changing, people in the business community are not taking a long lunch & siesta as much anymore.
Food had at lunch includes:
el gazpacho (cold tomato soup)
la tortilla española (potato & onion omelet)
una ensalada (salad)
el arroz español (rice w/ tomato sauce)
la sopa de verduras (vegetable soup)
w/ family. el jamón serrano (salted ham)
las gambas (shrimp) el pescado (fish)
el pollo asado (roasted chicken)
las frutas (fruits - for dessert)
el flan (caramel custard for dessert)
La paella (rice dish with seafood, chicken, and saffron (which gives it a gold color)
Usually for students when
they get done w/ school, before
they have club sports. From 4:30-6pm.
Food eaten includes: El pan (bread) o el bocadillo (sandwich) con el queso y el jamón (ham & cheese) o el chocolate o el helado
Little snacks with drinks. After university or work, like a happy hour.
El calamar frito (fried squid)
las aceitunas (olives)
el jamón serrano (salted ham)
el vino (wine)
la sangría (red wine drink with fruit)
Served late. 9:30pm to midnight. Any food from lunch, just smaller portions.
Spaniards are night owls. The typical Spaniard does not eat dinner until at least 9 o'clock in the evening and probably does not get to bed until close to midnight. On the weekends, on holidays and during the summer months, it wouldn't be unusual for a Spanish family to turn in round 3 or 4 o'clock in the morning. So, after the late-night dinner, Spaniards continue their socializing in their neighborhood cafés and taverns or go out to a nightclub or disco-pub.
a traditional public entertainment, especially in Spain, in which a person fights and sometimes kills a male cow. It is a very colorful and bloody occasion.
There are many flamenco clubs & supper clubs where brightly-costumed dancers swirl and twirl in their tiered dresses, dark eyes flashing, feet stamping to the beat of clacking castanets, a kaleidoscope of colors & noise which will get your toes tapping and the blood pulsating through your veins.
Soccer (football) is the national sport about which the Spanish are wildly passionate! Spain won the 2010 World Cup.
The Running of The Bulls
Pamplona hosts the famous La Fiesta del Fermin, otherwise known as The Running of the Bulls. This 8-day festival in July each year sees young people from around the world chancing their luck by running through the streets ahead of rampaging bulls.
Near Valencia, there is a unique festival in late August after the harvest. It's La Tomatina War, when participants dress all in white and hurl vast quantities of excess tomatoes at each other!
There are many museums throughout Spain w/ art by famous Spanish artists such as Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí, Francisco de Goya, Joan Miró, etc. El Prado is the most famous museum in Spain and is located in Madrid.
Spain has over 5,000 miles of coastline, much of which is graced with beautiful beaches. Though the tourists flock to the Costa Blanca and the Costa del Sol, there are beautiful beaches all over Spain. Tourists can swim, jet ski, surf, fish, dive, etc. along the beautiful beaches.
Families tend to live multi-generational, but not as much anymore. Men used to dominate society, but now women are more equal.
classy clothing. quality designer clothes. girls wear trousers over skirts. Denimn is in. Boys care about appearance and designer wear. Conservative wear. Elderly men wear high quality. People tend to be dressy, wear dark/muted colors, and do not wear shorts, tanks, super short skirts, etc.
Spaniards often start the evening with el paseo, a leisurely stroll through the main streets or along the paseo maritimo in the coastal resorts. Much of Spanish life is lived in the streets and the atmosphere is especially vibrant at fiesta time. On a warm evening the street cafes and bars can fill to capacity as people sit and relax. The nightclubs of Ibiza and the big cities have attracted the attention of the international media and are always an attraction for the youngsters. Most open late at night and don't close until late the following day. The Spanish way of life is somewhat slower than the rest of Europe, especially in the south. This may be seen as lazy, but when the Spanish work, they work hard. They have adapted to the weather and play hard too. It is quite common for life to begin when the sun goes down, especially in the summer. They are a very happy people who enjoy life to the full. They love music, dance and food.
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